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The following words and phrases when used in this title shall, for the purpose of this title, have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section unless the context in which they appear indicates differently:
HIGHWAYS, RESTRICTED DISTRICTS, ZONES:
Arterial Street: Any U.S. or state numbered route, controlled access highway, or other major radial or circumferential street or highway designated by local authorities within their respective jurisdictions as part of a major arterial system of streets or highways.
Business District: The territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any six hundred feet (600') along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks, or office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet (300') of frontage on one side or three hundred feet (300') collectively on both sides of the highway.
Controlled Access Highway: Every highway, street, or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street, or roadway.
Crosswalk: A. That part of the roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalk on opposite sides of the highways measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway.
B. Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
Intersection: The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two (2) highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
Laned Roadway: A roadway which is divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
Official Traffic Control Devices: All signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this title placed or erected by authority of the city for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
Park: When prohibited, means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading.
Private Road Or Driveway: Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel only by the owner or by those having express or implied permission from the owner.
Railroad Sign Or Signal: Any sign, signal or device erected by authority of the city or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of a railroad train, railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
Residence District: The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet (300') or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
Right Of Way: The privilege of the immediate use of the highway.
Roadway: That portion of a highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. In the event a highway includes two (2) or more separate roadways, the term "roadway" as used herein shall refer to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively.
Safety Zone: The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
Sidewalk: That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians.
Stop: When required means complete cessation from movement.
Stop, Stopping Or Standing: When prohibited, means any stopping or standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic control sign or signal.
Street Or Highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
Through Highway: Every highway or portion thereof at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same, and when stop signs are erected at such entrances.
Traffic: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purpose of travel.
Traffic Control Signal: Any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
Urban District: The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business or industry, or where dwelling houses are situated at intervals of less than one hundred feet (100') for a distance of one-fourth (1/4) mile or more.
PERSONS, INDIVIDUALS AND OTHERS:
Driver: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
Owner: A person who holds the legal title to a vehicle, or in the event a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee, or in the event a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then such conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner for the purpose of this title.
Pedestrian: Any person afoot.
Person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association or corporation.
Police Officer: Every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violation of traffic regulations.
VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT:
Authorized Emergency Vehicle: Vehicles of the fire department, police vehicles and such ambulances and emergency vehicles of municipal departments or public service corporations as are designated or authorized by the director of law enforcement of the state of Idaho or by the chief of police of the city.
Bicycle: Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels either of which is more than twenty inches (20") in diameter.
Bus: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten (10) passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
Farm Tractor: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines and other implements of husbandry.
Motor Driven Cycle: Every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five (5) horsepower, and every bicycle with motor attached.
Motor Vehicle: Every vehicle which is self-propelled.
Motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
Pole Trailer: Every vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach, or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle, and ordinarily used for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, pipes or structural members capable, generally, of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections.
Railroad: A carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than streetcars, operated upon stationary rails.
Railroad Train: A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.
Road Tractor: Every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.
School Bus: Every motor vehicle owned by a public or governmental agency and operated for the transportation of children to or from school or privately owned and operated for compensation for the transportation of children to or from school.
Semitrailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.
Trailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that part of the weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
Truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.
Truck-Tractor: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.
Vehicle: Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway or street, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. (1960 Code, Secs. 7-101, 7-102, 7-103, 7-104; amd. 1977 Code)