(A)   Purpose. It is the purpose of this chapter to regulate sexually-oriented businesses in order to promote the health, safety, morals and general welfare of the citizens of the village, and to establish reasonable and uniform regulations to prevent the deleterious location and concentration of sexually- oriented business within the village. The provisions of this chapter have neither the purpose nor effect of imposing a limitation or restriction on the content of any communicative materials, including sexually- oriented materials. Similarly, it is not the intent nor effect of this chapter to restrict or deny access by adults to sexually-oriented materials protected by the First Amendment, or to deny access by the distributors and exhibitors of sexually-oriented entertainment to their intended market. Neither is it the intent nor effect of this chapter to condone or legitimize the distribution of obscene material.
   (B)   Findings. Based on evidence concerning the adverse secondary effects of adult uses on the community presented in hearings and in reports made available to the Board, and on findings incorporated in the cases of City of Renton vs. Playtime Theatres, Inc., 475 U.S. 41 (1986), Young v. American Mini Theatres, 426 U.S. 50 (1976), Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc., 501 U.S. 560 (1991), and Excalibur Group, Inc. v. City of Minneapolis, 116 F. 3d 1216 (CA8 1997) and on studies in other communities including, but not limited to, Phoenix, Arizona; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Houston, Texas; Indianapolis, Indiana; Amarillo, Texas; Garden Grove, California; Los Angeles, California; Whittier, California; Austin, Texas; Seattle, Washington; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Cleveland, Ohio; and Beaumont, Texas; and also on finding from the Report of the Attorney General’s Working Group on the Regulation of Sexually-Oriented Businesses, (June 6, 1989, State of Minnesota), the village finds:
      (1)   Sexually-oriented businesses lend themselves to ancillary unlawful and unhealthy activities that are presently uncontrolled by the operators of the establishments. Further, there is presently no mechanism to make the owners of these establishments responsible for the activities that occur on their premises.
      (2)   Certain employees of sexually-oriented businesses defined in this chapter as adult theaters and cabarets engage in higher incidence of certain types of illicit sexual behavior than employees of other establishments.
      (3)   Sexual acts, including masturbation, and oral and anal sex, occur at sexually-oriented businesses, especially those which provide private or semi-private booths or cubicles for viewing films, videos or live sex shows.
      (4)   Offering and providing such space encourages such activities, which creates unhealthy conditions.
      (5)   Persons frequent certain adult theaters, adult arcades and other sexually-oriented businesses for the purpose of engaging in sex within the premises of such sexually-oriented businesses.
      (6)   At least 50 communicable diseases may be spread by activities occurring in sexually- oriented businesses, including, but not limited to, syphilis, gonorrhea, human immunodeficiency virus-infection (HIV-AIDS), genital herpes, hepatitis B, Non A, Non B amebiasis, salmonella infections and shigella infections.
      (7)   Since 1981 and to the present, there has been an increasing cumulative number of reported cases of AIDS caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States.
      (8)   The surgeon general of the United States in his or her report of October 22, 1986, has advised the American public that AIDS and HIV infection may be transmitted through sexual contact, intravenous drug abuse, exposure to infected blood and blood components and from an infected mother to her newborn.
      (9)   According to the best scientific evidence, AIDS and HIV infection, as well as syphilis and gonorrhea, are principally transmitted by sexual acts.
      (10)   Sanitary conditions in some sexually-oriented businesses are unhealthy, in part, because the activities conducted there are unhealthy, and, in part, because of the unregulated nature of the activities and the failure of the owners and the operators of the facilities to self-regulate those activities and maintain those facilities.
      (11)   Numerous studies and reports have determined that semen is found in the areas of sexually oriented businesses where persons view “adult”-oriented films.
      (12)   The findings noted in subsections (1) through (11) raise substantial governmental concerns.
      (13)   Sexually-oriented businesses have operational characteristics which should be reasonably regulated in order to protect those substantial governmental concerns.
      (14)   A reasonable licensing procedure is an appropriate mechanism to place the burden of that reasonable regulation on the owners and the operators of the sexually-oriented businesses. Further, such a licensing procedure will place a heretofore nonexistent incentive on the operators to see that the sexually-oriented business is run in a manner consistent with the health, safety and welfare of its patrons and employees, as well as the citizens of the village. It is appropriate to require reasonable assurances that the licensee is the actual operator of the sexually-oriented business, fully in possession and control of the premises and activities occurring therein.
      (15)   Prohibiting of doors on adult booths and requiring sufficient lighting on premises with adult booths advances a substantial governmental interest in curbing the illegal and unsanitary sexual activity occurring in adult theaters.
      (16)   Requiring licensees of sexually-oriented businesses to keep information regarding current employees and certain past employees will help reduce the incidence of certain types of criminal behavior by facilitating the identification of potential witnesses or suspects and by preventing minors from working in such establishments.
      (17)   The disclosure of certain information by those persons ultimately responsible for the day-to-day operations and maintenance of the sexually-oriented business, where such information is substantially related to the significant government interest in the operation of such uses, will aid in preventing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
      (18)   It is desirable in the prevention of the spread of communicable diseases to obtain a limited amount of information regarding certain employees who may engage in the conduct which this chapter is designed to prevent or who are likely to be witnesses to such activity.
      (19)   The fact that an applicant for an adult use license has been convicted of a sexually related crime leads to the rational assumption that the applicant may engage in that conduct in contravention of this chapter.
      (20)   The barring of such individuals from the management of adult uses for a period of years serves as a deterrent to and prevents conduct which leads to the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.
      (21)   There are certain operational characteristics of sexually-oriented businesses that have adverse secondary effects (noted herein) on communities, including but not limited to the advertisement of sexually-oriented business through the use of large signs, which contribute to the blighting and/or downgrading of surrounding property.
      (22)   The general welfare, health, morals and safety of the citizens of the village will be promoted by the enactment of this chapter.
(Ord. 06-381, passed 12-4-2006)