1048.07  RULES AND REGULATIONS.
   The following rules and regulations pertaining to cross-connection control shall be implemented by the Village of Palos Park:
   (a)   General Policy.
      (1)   Purpose. The purposes of these rules and regulations are:
         A.   To protect the public water supply system from contamination or pollution by isolating, within the customer's water system, contaminants or pollutants which could backflow through the service connection into the public water supply system.
         B.   To promote the elimination or control of existing cross-connections, actual or potential, between the public or the consumer's potable water system and non-potable water systems, plumbing fixtures and sources or systems containing substances of unknown or questionable safety.
         C.   To provide for the maintenance of a continuing program of cross-connection control which will prevent the contamination or pollution of the public and the consumer's potable water systems.
      (2)   Application.  These rules and regulations shall apply to all premises served by the public potable water supply system of the Village of Palos Park.
      (3)   Policy.  The owner or official custodian shall be responsible for protection of the public water supply system from contamination due to backflow or back-siphonage of contaminants through the customer's water service connection. If, in the judgment of the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water or his or her authorized representative, an approved backflow prevention device is necessary for the safety of the public water supply system, the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water shall give notice to the consumer to install such an approved backflow prevention device at each service connection to the premises. The consumer shall immediately install such an approved device or devices at his or her own expense.  Failure, refusal or inability on the part of the consumer to install such a device or devices immediately shall constitute grounds for discontinuing water service to the premises until such device or devices have been installed. The consumer shall retain records of installation, maintenance, testing and repair as required in subsection (f) hereof for a period of at least five years. The Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water may require the consumer to submit a cross-connection inspection report to the Village of Palos Park to assist in determining whether or not service line protection will be required. All cross-connection inspections shall be conducted by a cross-connection control device inspector (CCCDI) certified by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
   (b)   Definitions.  The following definitions shall apply in the interpretation and enforcement of these regulations:
      (1)   Agency means the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
      (2)   Approved means backflow prevention devices or methods approved by the Research Foundation for Cross-Connection Control of the University of Southern California, the Association of State Sanitary Engineers, American Water Works Association or the American National Standards Institute or certified by the National Sanitation Foundation.
      (3)   Auxiliary water system means any water source or system on or available to the premises other than the public water supply system and includes the water supplied by the system. These auxiliary waters may include water from another purveyor's public water supply system or water from a source such as wells, lakes, streams or process fluids, or used water. These waters may be polluted, contaminated, objectionable or constitute a water source or system over which the water purveyor does not have control.
      (4)   Backflow means the flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distribution pipes of a potable water system from any source other than the intended source of the potable water supply.
      (5)   Backflow prevention device means any device, method or type of construction intended to prevent backflow into a potable water system. All devices used for backflow prevention in Illinois must meet the standards of the Illinois Plumbing Code and the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
      (6)   Consumer or customer means the owner, official custodian or person in control of any premises supplied by or in any manner connected to a public water system.
      (7)   Consumer's water system means any water system located on the customer's premises. A building plumbing system is considered to be a customer's water system.
      (8)   Contamination means an impairment of the quality of the water by the entrance of any substance to a degree which could create a health hazard.
      (9)   Cross-connection means any physical connection or arrangement between two otherwise separate piping systems, one of which contains potable water and the other a substance of unknown or questionable safety or quality, whereby there may be a flow from one system into the other. "Direct cross-connection" means a cross-connection formed when a water system is physically joined to a source of unknown or unsafe substance. "Indirect cross-connection" means a cross-connection through which an unknown substance can be forced, drawn by vacuum or otherwise introduced into a safe potable water system. 
      (10)   Double check valve assembly means an assembly composed of single, independently acting check valves approved under ASSE Standard 1015. A double check valve assembly must include tight shut-off valves located at each end of the assembly and suitable connections for testing the water-tightness of each check valve.
      (11)   Fixed proper air gap means the unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the water discharge point and the flood level rim of the receptacle.
      (12)   Health hazard means any condition, device or practice in a water system or its operation resulting from a real or potential danger to the health and we11-being of consumers. The word "severe," as used to qualify "health hazard," means a hazard to the health of the user that could be expected to result in death or significant reduction in the quality of life.
      (13)   Inspection means a plumbing inspection to examine carefully and critically all materials, fixtures, piping and appurtenances, appliances and installations of a plumbing system for compliance with requirements of the Illinois Plumbing Code, 77 Ill. Adm. Code 890.
      (14)   Non-potable water means water not safe for drinking, personal or culinary use as determined by the requirements of 35 Ill. Adm. Code 604.
      (15)   Plumbing means the actual installation, repair, maintenance, alteration or extension of a plumbing system by any person. Plumbing includes all piping, fixtures, appurtenances and appliances for a supply of water for all purposes, including, without limitation, lawn sprinkler systems, from the source of a private water supply on the premises or from the main in the street or alley or at the curb to, within and about any building or buildings where persons live, work or assemble.  Plumbing includes all piping, from discharge of pumping units to and including pressure tanks, in water supply systems. Plumbing includes all piping, fixtures, appurtenances and appliances for a building drain and a sanitary drainage and related ventilation system of any building where persons live, work or assemble, from the point of connection of such building drain to the building sewer or private sewage disposal system five feet beyond the foundation walls.
      (16)   Pollution means the presence of any foreign substance (organic, inorganic, radiological or biological) in water that tends to degrade its quality so as to constitute a hazard or impair the usefulness of the water.
      (17)   Potable water means water which meets the requirements of 35 Ill. Adm. Code 604 for drinking, culinary and domestic purposes.
      (18)   Potential cross-connection means a fixture or appurtenance with a threaded hose connection, tapered spout or other connection which would facilitate extension of the water supply line beyond its legal termination point.
      (19)   Process fluid means any fluid or solution which may be chemically, biologically or otherwise contaminated or polluted in a form or concentration such as would constitute a health, pollutional or system hazard if introduced into the public or a consumer's potable water system. The term "process fluid" includes, but is not limited to:
         A.   Polluted or contaminated waters;
         B.   Process waters;
         C.   Used waters originating from the public water supply system which may have deteriorated in sanitary quality;
         D.   Cooling waters;
         E.   Questionable or contaminated natural waters taken from wells, lakes, streams or irrigation systems;
         F.   Chemicals in solution or suspension;
         G.   Oils, gases, acids, alkalis and other liquid and gaseous fluids used in industrial or other processes or for fire-fighting purposes.
      (20)   Public water supply means all mains, pipes and structures through which water is obtained and distributed to the public, including wells and well structures, intakes and cribs, pumping stations, treatment plants, reservoirs, storage tanks and appurtenances, collectively or severally, actually used or intended for use for the purpose of furnishing water for drinking or general domestic use and which serve at least fifteen service connections or which regularly serve at least twenty-five persons at least sixty days per year. A public water supply is either a "community water supply" or a "non-community water supply".
      (21)   Reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device means a device containing a minimum of two independently acting check valves together with an automatically operated pressure differential relief valve located between the two check valves and approved under ASSE Standard 1013. During normal flow and at the cessation of normal flow, the pressure between these two checks shall be less than the supply pressure. In case of leakage of either check valve, the differential relief valve, by discharging to the atmosphere, shall operate to maintain the pressure between the check valves at less than the supply pressure. The unit must include tightly closing shut-off valves located at each end of the device, and each device shall be fitted with properly located test cocks.
      (22)   Service connection means the opening, including all fittings and appurtenances, at the water main through which water is supplied to the user.
      (23)   Survey means the collection of information pertaining to a customer's piping system regarding the location of all connections to the public water supply system.  Such survey must include the location, type and most recent inspection and testing date of all cross-connection control devices and methods located within that customer's piping system. The survey must be in written form and should not be an actual plumbing inspection.
      (24)   System hazard means a condition through which an aesthetically objectionable or degrading material not dangerous to health may enter the public water supply system or a consumer's potable water system.
      (25)   Used water means any water supplied by a public water supply system to a consumer's water system after it has passed through the service connection and is no longer under the control of the water supply official custodian.
      (26)   Water purveyor means the owner or official custodian of a public water system.
   (c)   Water System.
      (1)   The water system shall be considered as made up of two parts: the public water supply system and the consumer's water system.
      (2)   The public water supply system shall consist of the source facilities and the distribution system, and shall include all those facilities of the potable water system under the control of the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water up to the point where the consumer's water system begins.
      (3)   The source shall include all components of the facilities utilized in the production, treatment, storage and delivery of water to the public water supply distribution system.
      (4)   The public water supply distribution system shall include the network of conduits used to deliver water from the source to the consumer's water system.
      (5)   The consumer's water system shall include all parts of the facilities beyond the service connection used to convey water from the public water supply distribution system to points of use.
   (d)   Cross-Connection Prohibited.
      (1)   Connections between potable water systems and other systems or equipment containing water or other substances of unknown or questionable quality are prohibited except when and where approved cross-connection control devices or methods are installed, tested and maintained to ensure proper operation on a continuing basis.
      (2)   No physical connection shall be permitted between the potable portion of a supply and any other water supply not of equal or better bacteriological and chemical quality as determined by inspection and analysis by the Agency.
      (3)   There shall be no arrangement or connection by which an unsafe substance may enter a supply.
   (e)   Surveys and Investigations.
      (1)   The consumer's premises shall be open at all reasonable times to the approved CCCDI for inspection of the presence or absence of cross-connections within the consumer's premises, and for testing, repair and maintenance of cross-connection control devices within the consumer's premises.
      (2)   On request by the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water or his or her authorized representative, the consumer shall furnish information regarding the piping system or systems or water use within the customer's premises. The consumer's premises shall be open at all reasonable times to the Commissioner of Buildings/ Superintendent of Water for the verification of information submitted by the consumer to the public water supply custodian regarding cross-connection inspection results.
      (3)   It shall be the responsibility of the water consumer to arrange periodic surveys of water use practices on his or her premises to determine whether there are actual or potential cross-connections to his or her water system through which contaminants or pollutants could backflow into his or her or the public potable water system. All cross-connection control or other plumbing inspections must be conducted in accordance with Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, Ch. 111, par. 1103(1).
      (4)   It is the responsibility of the water consumer to prevent backflow into the public water system by ensuring that:
         A.   All cross-connections shall be removed, or approved cross-connection control devices shall be installed for control of backflow and back-siphonage.
         B.   Cross-connection control devices shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
         C.   Cross-connection control devices shall be inspected at the time of installation and at least annually by a person approved by the Agency as a CCCDI. The inspection of mechanical devices shall include physical testing in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
   (f)   Testing and Records.
      (1)   Each device shall be tested at the time of installation and at least annually or more frequently if recommended by the manufacturer.
      (2)   Records submitted to the Village public water supply shall be available for inspection by Agency personnel in accordance with Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1004(e).  Records in summary form shall satisfy this requirement.
      (3)   Each device shall have a tag attached listing the date of the most recent test, the name of the CCCDI and the type and date of repairs.
      (4)   A maintenance log shall be maintained, which shall include:
         A.   The date of each test;
         B.   The name and approval number of the person performing the test;
         C.   Test results;
         D.   Repairs or servicing required;
         E.   Repairs and the date completed; and
         F.   Servicing performed and the date completed.
   (g)   Where Protection Is Required.
      (1)   An approved backflow device shall be installed on all connections to the public water supply as described in the Plumbing Code, 77 Ill. Adm. Code 890, and the Agency's regulations, 35 Ill. Adm. Code 680. In addition, an approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer's water system serving premises where, in the judgment of the Commissioner of Buildings/ Superintendent of Water, actual or potential hazards to the public water supply system exist.
      (2)   An approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer's water system serving premises where the following conditions exist:
         A.   Premises having an auxiliary water supply, unless such auxiliary supply is accepted as an additional source by the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water and the source is approved by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
         B.   Premises on which any substance is handled which can create an actual or potential hazard to the public water supply system. This shall include premises having sources or systems containing process fluids or waters originating from the public water supply system which are no longer under the sanitary control of the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water.
         C.   Premises having internal cross-connections that, in the judgment of the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water and/or the CCCDI, are not correctable, or intricate plumbing arrangements which make it impractical to determine whether or not cross-connections exist.
         D.   Premises where, because of security requirements or other prohibitions or restrictions, it is impossible or impractical to make a complete cross-connection survey.
         E.   Premises having a repeated history of cross-connections being established or re-established.
      (3)   An approved backflow device shall be installed on all connections to the public water supply as described in the Plumbing Code, 77 Ill. Adm. Code 890, and the Agency's regulations, 35 Ill. Adm. Code 653. In addition, an approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer's water system serving, but not necessarily limited to, the following types of facilities, unless the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water determines that no actual or potential hazard to the public water supply system exists:
         A.   Hospitals, mortuaries, clinics and nursing homes.
         B.   Laboratories.
         C.   Piers, docks, and waterfront facilities.
         D.   Sewage treatment plants, sewage pumping stations and storm water pumping stations.
         E.   Food or beverage processing plants.
         F.   Chemical plants.
         G.   Metal plating industries.
         H.   Petroleum processing or storage plants.
         I.   Radioactive material processing plants or nuclear reactors.
         J.   Car washes.
         K.   Pesticide, herbicide or extermination plants and trucks.
         L.   Farm service and fertilizer plants and trucks.
         M.   Sprinkler systems.
         N.   Restaurants.
         O.   All multi-family residential uses that have a common or shared kitchen used to provide meals, or make meals available, to all the occupants of the multi-family residential building.
         P.   All commercial and industrial uses not specifically referenced above.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, for those uses set forth in paragraphs (g)(3)A. through P. above, the backflow prevention device shall be a Reduced Pressure Principle Assembly (RPZ).
   (h)   Type of Protection Required.
      (1)   The type of protection required under paragraphs (g)(2)A., B. and C. hereof shall depend on the degree of hazard which exists as follows:
         A.   An approved fixed proper air gap separation shall be installed where the public water supply system may be contaminated with substances that could cause a severe health hazard.
         B.   An approved fixed proper air gap separation or an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention assembly shall be installed where the public water supply system may be contaminated with a substance that could cause a system or health hazard.
         C.   An approved fixed proper air gap separation or an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention assembly or a double check valve assembly shall be installed where the public water supply system may be polluted with substances that could cause a pollution hazard not dangerous to health.
      (2)   The type of protection required under paragraphs (g)(2)D. and E. hereof shall be an approved fixed proper air gap separation or an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device.
      (3)   Where a public water supply or an auxiliary water supply is used for a fire protection system, reduced pressure principle backflow preventers shall be installed on fire safety systems connected to the public water supply when:
         A.   The fire safety system contains antifreeze, fire retardant or other chemicals;
         B.   Water is pumped into the system from another source;
         C.   Water flows by gravity from a non-potable source, or water can be pumped into the fire safety system from any other source; or
         D.   There is a connection whereby another source can be introduced into the fire safety system.
      (4)   All other fire safety systems connected to the potable water supply shall be protected by a double check valve assembly on metered service lines and a double detector check valve assembly on unmetered service lines.
   (i)   Backflow Prevention Devices.
      (1)   All backflow prevention devices or methods required by these regulations shall be approved by the Research Foundation for Cross-Connection Control of the University of Southern California, the American Water Works Association, the American Society of Sanitary Engineering, the American National Standards Institute or the National Sanitation Foundation, to be in compliance with applicable industry specifications.
      (2)   Installation of approved devices shall be made in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Maintenance as recommended by the manufacturer of the device shall be performed. The manufacturer's maintenance manual shall be available on-site.
   (j)   Inspection and Maintenance.
      (1)   It shall be the duty of the consumer at any premises on which backflow prevention devices required by these regulations are installed to have inspection, tests, maintenance and repair made in accordance with the following schedule or more often where inspections indicate a need or are specified in manufacturers' instructions:
         A.   Fixed proper air gap separations shall be inspected to document that a proper vertical distance is maintained between the discharge point of the service line and the flood level rim of the receptacle at the time of installation and at least annually thereafter. Corrections to improper or bypassed air gaps shall be made within twenty-four hours.
         B.   Double check valve assemblies shall be inspected and tested at the time of installation and at least annually thereafter, and required service shall be performed within five days.
         C.   Reduced pressure principle backflow prevention assemblies shall be tested at the time of installation and at least annually or more frequently if recommended by the manufacturer, and required service shall be performed within five days.
      (2)   Testing shall be performed by a person who has been approved by the Agency as competent to service the device. Proof of approval shall be in writing.
      (3)   Each device shall have a tag attached listing the date of the most recent test or visual inspection, the name of the tester, and the type and date of repairs.
      (4)   A maintenance log shall be maintained, which shall include:
         A.   The date of each test or visual inspection;
         B.   The name and approval number of the person performing the test or visual inspection;
         C.   Test results;
         D.   Repairs or servicing required;
         E.   Repairs and the date completed; and
         F.   Servicing performed and the date completed.
      (5)   Whenever backflow prevention devices required by these regulations are found to be defective, they shall be repaired or replaced at the expense of the consumer without delay as required by paragraph (j)(1) hereof.
      (6)   Backflow prevention devices shall not be bypassed, made inoperative, removed or otherwise made ineffective without specific authorization by the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water.
   (k)   Booster Pumps.
      (1)   Where a booster pump has been installed on the service line to or within any premises, such pump shall be equipped with a low pressure cut-off device designed to shutoff the booster pump when the pressure in the service line on the suction side of the pump drops to twenty psi or less.
      (2)   It shall be the duty of the water consumer to maintain the low pressure cut-off device in proper working order and to certify to the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water, at least once a year, that the device is operable.
   (l)   Violations.
      (1)   The Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water shall deny or discontinue, after reasonable notice to the occupants thereof, the water service to any premises wherein any backflow prevention device required by these regulations is not installed, tested, maintained and repaired in a manner acceptable to the Commissioner of Buildings/ Superintendent of Water, if it is found that the backflow prevention device has been removed or bypassed, if an unprotected cross-connection exists on the premises or if a low pressure cut-off required by these regulations is not installed and maintained in working order.
      (2)   Water service to such premises shall not be restored until the consumer has corrected or eliminated such conditions or defects in conformance with these regulations and to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water, and the required reconnection fee is paid.
      (3)   Water service to such premises shall not be restored until the consumer has corrected or eliminated such conditions or defects in conformance with these regulations and to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Buildings/Superintendent of Water.
      (4)   Neither the Village of Palos Park, the Commissioner of Buildings/ Superintendent of Water nor their agents or assigns shall be liable to any customer of the Village of Palos Park for any injury, damages or lost revenues which may result from termination of said customer's water supply in accordance with the terms of this chapter, whether or not said termination of the water supply was with or without notice.
      (5)   The consumer responsible for back-siphoned material or contamination through backflow, if contamination of the potable water supply system occurs through an illegal cross-connection or an improperly installed, maintained or repaired device, or a device which has been bypassed, must bear the cost of clean-up of the potable water supply system.
      (6)   Any person found to be violating any provision of this chapter shall be served with written notice stating the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
      (7)   Any person violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall, in addition to the fine provided, become liable to the Village of Palos Park for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the Village of Palos Park by reason of such violation, whether the same was caused before or after notice.
(Ord. 1993-01.  Passed 1-11-93; Ord. 2008-14.  Passed 4-14-08.)