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For the purposes of this subchapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
"BUILT-UPON AREA (BUA)." That portion of a development project that is covered by impervious or partially impervious surface including, but not limited to, buildings; pavement and gravel areas such as roads, parking lots, and paths; and recreation facilities such as tennis courts. "Built-upon area" does not include a wooden slatted deck, the water area of a swimming pool, or pervious or partially pervious paving material to the extent that the paving material absorbs water or allows water to infiltrate through the paving material.
"COASTAL AREA MANAGEMENT ACT (CAMA)." An act that requires the establishment of a cooperative program of coastal land management between local government and the State of North Carolina for preparing, adopting and enforcing local land use plans. CAMA requires that local governments within the 20 coastal counties prepare land use plans that provide for the protection, preservation, orderly development, and management of the coastal area of North Carolina.
"DESIGN MANUAL." The stormwater design manual approved for use by the town for the proper implementation of the requirements of the Federal Phase II Stormwater Program. All references herein to the design manual are to the latest published edition or revision.
"DEVELOPMENT." Any land-disturbing activity that increases the amount of built-upon area or that otherwise decreases the infiltration of precipitation into the soil.
"FLOODPLAIN." The 1% Annual Chance Floodplain as delineated by the North Carolina Floodplain Mapping Program in the Division of Emergency Management.
"HIGH QUALITY WATERS (HQW)." Supplemental classification intended to protect waters with quality higher than state water quality standards. In general, there are two means by which a water body may be classified as HQW:
(1) By definition; or
(2) They may be supplementally classified as HQW through the rule-making process.
"LARGER COMMON PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT OR SALE." Any area where multiple separate and distinct construction or land-disturbing activities will occur under one plan. A plan is any announcement or piece of documentation (including but not limited to a sign, public notice or hearing, sales pitch, advertisement, loan application, drawing, permit application, zoning request, or computer design) or physical demarcation (including but not limited to boundary signs, lot stakes, or surveyor markings) indicating that construction activities may occur on a specific plot.
"OWNER." The legal or beneficial owner of land, including but not limited to a mortgagee or vendee in possession, receiver, executor, trustee, or long-term or commercial lessee, or any other person or entity holding proprietary rights in the property or having legal power of management and control of the property. "Owner" shall include long-term commercial tenants; management entities, such as those charged with or engaged in the management of properties for profit; and every person or entity having joint ownership of the property. A secured lender not in possession of the property does not constitute an owner, unless the secured lender is included within the meaning of "owner" under another description in this definition, such as a management entity.
"REDEVELOPMENT." Any development on previously-developed land, other than a rebuilding activity that results in no net increase in built-upon area and provides equal or greater stormwater control than the previous development.
"SA WATERS." Surface waters that are used for shellfishing or marketing purposes and all SC and SB uses. All SA waters are also HQW by definition. Stormwater controls are required under CAMA. No domestic discharges are permitted in these waters.
"SB WATERS." Surface waters that are used for primary recreation, including frequent or organized swimming and all SC uses. Stormwater controls are required under CAMA and there are no categorical restrictions on discharges.
"SC WATERS." All tidal salt waters protected for secondary recreation such as fishing, boating and other activities involving minimal skin contact; aquatic life propagation and survival; and wildlife. Stormwater controls are required under CAMA and there are no categorical restrictions on discharges.
"STRUCTURAL BMP." A physical device designed to trap, settle out, or filter pollutants from stormwater runoff; to alter or reduce stormwater runoff velocity, amount, timing, or other characteristics; to approximate the pre-development hydrology on a developed site; or to achieve any combination of these goals. Structural BMP includes physical practices such as constructed wetlands, vegetative practices, filter strips, grassed swales, and other methods installed or created on real property. "Structural BMP" is synonymous with "structural practice," "stormwater control facility," "stormwater control practice," "stormwater treatment practice," "stormwater management practice," "stormwater control measures," "structural stormwater treatment systems," and similar terms used in this subchapter.
"SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESS." For the purposes of determining whether sufficient progress has been made on an approved plan, one or more of the following construction activities toward the completion of a site or subdivision plan shall occur: obtaining a grading permit and conducting grading activity on a continuous basis and not discontinued for more than 30 days; or installation and approval of on-site infrastructure; or obtaining a building permit for the construction and approval of a building foundation. "Substantial progress" for purposes of determining whether an approved plan is null and void is not necessarily the same as "substantial expenditures" used for determining vested rights pursuant to applicable law.
(Ord. 1538, passed 5-24-07)