§ 810.01.140  Definitions, L.
   (a)   LABOR CAMP.  (See Land Use Tables.)  Premises used for residential purposes for temporary or seasonal periods by five or more persons employed to perform agricultural or industrial labor.
   (b)   LABOR QUARTERS.  (See Land Use Tables.) See ACCESSORY DWELLING.
   (c)   LOCAL AGENCY FORMATION COMMISSION (LAFCO).  A commission created in compliance with the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000 (Government Code §§ 56000 et seq.) to oversee proposals for organization and boundary changes, including the incorporation and disincorporation of cities, the formation and dissolution of special districts, and the consolidation, merger, annexation, and reorganization of cities and special districts.
   (d)   LAKE.  A naturally occurring or artificially created body of water (impounded above or below surface level) with a designated holding capacity of at least one acre-foot of water. Does not include POND.  See also RESERVOIR.
   (e)   LAMP.  See LIGHTING, OUTDOOR.
   (f)   LAND CLEARING.  Removal of vegetation down to duff or bare soil, by any method.
   (g)   LAND DISPOSAL.  See HAZARDOUS WASTE.
   (h)   LAND DISTURBANCE.  Clearing, excavating, grading or other manipulation of the terrain.
   (i)   LAND USE.  The manner in which land is developed and used. The general categories of LAND USE include: residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, agricultural, recreational, and planned development.
   (j)   LAND USE APPLICATION.  An applicant-initiated request for County approval of a discretionary permit that is subject to one of the review processes specified by the County Code in Division 5 (Permit Application and Review Procedures) Ministerial permit actions (e.g., Building Permits, Mobile Home Setdown Permits, etc.) are not LAND USE APPLICATIONS.
   (k)   LAND USE TYPES.  Land use activities that are grouped together by their common performance characteristics in the tables in Division 2 (Land Use Zoning Districts and Allowed Land Uses) (e.g., agricultural, resource, and open spaces; industry, manufacturing and processing, wholesaling uses, etc.).
   (l)   LAND USE ZONING DISTRICT.  A land use regulatory district adopted in compliance with the provisions of Division 2 (Land Use Zoning Districts and Allowed Land Uses) and the General Plan, establishing all necessary rules and regulations necessary to guide development within the area affected by the district.
   (l)   LAND USE ZONING DISTRICT.  A land use regulatory district adopted in compliance with the provisions of Division 2 (Land Use Zoning Districts and Allowed Land Uses) and the General Plan, establishing all necessary rules and regulations necessary to guide development within the area affected by the district.
   (m)   LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT. An individual who holds a license to practice landscape architecture within the State of California per California Business and Professions Code §5615.
   (n)   LANDSCAPE AREA. All planting areas, turf areas, and water features within a landscape design plan that are subject to the Maximum Applied Water Allowance (MAWA, see MAXIMUM APPLIED WATER ALLOWANCE) calculation. The landscape area does not include footprints of buildings or structures, walkways, driveways, parking lots, decks, patios, decomposed granite or stone walks, areas with pavers, other pervious or non-pervious hardscapes, and other non-irrigated areas that have been designated for non-development purposes (e.g., open spaces and existing native vegetation areas).
   (o)   LANDSCAPE CONTRACTOR. An individual who holds a license to construct, maintain, repair, install, and/or subcontract the development of landscape systems within the State of California.
   (p)   LANDSCAPE DOCUMENTATION PACKAGE. A set of plans that includes a title page, planting plan, irrigation plan, hyrdrozone plan, rough and/or precise grading plan, soil management report, and that complies with Chapter 83.10, Landscape Standards.
   (q)   LANDSLIDE.  The perceptible downward sliding of a mass of earth and/or rock.
   (r)   LARGE COLLECTION FACILITY.  See RECYCLING FACILITY.
   (s)   LARGE FAMILY DAY CARE HOME.  See DAY CARE, CHILD.
   (t)   LEACHING.  The washing or draining of dissolved minerals or pollutants from the soil surface to the subsurface.
   (u)   LEAD AGENCY, MINING AND RECLAMATION.  For the purposes of mining and reclamation, a city or county that has the principal responsibility for approving a surface mining operation, in compliance with the California Public Resources Code.
   (v)   LEGAL ACCESS.  See ACCESS.
   (w)   LIBRARY, MUSEUM, ART GALLERY, OUTDOOR EXHIBIT.  (See Land Use Tables.) Public or quasi-public facilities, examples of which include: aquariums, arboretums, art galleries and exhibitions, botanical gardens, historic sites and exhibits, libraries, museums, planetariums, and zoos. May also include accessory retail uses (e.g., gift/book shop, restaurant, etc.) Does not include commercial art galleries, which are included under “General Retail.
   (x)   LIGHTING, OUTDOOR.  The following outdoor lighting related terms are defined as follows:
      (1)   ARCHITECTURAL LIGHTING.  Lighting that is either directed towards a residence with the intent of highlighting an architectural feature or a light fixture that is architecturally ornamental in nature or purpose.
      (2)   ATTACHED LIGHTING.  A light fixture that is attached to a structure.
      (3)   FIXTURE.  The assembly that holds the lamp and may include an assembly housing, a mounting bracket or polo socket, lamp holder, ballast, a reflector or mirror and a refractor or lens.
      (4)   FREESTANDING LIGHTING.  A light fixture that is not attached to a structure.
      (5)   FULLY-SHIELDED FIXTURE.  Outdoor lighting fixture shielded or constructed so that no light is emitted above the horizontal plane, and light rays are only emitted by the installed fixtures in a manner that does not direct light or light trespass onto adjacent property, on any other property within the line of sight (direct or reflected) of the light source, or to any member of the public who may be traveling on adjacent roadways or rights-of-way.
      (6)   GLARE. Direct and unshielded light striking the eye to result in annoyance, discomfort or reduced visual performance to a reasonable person under the circumstances.
      (7)   HOLIDAY LIGHTING. Seasonal displays of 60 days or less within one calendar year, using multiple low wattage bulbs (approximately 15 lumens or less) provided they do not constitute a fire hazard, create a nuisance, and are maintained in a safe condition.
      (8)   LAMP. The generic term for an artificial light source installed in the socket portion of the fixture, to be distinguished from the whole assembly. Commonly referred to as a BULB.
      (9)   LIGHT POLLUTION.  Artificial light generated and emitted into the night sky.
      (10)   LIGHT TRESPASS.  Light from any outdoor lighting onto neighboring property or property that is within a direct line from the light source that interferes with viewing of night sky, eliminates the ability to have darkness on the property or shines on any area on these properties or structures. A determination of light trespass shall be made in compliance with Chapter 83.07 (Glare and Outdoor Lighting).
      (11)   NIGHT SKY.  A clear sky, between dusk and dawn, with visible stars, despite necessary or desired illumination of private and public property.
      (12)   PARTIALLY-SHIELDED FIXTURE.  A fixture employing a top shield to reduce upward light, but otherwise does not shield the lamp from view.
      (13)   PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING.  Freestanding lighting fixtures not exceeding a height of 36 inches from ground grade level.
   (y)   LIGHT POLLUTION.  See LIGHTING, OUTDOOR.
   (z)   LIGHT PROCESSING FACILITY.  See Recycling Facility.
   (aa)   LIGHT TRESPASS.  See LIGHTING, OUTDOOR.
   (bb)   LIQUEFACTION.  A temporary fluid condition in water saturated, loose, sandy soil caused by shock, such as an earthquake, which can cause serious soil settlement, slumping or failure of structure foundations.
   (cc)   LIVE/WORK UNIT.  (See Land Use Tables). An integrated housing unit and working space, occupied and utilized by a single household in a structure, either single-family or multi-family, that has been designed or structurally modified to accommodate joint residential occupancy and work activity, and that includes:
      (1)   Complete kitchen space and sanitary facilities in compliance with the Building Code; and
      (2)   Working space reserved for and regularly used by one or more occupants of the unit.
   (dd)   LIVESTOCK OPERATIONS.  (See Land Use Tables.)  Intensive commercial hoofed animal keeping operations including dairies, feedlots, hog ranches, etc.
   (ee)   LOAD.  See OCCUPANT LOAD.
   (ff)   LOADING SPACE.  An off street space or berth on the same lot with a building or contiguous to a group of buildings for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials, which abuts upon a street, alley or other appropriate means of access.
   (gg)   LOCAL AGENCY.  The County of San Bernardino.
   (hh)   LOCAL AREA TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES PLAN.  See TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES PLAN, LOCAL AREA.
   (ii)   LOCAL ORDINANCE.  A local ordinance that implements State Planning, Zoning, and Development Laws, enacted by the Board of Supervisors of the County of San Bernardino.
   (jj)   LOCAL STREET.  See ROAD SYSTEM.
   (kk)   LOCAL WATER PURVEYOR. An entity, including the local agency, a public agency, or private water company that provides retail water services to customers within the unincorporated areas of the County of San Bernardino.
   (ll)   LOCATIONAL STANDARDS.  Criteria utilized to establish the circumstances under which a particular base land use zoning district would be appropriate or desirable for a given area or site.
   (mm)   LODGING SERVICES.  Establishments engaged in the provision of lodging services, normally on a daily or weekly basis with incidental food, alcoholic beverages, sales and service intended for the convenience of the guests at a hotel, motel and tourist court.
   (nn)   LOT.  An area shown on and created by a final map, official map or parcel map recorded with the County Recorder. Types of lots include the following (See Figure 810-1 - Lot Types):
      (1)   CORNER LOT.  A lot situated at the intersection of two or more streets, or bounded on two or more adjacent sides by street lines, provided that the angle of intersection does not exceed 135 degrees.
      (2)   FLAG LOT.  A lot having access from the building site to a public street by means of private right-of-way strip that is owned in fee.
      (3)   INTERIOR LOT. A lot other than a corner lot.
      (4)   KEY LOT.  The first interior lot to the rear of a reversed corner lot, the front line of which is a continuation of the side line of the reversed corner lot, exclusive of the width of an alley, and fronting on the street that intersects or intercepts the street upon which the corner lot fronts.
      (5)   REVERSED CORNER LOT.  A corner lot that rears upon the side of another lot, whether or not across an alley. See Diagram § 812.27005.
      (6)   THROUGH LOT. A lot having frontage on two parallel or approximately parallel streets.
Figure 810-1 Lot Types
 
   (oo)   LOT COVERAGE.  The percentage of a lot that has been altered to create a surface area that is either impervious (i.e., does not absorb water) or is covered by primary and accessory structures footprints. See BUILDING COVERAGE.
   (pp)   LOT DEPTH.  The horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines measured in the mean direction of the side lot lines.
   (qq)   LOT DIMENSION RATIO.  A land area ratio of width to depth that determines the shape of a lot.
   (rr)   LOT, FRONTAGE.  The dimension of a lot or portion of a lot that abuts a street or an approved road easement, except the side of a corner lot.
   (ss)   LOT LINE or PROPERTY LINE.  Any recorded boundary of a lot. Types of LOT LINES are as follows:
      (1)   FRONT LOT LINE.  In the case of an interior lot, a line separating the lot from the street; and in the case of a corner lot, a line separating the narrowest street frontage of the lot from the street, except in those cases where the latest tract deed restrictions or the recorded map specify another line as the FRONT LOT LINE. In the case of a corner lot where precise dimensions are not readily available and the lot appears to be substantially equal in street frontage or if the known dimensions of the lot lines are within ten percent of one another, the reviewing authority shall have the discretion to determine the FRONT LOT LINE.
      (2)   INTERIOR LOT LINE.  Any lot line not abutting a street.
      (3)   REAR LOT LINE.  A line that is opposite and most distant from the front lot line, and in the case of a triangular or other irregularly shaped lot, a line within the lot ten feet in length, parallel to and at the maximum distance from the front lot line.
      (4)   SIDE LOT LINE.  Any lot line other than the front or rear lot lines.
   (tt)   LOT LINE ADJUSTMENT.  The adjustment of a lot line between two or more adjacent parcels, where the land taken from one parcel is added to an adjacent parcel, and where no additional parcels are thereby created or the number of parcels reduced.
   (uu)   LOT MERGER.  A process by which contiguous lots are merged into one land holding. In order to be merged, the lots must be held by the same owner and the lots must have a common lot line. This process is subject to all of the requirements of the County Code and may be initiated by either the owners of the lots or the County.
   (vv)   LOT, MOBILE HOME PARK.  See MOBILE HOME PARK LOT.
   (ww)   LOT SIZE, MINIMUM.  The smallest unit of land permitted through subdivision within a specific land use zoning district, specified as minimum lot size in each land use zoning district in Division 2 (Land Use Zoning Districts and Allowed Land Uses).
   (xx)   LOT, SUBSTANDARD.  See SUBSTANDARD LOT.
   (yy)   LOT WIDTH.  The following method that yields the smallest dimension shall be chosen to measure LOT WIDTH:
      (1)   The distance measured at the building setback line (BSL) along a line or arc that is parallel or concentric to the right-of-way; or
      (2)   The average horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to the lot depth.
   (zz)   LOWEST FLOOR.  See FLOOD HAZARD.
   (aaa)   LOW HEAD DRAINAGE. Drainage from an irrigation head, which is caused by the flow of water down a system’s lateral lines from a high point of elevation within the system. Such drainage causes water waste and unnecessary runoff.
   (bbb)   LOW VOLUME IRRIGATION. The application of irrigation water at low pressure through a system of tubing or lateral lines; and the use of low volume emitters, such as a drip, drip line, bubblers and micro-sprays, which apply small volumes of water slowly at or near the root zone of plant material.
   (ccc)   LOW WATER USE LANDSCAPING. Landscaping that has a plant factor of 0.3 or less.
   (ddd)   LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING.  See MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS I AND II.
(Ord. 4011, passed - -2007; Am. Ord. 4057, passed - - 2008; Am. Ord. 4136, passed --2011)