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For purposes of this chapter the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings ascribed to them respectively.
(a) "Deteriorating area" means either:
(1) An area, whether predominantly built up or open, which is not a slum, blighted or deteriorated area but which because of incompatible land uses, nonconforming uses, lack of adequate parking facilities, faulty street arrangement, obsolete platting, inadequate community and public utilities, diversity of ownership, tax delinquency, increased density of population without commensurate increases in new residential building and community facilities, high turnover in residential or commercial occupancy, lack of maintenance and repair of buildings, or any combination thereof, is detrimental to the public health, safety, morals and general welfare, and which will deteriorate or is in danger of deteriorating into a slum, blighted or deteriorated area; or
(2) An area consisting principally of land in highways, railway or subway tracks, bridge or tunnel entrances, or other similar facilities which have a blighting influence on the surrounding area and over which air right sites can be developed thereby eliminating such blighting influence.
(b) "General Neighborhood Renewal Plan". The plan and program as it exists from time to time, for the urban renewal or redevelopment of a general neighborhood renewal area. The general neighborhood renewal plan need not contain all of the required contents set forth in Section 113.06 with respect to an urban renewal plan or urban redevelopment plan. Approval of the general neighborhood renewal plan by Council does not create authority to carry out project execution activities.
(c) "General Neighborhood Renewal Area". An urban renewal area of such scope that urban renewal activities therein have to be carried out in more than one separate urban renewal project, over an estimated period of up to ten years.
(d) "General plan" or "master plan" means a broad and general guide and pattern for the future growth and development of the City, including maps, plats, charts and descriptive, interpretive and analytical narratives as may be appropriate and specifically shall mean the Harland Bartholomew and Associates Report as adopted by the City Planning Commission on December 9, 1959, pursuant to the ordinances of the City and Ohio R.C. 713.02 and any subsequent amendments thereto.
(e) "Open Space Land" means land which has not been developed by the construction or installation of streets, utilities, buildings, except sporadic or incidental structures, or other site improvements. Whether or not such an area has been platted in whole or in part does not prevent its classification as open space land.
(f) "Project area" or "urban redevelopment area" or "urban renewal area" means a slum, blighted, deteriorated or deteriorating area or any combination or part thereof which Council designates as of a character and size appropriate for urban renewal activities and for which an urban redevelopment plan or urban renewal plan is proposed or prepared.
(g) "Redeveloper" means any person or entity:
(1) Purchasing property from the City within a project area; or
(2) Owning property located within such area and entering into a conforming agreement with the City in consideration of being permitted by the City to retain title to such property.
(h) "Rehabilitation" or "Conservation" or "Reconditioning" means those undertakings and activities identified in subsection (m), (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6) and (8) hereof.
(i) "Slum, blighted, or deteriorated area" means an area within the corporate limits of the City in which there are a majority of structures or other improvements, which by reason of dilapidation, deterioration, age or obsolescence, inadequate provision for ventilation, light, air, sanitation or open spaces, high density of population and overcrowding, unsafe and unsanitary conditions, or the existence of conditions which endanger life or property by fire or other hazards and causes, or any combination of such factors, and an area with overcrowding or improper location of structures on the land, excessive dwelling unit density, detrimental land uses or conditions, unsafe, congested, poorly designed streets, or inadequate public facilities or utilities, all of which substantially impair the sound growth and planning of the community, are conducive to ill health, transmission of disease, infant mortality, juvenile delinquency and crime, and are detrimental to the public health, safety, morals and general welfare.
(j) "Slum clearance" or "clearance" or "urban redevelopment" means those undertakings and activities identified in subsection (m)(1), (2), (3), (4) and (7) hereof.
(k) "Urban renewal" or "urban redevelopment" means the activities of the City, with or without federal or State aid or assistance for developing undertaking and carrying out of urban renewal or redevelopment programs and projects, including all planning and other related activities of the City in connection therewith, or any part of such activities.
(l) "Urban renewal plan" or "urban redevelopment plan" means a plan as it exists from time to time for the urban renewal or redevelopment of a project area or part thereof.
(m) "Urban renewal project" or "urban redevelopment project" or "project" means undertakings and activities of the City, with or without federal or State aid or assistance, in a project area for the elimination and for the prevention of the development or spread of slum, blighted, deteriorated or deteriorating areas and may involve clearance and redevelopment in a project area or rehabilitation and conservation in a project area or any combination or part thereof, in accordance with the urban renewal or urban redevelopment plan for the project area to the full extent and in accordance with the rights, powers and authority of the City, whether derived from the applicable provisions of the federal or State constitution or statutes, or the City ordinances. Undertakings and activities in a project area may include:
(1) Acquisition of realty, including the acquisition of air rights;
(2) Demolition and removal of buildings and improvements;
(3) Installation, construction or reconstruction of streets, utilities, parks, playgrounds and other improvements necessary for carrying out the urban renewal or urban redevelopment plan;
(4) Disposition of property for uses in accordance with the urban renewal or urban redevelopment plan;
(5) Encouraging and assisting interested citizens in a private program of voluntary repair and rehabilitation of buildings or other improvements in accordance with the urban renewal plan, with or without aid and assistance by Federal Housing Administration mortgage insurance or special support for mortgage financing through the Federal National Mortgage Association or similar organizations;
(6) Acquisition of any real property where necessary to eliminate unhealthful, unsanitary or unsafe conditions, lessen such lot occupancy or population density that create such conditions, eliminate uses incompatible with the general character of a neighborhood and which are detrimental to the public welfare, remove or prevent the spread of blight or deterioration or to provide land for needed public facilities, dispose of property for voluntary repair, and buildings or make other improvements in accordance with the urban renewal plan;
(7) Construction of foundations and platforms necessary for the appropriate provision of air right sites in accordance with the urban renewal or urban redevelopment plan; and
(8) Acquisition and repair or rehabilitation for guidance purposes and resale of structures which, under the urban renewal plan, are to be repaired or rehabilitated for dwelling use or related facilities;
provided that there shall not be acquired for such purposes, in any project area, buildings which contain or shall contain more than 100 dwelling units or five percent (5%) of the total number of dwelling units in the area which under the urban renewal plan are to be repaired or rehabilitated whichever is the lesser.
The urban renewal project shall not include the construction or improvement by the City of any building other than municipal buildings, except as provided in subsection (m)(7) and (8) hereof.'
(1980 Code 38.01; Ord. 5777)