For the purpose of this subchapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ADJACENT AREA. The area surrounding the immediate area of the permitted work which can reasonably be assumed to have been affected by the permitted work.
   BACKFILL. Material used to replace or the act of replacing material removed during construction.
   BASE COURSE. The layer or layers of specified or selected material or designed thickness placed on a subgrade to support a surface course.
   BOROUGH. The Borough of Bedford.
   BRIDGE. A structure including supports, erected over a depression or an obstruction, as water, highway, or railway, and having a track or passageway for carrying traffic or other moving loads and having an opening measured along the center of the roadway of more than 20 feet between supports.
   EMERGENCY. A an unforeseen occurrence or combination of circumstances which calls for immediate action or remedy.
   EQUIPMENT. All machinery and equipment, together with the necessary supplies for upkeep and maintenance, and also tools and apparatus necessary for the proper construction and completion of the work.
   FLEXIBLE BASE PAVEMENT. A pavement structure which maintains intimate contact with and distributes loads to the subgrade and depends on aggregate interlock, particle friction, and cohesion for stability.
   HIGHWAY. A highway or bridge on the system of borough highways and bridges, including the entire width between right-of-way lines.
   IMPROVED AREA. The area within the right-of-way which has been constructed for highway purposes, including roadbed, pavement, shoulders, slope, sidewalks, drainage facilities, and any other appurtenances.
   INSPECTOR. The borough’s authorized representative assigned to inspect permit operations.
   PAVEMENT. The combination of subbase, base course, and surface course placed on a subgrade to support the traffic load and distribute it to the roadbed.
   PERMIT. A highway occupancy permit issued by the borough office pursuant to these regulations.
   PERSON. Any natural person, firm, copartnership, association, corporation, or political subdivision.
   PLANS. Drawings which show the location, character, and dimensions of the proposed occupancy and related highway features, including layouts, profiles, cross sections, and other details.
   PRIVATE STATUS. The status of a utility’s facilities, which are situated within public right-of-way by agreement with the borough, after the borough condemned the utility’s easement and did not provide a substitute right-of-way.
   RIGHT-OF-WAY. The area which has been acquired by the borough for highway purposes.
   ROADWAY. The portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the sidewalk or shoulder.
   SHOULDER. The portion of the roadway, contiguous to the traffic lanes, for accommodation of stopped vehicles, for emergency use, and for lateral support of base and surface courses and pavements.
   SUBBASE. The layers of specified or selected material of designed thickness placed on a subgrade to support a base course.
   SUBGRADE. The top surface of a roadbed upon which the pavement structure and shoulders including curbs are constructed.
   SURFACE COURSE. One or more layers of a pavement structure designed to accommodate the traffic load, the top layer of which resists skidding, traffic abrasion, and the disintegrating effects of climate. The top layer is sometimes called “wearing course.”
   UTILITY. A person owning a utility facility, including any wholly owned or controlled subsidiary.
   UTILITY FACILITY or FACILITY. All privately, publicly, or cooperative owned lines, facilities, and systems for producing, transmitting, or distributing communications, power, electricity, light, heat, gas, oil, crude products, water, steam, waste, storm water, and other similar commodities, including fire and police signal systems and street lighting systems, which directly or indirectly serve the public or any part thereof.
   VEHICLE. Every device which is or may be moved or drawn upon a highway.
(Prior Code, Ch. 21, Pt. 1, § 101) (Ord. 3-87, passed 8-3-1987)