513.01  DEFINITIONS.
   As used in this chapter, certain terms are defined as follows:
   (a)   "Administer" means the direct application of a drug, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion or any other means to a person or an animal.
      (ORC 3719.01)
   (b)   "Bulk amount" of a controlled substance means any of the following:
      (1)   For any compound, mixture, preparation, or substance included in Schedule I, Schedule II or Schedule III, with the exception of any controlled substance analog, marihuana, cocaine, L.S.D., heroin, any fentanyl-related compound and hashish and except as provided in subsection (b)(2), (5) or (6) hereof, whichever of the following is applicable:
         A.   An amount equal to or exceeding ten grams or twenty-five unit doses of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule I opiate or opium derivative;
         B.   An amount equal to or exceeding ten grams of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of raw or gum opium;
         C.   An amount equal to or exceeding thirty grams or ten unit doses of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule I hallucinogen other than tetrahydrocannabinol, or lysergic acid amide, or a Schedule I stimulant or depressant;
         D.   An amount equal to or exceeding twenty grams or five times the maximum daily dose in the usual dose range specified in a standard pharmaceutical reference manual of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule II opiate or opium derivative;
         E.   An amount equal to or exceeding five grams or ten unit doses of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of phencyclidine;
         F.   An amount equal to or exceeding 120 grams or thirty times the maximum daily dose in the usual dose range specified in a standard pharmaceutical reference manual of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule II stimulant that is in a final dosage form manufactured by a person authorized by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 52 Stat.  1040 (1938), 21 U.S.C.A. 301, as amended, and the Federal Drug Abuse Control laws as defined in Ohio R.C. 3719.01, that is or contains any amount of a Schedule II depressant substance or a Schedule II hallucinogenic substance;
         G.   An amount equal to or exceeding three grams of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule II stimulant, or any of its salts or isomers, that is not in a final dosage form manufactured by a person authorized by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and the Federal Drug Abuse Control laws;
      (2)   An amount equal to or exceeding one hundred twenty grams or thirty times the maximum daily dose in the usual dose range specified in a standard pharmaceutical reference manual of a compound, mixture, preparation, or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule III or IV substance other than an anabolic steroid or a Schedule III opiate or opium derivative;
      (3)   An amount equal to or exceeding twenty grams or five times the maximum daily dose in the usual dose range specified in a standard pharmaceutical reference manual of a compound, mixture, preparation, or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule III opiate or opium derivative;
      (4)   An amount equal to or exceeding 250 milliliters or 250 grams of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule V substance.
      (5)   An amount equal to or exceeding 200 solid dosage units, sixteen grams or sixteen milliliters of a compound, mixture, preparation or substance that is or contains any amount of a Schedule III anabolic steroid.
      (6)   For any compound, mixture, preparation, or substance that is a combination of a fentanyl-related compound, or any other compound, mixture, preparation or substance included in schedule III, schedule IV, or schedule V, if the defendant is charged with a violation of Ohio R.C. 2925.11 and the sentencing provisions set forth in divisions (C)(10)(b) and (C)(11) of that section will not apply regarding the defendant and the violation, the bulk amount of the controlled substance for purposes of the violation is the amount specified in subsection (b)(1), (2), (3), (4) or (5) of this section for the other schedule III, IV or V controlled substance that is combined with the fentanyl-related compound.  (ORC 2925.01)
   (c)   "Controlled substance" means a drug, compound, mixture, preparation or substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V.
   (d)   “Controlled substance analog” has the same meaning as provided in Ohio R.C.  3719.01.
   (e)   "Counterfeit controlled substance" means:
      (1)   Any drug that bears, or whose container or label bears, a trademark, trade name or other identifying mark used without authorization of the owner of rights to that trademark, trade name or identifying mark; or
      (2)   Any unmarked or unlabeled substance that is represented to be a controlled substance manufactured, processed, packed or distributed by a person other than the person that manufactured, processed, packed or distributed it; or
      (3)   Any substance that is represented to be a controlled substance but is not a controlled substance or is a different controlled substance; or
      (4)   Any substance other than a controlled substance that a reasonable person would believe to be a controlled substance because of its similarity in shape, size and color, or its marking, labeling, packaging, distribution or the price for which it is sold or offered for sale.
   (f)   "Cultivate" includes planting, watering, fertilizing or tilling.
      (ORC 2925.01)
   (g)   "Dangerous drug" means any of the following:
      (1)   Any drug to which either of the following applies:
         A.   Under the “Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act”, 52 Stat.  1040 (1938), 21 U.S.C.A. 301, as amended, the drug is required to bear a label containing the legend “Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription” or “Caution: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian” or any similar restrictive statement, or the drug may be dispensed only upon a prescription;
         B.   Under Ohio R.C. Chapter 3715 or 3719, the drug may be dispensed only upon a prescription.
      (2)   Any drug that contains a Schedule V controlled substance and that is exempt from Ohio R.C. Chapter 3719 or to which that chapter does not apply;
      (3)   Any drug intended for administration by injection into the human body other than through a natural orifice of the human body.  (ORC 4729.01)
   (h)   “Deception” has the same meaning as in Ohio R.C. 2913.01.
      (ORC 2925.01)
   (i)   "Dispense" means sell, leave with, give away, dispose of or deliver.
   (j)   "Distribute" means to deal in, ship, transport or deliver but does not include administering or dispensing a drug.  (ORC 3719.01)
   (k)   “Drug” means:
      (1)   Any article recognized in the United States pharmacopoeia and national formulary, or any supplement to them, intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in humans or animals;
      (2)   Any other article intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in humans or animals;
      (3)   Any article, other than food, intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of humans or animals;
      (4)   Any article intended for use as a component of any article specified in subsections (k)(1), (2) or (3) of this section; but does not include devices or their components, parts or accessories.
         (ORC 4729.01)
   (l)   "Drug of abuse" means any controlled substance as defined in subsection (c) hereof, any harmful intoxicant as defined in subsection (o) hereof and any dangerous drug as defined in subsection (g) hereof.
      (ORC 3719.011)
   (m)   "Drug abuse offense" means any of the following:
      (1)   A violation of Ohio R.C. 2925.02, 2925.03, 2925.04 to 2925.06, 2925.11, 2925.12, 2925.13, 2925.22, 2925.23, 2925.24, 2925.31, 2925.32, 2925.36 or 2925.37; or a violation of Ohio R.C. 2913.02(A) that constitutes theft of drugs;
      (2)   A violation of an existing or former law of this or any other state or of the United States, that is substantially equivalent to any section listed in subsection (m)(1) hereof;
      (3)   An offense under an existing or former law of this or any other state, or of the United States, of which planting, cultivating, harvesting, processing, making, manufacturing, producing, shipping, transporting, delivering, acquiring, possessing, storing, distributing, dispensing, selling, inducing another to use, administering to another, using or otherwise dealing with a controlled substance is an element;
      (4)   A conspiracy or attempt to commit, or complicity in committing or attempting to commit any offense under subsection (m)(1), (2) or (3) hereof.
   (n)   "Felony drug abuse offense" means any drug abuse offense that would constitute a felony under the laws of this State, any other state or the United States.
   (n)(1)   “Fentanyl-related compound” means any of the following:
      (1)   Fentanyl;
      (2)   Alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(alpha-methyl-beta-phenyl)ethyl-4-piperidyl] propionanilide; 1-(1-methyl-2-phenylethyl)-4-(N-propanilido) piperidine);
      (3)   Alpha-methylthiofentanyl (N-[1-methyl-2-(2-thienyl)ethyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
      (4)   Beta-hydroxyfentanyl (N-[1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenethyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
      (5)   Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl (other name: N-[1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenethyl)-3-methyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
      (6)   3-methylfentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-(2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
      (7)   3-methylthiofentanyl (N-[3-methyl-1-[2-(thienyl)ethyl]-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
      (8)   Para-fluorofentanyl (N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-[1-(2-phenethyl)-4-piperidinyl]propanamide;
      (9)   Thiofentanyl (N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-thienyl)ethyl-4-piperidinyl]-propanamide;
      (10)   Alfentanil;
      (11)   Carfentanil;
      (12)   Remifentanil;
      (13)   Sufentanil;
      (14)   Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(1-methyl-2-phenethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylacetamide); and
      (15)   Any compound that meets all of the following fentanyl pharmacophore requirements to bind at the mu receptor, as identified by a report from an established forensic laboratory, including acetylfentanyl, furanylfentanyl, valerylfentanyl, butyrylfentanyl, isobutyrylfentanyl, 4-methoxybutyrylfentanyl, para-fluorobutyrylfentanyl, acrylfentanyl, and ortho-fluorofentanyl:
         A.   A chemical scaffold consisting of both of the following:
            1.   A five, six, or seven member ring structure containing a nitrogen, whether or not further substituted;
            2.   An attached nitrogen to the ring, whether or not that nitrogen is enclosed in a ring, structure, including an attached aromatic ring or other lipophilic group to that nitrogen.
         B.   A polar functional group attached to the chemical scaffold, including but not limited to a hydroxyl, ketone, amide or ester;
         C.   An alkyl or aryl substitution off the ring nitrogen of the chemical scaffold; and
         D.   The compound has not been approved for medical use by the United States Food and Drug Administration.
   (o)   "Harmful intoxicant" does not include beer or intoxicating liquor, but means any of the following:
      (1)   Any compound, mixture, preparation or substance the gas, fumes or vapor of which when inhaled can induce intoxication, excitement, giddiness, irrational behavior, depression, stupefaction, paralysis, unconsciousness, asphyxiation or other harmful physiological effects, and includes, but is not limited to, any of the following:
         A.   Any volatile organic solvent, plastic cement, model cement, fingernail polish remover, lacquer thinner, cleaning fluid, gasoline, or other preparation containing a volatile organic solvent;
         B.   Any aerosol propellant;
         C.   Any fluorocarbon refrigerant;
         D.   Any anesthetic gas.
      (2)   Gamma Butyrolactone;
      (3)   1,4 Butanediol.
   (p)   “Hashish” means the resin or a preparation of the resin contained in marihuana, whether in solid form or in a liquid concentrate, liquid extract, or liquid distillate form.
   (q)   "Hypodermic" means a hypodermic syringe or needle, or other instrument or device for the injection of medication.  (ORC 3719.01)
   (r)   "Juvenile" means a person under eighteen years of age.
   (s)   (Former Ohio R.C. 2925.01(JJ) from which Section 513.01(s) was derived was repealed by Senate Bill 229, effective March 22, 2019.)
   (t)   "Licensed health professional authorized to prescribe drugs”, “prescriber” and “prescription” have the same meanings as in Ohio R.C. 4729.01.
   (u)   "Manufacture" means to plant, cultivate, harvest, process, make, prepare or otherwise engage in any part of the production of a drug by propagation, extraction, chemical synthesis or compounding, or any combination of the same, and includes packaging, repackaging, labeling and other activities incident to production.  (ORC 2925.01)
   (v)   "Manufacturer" means a person who manufactures a controlled substance as “manufacture” is defined in Ohio R.C. 3715.01 and includes a manufacturer of dangerous drugs as defined in Ohio R.C. 4729.01.
   (w)   Except as provided in subsection (w)(2) hereof:
      (1)   “Marihuana” means all parts of a plant of the genus cannabis, whether growing or not, the seeds of a plant of that type; the resin extracted from a part of a plant of that type; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture or preparation of a plant of that type or of its seeds or resin.  “Marihuana” does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oils or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks, except the resin extracted from the mature stalks, fiber, oil or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant that is incapable of germination.  (ORC 3719.01)
      (2)   “Marihuana” does not include hashish.  (ORC 2925.01)
   (x)   “Methamphetamine” means methamphetamine, any salt, isomer, or salt of an isomer of methamphetamine, or any compound, mixture, preparation, or substance containing methamphetamine or any salt, isomer or salt of an isomer of methamphetamine.  (ORC 2925.01)
   (y)   "Official written order" means an order written on a form provided for that purpose by the Director of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, under any laws of the United States making provision for the order, if the order forms are authorized and required by Federal law.  (ORC 3719.01)
   (z)   Offense.
      (1)   An offense is “committed in the vicinity of a school” if the offender commits the offense on school premises, in a school building, or within one thousand feet of the boundaries of any school premises, regardless of whether the offender knows the offense is being committed on school premises, in a school building, or within one thousand feet of the boundaries of any school premises.  (ORC 2925.01)
      (2)   An offense is “committed in the vicinity of a juvenile” if the offender commits the offense within one hundred feet of a juvenile or within the view of a juvenile, regardless of whether the offender knows the age of the juvenile, whether the offender knows the offense is being committed within one hundred feet of or within view of the juvenile, or whether the juvenile actually views the commission of the offense.
   (aa)   "Pharmacist" means a person licensed under Ohio R.C. Chapter 4729 to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
   (bb)   "Pharmacy" has the same meaning as in Ohio R.C. 4729.01.
   (cc)   "Poison” means any drug, chemical, or preparation likely to be deleterious or destructive to adult human life in quantities of four grams or less.
      (ORC 3719.01)
   (dd)   "Possess" or "possession" means having control over a thing or substance but may not be inferred solely from mere access to the thing or substance through ownership or occupation of the premises upon which the thing or substance is found.
   (ee)   “Public premises” means any hotel, restaurant, tavern, store, arena, hall, or other place of public accommodation, business, amusement, or resort.
      (ORC 2925.01)
   (ff)   "Sale" includes delivery, barter, exchange, transfer or gift, or offer thereof, and each transaction of those natures made by any person, whether as principal, proprietor, agent, servant or employee.  (ORC 3719.01)
   (gg)   "Sample drug" means a drug or pharmaceutical preparation that would be hazardous to health or safety if used without the supervision of a licensed health professional authorized to prescribe drugs, or a drug of abuse, and that, at one time, had been placed in a container plainly marked as a sample by a manufacturer.  (ORC 2925.01)
   (hh)   "Schedule I", "Schedule II", "Schedule III", "Schedule IV" and "Schedule V" mean controlled substance Schedules I, II, III, IV, and V respectively, established pursuant to Ohio R.C. 3719.41, as amended pursuant to Ohio R.C. 3719.43 or 3719.44.  (ORC 3719.01)
   (ii)   "School" means any school operated by a board of education, any community school established under Ohio R.C. Chapter 3314, or any nonpublic school for which the State Board of Education prescribes minimum standards under Ohio R.C. 3301.07, whether or not any instruction, extracurricular activities or training provided by the school is being conducted at the time a criminal offense is committed.
   (jj)   "School building" means any building in which any of the instruction, extracurricular activities or training provided by a school is conducted, whether or not any instruction, extracurricular activities or training provided by the school is being conducted in the school building at the time a criminal offense is committed.
   (kk)   "School premises" means either of the following:
      (1)   The parcel of real property on which any school is situated, whether or not any instruction, extracurricular activities or training provided by the school is being conducted on the premises at the time a criminal offense is committed;
      (2)   Any other parcel of real property that is owned or leased by a board of education of a school, the governing authority of a community school established under Ohio R.C. Chapter 3314, or the governing body of a nonpublic school for which the State Board of Education prescribes minimum standards under Ohio R.C. 3301.07 and on which some of the instruction, extracurricular activities or training of the school is conducted, whether or not any instruction, extracurricular activities or training provided by the school is being conducted on the parcel of real property at the time a criminal offense is committed.
   (ll)   "Standard pharmaceutical reference manual" means the current edition, with cumulative changes if any, of references that are approved by the State Board of Pharmacy.
   (mm)   "Unit dose" means an amount or unit of a compound, mixture or preparation containing a controlled substance, that is separately identifiable and in a form that indicates that it is the amount or unit by which the controlled substance is separately administered to or taken by an individual.
      (ORC 2925.01)
   (nn)   "Wholesaler" means a person who, on official written orders other than prescriptions, supplies controlled substances that the person has not manufactured, produced or prepared personally and includes a "wholesale distributor of dangerous drugs" as defined in Ohio R.C. 4729.01.
      (ORC 3719.01)