§ 1438.01  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of these Codified Ordinances, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ALARM.  Any audible or visible signal indicating the existence of a fire or an emergency requiring a response and emergency action on the part of the fire-fighting service.
   ALLEY NAME.  The name given to a city alley, as shown on dedicated plats and/or as approved by the City Council.
   APARTMENT BUILDING.  Includes buildings containing three or more living units, with independent cooking and bathroom facilities, whether designated as an apartment house, tenement or garden apartment, or by any other name.
   APPROVED.  Listed and/or approved for its intended use by a nationally recognized testing laboratory listed in Appendix O of the Ohio Building Code, hereinafter referred to as the OBC.
   AUTOMATIC DETECTING DEVICE.  An approved device which automatically detects heat, smoke or other products of combustion.
   AUTOMATIC FIRE ALARM SYSTEM.  A manual fire alarm system containing an automatic detecting device(s) which activates a fire alarm signal of such character and so located as to alert all occupants of the building or section thereof endangered by fire.
   AXIS STREETS.  The dividing streets between the east and west sides, or the north and south sides, of the city.
   BASE STREETS.  Any street that is used as a starting point for house numbering purposes for all streets that do not intersect an axis street.
   BUILDING.  A structure designed, built or occupied as a shelter or roofed enclosure for persons, animals or property and used for residential, business, mercantile, storage, commercial, industrial or other similar purposes.
   BUSINESS BUILDING.  Includes all buildings or parts thereof which are used for the transaction of business, the rendering of professional services or other services that involve stocks of goods, wares or merchandise in limited quantities, for uses incidental to office uses or sample purposes, including, among others, offices, banks, civic administration activities, firehouses, outpatient clinics and similar establishments.
   CITY ALLEY.  Any public alley or thoroughfare, as defined by § 402.03 of the Traffic Code.
   CITY BLOCK.  The distance between two street intersections.  House numbers under this chapter are not calculated according to city blocks.
   CITY ENGINEER.  The City Engineer or his or her authorized representative.
   CITY STREET.  Any public street or thoroughfare, as defined in § 402.48 of the Traffic Code.
   DISABLED PERSON means an individual who (1) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities; (2) a record of such an impairment; or (3) being regarded as having such an impairment.
   DWELLING UNIT.  Any room or group of rooms located within a building and forming a single-family, habitable unit, with facilities which are used or intended to be used for living, sleeping, cooking, storing food or eating purposes.
   FACTORY AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING.  Includes all buildings and structures, or parts thereof, in which occupants are engaged in performing work or labor in the fabricating, assembling or processing of products or materials, and shall include, among others, factories, assembling plants, industrial laboratories and all other industrial manufacturing uses.
   FIRE ALARM EQUIPMENT.  Includes alarms, automatic detecting devices, automatic fire alarm systems, manual fire alarm systems and smoke detectors.
   FIRE OFFICIAL.  The Chief of the Fire Division or an authorized designee.
   HOUSE NUMBER.  A number which is assigned to a house or business building and, when used with the street or alley name on which the house or business building faces, gives a recognized legal address for the building.
   MANUAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEM.  An interior alarm system, composed of sending stations and signaling devices, in a building, operated on an electric circuit, so arranged that the operation of any one station will initiate an alarm.
   MERCANTILE BUILDING.  Includes all buildings and structures, or parts thereof, which are used for displays and sales, involving stocks of goods, wares or merchandise incidental to such purposes and accessible to the public, including, among others, retail stores, shops, salesrooms and markets.
   ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLING.  Includes buildings containing not more than two dwelling units in which each living unit is occupied by members of a single family, with no more than three outsiders, if any, accommodated in rented rooms.
   ORDINATE or ORDINATE DISTANCE.  The distance from the axis street to the building entrance to be numbered, to a base street centerline or to an intersecting street centerline.
   ORDINATE NUMBER.  The closest unit of ten to the ordinate or ordinate distance.
   OWNER.  An owner or owners of a premises, contract buyer, mortgagee or vendee in possession, receiver, executor, administrator, trustee, lessee or other person in control of a building, or duly authorized agents thereof. Any person representing an OWNER shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this chapter to the same extent as if such person were the OWNER.
   PUBLIC ASSEMBLY BUILDING.  Includes buildings which are used or designed for places of assembly, as defined by the OBC and classified therein as assembly use groups: A-1 Structures; A-2 Structures; A-3 Structures; and A-4 Structures.
   PUBLIC NUISANCE.  Any fence, wall, garage, shed, house, building, structure, tree, pole or smokestack, or any excavation, basement, cellar, well, cistern or sidewalk subspace or part thereof, if, by reason of the condition in which the same is permitted to be or remain, shall or may endanger the health, life, limb or property of, or cause any hurt, harm, inconvenience, discomfort, damage or injury to, any one or more persons in the city in any one or more of the following particulars:
      (1)   By reason of being detrimental to the general health of the community;
      (2)   By reason of being a fire hazard;
      (3)   By reason of being unsafe for occupancy or use on, in, upon, about or around the above mentioned premises; and
      (4)   By reason of continued vacancy, thereby resulting in lack of reasonable or adequate maintenance of structures and grounds and causing deterioration and blighting influence on nearby properties and thereby depreciating the enjoyment and use of the property in the immediate vicinity to such an extent that it is harmful to the community in which such structure is situated.
   RESIDENTIAL BUILDING.  Includes all buildings in which sleeping accommodations are provided for normal residential purposes, and includes all buildings designed to provide sleeping accommodations.  For the purposes of this chapter, RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS include the following: hotels and motels; apartment buildings; dormitories; lodging and rooming houses; and one- and two-family dwellings.
   SLEEPING AREA.  The area or areas of the family living unit in which the bedrooms (or sleeping rooms) are located.  Bedrooms (or sleeping rooms) separated by other use areas, such as kitchens or living rooms (but not bathrooms), shall be considered as separate SLEEPING AREAS for purposes of this chapter.
   SMOKE DETECTOR.  An approved detection device, capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion and emitting an audible and/or visual signal of such detection.
   SPECIAL STREET.  Any street that does not conform to a standard street.
   SPRINKLER ALARM SYSTEM.  An alarm activated by water flow from an automatic sprinkler system.
   STANDARD STREET.  A street that runs in a relatively straight line and in an approximate north and south or east and west direction.  A STANDARD STREET would intersect one axis street, or its centerline extended would intersect one axis street.  A standard alley would follow the same definition.
   STREET INTERSECTION.  The intersection of two streets either with a full intersection as a cross-intersection, or a half intersection as a T-intersection.
   STREET NAME.  The name given to a city street, as shown on dedicated plats and/or as approved by the City Council.
   UNIT OF MEASUREMENT.  The distance, in feet, for which a house number can be assigned.
(1997 Code, §§ 1442.02, 1450.01, 1468.01, 1474.01)  (Ord. 62-36, passed 9-13-1962; Ord. 67-43, passed 12-14-1967; Ord. 87-86, passed 12-29-1987; Am. Ord. 06-81, passed 12-14-2006; Am. Ord. 10-22, passed 6-10-2010)