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(1) Disproportionate effect means situations of concern where there exists significantly higher and more adverse health and environmental effects on minority populations or low-income populations.
(2) Environmental benefit includes, but is not limited to, access to grants, subsidies, loans and other financial assistance relating to energy efficiency or environmental projects; access to open space, green infrastructure and, where relevant, access to waterfronts; and the implementation of environmental initiatives, including climate resilience measures.
(3) Environmental justice means the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all persons, regardless of race, color, national origin or income level, with respect to the development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, policies and activities and with respect to the distribution of environmental benefits. Fair treatment means that no group of people, including a racial, ethnic or socioeconomic group, should (i) bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental consequences resulting from industrial, municipal and commercial operations or the execution of federal, state or local programs and policies; or (ii) receive an inequitably low share of environmental benefits.
(4) Environmental justice area means a low-income community located in the city or a minority community located in the city.