692.01  DEFINITIONS.
   (a)   For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply:
      (1)   “Act” means the Michigan Fireworks Safety Act, MCL 28.451 et seq., as that statute may be amended from time to time, which is hereby adopted by reference as part of the ordinance from which this chapter derives.
      (2)   “Agricultural and wildlife fireworks” means fireworks devices distributed to farmers, ranchers, and growers through a wildlife management program administered by the United States Department of the Interior or the Department of Natural Resources of this State.
      (3)   “Articles pyrotechnic” means pyrotechnic devices for professional use that are similar to consumer fireworks in chemical composition and construction but not intended for consumer use, that meet the weight limits for consumer fireworks but are not labeled as such, and that are classified as UN0431 or UN0432 under 49 CFR 172.101.
      (4)   “Consumer fireworks” means fireworks devices that are designed to produce visible effects by combustion, that are required to comply with the construction, chemical composition, and labeling regulations promulgated by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission under 16 CFR parts 1500 and 1507, and that are listed in APA standard 87-1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, or 3.5. Consumer fireworks do not include low-impact fireworks.
      (5)   “Display fireworks” means large fireworks devices that are explosive materials intended for use in fireworks displays and designed to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration, or detonation, as provided in 27 CFR 555.11, 49 CFR 172, and APA standard 87-1, 4.1.
      (6)   “Fireworks” or “fireworks” means any composition or device, except for a starting pistol, a flare gun, or a flare, designed for the purpose of producing a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation. Fireworks consist of consumer fireworks, low-impact fireworks, articles pyrotechnic, display fireworks, and special effects.
      (7)   “Low-impact fireworks” means ground and handheld sparkling devices as that phrase is defined under APA standard 87-1, 3.1, 3.1.1 to 3.1.1.8, and 3.5.
      (8)   “Minor” means an individual who is less than 18 years of age.
      (9)   “Novelties” means that term as defined under APA standard 87-1, 3.2, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 3.2.4, and 3.2.5 and all of the following:
         A.   Toy plastic or paper caps for toy pistols in sheets, strips, rolls, or individual caps containing not more than .25 of a grain of explosive content per cap, in packages labeled to indicate the maximum explosive content per cap.
         B.   Toy pistols, toy cannons, toy canes, toy trick noisemakers, and toy guns in which toy caps as described in paragraph (a)(9)A. are used, that are constructed so that the hand cannot come in contact with the cap when in place for the explosion, and that are not designed to break apart or be separated so as to form a missile by the explosion.
         C.   Flitter sparklers in paper tubes not exceeding 1/8 inch in diameter.
         D.   Toy snakes not containing mercury, if packed in cardboard boxes with not more than 12 pieces per box for retail sale and if the manufacturer’s name and the quantity contained in each box are printed on the box; and toy smoke devices.
      (10)   “Person” means an individual, agent, association, charitable organization, company, limited liability company, corporation, labor organization, legal representation, partnership, unincorporated organization, or any other legal or commercial entity.
      (11)   “Special effects” means a combination of chemical elements or chemical compounds capable of burning independently of the oxygen of the atmosphere and designed and intended to produce an audible, visual, mechanical, or thermal effect as an integral part of a motion picture, radio, television, theatrical, or opera production or live entertainment.
(Ord. 2013-03.  Passed 5-21-13; Ord. 2013-07.  Passed 8-6-13.)