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(A) Purpose and intent. The purpose and intent of the regulations established herein is to ensure that access to a development site from adjacent vehicular rights-of-way are designed so as to interfere as little as possible with traffic flow on these rights-of-way, permit vehicles a rapid and safe ingress and egress to the site and ensure the provision of an adequate number of parking spaces. Pedestrian and vehicular traffic movement within the development site, with particular emphasis on the provision and layout of parking areas, off-street loading and unloading facilities and on-site driveway patterns shall be reviewed to ensure that all parking spaces are usable, safe and conveniently arranged, and that the site is efficiently designed.
(B) Plan of development submittal requirements. Every plan of development shall include a parking and loading design plan. The design plan shall include the:
(1) Location and width of existing and proposed streets, entrances and exits servicing the site, including the type of pavement;
(2) Location of all off-street parking areas and off-street loading facilities, showing the number, location, and dimensions of parking spaces, loading areas, curb stops, bumpers, traffic aisles, traffic patterns, curb radii, and type of pavement and curbs with construction details; and
(3) Location of existing and proposed curbs, sidewalks, bike paths, bike storage areas, and the like.
(C) Off-street parking requirements.
(1) Minimum number of spaces.
(a) Generally. The minimum number of off-street parking spaces proposed with proper access from a public right-of-way or driveway shall be included in the plan of development for all uses. The plan-approving authority shall be guided by the number of persons to be employed in said building or by the use; the number of persons expected to reside in, visit, or patronize the building or use, and the need for safe and convenient loading space for visitors, patrons, and goods.
(b) Shared parking. The required parking space for any number of separate uses may be combined in one facility. The number of spaces required in such a shared facility shall be determined by the plan-approving authority after review of a parking study submitted by the applicant.
(2) Size of spaces. Parking spaces shall be sized in accordance with generally accepted standards.
(3) Design of parking spaces for the physically handicapped. Parking spaces for the physically handicapped shall be designed in accordance with the most current federal and/or state requirements.
(4) Arrangement and marking of parking spaces.
(a) All off-street parking areas shall be arranged and marked to provide for orderly and safe loading, unloading, parking, and storage of vehicles. Directional arrows and traffic signs shall be provided for traffic control. Individual parking spaces shall be clearly defined.
(b) All off-street parking shall be designed so that vehicles can turn around on-site and enter the public right-of-way or vehicular travelways in such a manner as to completely eliminate the necessity of backing into the street.
(D) Driveways; design.
(1) All entrance and exit driveways shall conform to the requirements of the State Department of Transportation in order to afford maximum safety to traffic, provide for safe and convenient ingress and egress to and from the site, and to minimize conflict with the flow of traffic.
(2) The dimensions of driveways shall be designed to adequately accommodate the volume and character of vehicles anticipated to be attracted daily.
(1) Location and design. In addition to all required parking spaces and driveways, pedestrian sidewalks shall be provided in off-street parking areas for pedestrian safety. Sidewalks shall be protected from vehicular encroachment by wheel stops, curbs, or other methods approved by the plan-approving authority. Sidewalks shall be a minimum width of four feet. Parked vehicles shall not overhang or extend over sidewalk areas, unless an additional sidewalk width of three feet is provided to accommodate such overhang.
(2) Separation of sidewalk areas from parking spaces. All parking spaces shall be separated from sidewalks, roads, and landscaped areas by wheel stops, curbs, or other method approved by the plan-approving authority.
(F) Off-street loading; applicability. Whenever the normal operation of any development requires that goods, merchandise, or equipment be routinely delivered to or shipped from that development, sufficient off-street loading and unloading areas must be provided.
(G) Bicycle parking. When there is a reasonable expectation that a proposed development will be accessed by bicycle traffic, bicycle parking facilities shall be provided in an amount sufficient to accommodate anticipated use.
(H) Surfacing requirements for off-street parking and loading facilities; paving standards. All off-street parking and loading areas shall be constructed and maintained with an all-weather impervious material unlikely to cause substantial maintenance problems. Surface areas shall be properly graded and be composed of asphalt, concrete, or other material approved by the plan-approving authority, including porous paving.
(I) Maintenance of off-street parking and loading areas.
(1) Maintenance requirements. Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public or private off-street parking or loading area shall be maintained in good condition, free of hazards and deterioration. All pavement areas, sidewalks, curbs, drainage facilities, lighting, bumpers, guardrails, markings, signs, bicycle parking devices, landscaping, and other improvements shall be maintained in workable, safe, and good condition.
(2) Repairs by the county authorized. The Land Use Administrator may authorize repairs for such improvements if, after proper notice, the owner fails to maintain such improvements and such conditions constitute a hazard to health and safety. The imposition of a lien shall be applied to the subject property and shall be enforced and collected by the county.
(Ord. passed 11-9-1995) Penalty, see § 157.999