For the purpose of this chapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   (a)   "Administrator" means the Municipal Administrator of the Municipality of Waterville, or the authorized agent or representative of said Administrator.
   (b)   "Biochemical Oxygen Demand (B.O.D.)" means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure, as prescribed in "Standard Methods," in five days at 20°C, expressed in milligrams per liter.
   (c)   "Building drain" means that part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet (1.5 meters) beyond the foundation wall of the building or structure.
   (d)   "Building sewer" means that part of the drainage system which extends from the end of the building drain and conveys its discharge to the public sewer or other place of disposal. For a user having more than one building, a "building sewer" may convey discharges from more than one building drain to the public sewer.
   (e)   "Combined sewer" means a sewer intended to serve as a sanitary sewer and a storm sewer, or as an industrial sewer and a storm sewer.
   (f)   "Compatible pollutants" means pollutants which the Treatment Plant was designed to treat which are B.O.D., SS, phosphorus, and fecal coliform bacteria, plus additional pollutants identified in the NPDES permit, if the publicly owned treatment works was designed to treat such pollutants and in fact does remove such pollutants to a substantial degree.
   (g)   "Connection charge" means that amount paid by each new premise, or major addition or alteration to an existing premise, connected to the treatment works in proportion to the probable demand placed on the system to pay for the Municipality's share of facilities required to serve the premises.
   (h)   "Easement" means an acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.
   (i)   "Floatable oil" means oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection system.
   (j)   "Garbage" means the animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking, and serving of foods.
   (k)   "Incompatible pollutant" means any pollutant which is not compatible.
   (l)   "Industrial cost recovery charge" means that amount assessed each industrial user to repay that portion of all federal grant amounts allocable to the treatment of wastes from the industrial users of the wastewater facilities and capacity committed to their use.
   (m)   "Industrial user" means any nongovernmental user of the treatment works identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972, Office of Management and Budget, as amended and supplemented under the following divisions:
      (1)   Division A - Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing
      (2)   Division B - Mining
      (3)   Division D - Manufacturing
      (4)   Division E - Electric, Gas, and Sanitary Services
      (5)   Division I - Services
   A user in the divisions listed above may be excluded if it is determined that it will introduce primarily segregated domestic wastes or wastes from sanitary conveniences.
   (n)   "Industrial wastes" means the wastewater from industrial processes, trade, or business as distinct from domestic or sanitary wastes.
   (o)   "Major contributing industry" means an industrial user of the publicly owned treatment works that:
      (1)   Has a flow of 50,000 gal. or more per average workday;
      (2)   Has a flow greater than 5% of the flow carried by the municipal system receiving the waste;
      (3)   Has in its waste a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts as defined in standards issued under § 307(a) of PL 92-500 or by the Administrator; or
      (4)   Is found by the Administrator or permit issuance authority, in connection with the issuance of an NPDES permit to the publicly owned treatment works receiving the waste, to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on the treatment works or on the quality of effluent from the treatment works.
   (p)   "Natural outlet" means any outlet, including storm sewers, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface water which does not require an NPDES discharge permit.
   (q)   "Nonindustrial user" means all users of the wastewater facilities not classified as an "industrial user.
   (r)   "Normal domestic wastes" means wastes which are characterized by a per capita discharge of 100 gal/day at a loading of 180 mg/1 B.O.D., 200 mg/1 ss, and 19 mg/1 phosphorus (normal domestic sewage).
   (s)   "NPDES permit" means the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit as issued by the State of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency under authorization issued by the U.S. EPA, Region V, March 11, 1974.
   (t)   "Operation, maintenance, and replacement costs" means those costs, including labor, materials, supplies, equipment, accessories, and appurtenances, required to operate the facilities, keep the facilities in operating condition, and maintain the capacity and performance during the service life of the treatment works for which such works were designed and constructed.
   (u)   "pH" means the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen ion concentration. The concentration of hydrogen ions is expressed in moles per liter of solution.
   (v)   "Phosphorus" means the total phosphorus content of a sample including all of the orthophosphates and condensed phosphates, both soluble and insoluble, and organic and inorganic species, and referred to in "standard methods" as total phosphorus.
   (w)   "Pretreatment" means the treatment of wastewater from sources before introduction into other treatment works.
   (x)   "Properly shredded garbage" means the wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
   (y)   "Public sewer" means a common sewer controlled by a governmental agency or public utility.
   (z)   "Recovered amounts" means that revenue generated as a result of the industrial cost recovery system.
   (aa)   "Recovery period" means thirty years or the useful life of the treatment works, whichever is less.
   (bb)   "Retained amounts" means fifty percent of the recovered amounts.
   (cc)   "Sanitary sewer" means a sewer that carries liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, together with minor quantities of ground, storm, and surface waters that are not admitted intentionally.
   (dd)   "Sanitary wastes" means the combination of liquid and water carried wastes discharged from toilet and other sanitary plumbing facilities.
   (ee)   "Segregated domestic wastes" means discharges from nonresidential sources generated from normal human biological activities, separate and distinct from industrial trade or process discharges.
   (ff)   "Sewage" means the spent water of a community. The preferred term is "wastewater."
   (gg)   "Sewer" means a pipe or conduit that carries wastewater or drainage water.
   (hh)   "Significant user" means any industrial user that will contribute greater than 10% of the design flow or design pollutant loading of the treatment works.
   (ii)   "Slug" means any discharge of water or wastewater which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average 24-hour concentration or flows during normal operation, and shall adversely affect the collection system or performance of the wastewater treatment works.
   (jj)   "Storm drain" ("storm sewer") means a drain or sewer for conveying water, ground water, subsurface water, or unpolluted water from any source.
   (kk)   "Suspended solids (SS)" means total suspended matter that either floats on the surface of or is in suspension in water, wastewater, or other liquids, and that is removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in "standard methods" and referred to as filterable residue.
   (ll)   "Treatment works" means any and all devices and systems used in the storage, treatment, recycling, and reclamation of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature, or necessary to recycle or reuse water at the most economical cost over the useful life of the works, including interceptor sewers, outfall sewers, sewage collection systems, pumping, power and other equipment and their appurtenances, and extensions, improvements, remodeling, additions, and alterations thereof; elements essential to provide a reliable recycled supply such as standby treatment units and clear well facilities; and any works, including site acquisition of the land that will be an integral part of the treatment process or is used for the ultimate disposal of residues resulting from such treatment; or any other method or system for preventing, abating, reducing, storing, treating, separating, or disposing of municipal wastes, including stormwater runoff or industrial waste, including waste in combined stormwater and sanitary sewer systems.
   (mm)   "Unpolluted water" means water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect, or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefited by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
   (nn)   "User" means those premises connected or required to be connected to the municipal sanitary sewer system.
   (oo)   "User charge" means that amount paid by each premise connected to the treatment works proportionate to the service provided. This charge shall cover all operation, maintenance, and replacement costs for the facilities.
   (pp)   "Wastewater" means the spent water of a community. From the standpoint of source, it may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, together with any ground water, surface water, and stormwater that may be present.
   (qq)   "Wastewater treatment plant" means an arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes, and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with "waste treatment plant" or "water pollution control plant."
   (rr)   "Watercourse" means a natural or artificial channel for the passage of water either continuously or intermittently.
(1980 Code 51.01; Ord. 24-97.)