1123.11.10 USE DEFINITIONS.
 
TERM
DEFINITION
Accessory uses (any use permitted within the district shall be permitted as an accessory use so long as it is subordinate to the primary use in total GFA devoted to the accessory use)
An accessory use is a use that is incidental to and customarily found in connection with the principal use. An accessory use must be conducted on the same zoning lot as the principal use to which it is related, unless the district regulations permit another location for the accessory use. (Off-site accessory parking facilities, for example, are permitted in certain zoning districts.)
Building material
dealers and sales
Retailing, wholesaling or rental of building supplies or construction equipment. This classification includes lumberyards, home improvement sales and services, tool and equipment sales or rental establishments.
Business and professional offices
A building containing the office or offices of a business or businesses engaged in providing professional services, including, but not limited to, the following: accounting; auditing and bookkeeping services; advertising agencies; architectural, engineering, planning, and surveying services; attorneys; counseling services; court reporting services; data processing and computer services; detective agencies and similar services; educational, scientific, and research organizations; employment, stenographic, secretarial, and word processing services; government offices including agency and administrative office facilities; management, public relations, and consulting services; photography and commercial art studios; writers and artists offices outside the home, but not including medical offices or offices that are incidental and accessory to another business or retail sales activity in the building.
Car wash establishments
A structure, or portion thereof, containing commercial facilities for washing automobiles, using production line methods with a chain conveyor, blower, steam cleaning device, or other mechanical devices. This term includes a manually operated car wash facility when the operation is equivalent in intensity to a mechanized car wash.
Civic, social, cultural organizations or clubs
A public, commercial, or non-profit establishment that provides membership for the participation in, or use of, shared space, programming, or social activities, and may not include any form of adult entertainment business or retail sales.
Commercial indoor recreation
Indoor commercial recreation uses include, but are not limited to, fitness centers, bowling alleys, dancehalls, skating rinks, indoor commercial swimming pools, and racquet and tennis clubs.
TERM
DEFINITION
Commercial outdoor recreation
May include an accessory clubhouse, provided as part of a residential development that is owned and maintained by the owners’ association or property owner primarily for the use of the residents of the development, and which is also accessible for use by the public through associate membership subscription or user fees. The term includes community golf courses, swimming pools, tennis courts, basketball courts, and the like.
Commercial retail sales and services
Establishments that engage in the sale of general retail goods and accessory services
Crematories
A facility used for the cremation of corpses.
Day care center
An establishment, other than a day care home, licensed by the state of Ohio when required and providing care and supervision for seven or more persons on a less than 24-hour basis. This classification includes nursery schools, preschools, day care centers for children or adults and any other day care facility licensed by the State of Ohio.
Day care, type a
A child care facility located in a permanent residence where an occupant of the residence provides care and supervision for seven to twelve children at one time, including children under the age of 6 related to the provider. The provider must be licensed by the State of Ohio Department of Human Services.
Day care, type b
A child care facility located in a permanent residence where an occupant of the residence provides care and supervision for six or fewer children at one time, including children under the age of 6 related to the provider. No employees are permitted. The provider must be licensed by the State of Ohio Department of Human Services.
Drilling or extractive activities
Activities necessary for removing natural gas or oil from underground and bringing it up to ground level, or any activities, the purpose of which is to remove these materials from natural pools or reservoirs beneath the earth's surface, including well drilling, injection, pumping, and including ancillary activities and facilities necessary for such extraction, without which th extraction could not occur.
TERM
DEFINITION
Drive-in windows and drive-through facilities
Any facility where goods are sold or services provided to a person riding on or seated within a motor vehicle; or where services or inspections are performed on motor vehicles that stand or wait in line immediately prior to the service being performed. Drive-through facilities include, but are not limited to, uses such as car washes, motor vehicle lubrication and oil change facilities, and motor vehicle inspection stations as well as facilities, such as financial institutions, dry cleaners and restaurants, with one or more drive-through windows. Uses excepted from this definition include: (1) inspections utilizing not more than one bay at a motor vehicle service station; (2) fuel service components of motor vehicle service stations; and (3) the on-site parking of motor vehicles prior to servicing at motor vehicle service facilities.
Dwellings, multi-unit (> twelve dwelling units)
A building designed for occupancy of at least twelve dwelling units
Dwelling, multi-uni (four to twelve dwelling units)
A building containing more than four but no more than twelve dwelling units used exclusively for occupancy
Dwelling, single-unit, attached
A one-household dwelling attached to two or more one-household dwellings by common vertical walls.
Dwelling, single-unit detached
A detached building designed or used exclusively for occupancy by one household (or household equivalent).
Dwelling, three and four-unit
A building or portion thereof designed for occupancy by three or more households living independently in which they may or may not share common entrances and/or other spaces. Individual dwelling units may be owned as condominiums, or offered for rent.
Dwelling, two-unit
A building containing two dwelling units, arranged one above the other or side by side.
Eating and drinking establishments
Establishments engaged primarily in the sale of food or drink to consumers for on premises or off-premises consumption
TERM
DEFINITION
Educational institution
A public or private institution that teaches primary, secondary, post-secondary students. Instruction can include industrial, clerical, managerial, commercial,
trade, or artistic skills; or a school conducted as a commercial enterprise, such as a driving school for non-commercial automobiles.
Funeral home and services, excluding crematories
An establishment providing services related to death, including funerals, cemeteries or mausoleums, for burial and memorials.
Gasoline stations
A facility or system which includes tanks, piping or gas equipment (or any combination thereof ); is used or intended to be used for the storage, dispensing or other utilization of petroleum gas.
Governmentally owned and/or operated buildings and facilities
A facility or area used for public purposes and owned or operated by an instrumentality or agency of federal, state, or local government.
Group care facility
Development which provides resident services to seven (7) or more individuals. These individuals may be handicapped, aged, or disabled, and undergoing rehabilitation, and are provided services to meet their needs.
Group home
A. Group home, class I. A facility providing 24-hour care in a protected living arrangement for not more than fifteen (15) residents. This classification includes
foster homes, homes for the physically and mentally impaired, homes for the developmentally disabled, congregate living facilities for persons 60 years of age
and older, and maternity homes.
Group home
B. Group home, class ii. A facility providing 24-hour care in a protected living arrangement for not more than fifteen (15) residents. This classification includes homes for juvenile delinquents, halfway houses providing residence in lieu of institutional sentencing, halfway houses providing residence to those needing correctional and mental institutionalization. This classification also includes emergency shelter during crisis intervention for nor more than fifteen (15) victims of crime, abuse, or neglect, and residential rehabilitation for alcohol and chemical dependence for fifteen (15) or fewer individuals.
 
TERM
DEFINITION
Gyms and physical fitness facilities
A building or portion of a building designed and equipped for the conduct of sports, exercise, leisure time activities, organized fitness class or other customary and usual recreational activities operated for profit or not-for-profit.
Heavy Industrial
A principal use consisting of an establishment engaged in manufacturing, assembly, fabrication, packaging, or other industrial processing of products primarily from extracted or raw materials or the bulk storage and handling of such products and materials, or an industrial establishment having potential to produce noise, dust, glare, odors or vibration beyond its property line. This term includes but is not limited to: (a) processing and packaging; (b) chemical manufacturing; (c) stonework or concrete product manufacturing; (d) fabrication of metal products; (e) manufacturing of agricultural, construction, or mining machinery; (f ) motor vehicle manufacturing; (g) lumber milling; (h) ship or boat construction (I) permanent concrete/batch plant.
Hospital
A facility or institution, whether public or private, principally engaged in providing services for health maintenance, diagnosis or treatment of human diseases, pain, injury, deformity, or physical condition, including but not limited to a general hospital, emergency room, diagnostic center, treatment center, rehabilitation center, extended care center, nursing home, intermediate care facility, outpatient laboratory, or central services facility serving one or more such institutions provided by a licensed practitioner.
Hotels, motels or tourist homes
Any building or portion thereof which contains guest rooms which are designed or intended to be used, let, or hired out for occupancy on a transient basis and which together are intended to provide for accommodations for compensation to ten or more individuals at any given time. A hotel will be considered a commercial establishment.
Industrial, commercial, or construction services
The processing, manufacturing, or compounding of materials, products, or energy, having impacts on the environment or significant impacts on the use and enjoyment of adjacent property in terms of noise, smoke, fumes, odors, glare, or health and safety hazards.
 
TERM
DEFINITION
Instructional spaces and studios
A room or space used primarily for instruction classes and that is not tied to a specific subject or discipline by equipment in the room or the configuration of
the space
Large light industrial
A principal use consisting of an establishment engaged in the indoor warehousing, manufacturing, assembly, fabrication, packaging or other industrial processing of finished parts or products, primarily from previously prepared materials, or the indoor provision of industrial services, where there are few external effects across property lines. This term includes but is not limited to a business engaged in the processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, or packaging of food, textile, leather, wood, paper, chemical, plastic, or metal products, but does not include basic industrial processing from raw materials. Large scale light industrial uses have principal structures of 25,000 square feet or more per lot. Renewable energy generation systems with 25,000 square feet of
structure or more per lot are considered large scale light industrial uses.
Large-scale assembly
An establishment that serves as a venue for the congregation of people as a public or private meeting within a structure that has a gross floor area greater than 15,000 for the establishment’s activities and events, which includes related support facilities like kitchens, bathrooms, and storage. Performances are permitted as ancillary to the congregation function of the establishment.
Live/work units
A structure or portion of a structure combining a residential living space for one or more persons with an integrated work space principally used by one or more of the residents. The use of chemicals deemed toxic by the CDC within their toxic chemical classifications is prohibited within a live-work unit.
 
TERM
DEFINITION
Maker space
A building or portion thereof no larger than 5,000 square feet used for the onsite production of parts or finished products by individual or shared use of hand tools, mechanical tools, and electronic tools and may include space for design and prototyping of new materials, fabrication methodologies, and products, as well as space for packaging, incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such projects. Fumes, noise, dust, or ambient particulate matter from chemicals may not be emitted from the space.
Medical and health care offices
A facility in which substantially all of the services provided constitute the practice of medicine, surgery, dentistry, optometry, podiatry, chiropractic, acupuncture, acupressure, psychology, psychiatry, counseling, medical-related laboratory services, or similar health services; are provided by state licensed health professionals; and are rendered on a one-to-one patient to health professional ratio, on an out-patient or less than 24 hour a day basis.
Micro brewery or distillery
On-site production of beer or liquor which does not exceed 15,000 barrels (465,000 gallons) of beer, or 12,000 gallons of liquor by single-batch production. Associated ancillary drinking establishments may be included on-site.
New and used dealers in motorcycle, motorized bicycle and tricycle and not including motor homes, snowmobiles and their parts and accessories and including repair services thereto.
An establishment for the storage and display for sale of motorcycles, motorized bicycle or tricycles and where repair services are incidental to the operation of the new or used vehicle sales.
Non-industrial food production and catering
A food service establishments prepare food for the public and include restaurants and catering companies.
Nursery and garden supply stores
A facility, generally operated on a commercial basis, for the growing, display, or sale of plant stock, seeds or other horticulture items. This use may include
raising plants outdoors or in greenhouses for sale either as food or for use in landscaping.
TERM
DEFINITION
Nursing Home
A facility operated and dedicated to the care of persons who cannot care for their own needs either partially or totally. This term includes nursing homes, skilled nursing facilities, convalescent homes, special care facilities (e.g., Alzheimer unit), assisted living facilities, adult day care facilities, independent living units such as patio homes, and other similar facilities.
Off-street public parking lots and garages
Off-street parking that serves a particular use without being on the same lot of the use it serves or a public garage where automobiles are parked or stored.
Organizations and associations organized on a profit or non-profit basis for promotion of membership interests.
An establishment that provides membership for the participation in, or use of, shared space, programming, or social activities, and may not include any form of adult entertainment business or retail sales.
Parks and trails
A park, playground, recreation facility and open space. This classification includes , playing fields, courts, public gymnasiums, public community centers, public swimming pools, spraygrounds, picnic facilities, public golf courses and associated facilities, zoos and botanical gardens, as well as related food
concessions.
Passenger transportation agencies and terminals
A facility for passenger transportation operations, including but not limited to a passenger rail station, bus terminal or passenger ship terminal.
Personal service
An establishment which accommodates two or more clients at one time providing nonmedically related services, including, but not limited to, beauty salons, barber shops and tanning salons by professionals, which may also include accessory retail sales of products related to the services provided.
Places of worship
A use located in a permanent building and providing regular organized religious worship and related incidental activities, except child day care center, primary, secondary, college/university, vocational schools, community facility, active and outdoor recreation, and enterprise, indoor and outdoor.
TERM
DEFINITION
Public utility rights-of-way and pertinent structures and telecommunication towers
Any cables, wires, lines, wave guides, antenna and any other equipment or facilities associated with the transmission or reception of communications as authorized by the FCC which a person seeks to locate or have installed upon a tower antenna support structure. However, “wireless telecommunications facilities” shall not include: dish type signal-receiving satellites up to ten feet in diameter, antennas used for personal or “ham” radios; and citizens band (CB) radios.
Recreational vehicle sales
An establishment for the storage and display for sale of more than two passenger vehicles and where repair or body work is incidental to the operation of the new or used vehicle sales, which include motor vehicle retail or wholesale sales.
Research and development facilities
A building or group of buildings for scientific research, investigation, testing, or experimentation, but not facilities for the manufacture or sale of products.
Retail sales < 5,000 sf
A retail establishment containing consumer goods that is no greater than 5,000 square feet.
Retail sales > 25,000 sf
A retail establishment containing consumer goods that exceeds 25,000 square feet.
Retail sales 5,000 sf to 25,000 sf
A retail establishment containing consumer goods that is between 5,000 and 25,000 square feet
Senior assisted living facility
Residential facility for elderly persons (age 60 or older) and their spouses, or for persons having such disabilities as co require assistance with daily living casks, as suggested by their physician. The facility contains four or more dwelling units and/or rooming units, and provides, through on-site personnel, such exclusive resident services as meal preparation, laundry services and room cleaning.
Senior independent living facility
An age-restricted development, which may include detached and attached dwelling units, apartments, and may also have a nursing home component.
Sexually oriented business
An adult arcade, adult bookstore, adult video store, adult cabaret, adult motel or adult entertainment out-call service in the form of semi-nude dancing or exhibition, adult motion picture theater, adult theater, semi-nude model studio, or sexual device shop.
 
TERM
DEFINITION
Skilled care facility
A dwelling devoted to two or more persons who have a physical or mental impairment or handicap, or both, chat substantially limits one or more major life activities, such as caring for oneself, performing manual casks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, learning, breaching, or working. A physical or mental impairment may include orthopedic, visual, speech, or hearing impairments, Alzheimer's disease, presenile dementia, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, mental retardation, autism, or emotional illness.
Small light industrial
A principal use of a lot consisting of an establishment engaged in the indoor warehousing, manufacturing, assembly, fabrication, packaging or other industrial processing of finished parts or products, primarily from previously prepared materials, or the indoor provision of industrial services, where there are few external effects across property lines. This term includes but is not limited to a business engaged in the processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, or packaging of food, textile, leather, wood, paper, chemical, plastic, or metal products, but does not include basic industrial processing from raw materials. Small light industrial uses have principal structures of less than 25,000 square feet per lot.
Small-scale assembly
An establishment that serves as a venue for the congregation of people as a public or private meeting within a structure that contains no more than 15,000 square feet of gross floor area for the establishment’s activities and events, which includes related support facilities like kitchens, bathrooms, and storage. Performances are permitted as ancillary to the congregation function of the establishment.
Solar facilities
An integrated assembly of solar panels with a support structure or foundation and other components.
 
TERM
DEFINITION
Transitional dwelling
A dwelling unit occupied on a short-term basis by persons assigned by a court of law or public or nonprofit agency responsible for the occupants' care, safety, conduct, counseling and supervision for a specified period of time, including alcoholic recovery, shelters for battered persons and their children, community reentry services following incarceration or other court-ordered treatment and other such short-term supervised assignments.
Urgent care or clinic
An establishment for outpatient-only medical services that apply to medical issues whereby a patient requires more immediate attention or care than can be provided by an appointment with a household doctor or general licensed practitioner, but not including emergency ambulance services
Vehicle and large equipment repair
A facility where providing vehicular service is the primary use of the structure/business. May require storage of vehicle outside for limited periods of time, any such areas shall be screened.
Veterinarian, animal boarding and services
An establishment where animals are examined and treated by veterinarians and which may include kennels for temporary boarding of animals during treatment.
Warehousing, wholesaling and transportation services
An enclosed storage facility which is used to store goods or parts, or for any part of the shipping process.
(Ord. 121-2021. Passed 12-21-21.)