1282.04  PARKING SPACE LAYOUT AND DESIGN.
   Wherever a parking lot is built as off-street parking, storage area and non landscaped portion of the lot or wherever a parking lot is built in a P-1 Parking District, such parking lot shall be laid out, constructed and maintained in accordance with the following requirements:
(Ord. 2017-03. Passed 6-6-17.)
   (a)   No parking lot shall be constructed until a permit is issued by the City Engineer. Applications for a permit shall be submitted to the City Engineer in such form as may be determined by the City Engineer and shall be accompanied with two sets of site plans for the development and construction of the parking lot, showing that the provisions of this chapter will be fully complied with.
   (b)   Plans for the layout of off-street parking facilities shall be in accordance with the following parking layout diagram:
      (1)   All maneuvering-lane widths shall permit one-way traffic movement, except that the ninety-degree pattern shall permit two-way movement.
      (2)   All spaces shall be provided adequate access by means of maneuvering lanes. Backing directly onto a street shall be prohibited.
      (3)   Adequate ingress and egress to the parking lot by means of clearly limited and defined drives shall be provided for vehicles.
      (4)   Where a parking lot is contiguous to or across the street from a Residential District, there shall be a ten foot front yard setback requirement.
   (c)   Ingress and egress to a parking lot lying in an area zoned for other than single-family residential use shall not be across land zoned for single-family residential use.
   (d)   Each entrance and exit to and from any off-street parking lot located in an area zoned for other than single-family residential use shall be at least twenty-five feet distant from adjacent property located in any One-Family Residential District.
   (e)   Bumper stops, wheel chocks or curbs shall be provided and so located as to prevent a vehicle from projecting over any lot line or into any required front yard space, and to prevent a vehicle from touching any required wall or fence, extending beyond the property line or extending into landscaped areas and/or pedestrian ways.
   (f)   A wall shall be provided on all sides of an off-street parking area abutting or adjacent to a Residential District. The obscuring masonry wall shall not be less than six feet in height measured from the surface of the parking area and shall consist of either stone, brick, concrete or split-faced concrete block.
      (1)   All land between the required obscuring wall and the front property line or street right-of-way line shall be kept free from refuse and debris and shall be landscaped with deciduous shrubs, evergreen material and ornamental trees. The ground area shall be planted and kept in lawn. All such landscaping and planting shall be maintained in a healthy, growing condition, neat and orderly in appearance.
      (2)   The Planning Commission, upon application by the property owner of the off-street parking area, may waive or modify the wall requirement by approving either an earth berm or evergreen screen in its place. The Planning Commission may also waive the wall requirement in specific cases where cause can be shown that no good purpose would be served by compliance with the requirements of this section.
   (g)   The parking lot shall be graded and adequately drained so as to dispose of all surface water accumulated in the parking area in such a way as to preclude drainage of water onto adjacent property or toward buildings.
   (h)   The entire parking area, storage area and non landscaped portion of the lot, including parking spaces and maneuvering lanes,  shall be provided with asphaltic or concrete surfacing.
(Ord. 2017-03. Passed 6-6-17.)
      Concrete surfacing shall consist of four inches of stone aggregate base (MDOT, 21aa), six inches of nonreinforced concrete, six sacks, air entrained, twenty-eight day compressive strength of 3,500 psi.
      Asphalt surfacing shall consist of six inches of aggregate base (MDOT, 21a or 22a), two inches of bituminous base (MDOT, 700-20c), and one and one-half inches of wearing course (MDOT, 110t 20aa).
   (i)   All lighting used to illuminate any off-street parking area shall be so installed as to be confined within and directed onto the parking area only and be provided in accordance with the following schedule:
 
Level of Activity
Active Vehicular Use Areas Only
General Parking and Pedestrian Areas
Lux
Footcandles
Lux
Footcandles
Low Activity
5
0.5
2
0.2
Medium Activity
10
1.0
6
0.6
High Activity
20
2.0
10
1.0
 
      The levels of activity provide in the above table shall be defined as follows:
      (1)   High activity. Examples include major-league athletic events, major cultural or civic events, regional shopping centers and fast-food facilities.
      (2)   Medium activity. Examples include community shopping centers, office parks, hospital parking areas, transportation parking (airports, etc.), cultural, civic or recreational events and residential complex parking.
      (3)   Low activity. Examples include neighborhood shopping, industrial employee parking, educational facility parking and church parking.
   (j)   In all cases where a wall extends to an alley which is a means of ingress and egress to an off-street parking area, it shall be permissible to end the wall not more than ten feet from such alley line in order to permit a wider means of access to the parking area.
   (k)   Parking aisles shall not exceed 300 feet without a break in circulation.
   (l)   No parking lot shall have more than one attendant shelter building. All shelter buildings shall conform to setback requirements for structures in the district in which they are located. 
(Ord. 1995-06.  Passed 3-21-95.)