§ 810.01.210  Definitions, S.
   (a)   SALVAGE OPERATIONS. (See Land Use Tables.) Establishments involved in the storage, sale, wholesale and processing of salvage materials. This land use classification does not include any of the sub-classifications of recycling collection facilities (RECYCLING COLLECTION FACILITIES) except “Scrap and Dismantling Yard.” See also JUNK AND SALVAGE FACILITY.
      (1)   CONTAINED. These uses are conducted entirely within enclosed structures and provide environmentally sound practices in collecting and recycling oils and other toxic materials. No outside storage of parts occurs, and establishments are monitored annually to ensure they are maintained appropriately.
      (2)   GENERAL. These uses create major environmental disruption even when carefully regulated. Dust, dirt, noise and unsightly conditions often prevail with these operations.
   (b)   SCENIC CORRIDOR. The area outside a highway or an adopted trail right-of-way that is generally visible to persons traveling on the highway or trail.
   (c)   SCHOOL. (See Land Use Tables.) A public or private academic educational institution that offers instruction in the several branches of learning and study required to be taught in the public schools by the Education Code of the State of California. Schools types include:
         boarding school
         community college, college, or university
         elementary, middle, and junior high schools
         high school
         military academy
      Also includes schools providing specialized education/training. Examples include the following:
           art school
         ballet and other dance school
         business, secretarial, and vocational school
         computers and electronics school
         drama school
         driver education school
         establishments providing courses by mail
         language school
         martial arts
         music school
         professional school (law, medicine, etc.)
         seminaries/religious ministry training facility
      Also includes facilities, institutions and conference centers that offer specialized programs in personal growth and development, such as fitness, environmental awareness, arts, communications, and management.  Does not include pre-school and child day care facilities (see also DAY CARE FACILITY).
   (d)   SCIENTIFIC GOODS MANUFACTURING. See MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS I.
   (e)   SCREENING. The use of landscaping, earth, fences, walls, trees, shrubs, or other materials for visual, background, noise or sun exposure control.
   (f)   SCRAP METAL PROCESSING FACILITY. (See Land Use Tables.) Any establishment or place of business that is maintained, used, or operated solely for the processing and preparing of scrap metals for remelting by steel mills and foundries.
   (g)   SEAL. A metal, tamperproof clamp issued in compliance with the California Desert Native Plants Act (Food and Agricultural Code §§ 80001 et seq.) by the Agricultural Commissioner used to permanently affix a tag to a native plant.
   (h)   SEARCHLIGHT. See SIGN.
   (i)   SECOND HAND STORES, PAWNSHOPS. (See Land Use Tables.) Retail establishments that buy and sell used products, including clothing, furniture and household goods, jewelry, appliances, musical instruments, business machines and office equipment, tools, motors, machines, instruments, firearms, or any similar secondhand articles or objects; includes indoor flea markets. Does not include bookstores (GENERAL RETAIL); secondhand farm and construction equipment (CONSTRUCTION, FARM, AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT SALES); junk dealers, or scrap/dismantling yards (RECYCLING FACILITIES—SCRAP AND DISMANTLING YARDS); the sale of antiques and collectibles (GENERAL RETAIL); the sale of cars and other used vehicles (AUTO AND VEHICLE SALES, LEASING, AND RENTAL, USED).
   (j)   SECONDARY HIGHWAY. See ROAD SYSTEM.
   (k)   SECTION. A section of the this Development Code, unless in reference to some other specified statute, ordinance, chapter, division or title; or the survey term regarding the subdivision of a Township into normally 36 equal parts, each of which is approximately 640 acres.
   (l)   SECURITY QUARTERS. Temporary residential occupancy of a dwelling unit, commercial coach, or travel trailer utilized to provide temporary quarters to security personnel hired to guard part or all of the property on which the security quarters are located as an accessory use. Does not include caretaker housing (CARETAKER HOUSING).
   (m)   SEDIMENT. Eroded earth material that is carried by runoff and/or deposited in a stream, drainage course, natural watercourse, lake or other area.
   (n)   SEICHE. The high frequency fluctuation of an enclosed body of water, which can be initiated by earthquake shaking.
   (o)   SEISMIC SAFETY HAZARD AREAS.  Areas where a potential hazard exists due to ground rupture from earthquakes. SEISMIC SAFETY HAZARD AREAS encompass active or potentially active faults within the County (includes Alquist-Priolo Special Studies Zones). Hazard area boundaries extend approximately 660 feet on each side of known active or potentially active faults.
   (p)   SELECTED FLOOD. See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (q)   SELF-CONTAINED MOBILE HOME. See MOBILE HOME, SELF-CONTAINED.
   (r)   SEMIPASSIVE THERMAL SYSTEM. See THERMAL SYSTEM, SEMIPASSIVE.
   (s)   SENSITIVE VIEWSHED. See WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION FACILITIES.
   (t)   SERVICE STATION. (See Land Use Tables.) A site where the primary activity is the retail sale and dispensing of motor fuels or oils, the retail sale of lubricants, tires, batteries and other automobile accessories, and the installation and servicing of the lubricants, tires, batteries and other automobile accessories.
   (u)   SETBACK. The distance by which a structure, parking area or other development feature must be separated from a lot line, other structure or development feature, or street centerline. See also YARD, and § 83.02.070 (Setback Regulations and Exceptions). See Figure 810-2 (Setbacks).
Figure 810-2
Setbacks
   (v)   SETBACK, STREET. See YARD, FRONT and YARD, SIDE STREET.
   (w)   SETBACK LINE, STREET. A line that defines the depth of the required street setback, front yard, or side yard or side street where the yard or yards abut a street. The street setback line shall be parallel or concentric with the street right-of-way line.
   (x)   SEWAGE DISPOSAL AREA. An area utilized for the holding, leaching and percolation of sewage wastes including an area that would provide a 100 percent expansion of the leaching and percolation field for future use.
   (y)   SEWAGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL FACILITY. (See Land Use Tables.) A site with equipment and other facilities to treat sewage effluent transmitted to the site via underground sewer lines to the water quality standard required by the California Regional Water Quality Control Board.
   (z)   SHALL. A mandatory provision, regulation or specification.
   (aa)   SHOPPING CENTER. (See Land Use Tables.) A shopping center is two or more business establishments under a single ownership, unified control or designated as a unit located on a single parcel or combination of contiguous parcels having a minimum frontage of 150 feet.
   (bb)   SHORT-TERM RESIDENTIAL RENTALS.See Chapter 84.28, “Short-Term Residential Rentals.”
   (cc)   SHRUB. Any woody, perennial plant having multiple stems and bearing foliage from the ground up, commonly maintained at less than eight and more than two feet in height when fully grown, adaptable to trimming, shaping and pruning without injury to the plant itself.
   (dd)   SIDE LOT LINE. See LOT.
   (ee)   SIDE YARD. See YARD.
   (ff)   SIGN. Words, letters, numerals, emblems, designs, or other marks shown on any flag, card, cloth, paper, metal, painted surface, glass, wood, plaster, stone or other device of any kind or character by which anything is made known and used to attract attention, including lighting devices the as searchlights. SIGNS include four basic categories, (i.e., off-site, on-site, directional and temporary) and may take many forms (e.g. freestanding, monument, wall, roof, projecting walkway, display, etc.) Also signs are located individually or in clusters (i.e., shopping center complex). The following definitions clarify the differences between these categories and types:
      (1)   OFF-SITE SIGN. A sign that is allowed only in certain specified land use zoning districts as an independent use of the property not dependent upon the location of another structure or use. The signs often advertise or identify a business, function, establishment or product at a location other than the property on which a business is located or a product is manufactured or sold. The signs may advertise political viewpoints, political campaigns and other noncommercial messages.
      (2)   ON-SITE SIGN. A sign that is allowed only in conjunction with another use as an accessory use. The signs often advertise or identify a commodity, service, business or profession that is sold, produced, conducted or offered as one of the major functions of the primary use on the same site. The signs may advertise political viewpoints, political campaigns and other noncommercial messages. The signs may also advertise any commercial message.
      (3)   COMPLEX SIGN. A sign that is allowed in conjunction with a shopping center, business, or other complex that is under a single ownership or unified control having two or more establishments located on a single parcel or combination of contiguous parcels.
      (4)   COMPLEX OCCUPANT SIGN. A sign that is allowed in conjunction with an individual occupant within a shopping center, business, or other complex.
      (5)   DIRECTIONAL SIGN. Signs that provide directional or traffic flow information.
         (A)   PUBLIC DIRECTIONAL SIGN. Signs containing directional information about public places owned or operated by Federal, State or local governments or their agencies. Also included are historic, cultural, scientific and educational signs, signs relating to publicly-owned natural phenomena, publicly-owned or operated areas of natural scenic beauty, and areas naturally suited for outdoor recreation, deemed to be in the interest of the traveling public.
      (6)   DISPLAY SIGN. A single-faced sign that is affixed to any type of display window or is adjacent to a display window.
      (7)   FREESTANDING SIGN. A single- or multi-faced sign that is not attached to any building or structure.
      (8)   INDIVIDUAL SIGNS or ACCESSORY BUSINESS SIGN. Accessory signs that are allowed in conjunction with a nonresidential use that is not located within a complex (e.g., shopping center).
      (9)   MONUMENT SIGN. A single- or double-faced sign that is designed and constructed as part of and placed on a monument base.
      (10)   PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY SIGN. An accessory sign hung from or on a canopy and being oriented to pedestrian traffic.
      (11)   PROJECTING SIGN. A single- or double-faced sign attached to a structure that extends in a perpendicular plane from the wall to which it is attached.
      (12)   ROOF SIGN. A single-faced sign that is affixed to a roof of a building or structure.
      (13)   SEARCHLIGHT. An apparatus containing a light source and a reflector for projecting a strong, far-reaching beam greater than 200 feet in any direction.
      (14)   TEMPORARY SIGN. A sign that provides temporary information and/or directions. The signs often are subject to the issuance of Temporary Use Permits and often provide information regarding residential developments, political candidates or issues, and real estate signs.
      (15)   WALL SIGN. A single-faced sign that is in any manner affixed to any exterior wall of a structure, the exposed face of which is in a plane parallel to the plane of the wall.
   (gg)   SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING. (See Land Use Tables.) See DWELLING, SINGLE- FAMILY.
   (hh)   SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING, ATTACHED. (See Land Use Tables.) See DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED.
   (ii)   SINGLE HOUSEKEEPING UNIT. The functional equivalent of a traditional family or one household, whose members are an interactive group of persons jointly occupying a single dwelling unit, including the joint use of and responsibility for common areas, and sharing household activities and responsibilities (e.g., meals, chores, household maintenance, expenses, etc.) and where, if the unit is rented, all adult residents have chosen to jointly occupy the entire premises of the dwelling unit, under a single written lease or rental agreement with joint use and responsibility for the premises, and the makeup of the household occupying the unit is determined by the residents of the unit rather than the landlord or property manager.
   (jj)   SINGULAR PLURAL. Words used in the singular number include the plural and words used in the plural number include the singular.
   (kk)   SITE. A parcel of land or contiguous parcels where land alterations, including grading, clearing or construction are performed or proposed.
   (ll)   SITE PLAN, DETAILED. A drawing, to scale, on one sheet of paper of the entire land parcel showing buildings, improvements, other physical features and all dimensions.
   (mm)   SITE PLANNING. A process to develop a plan that shows how a parcel of land may be developed, taking into consideration the natural and man-made characteristics of the parcel.
   (nn)   SKILLED NURSING FACILITY. A health facility that provides skilled nursing care and supportive care to patients whose primary need is for availability of skilled nursing care on an extended basis.
   (oo)   SMALL FAMILY DAY CARE HOME. See DAY CARE, CHILD.
   (pp)   SMALL COLLECTION FACILITY. See RECYCLING FACILITY.
    (qq)   “SMART" IRRIGATION CONTROLLER. An irrigation controller that is weather and soil moisture-based, and monitors and uses historical environmental conditions for the specific location in which a landscape is located, by automatically adjusting irrigation watering times based on the information collected.
   (rr)   SOBER LIVING FACILITY.  An unlicensed residential care facility with more than two residents who are not living together as a single housekeeping unit (see SINGLE HOUSEKEEPING UNIT), which is not licensed by the State and is being used as a drug and alcohol recovery facility for persons who are recovering from drug and/or alcohol addiction and in which all residents, except for a house manager, are considered disabled under State or Federal law and are actively enrolled and participating in an alcohol and/or drug recovery program.
   (ss)   SOIL. The unconsolidated mineral and organic material on the immediate surface of the earth.
      (1)   CORROSIVE SOILS. Natural soils that, as a result of their chemical makeup, may aggressively deteriorate concrete, metal or other susceptible building material.
      (2)   EXPANSIVE SOILS. Natural clays that swell when saturated and shrink when dry.
      (3)   HYDROCOLLAPSIBLE SOILS. Natural soils that collapse or compact after a wetting event.
   (tt)   SOIL MANAGEMENT REPORT. A report that shall be submitted with the Landscape Documentation Package, as outlined by Chapter 83.10, Landscaping Standards, that outlines the result of the soil tests along with recommendation for soil amendments.
   (uu)   SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM. Any solar collector solar device, or structural design feature of a building whose primary purpose is to provide for the collection, storage, and distribution of solar energy for space heating or cooling; for domestic, recreational, therapeutic, or service water heating; for the generation of electricity; for the production of process heat; and for the production of mechanical work. SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS include passive thermal systems, semipassive thermal systems, active thermal systems and photovoltaic systems. This category does not include parabolic mirror and devices of a similar nature.
   (vv)   SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL SITE. A site used for the final disposal of solid waste, which may also include facilities for separating and differentiating waste products, and/or recycling the waste products. Includes landfills.
   (ww)   SOLID WASTE. Any variety of waste, including household garbage, metal, glass, shattered concrete, bricks from demolished houses, radioactive wastes and mining talus.
   (xx)   SOLIDIFICATION AND STABILIZATION. See HAZARDOUS WASTE.
   (yy)   SPECIAL DISTRICT. A governmental entity created in a given area to provide services within that area. SPECIAL DISTRICTS can provide services such as water, sewers, fire protection, and parks and recreation.
   (zz)   SPECIAL EVENTS, TEMPORARY. (See Land Use Tables.) All carnivals, community celebrations, off-road vehicle races, outdoor festivals, music events, sporting events, parades, fairs, animal races, religious festivals, revival meetings, food truck events and similar public gatherings at locations and facilities without an approved Conditional Use Permit, Minor Use Permit, or Site Plan Permit. SPECIAL EVENTS shall be categorized based upon scope, longevity, magnitude and use, into one of the following event types.
      (1)   MINOR EVENT.
         (A)   CLASS I. Anticipated attendance of 500 to 1,000 persons per day; or a community celebration, religious festivals, revival meetings, food truck events and similar public gatherings with anticipated attendance of 500 or more. Staging events of off-highway motor vehicles, as defined and regulated in Chapter 4 of Division 8 of Title 2, shall also be included as a CLASS I MINOR EVENT.
         (B)   CLASS II. Intensive sporting events, the as off-road vehicle races or rodeos, etc., and music events with an anticipated attendance of 200 to 500 persons per day. Included in this class are any events that are advertised by a means of mass media (i.e., radio, television, newspaper, Internet, phone trees, fliers, etc.) provided that a means of limiting attendees to 500 persons per day is available and is strictly enforced.
      (2)   MAJOR EVENT.
         (A)   CLASS I.  Anticipated attendance of over 1,000 persons per day.
         (B)   CLASS II.  Intensive sporting events, such as off-road vehicle races or rodeos, etc., or music events with an anticipated attendance of over 500 persons per day. Included in this class are any events that are advertised by a means of mass media (i.e., radio, television, newspaper, Internet, phone trees, fliers, etc.) where a means of limiting attendees is not available.
   (aaa)   SPECIAL FLOOD. See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (bbb)   SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD AREA. See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (ccc)   SPECIAL LANDSCAPE AREA. Are those areas of landscape that are dedicated to edible plant material, those areas that are irrigated with non-potable/recycled water, and those areas that are dedicated to active play such as parks, sports fields, golf courses, or where turf provides a playing surface.
   (ddd)   SPECIFIED ANATOMICAL AREAS. See ADULT-ORIENTED BUSINESS.
   (eee)   SPECIFIED HAZARDOUS WASTE FACILITIES. See HAZARDOUS WASTE.
   (fff)   SPECIFIED SEXUAL ACTIVITIES. See ADULT-ORIENTED BUSINESS.
   (ggg)   SPECIMEN TREE. See TREE, SPECIMEN.
   (hhh)   SPHERE OF INFLUENCE. A SPHERE OF INFLUENCE is the probable ultimate physical boundary of a city as established by the San Bernardino Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCO) in compliance with the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000 (Government Code §§ 56000 et seq.). A SPHERE OF INFLUENCE contains unincorporated County land that is outside a city's boundaries and that relates to the city's planning.
   (iii)   SPORTS OR ENTERTAINMENT ASSEMBLY. (See Land Use Tables.) A large-scale indoor or outdoor facility accommodating spectator-oriented sports, concerts, and other entertainment activities. Examples of this land use include amphitheaters, race tracks, rodeo arenas, stadiums and coliseums. May also include commercial facilities customarily associated with the above uses, including bars and restaurants, gift shops, video game arcades, etc.
   (jjj)   STABLE, PRIVATE. A detached accessory building for the keeping of horses, burros or mules owned by the occupants of the premises and not for remuneration, hire or sale.
   (kkk)   STABLE, PUBLIC. A stable other than a private stable for keeping of horses, burros or mules.
   (lll)   STANDARD PROJECT FLOOD. See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (mmm)   START OF CONSTRUCTION. See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (nnn)   STATE. State of California.
   (ooo)   STATE GEOLOGIST. Individual holding office as provided in the Public Resources Code, § 677, Article 3, Chapter 2, Division 1.
   (ppp)   STATIC WATER PRESSURE. The pressure of the pipeline or municipal water supply when the water is not flowing.
   (qqq)   STATION. An area that is served by an automatic irrigation valve that has been programmed into the “smart” irrigation controller as a specific number, which is to be recognized and controlled.
   (rrr)   STEALTH FACILITY. See WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION FACILITIES.
   (sss)   STOCK COOPERATIVE. A common interest development in which a corporation is formed or availed of primarily for the purpose of holding title to, either in fee simple or for a term of years, improved real property, and all or substantially all of the shareholders of the corporation receive a right of exclusive occupancy in a portion of the real property, title to which is held by the corporation. The owner’s interest in the corporation, whether evidenced by a share of stock, a certificate of membership, or otherwise, shall be deemed to be an interest in a common interest development and a real estate development for purposes of the Corporations Code § 25100(f). In a STOCK COOPERATIVE, both the separate interest, as defined in Civil Code § 4190 and the correlative interest in the stock cooperative corporation, however designated, are interests in real property. Includes a limited equity housing cooperative, which is a STOCK COOPERATIVE that meets the criteria of the Health and Safety Code § 33007.5.
   (ttt)   STONE PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING. See MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS I AND II.
   (uuu)   STORAGE, GARAGE. See GARAGE, STORAGE.
   (vvv)   STORAGE/IMPOUND FACILITY. See MOTOR VEHICLE STORAGE/IMPOUND FACILITY.
   (www)   STORAGE—PERSONAL STORAGE, MINI-STORAGE. (See Land Use Tables.) Structures containing generally small, individual compartmentalized or lockers rented as individual storage spaces and characterized by low parking demand.
   (xxx)   STORAGE—VEHICLES STORAGE. (See Land Use Tables.) A facility for the storage of operative cars and other fleet vehicles, trucks, buses, recreational vehicles, and other motor vehicles. Includes facilities for the storage and/or servicing of fleet vehicles. Also includes the parking of a vehicle on private property for more than 72 hours without operation. Does not include commercial parking lots, or dismantling yards (classified in RECYCLING—SCRAP AND DISMANTLING YARDS).
   (yyy)   STORAGE—WAREHOUSE, INDOOR STORAGE. (See Land Use Tables.) Facilities for the storage of furniture, household goods, or other commercial goods of any nature. Includes cold storage. Does not include: warehouse, storage or mini-storage facilities offered for rent or lease to the general public (STORAGE—PERSONAL STORAGE, MINI-STORAGE); warehouse facilities primarily used for wholesaling and distribution (see WHOLESALING AND DISTRIBUTION); or terminal facilities for handling freight (see TRUCK TERMINAL).
   (zzz)   STORM, TEN YEAR. See TEN YEAR STORM.
   (aaaa)   STORY. That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor immediately above it, or, if there is no floor above it, then the space between the floor and ceiling immediately above it.
   (bbbb)   STORY, HALF. A story with at least two of its opposite sides meeting a sloping roof, nor more than two feet above the floor of the story.
   (cccc)   STREAM. Any watercourse designated by a solid line or dash and three dots symbol on the largest scale of the United States Geological Survey map most recently published, or as indicated in the development permit when it has been field determined that a watercourse either:
      (1)   Supports fish at any time of the year;
      (2)   Has a significant water flow after any rainstorm; or
      (3)   Has a well-defined channel.
   (dddd)   STREAM BED SKIMMING. See SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS.
   (eeee)   STREET. Any public or private thoroughfare, with a width of 20 feet or more, that affords a primary means of access to abutting property. See ROAD SYSTEM.
   (ffff)   STREET LINE. The boundary line between a street and abutting property.
   (gggg)   STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS. Any change in the supporting members of a structure, such as the bearing walls or partitions, columns, beams or girders.
   (hhhh)   STRUCTURE. Anything constructed, built, or installed by man, an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner, including, but without limitation; buildings, towers, smokestack, and overhead lines.
   (iiii)   STRUCTURE, APPROVED. A structure, paved area of impervious substance or sewage disposal area that has been approved by the Building Official or the Chief of the Environmental Health Services Division as an improvement of the site, and that complies with all codes, ordinances and regulations of San Bernardino County.
   (jjjj)   STRUCTURE, BUSINESS OR INDUSTRIAL. An occupied, permanent building, attached to a permanent foundation, approved for the use under the California Building Code, where one or more persons are employed on an eight hour shift, at least five days per week.
   (kkkk)   STRUCTURE ENVELOPE. The interior of a parcel outside of the building setback lines.
   (llll)   STRUCTURE FOOTPRINT. The area of a parcel included within the surrounding exterior walls of a structure. In the absence of surrounding exterior walls, the STRUCTURE FOOTPRINT shall be the area under the horizontal projection of the roof.
   (mmmm)   STRUCTURE HEIGHT. See § 83.02.040 (Height Measurement and Height Limit Exceptions). For buildings see BUILDING HEIGHT.
   (nnnn)   SUBDIVIDER. A person, firm, corporation, partnership or association who proposes to divide, divides or causes to be divided real property into a subdivision for himself or for others except that employees and consultants of these persons or entities, acting in such capacity, are not SUBDIVIDERS.
   (oooo)   SUBDIVISION. The division, by any subdivider, of any unit or units of improved or unimproved land, or any portion of land thereof, shown on the latest equalized County assessment roll as a unit or as contiguous units, for the purpose of sale, lease or financing, whether immediate or future, except for leases of agricultural land for agricultural purposes (i.e., the cultivation of food or fiber or the grazing or pasturing of livestock). Property shall be considered as contiguous units even if it separated by roads, streets, utility easement or railroad rights-of-way. SUBDIVISION includes a condominium project, as defined in Civil Code § 1350, or a community apartment project, as defined in Business and Professions Code § 11004 or the conversion of five or more existing dwelling units to a stock cooperative, as defined in Business and Professions Code § 11003.2. A conveyance of land to or from a governmental agency, public entity, public utility, common carrier or subsidiary of a public utility for conveyance to the public utility for rights-of-way shall not be considered a division of land for the purpose of computing the number of parcels. See also MINOR SUBDIVISION PLOT PLAN.
   (pppp)   SUBSIDENCE. The sinking of the earth’s surface, usually due to mining, groundwater extraction, oil and gas withdrawal, earthquakes or other physical forces.
   (qqqq)   SUBSTANDARD LOT. A unit of land, the area, width or other characteristic that fails to meet the requirements of the land use zoning district in which it is located.
   (rrrr)   SUBSTANDARD HOUSING UNIT. A dwelling unit that is either dilapidated or unsafe, thus endangering the health or safety of the occupant, or does not have adequate plumbing or heating facilities.
   (ssss)   SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE. See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (tttt)   SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT. See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (uuuu)   SUPPLEMENTAL IRRIGATION. See TEMPORARY IRRIGATION.
   (vvvv)      SUPPORTIVE HOUSING. Housing with no limit on length of stay, that is occupied by the target population, as defined by Health and Safety Code § 50675.14, and that is linked to on-site or off-site services that assist the resident to retain the housing, improve his or her health status, maximize their ability to live and, when possible, to work in the community. SUPPORTIVE HOUSING that is provided in single-, two-, or multi-family dwelling units, group residential, parolee-probationer home, residential care facilities, or boarding house uses shall be permitted, conditionally permitted or prohibited in the same manner as the other single-, two- or multi-family dwelling units, group residential, parolee-probationer home, residential care facilities, or boarding house uses under this Code.
   (wwww)   SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS. (See Land Use Tables.) All, or any part of, the process involved in the mining of minerals on mined lands by removing overburden and mining directly from the mineral deposits, open pit mining of minerals naturally exposed, mining by the auger method, dredging and quarrying, or surface work incident to an underground mine. SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS include, but are not limited to, in place distillation or retorting or leaching, the production and disposal of mining waste, prospecting and exploratory activities, borrow pitting, streambed skimming, and segregation and stockpiling of mined materials (and recovery of same). The following definitions shall further clarify mining issues:
      (1)   AREA OF REGIONAL SIGNIFICANCE. An area designated by the State Mining and Geology Board that is known to contain a deposit of minerals, the extraction of which is judged to be of prime importance in meeting future needs for minerals in a particular region of the State within which the minerals are located, and which, if prematurely developed for alternate incompatible land uses, could result in the permanent loss of minerals that are of more than local significance.
      (2)   AREA OF STATEWIDE SIGNIFICANCE. An area designated by the Board that is known to contain a deposit of minerals, the extraction of which is judged to be of prime importance in meeting future needs for minerals in the State and which, if prematurely developed for alternate incompatible land uses, could result in the permanent loss of minerals that are of more than local or regional significance.
      (3)   BORROW PITS. Excavations created by the surface mining of rock, unconsolidated geologic deposits or soil to provide material (borrow) for fill elsewhere.
      (4)   COMPATIBLE LAND USES. Land uses inherently compatible with mining and/or that require a minimum public or private investment in structures, land improvements, and that may allow mining because of the relative economic value of the land and its improvements. Examples of these uses may include, but shall not be limited to, very low density residential, geographically extensive but low impact industrial, recreational, agricultural, silvicultural, grazing, and open space.
      (5)   HAUL ROAD. A road along which material is transported from the area of excavation to the processing plant or stockpile area of the surface mining operation.
      (6)   IDLE. Surface mining operations curtailed for a period of one year or more, by more than 90 percent of the operation’s previous maximum annual mineral production, with the intent to resume those surface mining operations at a future date.
      (7)   INCOMPATIBLE LAND USES. Land uses inherently incompatible with mining and/or that require public or private investment in structures, land improvements, and landscaping and that may prevent mining because of the greater economic value of the land and its improvements. Examples of these uses may include, but shall not be limited to, high density residential, low density residential with high unit value, public facilities, geographically limited but impact intensive industrial, and commercial.
      (8)   MINED LANDS. The surface, subsurface, and ground water of an area in which surface mining operations will be, are being, or have been conducted, including private ways and roads appurtenant to any area, land excavations, workings, mining waste, and areas in which structures, facilities, equipment, machines, tools, or other materials or property that result from, or are used in, surface mining operations are located.
      (9)   MINERALS. Any naturally occurring chemical element or compound, or groups of elements and compounds, formed from inorganic processes and organic substances, including, but not limited to, coal, peat, and bituminous rock, but excluding geothermal resources, natural gas, and petroleum.
      (10)   OPERATOR. Any person who is engaged in surface mining operations, or who contracts with others to conduct operations on his or her behalf, except a person who is engaged in surface mining operations as an employee with wages as his or her sole compensation.
      (11)   RECLAMATION. The combined process of land treatment that minimizes water degradation, air pollution, damage to aquatic or wildlife habitat, flooding, erosion, and other adverse effects from surface mining operations, including adverse surface effects incidental to underground mines, so that mined lands are reclaimed to a usable condition that is readily adaptable for alternate land uses and create no danger to public health or safety. The process may extend to affected lands surrounding mined lands, and may require backfilling, grading, resoiling, revegetation, soil compaction, stabilization, or other measures.
      (12)   STREAM BED SKIMMING. Excavation of sand and gravel from stream bed deposits above the mean summer water level or stream bottom, whichever is higher.
      (13)   VESTED RIGHT. For the purpose of mining and reclamation, a person shall be deemed to have vested rights, if, before January 1, 1976, the person has, in good faith and in reliance upon a permit, (if the permit or other authorization was required, and was in compliance with County regulations), diligently commenced surface mining operations and incurred substantial liabilities for work and necessary materials. Expenses incurred in obtaining the enactment of an ordinance in relation to a particular operation or the issuance of a permit shall not be deemed liabilities for work or materials.
   (xxxx)   SWAP MEET, OUTDOOR MARKET, AUCTION YARD. (See Land Use Tables.) The sale of used and/or new merchandise by individual vendors in a temporary or permanent facility operated and managed by a different proprietor or business entity, provided that the operator may also be engaged in sales. An INDOOR SWAP MEET OR FLEA MARKET occupies a building typically designed for retail sales with tables, booths, or other spaces for the individual vendors.
   (yyyy)   SWING JOINT. An irrigation component that provides a flexible, maneuverable, leak-free connection between the irrigation head body and irrigation lateral pipeline, allowing for movement in any direction helping to prevent equipment damage.
   (zzzz)   SYSTEM HEIGHT. See WIND ENERGY SYSTEM.
(Ord. 4011, passed - -2007; Am. Ord. 4043, passed - -2008; Am. Ord. 4136, passed - -2011; Am. Ord. 4245, passed - -2014; Am. Ord. 4280, passed - -2015; Am. Ord. 4331, passed - -2017)