§ 52.143 BYPASS.
   (A)   For the purposes of this section:
      (1)   BYPASS means the intentional diversion of wastestreams from any portion of a user's treatment facility.
      (2)   SEVERE PROPERTY DAMAGE means substantial physical damage to property, damage to the treatment facilities which causes them to become inoperable, or substantial and permanent loss of natural resources which can reasonably be expected to occur in the absence of a bypass. Severe property damage does not mean economic loss caused by delays in production.
   (B)   A user may allow any bypass to occur which does not cause pretreatment standards or requirements to be violated, but only if it also is essential for maintenance to assure efficient operation. These bypasses are not subject to the provision of divisions (C) and (D) of this section.
   (C)   (1)   If a user knows in advance of the need for a bypass, it shall submit prior notice to the Control Authority, at least ten business days before the date of the bypass, if possible.
      (2)   A user shall submit oral notice to the Control Authority of an unanticipated bypass that exceeds applicable pretreatment standards as soon as possible but no later than 24 hours from the time it becomes aware of the bypass. A written submission shall also be provided within five business days of the time the user becomes aware of the bypass. The written submission shall contain a description of the bypass and its cause; the duration of the bypass, including the exact dates and times and, if the bypass has not been corrected, the anticipated time it is expected to continue; and steps taken or planned to reduce, eliminate, and prevent reoccurrence of the bypass.
   (D)   (1)   Bypass is prohibited, and the Control Authority may take an enforcement action against a user for a bypass, unless:
         (a)   Bypass was unavoidable to prevent loss of life, personal injury, severe property damage.
         (b)   There were no feasible alternatives to the bypass, such as the use of auxiliary treatment facilities, retention of untreated wastes, or maintenance during normal periods of equipment downtime. This condition is not satisfied if adequate back-up equipment should have been installed in the exercise of reasonable engineering judgment to prevent a bypass which occurred during normal periods of equipment downtime or preventive maintenance: and
         (c)   The user submitted notices as required under division (C) of this section.
      (2)   The Control Authority may approve an anticipated bypass, after considering its adverse effects, if the Control Authority determines that it will meet the three conditions listed in division (D)(1) of this section.
(Ord. 2005-8-226, passed 8-2-05)