§ 155-8.40  COMMERCIAL USE CATEGORY.
   The commercial use category includes uses that provide a business service or involve the selling, leasing or renting of merchandise to the general public. The commercial use category includes the following use subcategories.
   (A)   Adult entertainment facility.  Any of the following commercial establishments:
      (1)   Adult cabaret.  Any commercial establishment that as a substantial or significant portion of its business features or provides any of the following:
         (a)   Persons who appear semi-nude;
         (b)   Live performances that are distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on the exposure, depiction, or description of specified anatomical areas or the conduct or simulation of specified sexual activities; or
         (c)   Films, motion pictures, video or audio cassettes, slides, computer displays, or other visual representations or recordings of any kind that are distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on the exposure, depiction, or description of specified anatomical areas, or the conduct or simulation of specified sexual activities.
      (2)   Adult store.  Any commercial establishment that has any one or more of the following characteristics:
         (a)   Contains one or more adult booths;
         (b)   Offers for sale, rental, or viewing any adult materials as a significant portion of its business; or
         (c)   Has a segment or section devoted to the sale or display of adult materials.
      (3)   Adult theater.  Any commercial establishment that as a substantial or significant portion of its business features or provides:
         (a)   Films, motion pictures, video, or audio cassettes, slides, or other visual representations or recordings that are distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on the exposure, depiction or description of specified anatomical areas, or the conduct or simulation of specified sexual activities; or
         (b)   Live performances that are distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on the exposure, depiction, or description of specified anatomical areas or the conduct or simulation of specified sexual activities.
   (B)   Animal services.  The following are animal services use subcategories:
      (1)   Animal care/boarding and care.  The keeping and care of a cumulative total of six or more companion animals. Typical uses include boarding kennels, pet resorts/hotels, doggy or pet day care facilities, foster care homes, dog training centers and animal rescue shelters.
      (2)   Animal sales/grooming.  Sales and grooming of companion animals. Typical uses include pet stores, dog bathing and clipping salons and pet grooming shops.
      (3)   Veterinary.  Typical uses include pet and veterinary clinics, dog and cat hospitals and animal hospitals.
      (4)   Stable.  Land or structures in which horses are kept, including horses owned by owner or occupant of the subject property and those that are not owned by the subject property owner or the occupant of the subject property.  Facilities that offer horse and pony rides, equestrian training and similar services and amusements are also classified as stables.
   (C)   Artist work or sales space.  Floor space devoted to the production, showing, or sale of art. Typical uses include art galleries, artist and photography studios, but not including art museums. Art museums are classified in the "library/cultural exhibit" use subcategory.
   (D)   Building maintenance service.  Provision of maintenance and custodial services to commercial and industrial establishments. Typical uses include janitorial, landscape maintenance and window cleaning services. Also includes exterminator services for residential, commercial or industrial applications.
   (E)   Building supplies and equipment.  Establishments that sell or rent supplies or equipment to repair, maintain, or visually enhance a structure or premises. Typical uses include lumber yards, home improvement centers, and farm and garden supply stores. Hardware stores, paint stores and similar businesses that do not include any visible outdoor storage or display are classified as retail sales establishments.
   (F)   Business equipment sales and service.  Sales, rental, or repair of office, professional and service equipment and supplies to companies rather than to individuals. Excludes vehicle and heavy equipment sales or service. Typical uses include office equipment and supply firms, small business machine repair shops and hotel equipment and supply firms.
   (G)   Business support service.  Provision of clerical, employment, protective, or minor processing services to firms rather than individuals. Typical uses include employment agencies and telephone answering services and business or trade schools. Business or trades schools that involve outdoor storage or manufacturing processes are not considered business support services but rather are classified in the "industrial" use category.  Truck driving schools are classified and regulated as truck terminals (warehousing, wholesaling and freight movement use subcategory).
   (H)   Communication service establishments.  Broadcasting and other information relay services accomplished through use of electronic and telephonic mechanisms. Excludes services classified as "major utilities and services" and "minor/basic utilities and services." Typical uses include recording studios, television and radio studios, telecommunication service centers and telegraph service offices.
   (I)   Construction services.  Construction and development services and related storage. Unless otherwise expressly stated, this use subcategory refers to activities on parcels other than active construction or development sites. Typical uses include building contracting/construction businesses, including contractor storage yards. Uses that involve office or administrative functions only, with no on-site equipment or vehicle storage, are classified as offices.
   (J)   Eating and drinking establishments.  Provision of prepared food and/or beverages for on- or off-premises consumption. Typical uses include restaurants, taverns and nightclubs.
      (1)   Restaurant.  An establishment primarily engaged in serving prepared food to the public and in which sales of such prepared foods and meals constitutes at least 65% of the establishment's gross income.
      (2)   Tavern or nightclub.  An establishment that is primarily engaged in serving alcoholic liquor for consumption on the premises and in which the serving of prepared food and meals constitutes less than 65% of the establishment's gross income. Taverns and nightclubs may offer live entertainment and dancing.
   (K)   Entertainment and spectator sports.  Provision of cultural, entertainment, athletic and other events to spectators, such as typically occurs in theaters, cinemas, auditoriums, fairgrounds, stadiums, arenas, lienzo charros, show barns, show grounds and racetracks.
      (1)   Indoor, minor.  Entertainment and spectator sports venues and events that are conducted entirely within buildings that have a capacity of fewer than 100 participants, exhibitors or spectators.
      (2)   Indoor, major.  Entertainment and spectator sports venues and events that are conducted entirely within buildings and that have a capacity of 100 or more participants, exhibitors and spectators.
      (3)   Outdoor, minor.  Entertainment and spectator sports venues and events that are conducted primarily outside of buildings and that have a capacity of fewer than 100 participants, exhibitors and spectators.
      (4)   Outdoor, major.  Entertainment and spectator sports venues and events that are conducted primarily outside of buildings and that have a capacity of 100 or more participants, exhibitors and spectators.
   (L)   Financial services.  Financial or securities brokerage services. Typical uses include banks, savings and loans, consumer investment businesses, pawn shops, and check-cashing/loan services.
      (1)   Bank.  A federally chartered bank, credit union, savings and loan association or trust company.
      (2)   Check-cashing/loan service.  A business engaged in cashing checks or providing short-term loans for members of the general public as a principal purpose of its operation and that is not a bank, savings and loan association, or other financial service, including businesses offering payday loans, title loans, signature loans, small loans, and other similar loans, but not including pawn shops.
      (3)   Pawn shop.  Businesses that lend money on the security of pledged goods or that is engaged in the business of purchasing tangible personal property on condition that it may be redeemed or repurchased by the seller for a fixed price within a fixed period of time.
   (M)   Food and beverage retail sales.  Retail sale of food and beverages for home consumption. Typical uses include groceries, liquor stores and wine stores.
   (N)   Funeral and interment services.  Provision of services involving the care, preparation or disposition of human or pet remains. The following are funeral and interment services use subcategories:
      (1)   Cemetery/columbarium/mausoleum.  Land or facilities used for burial of human or remains.
      (2)   Cremating.  Crematory services involving the purification and reduction of the human body by fire. Typical uses include crematories and crematoriums. (Note: cremating is also considered an accessory use to a cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum.)
      (3)   Undertaking.  Undertaking services such as preparing the dead for burial and arranging and managing funerals.  Typical uses include funeral homes and mortuaries.
   (O)   Lodging.  Provision of lodging services on a temporary basis with incidental food, drink and other sales and services intended for the convenience of guests. The following are lodging use categories:
      (1)   Bed and breakfast.  A detached house in which the owner offers overnight accommodations and meal service to guests for compensation.
      (2)   Hotel/motel.  An establishment, other than a bed and breakfast, in which short-term lodging is offered for compensation and that may or may not include the service of one or more meals to guests. Typical uses include hotels and motels.
      (3)   Recreational vehicle park/RV campground.  An establishment that provides temporary overnight accommodations for camping in a travel trailer, camping trailer, truck camper, camper shell, motor home, or tent trailer and that may include areas for overnight camping in tents.
      (4)   Retreat.  An establishment that provides temporary overnight accommodations for groups engaged in supervised training or personal improvement activities. Examples include corporate retreat facilities, educational retreat facilities and spa and fitness facilities.
   (P)   Office, administrative, professional or consumer service.  Professional, governmental, executive, management or administrative offices of private organizations or government agencies. Typical uses include administrative offices, law offices, architectural firms, insurance companies and government offices. Also includes travel agencies, tax preparation office and similar consumer service businesses.
   (Q)   Office or clinic, medical.  Personal health services including prevention, diagnosis and treatment, rehabilitation services provided by physicians, dentists, nurses and other health personnel and medical testing and analysis services. Typical uses include medical and dental offices, including chiropractic offices, physical and massage therapy offices, psychologist and psychiatrist offices, health maintenance organizations, blood banks, plasma centers and government-operated health centers. Excludes use types more specifically classified, such as hospitals.
   (R)   Parking, non-accessory.  Parking that is not provided to comply with minimum off-street parking requirements and that is not provided exclusively to serve occupants of or visitors to a particular use, but rather is available to the public at-large. A facility that provides both accessory parking and non-accessory parking is classified as non-accessory parking.
   (S)   Personal improvement service.  Informational, instructional, personal improvement and similar services of a nonprofessional nature. Typical uses include hair salons, barber shops, beauty shops, nail salons, yoga or dance studios, driving schools, body art services and martial arts studios.
      (1)   Body art service.  Provision of any of the following procedures: body piercing, tattooing, cosmetic tattooing, branding or scarification. This definition does not include practices that are considered medical procedures by the Illinois Medical Board, which may not be performed in a body art services establishment.
   (T)   Repair or laundry service, consumer.  Provision of repair, dry cleaning or laundry services to individuals and households, but not to firms. Excludes vehicle and equipment repair. Typical uses include laundry/dry cleaning drop-off stations (with no dry cleaning on the premises), hand laundries, appliance repair shops, locksmiths, shoe and apparel repair and musical instrument repair.
   (U)   Research service.  An establishment that conducts educational, scientific, high-technology or medical research not involving the mass production, distribution or sale of products. Research services do not produce odors, dust, noise, vibration or other external impacts that are detectable beyond the property lines of the subject property. Research-related establishments that do produce such external impacts are classified as "manufacturing, production and industrial services."
   (V)   Residential convenience and support establishment.  Commercial uses provided primarily to serve the needs of residents in large, multi-unit (residential) buildings or residents within the immediate area. The following are considered residential convenience and support establishments:
      (1)   Day care;
      (2)   Restaurants;
      (3)   Food and beverage retail sales;
      (4)   Medical office;
      (5)   Administrative, professional or general offices;
      (6)   Personal improvement service; and
      (7)   Retail sales establishments.
   (W)   Retail sales.  Businesses involved in the sale, lease or rent of new or used products or merchandise to consumers.  Typical uses include drug stores, grocery stores, department stores, auto parts stores, pet supply stores, discount stores, convenience stores and apparel stores.
      (1)   Farm/agricultural supply sales.  The sale of seed corn and similar farm supplies by farmers as agents, where grain elevators or similar commercial facilities are not maintained on the farm premises.
   (X)   Sports and recreation, participant.  Provision of sports or recreation primarily by and for participants. (Spectators would be incidental and on a nonrecurring basis). Examples include bowling alleys, health clubs, skating rinks, bingo halls, casinos, billiard parlors, driving ranges and miniature golf courses, shooting and archery ranges and batting cages.
   (Y)   Vehicle and equipment sales and service.  Sales of motor vehicles or equipment and services related to motor vehicles and related equipment. The following are vehicle sales and service use subcategories:
      (1)   Car wash/cleaning service.  A building or site containing facilities for washing automobiles. It may use automatic production line methods—a chain conveyor, blower, steam cleaning device, or other mechanical device—or it may provide space, water and equipment for hand washing, cleaning or detailing of automobiles, whether by the customer or the operator.
      (2)   Minor motor vehicle fueling station. Uses engaged in retail sales of conventional and alternative vehicle fuels, including electric vehicle charging stations with a capacity to fuel no more than eight vehicles simultaneously.  Designated tractor-trailer and truck pump islands are prohibited. Level 1 (slow-charging) and level 2 (medium) battery charging stations are considered accessory uses and are not regulated as auto fueling stations.  Minor motor vehicle fueling station uses may include convenience retail sales activities.  Minor motor vehicle fueling stations may include convenience stores, but no drive-throughs or car wash/cleaning services.
      (3)   Major motor vehicle fueling station. Uses engaged in the retail sales of conventional and alternative vehicle fuels, including electric charging stations. Capacity shall not exceed the ability to fuel more than 12 vehicles simultaneously, with no more than one designated tractor-trailer and truck pump island with a capacity to fuel no more than two tractor-trailers and trucks.  Level 1 (slow charging) and level 2 (medium) battery charging stations are considered accessory and are not regulated as auto fueling stations.  Major motor vehicle fueling stations may include drive-throughs and car wash/cleaning services and must be processed as a special use permit for a planned unit development.
      (4)   Travel plaza.  A facility primarily engaged in the maintenance, servicing, storage, parking, or repair of commercial vehicles, including the sale of motor vehicle fuels or other petroleum products, and the sale of accessories or equipment of for over-the-road trucks, tractor trailers, and similar commercial vehicles.  A travel plaza may also include overnight vehicle parking, showers, vehicles scales, restaurants, and other services intended mainly for use by truck drivers.
      (5)   Heavy equipment sales/rentals.  Sale, retail or wholesale and/or rental from the premises of heavy construction equipment, trucks and aircraft, together with incidental maintenance. Typical uses include heavy construction equipment dealers, mobile home dealers and tractor trailer sales.
      (6)   Light equipment sales/rentals.  Sale, retail, wholesale, or rental from the premises of autos, noncommercial trucks, motorcycles, trailers of less than 10,000 pounds gross cargo weight, recreational vehicles and boat dealers, together with incidental maintenance. Typical uses include automobile and boat dealers, car rental agencies and recreational vehicle sales and rental agencies. For the purposes of this zoning ordinance, the sales or display for sale of more than two vehicles on a single parcel is classified as a "light equipment sales/rental" use.  Note: auto parts stores are classified as a “retail sales” use.
      (7)   Motor vehicle repair, limited.  A business establishment that provides ordinary maintenance and minor engine/systems repair services to motor vehicles, including lubrication and/or checking, changing, or additions of those fluids and filters necessary to the maintenance of a vehicle.  Also includes vehicle repair establishments that provide replacement of passenger vehicle parts or repairs that do not involve body work or painting or require removal of the engine head or pan, engine transmission or differential. Examples include tire, muffler and transmission shops. Repair of motor vehicles conducted solely by the owner of such vehicles is not classified or regulated as “limited motor vehicle repair.”
      (8)   Motor vehicle repair, general.  Any vehicle repair establishment other than "limited motor vehicle repair."  Examples include repair or servicing of commercial vehicles or heavy equipment or body work, painting, or major repairs to passenger vehicles.
      (9)   Vehicle storage and towing.  Storage of operating motor vehicles or vehicle towing services. Typical uses include towing services, private parking tow-aways (tow lots), impound yards and fleet storage yards. Includes the use of a site for temporary storage of motor vehicles for a period of not more than 15 days, not including temporary storage facilities for vehicles that are to be sold, rented, salvaged, dismantled, repaired or returned to owners upon payment of towing and storage fees.
(Ord. effective 10-1-2012; Ord. 16-258, passed 9-15-2016; Ord. 18-1, passed 1-18-2018)