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(A) Specific requirements loading and off-street parking.
(1) Loading and unloading spaces shall be provided in all business and industrial districts in connection with all commercial and industrial uses, except in cases where adequate space, as determined by the Zoning Official, is or can be provided on adjacent public property, as follows:
(a) One space for 10,000 to 20,000 square feet of floor area;
(b) Two spaces for 20,000 to 50,000 square feet of floor area;
(c) Three spaces for 50,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area; and
(d) One additional space for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area or part thereof; providing that:
1. Each loading space shall be at least ten feet in width, 25 feet in length and have a clearance of 14 feet above grade;
2. The space may occupy all or any part of any required yard or court space, excluding front yard; and
3. No such space shall be located closer than 50 feet to any lot in any residential district, unless wholly within a completely enclosed building or enclosed on all sides facing residential zones by a wall or uniformly painted solid board or masonry fence of uniform appearance which is not less than six feet in height.
(2) Parking or storage of motor vehicles shall be provided for in all districts in connection with all industrial, commercial, business, trade, institutional, recreational or dwelling uses and similar uses, in accordance with the following schedule in compliance with division (B) below.
(a) Vehicle sales - one parking space per each 500 square feet of building floor area.
(b) Vehicle service garages: one parking space for each 500 square feet of building floor area.
(c) Barber and beauty shops: three parking spaces for the first chair or booth and two for each additional chair or booth.
(d) Bowling alleys: seven parking spaces for each alley. If in addition to alleys, patrons are provided with assembly halls, bars, restaurants or other businesses, additional off-street parking spaces will be required in accordance with regulations of this section for the uses.
(e) Churches or places of public assembly: one parking space for each three seats.
(f) Commercial amusements (outdoor): 25% of lot area, but in no case less than ten parking spaces.
(g) Commercial recreation: one parking space for each 100 square feet of building floor space.
(h) Dance hall, roller rink, assembly hall, without fixed seats: 500% of building floor area used for dancing or assembly.
(i) Dwellings: two parking spaces for each family or dwelling unit. An additional parking space for each non-related person. Apartments require one and one-half spaces per dwelling unit.
(j) Fraternities and sororities: one parking space for each bed.
(k) Funeral homes and mortuaries: one parking space per 25 square feet of building floor area of assembly rooms.
(l) Furniture sales, retail: one parking space for each 500 square feet of building floor area.
(m) Convenience stores: seven parking spaces for general public plus one per employee at the maximum employment shift.
(n) Hospitals and rest homes: one parking space for each hospital bed and one parking space for each three rest home beds.
(o) Laundromats: one parking space for every two washing machines or 200 square feet of gross building floor area, whichever is greater.
(p) Professional office: one parking space for each 200 square feet of building floor area.
(q) Motels, hotels, motor courts, tourists or lodging homes, trailer courts and clubs: one and one-tenth parking spaces for each sleeping room. If, in addition to assembly halls, bars, restaurants, retail shops or other businesses, additional off-street parking spaces or other businesses, additional off-street parking spaces shall be required for the other uses in accordance with the regulations of this section for those uses.
(r) Libraries, museums, art galleries, community center buildings, municipal, county, state and federal administrative buildings, schools and colleges: provide adequate parking facilities as approved by the Planning Board.
(s) Manufacturing and industrial uses: one parking space for every one employee on the largest shift.
(t) Office buildings, including banks, business and professional offices: one parking space for each 200 square feet of building floor area, but in no case less than five spaces.
(u) Restaurants, taverns, bars and cocktail lounges and similar eating establishments: one parking space for each two seats provided for patron use.
(v) Retail sales and personal services (except self-service food markets or supermarkets): parking equivalent to 150% of the building floor area.
(w) Self-serve food market or supermarket: parking area equivalent to 300% of the building floor area.
(x) Theaters: one parking space for each four seats.
(y) Warehouses, storage buildings, lumber and supply yards, wholesale sales: two parking spaces for each employee. If retail sales exist, required parking spaces shall be determined by using retail floor space requirements for the building floor area used for retail in conjunction with employee requirement.
(z) In the case of a building, structure or premises, the use of which is not specifically mentioned herein, the provisions for a use which is mentioned and to which the use in question is similar, shall apply.
(aa) In case of a situation where there is more than one use in a single structure the following off-street parking regulations may apply:
1. For two uses per structure 95% of the otherwise combined required parking;
2. For three uses 90%;
3. For four uses 85%;
4. And for five or more 80%; and
5. In no case shall less than 80% be allowed.
(3) Provision of paved access drives between the nearest public street and a parking area shall be considered as an off-street parking requirement but not as part of the required parking area.
(4) The required parking area for a building shall be figured on the entire floor area of the first floor; parking for additional stories, including any basement, shall be added to the total of the required area for the first floor. Storage area on other than the first floor shall not be included in the total required area.
(5) The occupancy of a building or any part of a building shall not change from one use to a use in another classification unless the minimum parking requirements are provided for the new use.
(6) No building shall be enlarged if the enlargement requires additional parking space unless the minimum requirements for off-street parking are provided.
(B) General requirements.
(1) Application for parking lot construction. Any person desiring to establish or change a parking area shall submit plans to the Zoning Official showing the location design, size, shape, landscaping, surfacing, marking, lighting, drainage, curb cuts, entrances, exits and any other features of the parking lot. Any curb cuts, entrances, exits, drainage and design shall have the written approval of the city engineer or the Zoning Official and be presented for site plan approval by the Planning Commission.
(2) Design and construction.
(a) Off-street parking lots shall be so arranged and marked with adequate drives and aisles for safe and convenient maneuvering giving access to parking spaces, and in no case shall a parking space be permitted which would necessitate the backing of a motor vehicle into a street or over a public walk.
(b) Parking spaces shall be at a minimum nine feet by 18 feet in size. This does not include access drives and aisles.
(c) Each nonresidential parking space shall be served by a drive or aisle. Design and construction of drives and aisles must be approved by the city engineer or Zoning Official.
(d) There shall be a curb or bumper rail provided wherever an off-street parking and loading area adjoins a public sidewalk or right-of-way. The bumper rail shall be designed to prevent any portion of a vehicle from encroaching upon the sidewalk or right of way.
(e) Any lighting used to illuminate any off-street parking and loading area shall be arranged to direct light away from adjoining premises.
(f) Except for single and two family dwellings off-street parking and loading areas shall be surfaced with asphalt, bituminous or concrete pavement, and shall be graded and drained to dispose of all surface water.
(g) Access drives to and from a parking area shall be paved as stated in division (B)(2)(f) above. Design and construction of access drives must be approved by the city engineer or Zoning Official.
(h) Any construction or rearrangement of existing drives which involve the ingress and -or egress of vehicular traffic to or from a public street shall be arranged to insure the maximum safety and the least interference of traffic upon the streets.
(C) Off-street parking regulations within a residential district.
(1) For all residential buildings or nonresidential buildings in a residential district the required parking area shall be provided on the same lot with the buildings or on a lot immediately adjacent to the lot with the building intended to be served.
(2) All parking areas, except for dwellings, shall be screened on all sides abutting either a residential district or a street with an ornamental fence or compact hedge not less than four feet or more than six feet high of a type which will obscure vision at all seasons from adjoining premises.
(3) Within a residential district parking shall be limited to passenger vehicles, recreational vehicles and trucks with a load capacity of 214 tons or less.
(4) No commercial repair work, commercial servicing or selling of any kind shall be conducted on parking areas in residential districts, and no sign of any kind other than those indicating entrances, exits and conditions of use shall be erected thereon.
(5) Except as provided in § 154.58, the establishment and operation of an off-street parking area in a part of a residential district that is immediately adjacent to or across an alley from a business or industrial district and is intended to serve that business or industry may be authorized by the Planning Commission under the conditions and safeguards as hereinafter provided.
(a) Entrance and exit drives shall be a distance of at least 20 feet from any adjoining property line in a residential district.
(b) All requirements of this section shall be applied along with any other requirements deemed necessary or desirable by the Planning Commission for the protection of the parking area and the residential district in which the parking areas are to be located.
(6) The Zoning Official shall require execution of a performance agreement in the form, manner and amount he or she determines and may compel compliance with the performance of all off-street parking requirements of this chapter.
(D) Variances and exceptions.
(1) The parking provisions of this chapter may be met by participation in a municipal or joint community parking program designed to serve a larger area, provided all plans for the community parking have been approved by the Planning Commission.
(2) The Zoning Board of Appeals shall have authority to interpret this section and may in specific cases and after public hearing grant variances and exceptions to these requirements.
(Ord. 171, passed - -; Ord. 161, passed 12-10-2001)