937.01  DEFINITIONS.
   (a)    As used in this chapter, the following words shall have the meanings respectively ascribed herein:
      (1)    "Air testing" means the use of air to check sewers for leakage.
      (2)    "B.O.D." (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20 degrees centigrade, expressed in parts per million by weight.
      (3)    "Building drain" means that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of a building and conveys it to the building sewer beginning three feet outside the building wall.
      (4)    "Building sewer" means the extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
      (5)    "City" means the City of Waverly, Ohio, acting through its duly authorized officials and employees.
      (6)    "Cleanout" means a small watertight access to the sewer for cleaning purposes.
      (7)    "Combined sewer" means a sewer intended to receive both wastewater and storm or surface water.
      (8)    "Commercial user" means any user of the sewage systems not specifically categorized as residential or industrial, and generally classified in the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual in Division F - Wholesale Trade; Division G - Retail Trade; Division H - Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate; portions of Division I - Services; and Division J - Public Administration.
      (9)   "Domestic sewage" means sewage derived principally from dwellings, business buildings, institutions and the like, which originates within the building, including the waste from kitchens, water closets, lavatories, bathrooms, showers and laundries.
      (10)    "Foundation drains" means subsurface drains laid around the foundation of a building, either within or outside the building foundation for the purpose of carrying ground or subsurface water to some point of disposal.
      (11)    "Garbage" means solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the commercial handling, storage, and sale of produce. 
      (12)    "Industrial user" means any discharger of a trade or process.
      (13)    "Industrial waste" means the liquid and water-carried wastes resulting from the processes employed in industrial, manufacturing, trade or business establishments, as distinct from domestic wastes.
      (14)    "Manhole" means a large watertight access to the sewer for entering the sewer system for cleaning and inspection.
      (15)    "May" is permissive; "shall" is mandatory.
      (16)    "Natural outlet" means an outlet, including storm sewers and combined sewer overflows, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or groundwater.
      (17)    "Normal sewage" means sewage which when analyzed shows by weight a daily average of not more than 250 parts per million of suspended solids, and not more than 250 parts per million of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD).
      (18)    "NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) Permit" means the same as such is defined in the Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 125, and in Public Law 92-500, Section 402.
      (19)    "Nonsanitary flow" means storm water originating from downspouts, storm and groundwater drains and foundation drains.
      (20)    "Person" means any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
      (21)    "pH" means the logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
      (22)    "Premium joint" means compression joints for bell and spigot pipe as outlined by ASTM designation C-425 and implies good workmanship.
      (23)    "Properly shredded garbage" means the wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.
      (24)    "Public sewer" means any sewer owned by the City, including storm, sanitary or combined sewers.
      (25)    "Residential user" means any user discharging domestic wastes from buildings or premises that are used as permanent places for human occupancy such as single-family dwellings, rowhouses, townhouses, mobile homes, garden and standard apartments and high rise apartments. Transient lodging, considered commercial in nature, is not included.
      (26)    "Sanitary sewer" means a sewer which carries sanitary and industrial wastes, and to which storm, surface and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.
      (27)    "Sewage" means the combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions, including polluted cooling water.
      (28)    "Sewage system" means the structures, equipment and process required to collect, transport, and treat domestic and industrial wastes and dispose of the effluent and accumulated residual solids and shall be synonymous with "wastewater treatment system".
      (29)    "Storm drain" (sometimes termed "storm sewer") means a sewer which  carries storm and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
      (30)    "Storm sewer" means a pipe or conduit designed for the purpose of carrying storm, surface, cooling and drainage water from the point of origin to some point of disposal, but which is not intended to carry domestic or industrial sewage. 
      (31)    "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
      (32)    "Slug" means any discharge of water or wastewater which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than fifteen minutes more than five times the average twenty-four hours concentration of flows during normal operation.
      (33)    "Superintendent" means the Superintendent of the sewage works and system of the City, or his authorized agent or representative.
      (34)    "Suspended solids" means solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
      (35)    "User" means any person who discharges, causes or permits the discharge of wastewater into the wastewater treatment system.
      (36)    "Wastewater" means the liquid and water-carried waste from dwellings, commercial buildings, industrial facilities and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water or storm water that may be present, whether treated or untreated, which is discharged or permitted to enter the wastewater treatment system.
      (37)    “Wastewater treatment system” means the structures, equipment and process required to collect, transport and treat domestic and industrial wastes and dispose of the effluent and accumulated residual solids and shall be synonymous with “sewage system”.
      (38)    "Watercourse" means a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
      (39)    "Water testing" means the use of water to check sewers for leakage.
      (40)    "Hearing board" means that Board appointed according to Section 937.17.
         (Ord. 12-2-74-A.  Passed 1-20-75; Ord. 13-82.  Passed 6-21-82.)