§ 152.44  COASTAL HIGH HAZARD AREAS.
   Located within the areas of special flood hazard established in § 152.07 are areas designated as Coastal High Hazard Areas (Zones V1-30, VE and/or V). These areas have special flood hazards associated with high velocity waters from tidal surges and hurricane wave wash; therefore, in addition to meeting all provisions outlined in this chapter, the following provisions must also apply:
   (A)   Obtain the elevation (in relation to mean seal level) of the bottom of the lowest structural member of the lowest floor (excluding pilings and columns) of all new and substantially improved structures, and whether or not the structures contain a basement. The Floodplain Administrator shall maintain a record of all information;
   (B)   All new construction shall be located landward of the reach of mean high tide;
   (C)   All new construction and substantial improvements shall be elevated on pilings and columns so that:
      (1)   The bottom of the lowest horizontal structural member of the lowest floor (excluding the pilings or columns) is elevated to or above the base flood level; and
      (2)   The pile or column foundation and structure attached thereto is anchored to resist flotation, collapse and lateral movement due to the effects of wind and water loads acting simultaneously on all building components. Water loading values used shall be those associated with the base flood. Wind loading values used shall be those required by applicable state or local building standards. A registered professional engineer or architect shall develop or review the structural design, specifications and plans for the construction, and shall certify that the design and methods of construction to be used are in accordance with accepted standards of practice for meeting the provisions of divisions (C)(1) and (C)(2) of this section.
   (D)   (1)   Provide that all new construction and substantial improvements have the space below the lowest floor either free of obstruction or constructed with non-supporting breakaway walls, open wood lattice-work or insect screening intended to collapse under wind and water loads without causing collapse, displacement or other structural damage to the elevated portion of the building or supporting foundation system.
      (2)   For the purpose of this section, a breakaway wall shall have a design safe loading resistance of not less than ten and no more than 20 pounds per square foot. Use of breakaway walls which exceed a design safe loading resistance of 20 pounds per square foot (either by design or when so required by local or state codes) may be permitted only if a registered professional engineer or architect certifies that the designs proposed meet the following conditions:
         (a)   Breakaway wall collapse shall result from a water load less than that which would occur during the base flood; and
         (b)   The elevated portion of the building and supporting foundation system shall not be subject to collapse, displacement or other structural damage due to the effects of wind and water loads acting simultaneously on all building components (structural and nonstructural). Water loading values used shall be those associated with the base flood. Wind loading values used shall be those required by applicable state or local building standards. The enclosed space shall be useable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage. The space shall not be used for human habitation.
   (E)   Prohibit the use of fill or structural support of buildings;
   (F)   Prohibit man-made alteration of sand dunes and mangrove stands which increase potential flood damage;
   (G)   Manufactured homes.  Require that manufactured homes placed or substantially improved within Zone V1-30, V and VE on the community’s FIRM on sites:
      (1)   Outside of a manufactured home park or subdivision;
      (2)   In a new manufactured home park or subdivision;
      (3)   In an expansion to an existing manufactured home park or subdivision; or
      (4)   In an existing manufactured home park or subdivision on which a manufactured home has incurred substantial damage as the result of a flood, meet the standards of divisions (A) through (F) of this section and that manufactured homes placed or substantially improved on other sites in an existing manufactured home park or subdivision within Zones V1-30, V and VE on the community’s FIRM meet the requirements of § 152.41(D) of this chapter.
   (H)   Recreational vehicles.
      (1)   Require that recreational vehicles placed on sites within Zones V1-30, V and VE on the community’s FIRM either:
         (a)   Be on the site for fewer than 180 consecutive days;
         (b)   Be fully licensed and ready for highway use; or
         (c)   Meet the requirements in § 152.08 of this chapter and divisions (A) through (F) of this section.
      (2)   A recreational vehicle is ready for highway use if it is on its wheels or jacking system, is attached to the site only by quick disconnect type utilities and security devices, and has no permanently attached additions.
(Ord. 593, passed 4-27-1999)