§ 90.23  CRUELTY TO ANIMALS; CRUELTY TO COMPANION ANIMALS.
   (A)   No person shall:
      (1)   Torture an animal, deprive one of necessary sustenance, unnecessarily or cruelly beat, needlessly mutilate or kill, or impound or confine an animal without supplying it during the confinement with a sufficient quantity of good wholesome food and water;
      (2)   Impound or confine an animal without affording it, during the confinement, access to shelter from wind, rain, snow or excessive direct sunlight, if it can reasonably be expected that the animal would otherwise become sick or in some other way suffer. This division does not apply to animals impounded or confined prior to slaughter. For the purpose of this section, SHELTER means an artificial enclosure, windbreak, sunshade or natural windbreak or sunshade that is developed from the earth’s contour, tree development or vegetation;
      (3)   Carry or convey an animal in a cruel or inhuman manner;
      (4)   Keep animals other than cattle, poultry or fowl, swine, sheep or goats in an enclosure without wholesome exercise and change of air, nor feed cows on food that produces impure or unwholesome milk; or
      (5)   Detain livestock in railroad cars or compartments longer than 28 hours after they are so placed without supplying them with necessary food, water and attention, nor permit the stock to be so crowded as to overlie, crush, wound or kill each other.
   (B)   Upon the written request of the owner or person in custody of any particular shipment of livestock, which written request shall be separate and apart from any printed bill of lading or other railroad form, the length of time in which the livestock may be detained in any cars or compartment without food, water and attention may be extended to 36 hours without penalty therefor. Division (A) above does not prevent the dehorning of cattle.
   (C)   All fines collected for violations of division (A) above shall be paid to the society or association for the prevention of cruelty to animals, if there is one in the municipality; otherwise, all fines shall be paid to the General Fund.
(R.C. § 959.13)
   (D)   Cruelty to companion animals.
      (1)   For the purpose of this division (D), the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
         COMPANION ANIMAL. Any animal that is kept inside a residential dwelling and any dog or cat regardless of where it is kept. COMPANION ANIMAL does not include livestock or any wild animal.
         CRUELTY, TORMENT and TORTURE. Have the same meanings as in R.C. § 1717.01.
         FEDERAL ANIMAL WELFARE ACT. The “Laboratory Animal Act of 1966,” Pub. Law No. 89-544, 80 Stat. 350 (1966), 7 U.S.C. §§ 2131 et seq., as amended by the “Animal Welfare Act of 1970”, being 7 U.S.C. §§ 2131 et seq., Pub. Law No. 91-579, 84 Stat. 1560 (1970), the “Animal Welfare Act Amendments of 1976”, being 7 U.S.C. §§ 2131 et seq., Pub. Law No. 94-279, 90 Stat. 417 (1976), and the “Food Security Act of 1985”, being 16 U.S.C. §§ 3801 - 3862, Pub. Law No. 99-198, 99 Stat. 1354 (1985), and as it may be subsequently amended.
         PRACTICE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE. Has the same meaning as in R.C. § 4741.01.
         RESIDENTIAL DWELLING. A structure or shelter or the portion of a structure or shelter that is used by one or more humans for the purpose of a habitation.
         WILD ANIMAL. Has the same meaning as in R.C. § 1531.01.
      (2)   No person shall knowingly torture, torment, needlessly mutilate or maim, cruelly beat, poison, needlessly kill or commit an act of cruelty against a companion animal.
      (3)   No person who confines or who is the custodian or caretaker of a companion animal shall negligently do any of the following:
         (a)   Torture, torment, needlessly mutilate or maim, cruelly beat, poison, needlessly kill or commit an act of cruelty against the companion animal; or
         (b)   Deprive the companion animal of necessary sustenance, confine the companion animal without supplying it during the confinement with sufficient quantities of good, wholesome food and water, or impound or confine the companion animal without affording it, during the impoundment or confinement, with access to shelter from heat, cold, wind, rain, snow or excessive direct sunlight, if it can reasonably be expected that the companion animal would become sick or suffer in any other way as a result of or due to the deprivation, confinement or impoundment or confinement in any of those specified manners.
      (4)   Divisions (D)(2) and (D)(3) above do not apply to any of the following:
         (a)   A companion animal used in scientific research conducted by an institution in accordance with the Federal Animal Welfare Act, being 7 U.S.C. §§ 2131 et seq. and related regulations;
         (b)   The lawful practice of veterinary medicine by a person who has been issued a license, temporary permit or registration certificate to do so under R.C. Chapter 4741;
         (c)   Dogs being used or intended for use for hunting or field trial purposes, provided that the dogs are being treated in accordance with usual and commonly accepted practices for the care of hunting dogs;
         (d)   The use of common training devices, if the companion animal is being treated in accordance with usual and commonly accepted practices for the training of animals; and
         (e)   The administering of medicine to a companion animal that was properly prescribed by a person who has been issued a license, temporary permit or registration certificate under R.C. Chapter 4741.
      (5)   Notwithstanding any section of the Ohio Revised Code that otherwise provides for the distribution of fine moneys, the Clerk of Court shall forward all fines the Clerk collects that are so imposed for any violation of this division (E) to the Treasurer of the municipality, whose county humane society or law enforcement agency is to be paid the fine money as determined under this division (E). The Treasurer shall pay the fine moneys to the county humane society or the county, township, municipal corporation or state law enforcement agency in this state that primarily was responsible for or involved in the investigation and prosecution of the violation. If a county humane society receives any fine moneys under this division, the county humane society shall use the fine moneys to provide the training that is required for humane agents under R.C. § 1717.06 or to provide additional training for humane agents.
(R.C. § 959.131) (Rev. 2018)
(2003 Code, § 90.18)  Penalty, see § 90.99
Statutory reference:
    Impoundment of companion animals; notice and hearing, see R.C. § 959.132