929.16  SECONDARY CONTAINMENT AND RELEASE MITIGATION.
   (a)   Secondary containment protection must be:
      (1)   Designed, installed, and operated to prevent any migration of regulated substances or accumulated liquid out of a tank, container or other thing or area intended to confine a regulated substance and into soil, ground water, or surface water at any time during the use of the tank, container or other thing or area intended to confine a regulated substance; and
      (2)   Capable of detecting and collecting releases and accumulated liquids until the collected material is removed.
 
   (b)   To meet the requirements of paragraph (a) of this Section, secondary containment systems must be, at a minimum:
      (1)   Constructed of or lined with material that are compatible with the regulated substance to be placed in the tank system and must have sufficient strength and thickness to prevent failure owing to pressure gradients (including static head and external hydrological forces), physical contact with the regulated substance to which it is exposed, climatic conditions, and the stress of daily operation (including stresses from nearby vehicular traffic);
      (2)   Placed on a foundation or base capable of providing support to the secondary containment system, resistance to pressure gradients above and below the system, and capable of preventing failure due to settlement, compression, or uplift;
      (3)   Provided with a leak-detection system that is designed and operated so that it will detect the failure of either the primary or secondary containment structure or the presence of any release of regulated substance or accumulated liquid in the secondary containment system within twenty-four hours, or at the earliest practicable time if the owner or operator can demonstrate to the Service Director that existing detection technologies or site conditions will not allow detection of a release within twenty-four hours; and
         (Ord. 00-456.  Passed 12-19-00.)
      (4)   Sloped or otherwise designed or operated to drain and remove liquids resulting from releases or precipitation. Released regulated substances and accumulated precipitation must be removed from the secondary containment system within twenty-four hours, or in as timely a manner as is possible to prevent harm to human health and the environment, if the owner or operator can demonstrate to the Services Director that removal of the released regulated substances or accumulated precipitation cannot be accomplished within twenty-four hours.
         (Ord. 00-456.  Passed 12-19-00.)
 
   (c)   Secondary containment for tanks must include one or more of the following devices:
      (1)   A liner (external to the tank);
      (2)   A vault;
      (3)   A double-walled tank; or
      (4)   An equivalent device as determined by the Services Director.
         (Ord. 00-456.  Passed 12-19-00.)
 
   (d)   In addition to the requirements of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this Section, secondary containment systems must satisfy the following requirements.
      (1)   External liner systems must be:
         (A)   Designed or operated to contain one hundred per cent of the capacity of the largest tank within its boundary;
         (B)   Designed or operated to prevent run-on or infiltration of precipitation into the secondary containment system unless the collection system has sufficient excess capacity to contain run-on or infiltration. Such additional capacity must be sufficient to contain precipitation from a twenty-five-year, twenty-four-hour rainfall event;
         (C)   Free of cracks or gaps; and
         (D)   Designed and installed to surround the tank completely and to cover all surrounding earth likely to come into contact with the regulated substance if the regulated substance is released from the tank(s) (i.e., capable of preventing lateral as well as vertical migration of the regulated substance).
      (2)   Vault systems must be:
         (A)   Designed or operated to contain one hundred per cent of the capacity of the largest tank within its boundary;
         (B)   Designed or operated to prevent run-on or infiltration of precipitation into the secondary containment system unless the collection system has sufficient excess capacity to contain run-on or infiltration. Such additional capacity must be sufficient to contain precipitation from a twenty-five-year, twenty-four-hour rainfall event;
         (C)   Constructed with chemical-resistant water stops in place at all joints (if any);
         (D)   Provided with an impermeable interior coating or lining that is compatible with the stored regulated substance and that will prevent migration of regulated substances into the concrete;
         (E)   Provided with a means to protect against the formation of and ignition of vapors within the vault, if the regulated substance being stored or treated is an ignitable regulated substance, or a reactive regulated substance and may form an ignitable or explosive vapor;
         (F)   Provided with an exterior moisture barrier or be otherwise designed or operated to prevent migration of moisture into the vault if the vault is subject to hydraulic pressure.
      (3)   Double-walled tanks must be:
         (A)   Designed as an integral structure (i.e., an inner tank completely enveloped within an outer shell) so that any release from the inner tank is contained by the outer shell;
         (B)   Protected, if constructed of metal, from both corrosion of the primary tank interior and of the external surface of the outer shell; and
         (C)   Provided with a built-in, continuous leak-detection system capable of detecting a release within twenty-four hours, or at the earliest practicable time, if the owner or operator can demonstrate to the Services Director, and the Services Director concludes, that the existing detection technology or site conditions would not allow detection of a release within twenty-four hours.
            (Ord. 00-456.  Passed 12-19-00.)
 
   (e)   Ancillary equipment must be provided with secondary containment (e.g., trench, jacketing, double-walled piping) that meets the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Section, except for:
      (1)   Aboveground piping (exclusive of flanges, joints, valves, and other connections) that are visually inspected for leaks on a daily basis;
      (2)   Welded flanges, welded joints, and welded connections, that are visually inspected for leaks on a daily basis;
      (3)   Sealless or magnetic coupling pumps and sealless valves, that are visually inspected for leaks on a daily basis; and
      (4)   Pressurized aboveground piping systems with automatic shut-off devices (e.g., excess flow check valves, flow metering shutdown devices, loss of pressure-actuated shut-off devices) that are visually inspected for leaks on a daily basis.
 
   (f)   Release mitigation measures include the following:
      (1)   Having on hand and readily available materials or devices to absorb liquid releases,
      (2)   Having on hand and readily available decontaminating and/or neutralizing agents to mitigate release of a regulated substance,
      (3)   Having an operable and effective mechanism to stop the addition of regulated substances to a leaking a tank, container or other thing or area intended to confine a regulated substance, and
      (4)   Such other measures or devices as the Services Director may determine are effective and practical to mitigate a release of a regulated substance and prevent the released regulated substance form endangering the City’s well field.
         (Ord. 00-456.  Passed 12-19-00.)