1135.03  REQUIRED OPEN SPACE.
   (a)   Minimum Open Space for Yards.  No lot shall be so reduced that any of the open spaces are smaller than prescribed in this Zoning Code.  No yard or other open space required for a building shall, during the life of such building, be occupied by or counted as open space for another building on the same or adjoining lot.  Where there are two or more buildings used for dwelling purposes on the same lot, there shall be provided around each building not less than the required minimum yard spaces as if each building were located on a separate lot.
   (b)   Front Yards in Areas Predominantly Occupied by Residences.  In any Business or Industrial District where a building is, or is to be, located on a lot in an area predominantly occupied by residences, such building shall not be erected, enlarged or extended nearer to the street than the existing building line, which is hereby defined for the purposes of this subsection as the average distance of the buildings from the right of way of the street on the same side of the street for a distance of two occupied lots from each side of the subject lot.  The term "area predominately occupied by residences" shall be construed to be an area within the same block and having dwellings upon more than fifty percent (50%) of the occupied lots.
   (c)   Side Yards Next to Lots Occupied by Residences.  In any Business District, no building shall be erected, enlarged or extended so as to project nearer to the lot line of a lot occupied by a residence than the minimum distance prescribed for the nearest Residence District, nor shall such building be located nearer to a residence on an adjoining lot than the minimum distance prescribed for the nearest Residence District.  Where the residence on the adjacent lot is nearer to the lot line than the minimum distance prescribed for the nearest Residence District, the required distance between the residence and the subject building may be reduced accordingly by permission of the City Planning Commission after holding a public hearing.
   (d)   Required Off-Street Vehicular Parking and Loading Spaces.  No building or structure shall be erected, constructed, reconstructed, altered, converted, enlarged or extended except where, in addition to other requirements of this Zoning Code, there is provided at the time of such erection or other work off-street parking space (or garage space) and off-street loading space for automobiles and vehicles as required in this subsection, as follows:
      (1)   Required automobile and vehicular parking spaces.
         A.   Required off-street parking space per dwelling in Residence A and Residence AA Districts:  one parking space per dwelling unit.
         B.   Required off-street parking space per dwelling in Residence B Districts:
 
            Single-family dwelling   -   one parking space.
            Two-family dwelling      -   two parking spaces.
            Other dwelling      -   two parking spaces per
                        three families or apart-
                        ment units or fraction
                        thereof.
 
            Such spaces shall be provided on the same lot with the dwelling.
         C.   Required off-street parking space per dwelling in Residence C Districts:
 
            Single-family dwelling   -   one parking space.
            Two-family dwelling   -   two parking spaces.
            Other dwelling   -   two parking spaces per
                        four families or apart-
                        ments units or fraction
                        thereof.
            Such spaces shall be provided on the same lot with the dwelling or within 400 feet thereof.
         D.   Required off-street parking space in Residence Districts for other purposes:
 
            Tourist home      -   one parking space per
                        four beds.
            Leasing of rooms or
            taking of boarders as
            permitted in a Residence
            District      -   one parking space per
                        four beds; one parking
                        space per four boarders.
            Community building,
            club or nonprofit
            association      -   one parking space per
                        eight seats.
            Hospital      -   one parking space per
                        four beds.
            Church, meeting place
            such as permitted in a
            Residence District   -   one parking space per
                        ten seats.
            Nonconforming business
            establishment      -   one parking space per
                        100 square feet of floor
                        space.
 
         Such spaces shall be provided on the same lot with the building.
         E.   Required off-street parking space in Business AA Districts:
 
            Single-family dwelling -   one parking space.
            Two-family dwelling   -   two parking spaces.
            Other dwelling   -   two parking spaces per
                        three families or apart-
                        ment units or fraction
                        thereof.
            Leasing of rooms or
            taking of boarders as
            permitted in a Residence
            District      -   one parking space per
                        four beds; one parking
                        space per four boarders.
            Community building
            club or nonprofit
            association      -   one parking space per
                        eight seats.
            Hospital; tourist
            home         -   one parking space per
                        four beds.
            Retail establishment   -   one parking space per
                        200 square feet of floor
                        space but one parking
                        space per 100 square
                        feet of floor space
                        where food or
                        beverages are served.
      
            Such spaces shall be provided on the same lot with the building.
         F.   Required off-street parking space in other business districts:  the provisions for subsections C. and D. above shall apply but such spaces may be provided within 400 feet of any nonresidential establishment.
 
            Bowling alley      -   two parking space for
                        each alley.
            Drive-in businesses in
            which persons are served
            in cars shall provide
            adequate off-street park-
            ing spaces.
            Funeral home or
            mortuary      -   six parking spaces.
            Theater, meeting hall   -   one parking space per
                        ten seats.
            Employees parking   -   one parking space per
                        twelve employees.
            Auditorium, gymnasium,
            stadium, church   -   one parking space per
                        ten seats.
 
            (A church shall be allowed joint parking with any building not normally open, used or operated during the principal operating hours of such church, provided a legal instrument executed by the parties concerned is submitted to the Building Officer.)
 
            Hotel, apartment hotel,
            club house or any similar
            establishment; tourist
            home         -   one parking space per
                        four beds.
            Dancing, exhibition,
            labor temple, lodge hall,
            skating rink or other
            assembly hall.      -   one parking space per
                        120 square feet of
                        floor area.
            Bank, clinic, business
            or professional office,
            welfare institution or
            any other similar use or
            establishment      -   one parking space per
                        400 square feet of
                        floor area.
            Hospital, convalescent
            home or any other
            similar use      -   one parking space per
                        four beds.
            Any eating or drinking
            establishment or any
            similar use      -   One parking space per 200
                        square feet of floor area.
            Any retail store, except
            a food market      -   one parking space per
                        600 square feet of
                        floor area.
 
            Any food market
            establishment or any
            similar use with a gross
            floor area of less than
            2,500 square feet   -   one parking space per
                        250 square feet of
                        floor area.
            Same with gross floor
            area in excess of 2,500
            square feet:
            For the first 2,500 square
            feet         -   ten parking spaces.
            For each additional 100
            square feet      -   one parking space.
            Any manufacturing, process-
            ing or other use as
            permitted within the
            district of a similar
            nature         -   one parking space per
                        500 square feet of
                        floor area.
            Wholesaling, warehouse
            or storage building   -   one parking space per
                        500 square feet of
                        floor area.
            Laundromat, launderette,
            washerette, washeteria,
            self-service laundry or
            similar use      -   one parking space per
                        two washing machines.
            Motel, tourist court or
            similar use      -   one parking space per
                        living or sleeping unit.
            Gasoline, oil or lubri-
            cating service station,
            motor vehicle service or
            repair establishment   -   one parking space per
                        1,000 square feet of
                        gross plot area.
            Automobile washing or
            cleaning establishment
            or similar use      -   one parking space per
                        600 square feet of
                        floor area
            Trailer camp or park as
            permitted in the
            district         -   space on same tract for
                        one car per trailer
                        plus the trailer.
            Such spaces shall be provided on the same lot with building or within 800 feet thereof.
         G.   Required off-street parking space in Industrial Districts:
            The provisions for subsections D., E. and F. above shall apply but such spaces may be provided within not more than 800 feet of the subject building.
   For purposes of this section, one parking space shall be construed to mean not less than 150 square feet of space of such shape and accessibility as to be usable for parking and storage of one automobile or vehicle with means of ingress and egress from and to the street system.  (See also subsection (d)(3) D. hereof.)
      (2)   Required loading space, off-street.  There shall hereafter be provided at the time of the erection of any main building or structure, or at the time any main building or structure is enlarged or increased by major structural alterations equal to more than fifty percent (50%) of the capacity of the original building or structure, in any district, permanently maintained off-street loading space for the following uses:
         For every hospital, institution, hotel, commercial or manufacturing building or use which has a lot area of 7,500 square feet or more and abuts upon a street and alley or upon two or more streets, there shall be provided one permanently maintained off-street loading space of not less than ten feet in width, twenty-five feet in length and fourteen feet in height for each 7,500 square feet or fraction thereof of lot area upon which such building or use of land is located.
      (3)   General requirements.
         A.   All ingress and egress to off-street parking space and off-street loading space shall be made through driveway cuts or openings of not more than twenty-four feet in width.  Where more than one driveway is provided, there shall be a safety island between driveways of not less than ten feet in width.  No driveway opening shall be located within less than ten feet of the intersection of any two street property lines.
         B.   All off-street parking space and off-street loading space shall be properly maintained in such a manner as to permit them to be used at all times.
         C.   Any required interior side yard or rear yard in any district may be used for off-street parking space and off-street loading space, but this requirement shall not be construed to permit construction of garages or other accessory buildings within fifteen feet of any dwelling.  An exception to this rule is the case where a garage is part of a residence.
         D.   In a Business B or Industrial District, where a group of owners or their lessees have entered into a joint arrangement and submitted an executed legal instrument therefor with the Building Officer for the use of a parcel or tract jointly for off-street parking and where, in the opinion of the City Planning Commission, such joint arrangement is an adequate substitute for the enforcement of the requirements of subsection (d)(1) F. hereof, then such owners and/or lessees may operate such joint off-street parking facility in lieu of each owner or lessee being required to comply separately with subsection (d)(1) F. hereof.
            (Ord. 1952-98.  Passed 12-17-52.)