§ 152.137  SPECIFIC DEFINITIONS.
   (A)   For the purpose of carrying out the intent of this code, unless the content clearly indicates to the contrary, the following words, phrases, and terms shall have the following meanings:
      (1)   Basis for use categories. Use categories classify land uses and activities into categories based on common functional, product, or physical characteristics. Characteristics include the type and amount of activity, the type of customers or residents, how goods or services are sold or delivered and site conditions. The use categories provide a systematic basis for organizing and assigning present and future land uses into appropriate zoning districts.
      (2)   Specific use type. Specific uses are assigned to the category that most closely describes the nature of the specific use. Specific uses shall be considered based on common characteristics and not on what a specific use may call itself. For example, a use that calls itself "Wholesale Warehouse" but that sells clothing to the general consumer on a small scale is included in the "Retail, General" use rather than the "Wholesale Establishment" use. This is because the actual activity on the site matches the description of the Retail, General use.
      (3)   Developments with multiple specific uses. When all principal uses of a development fall within one specific use, the entire development is assigned to that use. A development that contains a clothing boutique, bookstore and bakery, for example, would be classified in the Retail, General use type because all of the development's specific uses are in that use. When the specific uses of a development fall within different use types, each use is classified in the applicable use and each use is subject to all applicable regulations for that specific use.
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      ABANDONED.  Any building, structure or real property that is vacant or occupied by a person without a legal right of occupancy, and/or subject to a current notice of default and/or notice of trustee's sale, pending tax assessor's lien sale and/or any real property conveyed via a foreclosure sale resulting in the acquisition of title by an interested beneficiary of a deed of trust, and/or any real property conveyed via a deed in lieu of foreclosure/sale.
      ABUT, ABUTTING. To share, border or physically touch a common boundary, property line or right-of-way.
      ACCESS. The place, means or ways by which pedestrians, vehicles or both shall have safe, adequate and usable ingress and egress to a property or use.  A private access is an access not in public ownership and controlled by means of a deed, dedication or easement.
      ACCESSIBLE PARKING SPACE. A parking space that meets the requirements of applicable state and federal disabilities acts.
      ACCESSORY BUILDING. A secondary detached building situated on the same lot or building site, the use of which is incidental to that of a main building.
      ACCESSORY DWELLING UNIT. A dwelling unit on the same lot with and of a nature normally incidental and secondary to the principal structure or use.  This definition shall include any structure or portion of a structure, other than the principal structure or use, wherein kitchenette facilities and/or provisions for sanitation (shower, tub and/or water closet) are provided. 
      ACCESSORY STRUCTURE. A subordinate structure to that of a main building or structure, which is not served with utilities, enabling human habitation.
      ACCESSORY USE. A use of land or of a building or portion thereof usually incidental and secondary to the principal use of the land or building and located on the same lot with such principal use or building.
      ACRE. A unit of measure for land area containing 43,560 square feet.
      ADDITION. An extension or increase in floor area or height of a building or structure.
      ADJACENT. The condition of being near to or close to but not necessarily having a common dividing line.  Two properties which are separated by only a street or alley shall be considered as adjacent to one another.
      ADJOINING. The condition of being near to or close to but not necessarily having a common dividing line.  Two properties which are separated by only a street or alley shall be considered as adjoining one another.
      ADMINISTRATIVE DECISION. Any decision on a development application made by an authorized city employee pursuant to this chapter.
      ADULT ENTERTAINMENT BUSINESS. Any business establishment where employees, independent contractors or patrons expose specified anatomical areas or engage in or simulate specified sexual activities, or any business establishment which offers to its patrons services or entertainment distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matters depicting, exposing, describing, discussing, or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas. The businesses may include, but are not limited to, ADULT LIVE ENTERTAINING ESTABLISHMENT, ADULT ONLY MASSAGE ESTABLISHMENT, ADULT THEATER, or ADULT RETAIL ESTABLISHMENT such as:
         (a)   ADULT BOOK STORE. A commercial establishment having for sale or viewing by patrons on its premise a substantial and significant portion of its stock in trade, books, magazines and other periodicals or printed matter principally characterized by their emphasis on matters depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
         (b)   ADULT CINEMA. An enclosed building or open-air theater used on a regular basis for presenting for observation by customers pictorial material or other visual images by direct or indirect projections, or through coin or slug operated or electronically or mechanically controlled still or motion picture, videotape machines or other image-producing devices maintained to show images or material, a predominance of which is principally distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on the depiction of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas, in return for the exchange of any form of consideration, irrespective of the number of patrons who may be able to view the presentation at any one time.
         (c)   ADULT HOTEL or MOTEL. A hotel or motel which provides as a predominant part of its major business the presentation of material for viewing by patrons in exchange for any form of consideration or gratuity material which is predominantly distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matters depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas and which rents its facilities on an hourly or less than daily basis.
         (d)   CABARET. A nightclub, theater or other enterprise which features as a predominant component of its business live performances by topless and/or bottomless dancers, male or female strippers, or other similar exotic entertainers, where the performances are predominantly distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on specified sexual activities or features a less than complete and opaque covering of specified anatomical areas.
      ADVERSE IMPACT. A negative consequence for the physical, social, or economic environment resulting from an action, use, or development.
      AGRIBUSINESS, ENTERTAINMENT FARMING. A commercial, service and/or industrial use operated primarily for the direct support of agricultural activities. It may consist of agricultural equipment sales rental and sales; the storage, warehousing, transportation and distribution and wholesaling of agricultural products; agricultural research, development, management and maintenance services conducted primarily within an office setting; agri-entertainment, such as pick-your-own operations, pumpkin patches, corn mazes, farm stores, agricultural festivals, and educational activities; and other similar agriculture related uses.
      AGRICULTURE, GENERAL.  The use of land for agricultural purposes, where growing and harvesting activities associated with horticulture, floriculture, viticulture, apiaries, aviaries along with necessary accessory uses (such as greenhouses, incidental raising of agricultural animals, or the storage of agricultural related equipment used on the premises and temporary storage of agricultural products used and/or produced on the premise) takes place; provided, however, that the operation of any such accessory use shall be secondary to that of the normal agricultural activities.  GENERAL AGRICULTURE uses may or may not be owner-occupied and may utilize employees who are not owners or family of the owners.  This use does not include: dairies, commercial animal breeding, concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO), slaughter and meat packing plants, or fertilizer yards.
      AIRPORT BOARD. A Board appointed by the City Council to recommend policy and uses for the municipal airport for Council approval.
      AIRPORT HAZARD. Any structure or object, man-made and/or natural growth, located on or in the vicinity of an airport; or any use of land near such airport which obstructs the air space required for or is otherwise hazardous to, the flight of aircraft in landing or take-off at such airport.
      AIRPORT MASTER PLAN. The master plan for the municipal airport as adopted from time to time by the Airport Board and City Council.
      AIRPORT PROPERTY. A parcel of land which constitutes the municipal airport as legally described in Exhibit "A" of the operating agreement between the City Council, Airport Board and Planning and Zoning Commission, made a public record by Resolution 262, or as by a subsequent legally adopted survey of the Council.
      AIRSPACE. An area from the ground up within the general operation area of an airport.
      ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, RETAIL SALES. A retail establishment, such as a liquor store, licensed to sell alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, and liquor. No on-site consumption is allowed.
      ALLEY. A minor way (public or private) that is used primarily for vehicular access to the back or side of properties otherwise abutting on a street.
      ALLOWED USE. A use of land identified by §§ 152.025 through 152.033 as a permitted or conditional use, subject to compliance with all applicable provisions of this code.
      ALTERATION. Any change, addition or modification that changes the exterior architectural appearance or materials of a structure or object. Alteration includes changes in exterior surfaces, changes in materials, additions, remodels, demolitions, and relocation of buildings or structures, but excludes ordinary maintenance and repairs.
      ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SYSTEM. An energy conversion system, which is intended to primarily augment on-site consumption of utility power. Examples include solar panels, wind turbines and associated controls. Does not include utility scale (major) facilities such as, but not limited to, wind farms or solar generating facilities
      AMENDMENT. A change in the wording, context or substance, or the addition of text to this chapter; an addition, deletion or change in the district boundaries or classifications on the zoning map.
      ANIMAL HOSPITAL/VETERINARIAN. A facility used by one or more licensed veterinarians to provide medical services to household pets (e.g., dogs, cats, rabbits, iguanas, etc.) and/or a facility where pets are provided general hygienic and similar care using non-prescriptive over-the-counter supplies. Does not include overnight boarding of animals that are not under medical care.
      ANIMAL KENNEL/SHELTER. A place where four or more dogs over the age of three months are boarded, bred, or offered for sale. A facility that accepts and/or seizes domestic animals for the purpose of boarding them overnight, caring for them, placing them through adoption, or carrying out law enforcement. A zoo, pet store, veterinary clinic, animal hospital, and animal husbandry are not considered a kennel.
      ANIMAL TRAINING SCHOOL. A facility that specializes in the training of household pets.
      ANTENNA. Any device on a tower, building or structure that radiates or captures electromagnetic waves for the purpose of communicating information.
      APPLICANT. Any person applying for any permit, approval or decision governed or required by this chapter.
      APPROACH SURFACE. An imaginary plane extending outward and upward from the ends of the primary surface at a slope of 34 feet horizontally to one-foot vertically (34:1) for runway 33/15 and a slope of 20 feet horizontally to one-foot vertically (20:1) for runway 8/25 at the municipal airport.
      ARBORETUM or BOTANICAL GARDEN. A public or private facility for the demonstration and observation of the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants. Permitted accessory uses include gift shops, cafes, snack bars, and parking.
      ARCHITECTURAL FEATURE. The design and/or construction technique and elements or combination of elements that are the character-defining features of a structure.
      AREA, GROSS. The land area (acres) within the perimeter of a parcel or lot, including all non-dedicated streets, alleys, private roadways and/or alley easements, and canal and/or irrigation easements.
      AREA, NET. The land area (acres) within the perimeter of a parcel or lot, excluding all dedicated arterial and collector street right-of-ways.
      A.R.S. The abbreviation for the Arizona Revised Statutes.
      ART, PUBLIC. Objects such as sculpture, water features or other multidimensional designs that would be viewed by the general public as an attractive amenity in a private development.  The objects shall be located in spaces visible and/or accessible to the public in general so as to be enjoyed by the community at large.  These objects are not to be identified with a particular business or organization.
      ARTICULATION. The visible expression of architectural elements through form, structure or materials that break up the scale of building planes to achieve visual variation.
      ASSEMBLY HALL/AUDITORIUM/CONFERENCE CENTER. A building or structure, or group of buildings or structures, that may or may not be rented for the conducting of organized short-term events such as weddings, receptions, and conferences. Accessory uses may include meeting rooms, kitchen facilities for preparation of food to be consumed on the premises, parking, and childcare provided for persons while they are attending assembly functions. Schools associated with assembly uses are not an accessory use.
      ASSEMBLY, LIGHT. An establishment engaged only in the on-site assembly of goods. No manufacturing of parts occurs. Goods are shipped to the establishment, assembled, packaged, and reshipped. Assembly and packaging involves only the use of hand tools or domestic mechanical equipment not exceeding two horsepower or a single kiln not exceeding eight kilowatts. Typical light assembly uses include ceramic studios and custom jewelry manufacturing.
      ASSESSED VALUE. The financial worth assigned to property by taxing authorities that is used as a basis or factor against which the tax rate is applied.
      ASSISTED LIVING CENTER. A residential care institution that provides resident rooms or residential units for the housing of and caring for the ambulatory, aged or infirm; other than a nursing home, group home, or hospital; licensed by the Arizona State Department of Health services for more than 11 persons in a residential setting.  Care givers are present at all times, and may (or may not) reside at the site.  Facilities typically include common kitchen and dining areas, but may contain individual kitchenettes for residents.
      ASSISTED LIVING HOME. A dwelling unit shared for the housing of and caring for the ambulatory, aged or infirm; other than a nursing home, group home, or hospital; licensed by the Arizona State Department of Health services for no more than ten persons excluding staff in a residential setting. Care givers are present at all times, and typically reside at the site.
      ATTACHMENT, ATTACHED, ATTACH. Accessory structure ie., decks and stairways when connected to another structure.  A garage or shop attached to another structure by a common wall, breezeway, beam, vertical concrete structure or similar building material mechanically attaching/adjoining both structures.
      ATTENTION GETTING DEVICE. A device designed or intended to attract attention by noise and/or a sudden, intermittent or rhythmic movement, physical change or lighting change, such as banners, flags, streamers, balloons, propellers, whirligigs, search lights and flashing lights.
      AUCTIONS, INDOOR. A facility where property is received from other persons or businesses, when such property is to be sold to third parties, by auction, either publicly or privately, whether for cash, property or other consideration, inside the primary structure. Outdoor storage is allowed as an accessory use.
      AUTOMOBILE. See VEHICLE.
      AUTOMOBILE/BOAT RENTALS. Rental of automobiles or boats, including storage and incidental maintenance.
      AUTOMOBILE/BOAT REPAIR, MAJOR. Repair of automobiles, boats, trucks, motorcycles, motor homes, and recreational vehicles, including the sale, installation, and servicing of related equipment and parts, generally on an overnight basis. This classification includes auto/boat engine repair shops; body, hull and fender shops, transmission shops, restoration, refurbishing, but excludes auto/boat dismantling or salvaging and tire re-treading or recapping.
      AUTOMOBILE/BOAT REPAIR, MINOR. The service and repair of automobiles, boats, light-duty trucks, and motorcycles, including the sale, installation, and servicing of related equipment and parts. This classification includes quick-service oil, tune-up, wheel and brake shops, muffler shops, auto glass services, propeller service, battery replacement and tire sales and installation, where repairs are made or service provided in enclosed bays and no vehicles are stored overnight. This classification excludes establishments providing engine repair, body, hull and fender work, vehicle/boat painting, or towing. It also excludes repair of heavy trucks, construction vehicles, or boats that exceed nine feet in width by 30 feet in length.
      AUTOMOBILE/BOAT SALES AND LEASING. Sales or leasing of automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, motor homes and boats, including storage and incidental maintenance.
      AUTO WRECKING AND SALVAGE YARD. Any lot upon which two or more motor vehicles of any kind, which are incapable of being operated due to condition or lack of license or registration, have been placed for the purpose of obtaining parts for recycling or resale.
      AWNING. A roof like cover, often of fabric, metal or glass, designed and intended for protection from weather and providing shade, or as decorative embellishment, and which projects from a wall or roof of a structure over a window, walk, door or similar.
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      BALLOON. A bag, measuring not more than 18 inches in diameter, made of thin rubber or other light material, usually brightly colored, inflated with air or with some lighter-than-air gas and used with flags and/or banners to attract attention for an event.
      BAR, LOUNGE, OR TAVERN. A structure or part of a structure used primarily for the sale or dispensing and on-site consumption of alcoholic beverages or liquor by the drink, which may or may not serve food. Any facility providing both food and alcoholic beverages or liquor by the drink for on-site consumption that does not meet the definition of a restaurant shall be considered a bar, lounge, or tavern.
      BASEMENT. A space having ½ or more of its floor to ceiling height below the average level of the adjoining ground and with a floor to ceiling height not less than six and ½ feet.
      BASIN, DETENTION. Storm water storage facility that temporarily stores surface runoff and releases it at a controlled rate through a positive outlet.
      BASIN, RETENTION. A storm water storage facility that stores surface runoff. Stored water is infiltrated into the subsurface or released to the downstream drainage system or watercourse (via gravity outlet or pump), or evaporated after the storm event.
      BED AND BREAKFAST, HOMESTAY. See VACATION HOME RENTALS.
      BERM. A mound or embankment of earth.
      BLOCK. That property abutting one side of a street and lying between the two nearest intersections or intercepting streets on subdivided land.
      BOARDING/SHELTER CARE. A facility in which any of the rooms are provided or rented/leased to persons on a transient basis, but which does not include group homes, resident care homes, assisted living facilities, nursing homes, dormitories, substance abuse detoxification centers or substance abuse treatment centers.
      BOAT. Any vessel or motorized device used for traveling in or on water, including, but not limited to, an unpowered vessel; a vessel powered by oars, paddles, sail, or motor; and a raft, whether ridged, supported by pontoons, or inflatable.
      BREWERY or DISTILLERY. A facility for the brewing/distilling and wholesale distribution of beer or distilled alcohol produced onsite, subject to state licensing.
      BUFFER. A landscaped area intended to separate and partially obstruct the view of two adjacent land uses or properties from one another.
      BUILDABLE AREA. That portion of a lot upon which construction is permitted, consisting of an area of the lot which lies within the boundaries of the front, side and rear yard setback requirements.
      BUILDING. A structure having one or more stories and a roof, designed primarily for the shelter, support, or enclosure or persons, animals, or property of any kind. This shall include tents, awnings or vehicles situated on private property and used for the purposes of a building.
      BUILDING COVERAGE. The ground floor area used by all principal and accessory buildings on a lot, tract or parcel of land.
      BUILDING FACADE. An exterior building elevation.
      BUILDING HEIGHT. See § 152.033(C).
      BUILDING INSPECTOR. The Building Inspector of the municipality or an authorized representative.
      BUILDING LINE. A line beyond which the foundation wall or any vertical structural support or other enclosed portion of a building shall not project.
      BUILDING MATERIAL SALES, INDOOR RETAIL. An establishment for the sale of materials, hardware, and lumber customarily used in the construction of buildings and other structures, and where most display and sale of materials occurs inside the primary structure, such as home improvement stores and hardware stores. Outdoor storage is allowed as an accessory use. Examples include home improvement and hardware stores.
      BUILDING MATERIAL SALES, OUTDOOR OR WHOLESALE. Outdoor sale of materials, hardware, and lumber customarily used in the construction of buildings and other structures, including facilities for storage.
      BUILDING OFFICIAL. An employee of the city authorized to issue building permits and certificates of occupancy and to administer all applicable construction/building codes.
      BUILDING PERMIT. A permit issued by the city that is required for the construction, modification or moving of any building, structure or use in the city.
      BUILDING, PRINCIPAL. A building which contains the principal use of the lot on which it is situated. In any residential zone, any dwelling shall be deemed to be a main building on the lot on which it is located.
      BUSINESS SERVICES. Establishments that primarily provide goods and services to other businesses on a fee or contract basis, including printing and copying, blueprint services, advertising and mailing, office security, custodial services, and photo finishing.
      BUS TERMINAL. Any premises for the transient housing or parking of motor-driven buses and the loading and unloading of passengers.
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      CALIPER. The diameter of the trunk measured six inches above ground level up to and including four-inch caliper size, and measured 12 inches above ground level if the measurement taken at six inches above ground level exceeds four inches. If a tree is of a multi-trunk variety, the caliper of the tree is the average caliper of all of its trunks.
      CAMPER. A structure providing temporary sleeping and cooking facilities and designed for mounting on a motor vehicle chassis.
      CAMPGROUND. A parcel of ground where two or more campsites are located, established, or maintained for occupancy by camping units of the general public, including recreational vehicles, cabins, or tents as temporary living quarters for recreation, education, or vacation purposes.
      CANOPY. A structure made of cloth, metal or other materials with frames affixed to a building or carried by a framework which is supported by the ground.
      CARGO CONTAINERS. A metal structure specifically constructed for the shipment of goods by ship, rail or truck that is later sold as a place to store goods and materials. 
      CARPORT. A roofed structure providing space for the parking or storage of motor vehicles that is entirely open on two or more sides.
      CAR WASH. A facility, coin operated, automatic, or hand wash, for the cleaning of automobiles, providing either self-serve facilities or employees to perform washing operations.
      CEMETERY. Land used or dedicated to the interment of human or animal remains, including columbaria, mausoleums, mortuaries, and associated maintenance facilities when operated in conjunction with, and within the boundaries of, such cemetery.
      CENTERLINE. The centerline established by the Public Works Director for any proposed or dedicated public way.
      CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY. A document issued by the Zoning Administrator allowing the occupancy or use of a building and certifying that the structure or use has been constructed or will be used in compliance with all the applicable codes of the city.  As defined in the current building code adopted by the city.
      CHANGE OF USE. Any use which differs from the previous use of a building or land.
      CHANNEL LETTER. Individual letters constructed to be applied singly in the formation of a building mounted sign or a freestanding sign. Channel letters may be illuminated or non-illuminated.
      CHILD CARE, CENTER. Any facility licensed by the Arizona State Department of Health Services in which care and supervision for five or more persons is regularly provided for compensation for periods of less than 24 hours per day. This classification includes nursery schools, preschools, day care for children or adults, and any other non-residential day care facility licensed by the State of Arizona.
      CHILD CARE HOME. A state certified facility, the primary use of which is a residence, in which child care for not less than five children and not more than ten children through the age of 12 or adult day care for at least five and not more than ten adults is regularly provided for compensation for periods of less than 24 hours per day. The following uses are not a DAY CARE, HOME; an ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY, GROUP CARE HOME, or DAY CARE, HOME OCCUPATION.
      CIRCULATION AREA. That portion of the vehicle accommodation area used for access to parking or loading areas or other facilities on the lot.  Essentially, driveways and other maneuvering areas (but not the parking spaces themselves) comprise the circulation area.
      CITY. The City of Page, Arizona.
      CIVIC ORGANIZATION. A group of people who join together for the purpose of servicing a public or mutual benefit other than the pursuit or accumulation of profits for its owners or investors.
      CLINIC. An establishment where patient care is administered on an out-patient basis by one or more licensed physicians and/or dentists and their professional associates.
      COFFEE SHOPS/CAFES. Establishments that primarily serve nonalcoholic beverages, such as coffee, juices, or sodas for consumption on or near the premises, or a specialty snack, such as ice cream, frozen yogurt, cookies or popcorn.
      COFFEE SHOPS/CAFES WITH DRIVE-THRU. Same as the above use, but with a drive-thru facility.
      COLLEGE or UNIVERSITY. A degree-granting institution, other than a trade school, that provides education beyond the high school level. The use includes, but is not limited to, classroom buildings, offices, laboratories, lecture halls, athletic facilities, and dormitories.
      COLLOCATE or COLLOCATION. To install, mount, maintain, modify, operate or replace wireless facilities on or adjacent to a wireless support structure or authority/utility pole.
      COLOR CORRELATED TEMPERATURE (CCT). The temperature of an object (blackbody radiator) in degrees Kelvin that gives the most similar color (spectral) distribution. Higher CCT usually shifts frequency to the blue. The CCT value of lamps is now usually included in all packaging.
      COMMERCIAL ENTERTAINMENT, INDOOR. A use providing entertainment, diversion, or pleasure that comes from watching a performer, sports competition, etc. whether public or private, conducted indoors as a business, including concert halls, performance theatres, stadiums, and uses analogous to these uses.
      COMMERCIAL ENTERTAINMENT, OUTDOOR. A large open or partially enclosed space most often used for the viewing of games or major events, and partly or completely surrounded by tiers of seats for spectators. Accessory uses may include restaurants, bars, concessions, parking, and maintenance facilities.
      COMMERCIAL VEHICLE. Any vehicle currently registered as such with the state Department of Motor Vehicles or equivalent out-of-state or federal agency and is used primarily in the conduct of a business as opposed to private family or individual use.
      COMMON AREA. Land in a residential development held in common and/or single ownership and not reserved for the exclusive use or benefit of an individual tenant or owner.
      COMMON OWNERSHIP. Ownership by one or more individuals in any form of ownership.
      COMMUNITY PLAYFIELDS and PARKS. A tract of land owned by a public entity and available to the general public for recreational purposes. This definition includes indoor recreational facilities, swimming pools, playgrounds, and lighted and unlighted athletic fields.
      COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER.  A facility providing recreation/pool facilities and/or meeting rooms, and typically oriented to the recreational needs of the residents of the surrounding area.
      COMPATIBLE. The use of land or a structure that is capable of existing together in harmony with other structures or uses of land adjacent or in proximity to the land use or structure in question.
      COMPREHENSIVE SIGN PLAN. A coordinated and detailed plan demonstrating consistency of all sign types, their location, design standards, color/material finishes, lettering and/or graphic style and supporting lighting plan proposed for multi-tenanted buildings or shopping centers.
      CONCEALED/DISGUISED. Any personal wireless communications device that is hidden or made to appear to be a natural plant or architectural feature.
      CONDITIONAL USE. A use permitted in a particular zoning district only upon a showing that such use in a specified location will comply with all the conditions and standards for the location or operation of such use as specified in this code.
      CONSISTENT. Means harmony, regularity of steady continuity.
      CONTIGUOUS. In contact with one or more sides.
      CONTINUOUS. Means an uninterrupted extension in space, time or sequence. 
      CONVENIENCE STORE. Retail establishments that sell a limited line of groceries, prepackaged food items, tobacco, magazines, and other household goods, primarily for off-premises consumption and typically found in establishments with long or late hours of operation and a relatively small building of less than 5,000 square feet.
      CORRAL. A fenced area for the confinement of large ranch/farm animals.
      CORRECTIONAL TRANSITIONAL HOUSE. A supervised dwelling unit where individuals who are completing a sentence, reside for a defined period of time for counseling, job placement assistance, and similar services that assist in transitioning from institutional to community living.
      COUNCIL. The City Council for the City of Page, Arizona.
      COUNTRY CLUB, PRIVATE. An area containing, but not limited to, a club house and available only to a private specific membership. Such a club may contain as adjunct facilities, a private club and dining room, swimming pool, tennis courts and similar service and recreation facilities.
      COUNTY. Coconino County, State of Arizona.
      COURTYARD. Any space other than a yard on the same lot with a building or group of buildings and which is unobstructed and open to the sky from above the floor level of any room having a window or door opening on such court.
      COVERED PORCH, FRONT. A one story roofed area attached to a street-fronting building façade that is not devoted to the garage, of which a minimum of two sides shall be at least 50% open and the minimum dimensions shall be four feet deep by eight feet wide.
      CREMATORIUM or FUNERAL PARLOR. A location containing properly installed, certified apparatus intended for use in the act of cremation, or an establishment for the preparation of the deceased for burial and the display of the deceased and rituals connected with, and conducted before, burial or cremation. This definition may include a facility for the permanent storage of cremated remains of the dead.
      CURB CUT. A dip in a sidewalk and curb that enables a vehicle to drive to a driveway, garage, parking lot, loading dock or drive-through.
      CUL-DE-SAC. A local street, one end of which is closed and consists of a circular turn around.
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      DAY CARE, HOME OCCUPATION. A permanent residential unit where an occupant provides day care and supervision for no more than four children or adults not residing in the household, whether or not for compensation. The following uses are not a HOME OCCUPATION DAY CARE USE use: GROUP HOME; DAY CARE, HOME AND DAY CARE, CENTER.
      DECIBEL.A unit for expressing the relative intensity of sounds from zero, average least perceptible to 130, average pain level.
      DECK. A projecting non-enclosed portion of a house located at a height of less than eight feet above the ground.
      DEDICATION. The designation of land by its owner for any general or public use.
      DENSITY.  The total number of dwelling units or lots divided by the gross area (acres) unless otherwise stated.
      DEVELOPER. A person, firm, partnership, joint venture, trust, syndicate, association, corporation, limited liability company, or other legal entity who desires to improve or otherwise engage in any development of property within the city.
      DEVELOPMENT. Any manmade change to improved or unimproved real estate, including but not to limited the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation, or enlargement of any structure; any mining, excavation, landfill or land disturbance.
      DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT. An agreement between the city and any person having a legal or equitable interest in real property for the development of such property and which complies with the applicable provisions of Arizona Revised Statutes for such development agreements.
      DEVELOPMENT PLAN. A plan submitted to and approved by the city pursuant to the city zoning ordinance.  Such plan shall describe with reasonable certainty the density and intensity of use for a specific parcel or parcels of property associated with a planned area development. 
      DIRECT ILLUMINATION. An externally mounted light source that is used for illuminating a sign; also referred to as EXTERIOR ILLUMINATION.
      DIRECTOR. The director of the Community Development Department.
      DISABILITY. With respect to an individual: (a) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of such individual; (b) a record of such an impairment; or (c) being regarded as having such an impairment. For purposes of this definition, a qualified individual with a disability shall not include an individual who is currently engaging in the illegal use of drugs, when the covered entity acts on the basis of such use, except as provided in 42 U.S.C. § 12210. The term "illegal use of drugs" means the use of drugs, the possession or distribution of which is unlawful under the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. § 812. Such term does not include the use of a drug taken under supervision by a licensed health care professional, or other uses authorized by the Controlled Substances Act or other provisions of federal law. The term DISABILITY shall be interpreted in a manner consistent with the definition of disability in the Americans with Disabilities Amendment Act of 2008.
      DISTRIBUTION YARD, OUTDOOR. An open site, completely enclosed by an opaque wall, whose primary purpose is facilitating the receiving, storage, sorting, transfer to larger or smaller vehicles, consolidation into larger quantities or breaking down into smaller quantities of goods and materials for reshipment to other locations typically for other businesses.
      DISTRIBUTION/WAREHOUSING CENTER, INDOOR. A building whose primary purpose is facilitating the receiving, storage, sorting, transfer to larger or smaller vehicles, consolidation into larger quantities or breaking down into smaller quantities of goods and materials for reshipment to other locations typically for other businesses.
      DISTRICT. A portion the city within which certain uniform regulations and requirements or various combinations of requirements are applied under the provisions of this code.
      DOMESTIC ANIMAL. An animal which is commonly maintained in residence with humans.
      DORMITORY. A building used as group living quarters for a student body, a religious order, or other group as an associated use to a college, university, boarding school, orphanage, convent, monastery, or other similar use. Dormitories do not include kitchen facilities, except a group kitchen facility to serve all residents.
      DRIVEWAY. That portion of the vehicle accommodation area that consists of a travel lane bounded on either side by an area that is not part of the vehicle accommodation area.
      DUPLEX. A building occupied for the primary purpose of permanent living quarters for two families, including a single-family semi-detached dwelling. A single-family semi-detached dwelling is a single-family dwelling attached to one other single-family dwelling by a common vertical wall, and each dwelling located on a separate lot and having one side yard.
      DUST FREE. Treatment of native soil with a covering of asphalt, concrete, or masonry.
      DWELLING. A building or portion of a building designed or used by one family for residential purposes as a single housekeeping unit, but not including hospitals, hotels, motels, and other accommodations for the transient public, but including group homes. 
      DWELLING, DUPLEX. A single building containing two dwelling units located on an individual lot designed for or used by two families living independently of each other. Housing units may be side by side or up and down.
      DWELLING, LIVE/WORK. An integrated site built housing unit and working space, occupied and utilized by a single household in either a detached single-family structure located behind the principal workplace or a unified structure that has been designed or structurally modified to accommodate joint residential occupancy and work activity, and which is in compliance with all applicable building codes; and the working space is reserved for and regularly used by one or more occupants of the unit.
      DWELLING, MANUFACTURED HOME. A structure built on or after June 15, 1976, in accordance with the National Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 and Title VI of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974.
      DWELLING, MOBILE HOME.  A structure, transportable in one or more sections, that is at least eight feet in width and 32 feet in length and that is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling unit, with or without a permanent foundation, when connected to on-site utilities, and that was not constructed in accordance with the National Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 and Title VI of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974.
      DWELLING, MODULAR HOME. A factory-built building, residential, excluding mobile homes and manufactured homes defined herein. Such housing is certified as meeting the state and local building codes as applicable to modular housing and shall be considered equivalent to a site built building and which requires substantial assembly on site. Also referred to as "factory built" in Department of Building, Fire and Safety Rules, State of Arizona.
      DWELLING, MULTI-FAMILY. A single building containing three or more dwelling units on an individual lot for occupancy by families living independently of each other. Within apartments, the building and land are under single ownership and dwelling units are rented or leased. Within a condominium, ownership consists of the airspace within a unit and the building(s) and all land within the development is under common ownership.
      DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED. A dwelling designed for or used by one family, located on an individual lot, and having no walls in common with adjoining dwellings.
      DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED. A dwelling designed for or used by one family, located on an individual lot, and having any portion of one or more walls in common with adjoining dwellings. Housing units are side by side only.
      DWELLING UNIT. A building or portion of a building designed or used by one family, as that term is defined in this definition section, for residential purposes as a single housekeeping unit, but not including assisted living facilities, hospitals, hotels, motels and other accommodations for the transient public. 
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      EASEMENT. Is a right to use a portion of the land of another for a special purpose or public use such as, by way of example, vehicular or transportation access, drainage, or public utilities.
      EFFECTIVE DATE. The date on which a permit or other approval becomes enforceable or otherwise takes effect, rather than the date it was signed or circulated.
      EGRESS. An exit.
      ELECTRONIC MESSAGE CENTER. A sign that uses computer-generated or electronic components to change advertising copy, messages or color, including signs that flip or rotate.
      ELEVATION. The vertical distance above or below a fixed reference level or a flat scale drawing of the front, rear or side of a building or structure.
      EMERGENCY. A sudden unexpected occurrence demanding immediate action to prevent or mitigate loss or damage to life, health, property or essential public services.
      EMPLOYEE/CONTRACTOR QUARTERS. A group dwelling facility located in one or more buildings that are occupied on a temporary basis by workers (only) that are not from the immediate area but are employed in the area for specific purposes (such as seasonal recreation services, construction projects or similar activities) and for a defined period of time. EMPLOYEE/CONTRACTOR QUARTERS does not include a hotel, motel, mobile home, a manufactured home, a manufactured home park, a campground, a recreational vehicle park as defined and regulated herein.
      ENCROACHMENT.  A right of access or entry that has been agreed upon by the property owner or mandated by the city, state or federal government.
      ENLARGEMENT. An increase in the size of an existing structure.
      ENTRY FEATURES. A distinctive object or element located at or near the point at which entrance is made.
      ERECTED. Built, constructed, altered, reconstructed, moved upon; any physical operations on premises which required construction, excavation, fill, drainage and the like, shall be considered part of an erection.
      EXCAVATION. Removal or recovery by any means whatsoever of soil, rocks, minerals, mineral substances or organic substances other than vegetation from water or land from beneath the land surface whether exposed or submerged.
      EXISTING GRADE or ELEVATION. The vertical location of the ground surface prior to excavating or filling.
      EXISTING USE. The use of a lot or structure at the time of enactment of this code.
      EXPANSION. The process of becoming greater in size, number, or amount.
      EXTERIOR DISPLAY. Materials and items for sale in conjunction with a retail business that are displayed outside or underneath a canopy for more than 24 hours and which are not stored within a building. This does not include outside vending machines or architectural props or decorations.
      EXTERIOR WALL. Any wall that defines the exterior boundaries of a building or structure.
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      FAA. An acronym for the Federal Aviation Administration.
      FABRICATION. Means to construct or assemble from diverse and usually standardized parts.
      FAÇADE. The entire building front including the parapet.
      FAMILY. One or more persons living together as a single housekeeping unit, in a dwelling unit.
      FARMERS MARKET, PERMANENT. Commercial activities conducted in an outdoor area, or in semi-enclosed structure where one or more vendor(s) display, barter, or sell directly to the customer food, merchandise and products made or produced locally, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, flowers, herbs, plants, and home prepared food products. A farmer's market permanent tends to be constant, and vendors typically occupy the market on an uninterrupted, daily basis. Farmers market does not mean flea market, occasional arts and craft fairs, or festivals, or farmers market, temporary.
      FARMERS MARKET, TEMPORARY. Commercial activities conducted as an accessory use in an outdoor area, or in semi-enclosed temporary structures where one or more vendor(s) display, barter, or sell directly to the customer food, merchandise and products made or produced locally, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, flowers, herbs, plants, and home prepared food products. A farmer's market, temporary tends to be seasonal, and vendors do not typically occupy the market on an uninterrupted, daily basis. Farmers market does not mean flea market, occasional arts and craft fairs, or festivals, or farmers market, permanent.
      FEED STORE. An establishment engaged in the retail sale of supplies directly related to ranching or dairy operations.
      FENCE. An artificially constructed barrier of any material or combination of materials erected to enclose or screen areas of land.
      FINANCIAL INSTITUTION. An establishment that provides banking services, lending, or similar financial services to individuals and businesses. This definition includes those institutions engaged in the on-site circulation of cash money and check-cashing facilities, but shall not include bail bond brokers.
      FINANCIAL INSTITUTION, WITH DRIVE-THRU. Same as the above use, but with a drive-thru facility.
      FINISHED GRADE. The final grade and elevation of the ground surface after grading is completed and in conformance with the approved grading plans.
      FITNESS AND SPORTS CENTER. A facility primarily featuring equipment for exercise and other active physical fitness and/or recreational sports activities, such as swimming, skating, racquet sports, aerobic dance, gymnasium facilities, indoor soccer, yoga, and other kinds of sports and fitness facilities.
      FLAG. A fabric sheet of square or rectangular or triangular shape which is mounted on a pole. This includes flags of the United States, State of Arizona, registered corporations and other registered entities, foreign nations, as well as decorative flags, and flags supporting activities of the city or other public facility land use.
      FLEA MARKET. An indoor or outdoor premises where the main use is the sale of new or used household goods, personal effects, tools, art work, appliances, and similar merchandise, objects, or equipment in small quantities, in stalls, lots, parcels, or in bulk, for the use, sale or consumption by the immediate purchaser in a building, open air, or partly enclosed booths or stalls not within a wholly enclosed building. This definition does not include temporary retail sidewalk sales or garage sales or special events.
      FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP. The official map on which the Federal Insurance Administration has delineated both the areas of special flood hazards and risk premium zones applicable to the community.
      FLOODPLAIN. Any land areas which are susceptible to being inundated by water from any source.
      FLOOR AREA RATIO. The numerical value obtained through dividing the gross floor area of a building or buildings located on a lot or parcel of land by the total area of such lot or parcel of land.
      FLOOR AREA, GROSS. The sums of the areas of the several floors of a building, including areas used for human occupancy in basements, attics, and penthouses, as measured from the exterior faces of the walls. It does not include cellars, unenclosed porches, or attics not used for human occupancy, or any floor space in accessory buildings or in the main building intended and designed for the parking of motor vehicles in order to meet the parking requirements of this chapter, or any such floor space intended and designed for accessory heating and ventilating equipment. It shall include the horizontal area at each floor level devoted to stairwells and elevator shafts.
      FLOOR AREA, NET. The total of all interior useable floor areas of a building measured from the interior face of interior walls, excluding stairwells and elevators shafts, unenclosed porches, public corridors, public toilets, light shafts, equipment rooms and vertical equipment chases.
      FORCE MAJEURE. An event that results from the elements of nature, as opposed to an event caused by human behavior.
      FRATERNAL OR SOCIAL CLUB, NONPROFIT. Meeting, recreational, or social facilities of a nonprofit organization primarily for use by members or guests. This classification includes union halls and social clubs.
      FRONTAGE. The length of the front property line of a lot or tract of land abutting a public street, road, highway, or rural right-of-way.
      FRONTAGE, BUILDING. The length of an outside building wall.
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      GABLE. The typically triangular section of a wall created when the edges of two roof pitches intersect.
      GARAGE SALE. A sale of household items conducted on a residential site and incidental to the principal dwelling.
      GARAGE, PRIVATE. A building devoted partially or wholly to the parking or temporary storage of a motor vehicle owned by the occupants in the building to which such garage is accessory.
      GARAGE, SIDE ENTRY. A garage that does not directly face the street and the entrance is roughly parallel, rather than perpendicular, to the side property line.
      GENERAL PERSONAL SERVICES. An establishment, whether for consideration or not, that provides non-medical care, advice, aid, maintenance, repair, treatment, or similar semi-technical, technical, or experienced assistance, other than the practice of a profession and wholesale or retail sale of goods. Examples included, but are not limited to, shoe repair, beauty and barber shops, tanning salons, and dry-cleaning shops.
      GENERAL PERSONAL SERVICES, WITH DRIVE-THRU. Same as the above use, but with a drive-thru facility.
      GENERAL PLAN. The general plan of the City of Page, and all elements thereof.
      GENERAL RECREATION, INDOOR. An establishment offering recreation, game playing, rides, or similar amusements to the public within an enclosed building. This shall include arcades, bowling alleys, billiard parlors, bingo parlors, and laser tag parlors.
      GENERAL RECREATION, OUTDOOR. Intensely developed recreational uses where the general public typically participates, lighted or unlighted, such as amusement parks, miniature golf courses, batting cages, motocross courses, water parks or slides, courses for paramilitary games, and archery facilities.
      GLARE. The sensation produced by a bright light source within the visual field that is sufficiently brighter than the level to which the eyes are adjusted, causing discomfort and/or loss in visual performance visibility.
      GOLF COURSE, UNLIGHTED. A tract of land laid out with a course having nine or more holes for playing the game of golf, including any accessory clubhouse, driving range, office, restaurant, concession stand, picnic tables, pro shop, maintenance building, restroom facility, or similar accessory use or structure. This term shall not include miniature golf courses as a principal or accessory use, nor shall it include driving ranges that are not accessory to a golf course, nor shall it include lighted golf courses.
      GOVERNMENT OFFICES and CIVIC BUILDINGS. An office of a governmental agency that provides administrative and/or direct services to the public, such as, but not limited to: post offices, employment offices, public assistance offices, or motor vehicle licensing and registration services.
      GRADE, AVERAGE. The average of the finished ground level at the center of all walls of a building. In case walls are parallel to and within five feet of a sidewalk, the ground level shall be measured at the sidewalk.
      GROSS LEASABLE AREA. The total floor area designed for tenant occupancy and exclusive use, including basements, mezzanines, and upper floors, if any, expressed in square feet and measured from the center line of joint partitions and from outside wall faces.
      GROUP CARE, HOME. A dwelling unit for a group of no more than six unrelated persons, excluding staff, who do not have a disability (see "resident care home" for persons with disabilities), and are not living together as a single housekeeping unit. Group home facilities may or may not be licensed by the state or another government authority. This definition shall include shelter homes for people at risk and halfway/correctional transitional facilities, but shall not include resident care homes for the developmentally disabled nor foster care homes as specifically defined and provided for by the Arizona Revised Statutes.
      GUEST. Any person hiring and occupying a room on a temporary basis for sleeping purposes.
      GUEST ROOM. Any room or rooms, used or intended to be used by guests on a temporary basis for sleeping purposes, having no provisions for cooking. School and college dormitories and fraternity and sorority houses are excluded.
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      HABITABLE ROOM. Space in a structure for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. Bathrooms, toilet compartments, closets, halls, storage and utility spaces and similar areas are not considered habitable space.
      HANDICAPPED. See DISABILITY.
      HARDSCAPE. The part of a building's grounds consisting of structures, such as plazas, retaining walls and sidewalks, made with materials such as concrete and sidewalk pavers.
      HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. Any substance characterized as flammable solids, corrosive liquids, radioactive materials, oxidizing material, highly toxic materials, poisonous gases, reactive materials, unstable materials, hypergolic materials and pyrophoric material sand any substance or mixture of substances which is an irritant, a strong sensitizer or which generates pressure through exposure to heat, decomposition or other means, or as otherwise defined by law.
      HEALTH CARE/MEDICAL FACILITY OR CLINIC. A public or private facility primarily engaged in furnishing, on an outpatient basis, chiropractic, dental, medical, surgical, medical imaging, or other services to individuals, including the offices of chiropractors, physicians, dentists, drug therapists, rehabilitation therapists and other health practitioners, medical and dental laboratories, outpatient care and outpatient care facilities. Patients are not kept overnight except under emergency conditions.
      HEIGHT. See § 152.033(C).
      HEAVY RENTAL, OUTDOOR. Retail establishments selling or renting construction, farm, or other heavy equipment. Examples include cranes, earth moving equipment, tractors, combines, heavy trucks, etc.
      HOME OCCUPATION. A commercial activity conducted entirely within a dwelling or accessory structure (in a residential zoning district) that can be conducted without any significantly adverse impact on the surrounding neighborhood.
      HOSPITAL. A public or private facility, which can include multiple buildings, for the accommodation of sick, injured, or infirm persons, and for the provision of related outpatient services. Services regularly include the keeping of patients overnight. Accessory uses include heliports and related facilities, and parking.
      HOTEL or MOTEL. A building or group of buildings with continuous on-site management and containing nine or more sleeping rooms that are occupied or intended or designed to be occupied as the temporary abiding place of persons who are lodged with or without meals, for compensation.
   I
      IMPERVIOUS SURFACE. Any material that substantially reduces or prevents the infiltration of stormwater into previously undeveloped land. Impervious surface shall include graveled driveways and parking areas.
      INDIVIDUAL. Any private individual, tenant, lessee, owner, or any commercial entity including, but not limited to, companies, partnerships, joint ventures or corporations.
      INDOOR STORAGE (BOAT, RV). A facility where boats and/or recreational vehicles are stored inside for 72 hours or more.
      INGRESS. Access or entry.
      INSTRUCTIONAL SERVICES or TRADE SCHOOL. A specialized instructional establishment that provides on-site training of business, artistic, or commercial skills, or a trade school that prepares students for jobs in a trade (e.g., carpentry). Examples include, but are not limited to, fine arts schools, computer instructional services, and driving schools.
      IRRIGATION PLAN. A plan drawn on a page measuring 24 inches by 36 inches, prepared to scale, showing the layout and details of an irrigation system, including the type and location of all materials used.
      IRRIGATION SYSTEM. The combination of elements such as automatic controllers, meters, pressure vacuum breakers, pipes, valves, emitters, bubblers, spray heads, tubing and other materials designed for the purpose of transporting water to landscaping.
   K
      KITCHENETTE. An area used or designed for the preparation of food and containing a sink, refrigerator and an electrical outlet, which may be used for a microwave oven. No 220V outlet for a range or oven is provided.
   L
      LANDSCAPE PLAN. A plan drawn on 24 inches by 36 inches format, prepared to scale, showing elements such as trees, shrubs, groundcover, sculpture, walls, lighting, water features, walkways and other organic and inorganic materials. The plan shall include a plant list, indicating the size, quantity, and name, both botanical and common, of all plant materials to be used.
      LANDSCAPING.  The combination of elements such as trees, shrubs, ground cover, vines, and other organic and inorganic materials for the express purpose of creating an attractive and pleasing environment.  Public art, water features, plazas, patios, decorative courtyards and lighting may also be considered landscape elements.
      LATTICE TOWER. Any tower that uses three or more poles to form the base and lattice bracing to connect the poles and thereby increase structural support.
      LIBRARY. A permanent facility for storing and loaning books, periodicals, reference materials, audio and videotapes, computers, and other similar media open and available to the public.
      LIGHTING PLAN.  A plan drawn on a page measuring 24 inches by 36 inches, prepared to scale, showing the layout and derails of lighting and photo metrics, including the type and location of all materials used.
      LIVESTOCK. Cattle, horses, sheep, goats, fowl and other similar domestic animals, excluding dogs and cats.
      LOGO. A graphic design representing a product, identity or service.
      LOT. A single tract or piece of property located in a recorded subdivision having frontage on a publicly dedicated and accepted street or a private road approved by the city that is described and denoted as such.  A lot also includes a parcel of land, shown in the records of the Coconino County Assessor's office, divided to be used separately from other parcels of property by description, as on a recorded survey map or by metes and bounds for purposes of sale, lease or separate use in a legal manner pursuant to all state, county and city requirements for the development and proposed use of that property. 
      LOT AREA. The total area in square feet within the boundary lines of a lot.
      LOT AREA, NET. The total horizontal area included within the rear, side, and front lot lines of the lot, excluding any streets or highways, whether dedicated or not dedicated to public use, but including off-street automobile parking areas, easements and other accessory uses.
      LOT COVERAGE. The horizontal surface area of a lot that, if looking down from above, would be covered by any building, accessory building, roof or protection.
      LOT DEPTH. The depth of a lot is the mean distance between its front street line and its rear line.
      LOT LINE, FRONT.
         (a)   In the case of an interior lot fronting on a public street, a line separating the lot from the public street;
         (b)   In the case of an interior lot fronting on a private street, but not a public street, a line separating the lot from the private street;
         (c)   In the case of a corner lot fronting on two public streets, a line separating the shorter street frontage of the lot from a public street; alternatively, a property owner may elect that the front lot line shall be the line separating the longer street frontage of the lot from a public street.  This election shall be in writing and shall be approved by the Zoning Administrator and shall be recorded with the Coconino County Recorder's office;
         (d)   In the case of a corner lot having frontage on one public street and one private street, a line separating the street frontage of the lot from the public street; and
         (e)   In the case of a corner lot fronting on two private streets, but not on a public street, a line separating the shorter street frontage of the lot from a private street.
      LOT LINE, REAR. The lot line or lines generally opposite or parallel to the front lot line, except in a through lot. If the rear lot-line is less than ten feet long or the lot comes to a point at the rear, said rear lot-line is assumed to be a line not less than ten feet long, lying wholly within the lot, approximately parallel to the front street line.
      LOT LINE, SIDE.  Any lot line other than a front lot-line or a rear lot-line.
      LOT WIDTH. The horizontal distance between side lot lines, measured at the required front setback line. If the side property lines are parallel, the shortest distance between these side lines; or if the side property lines are not parallel, the width of the lot shall be the length of a line at right angles to the axis of the lot at a distance equal to the front setback required for the district in which the lot is located. The axis of a lot shall be a line joining the midpoints of the front and rear property lines.
      LOT, CORNER. A lot having frontage on two public streets which intersect at a corner of the lot.
      LOT, DEPTH. The average horizontal distance between the front-lot line and the rear-lot line.
      LOT, FLAG. An interior lot in which the buildable area is located to the rear of a lot abutting a street, and which has access to the same street by means of a narrow driveway.
      LOT, INTERIOR. Any lot other than a corner lot, but including a through lot.
      LOT, THROUGH. A lot having a pair of opposite lot lines abutting two streets and which is not a corner lot. On such a lot, both lot lines are front lot lines, except that where a non-access easement has been established, the front lot line shall be considered as that lot line most distant from the lot line containing the non-access easement.
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      MAINTENANCE. The repair, painting, trimming, pruning, watering and other on-going activities which are associated with providing an attractive site appearance and safe buildings and structures.
      MANSARD. A sloped roof or roof-like facade architecturally comparable to a building wall.
      MANUFACTURED HOME, PARK. A site with required improvements and utilities for the long-term parking of manufactured homes, which may include services and facilities for the residents.
      MANUFACTURED HOME SUBDIVISION.  A subdivision designed for residential use with lots for sale where the residence is to be predominantly manufactured homes.
      MANUFACTURING, HEAVY. An establishment engaged in the manufacture or compounding process of raw materials. Such activities may include the storage of large volumes of highly flammable, toxic matter or explosive materials needed for the manufacturing process. Examples include, but are not limited to: refining or initial processing of raw materials; rolling, drawing, or extruding of metals; asphalt batching plants; sawmills; meat slaughtering or packing house; and manufacture or packaging of cement products, feed, fertilizer, flour, glue, paint, petroleum products, soap, turpentine, varnish, charcoal, or distilled products.
      MANUFACTURING, LIGHT. An establishment engaged in the manufacture, predominantly from previously prepared materials, of finished products or parts, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, and packaging of such products, and incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industrial processing. Examples include, but are not limited to: airplane, automobile, or truck assembly, remodeling, or repair; bottling works; brewery or distillery, boat building, machine or blacksmith shops; metalworking or welding shops; paint shops; and printing and publishing shops.
      MARKET GARDEN. A lot or any portion thereof, managed and maintained by a person, for growing and harvesting, farming, or any other use, which contributes to the production of organic agricultural, floricultural, or horticultural products for recreation or direct local consumption rather than for commercial processing.
      MARQUEE. A permanent roof-like structure or canopy of rigid materials supported by and extending from the façade of a building.
      MEDICAL MARIJUANA. Means all parts of the genus cannabis whether growing or not, and the seed of such plants that may be administered to treat or alleviate a qualifying patient's debilitating medical condition or symptoms associated with the patient's debilitating medical condition.
      MEDICAL MARIJUANA CULTIVATION or DISPENSARY:
         (a)   MEDICAL MARIJUANA CULTIVATION.  The process by which a person, including a caregiver or dispensary, grows a marijuana plant. A facility shall mean a building, structure or premises used for the cultivation or storage of medical marijuana that is physically separate and off-site from a medical marijuana dispensary.
         (b)   MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARY. A non-profit entity defined in A.R.S. § 36-2801(11), that sells, distributes, transmits, gives, dispenses, or otherwise provides medical marijuana to qualifying patients.
         (c)   MEDICAL MARIJUANA INFUSION FACILITY. A facility that incorporates medical marijuana (cannabis spp.) by the means of cooking, blending, or incorporation into consumable, edible or transdermal goods.
      MEDICAL MARIJUANA QUALIFYING PATIENT. A person who has been diagnosed by a physician as having a debilitating medical condition as defined in A.R.S. § 36-2801-13.
      MICROBREWERY, CRAFT DISTILLERY or TASTING ROOM.
         (a)   MICROBREWERY or CRAFT DISTILLERY. A facility for the brewing of beer or distilling of alcohol for onsite consumption as well as wholesale and retail sale, subject to state licensing requirements. Food and/or other alcoholic beverages may also be served.
         (b)   TASTING ROOM. A facility for alcoholic beverage tasting and retail sales of related merchandise to customers who are physically present at the tasting room, subject to state licensing requirements.
      MODIFICATION (or ALTERATION). Any addition or modification that changes the exterior architectural appearance or materials of a structure or object. Alteration includes changes in exterior surfaces, changes in materials, additions, remodels, demolitions, and relocation of buildings or structures, but excludes ordinary maintenance and repairs.
      MOVIE THEATER. An indoor theater for the showing of motion pictures.
      MULTI-TENANTED BUILDING. A building complex or shopping center that contains any number of businesses, greater than one, that share the same site, use common points of ingress, and egress to and from the site.
      MUNICIPALITY. The City of Page, Coconino County, Arizona.
      MUSEUM, CULTURAL FACILITY. Any permanent institution for the collection and display of objects of art or science, sponsored by a public or quasi-public agency and open and available to the public.
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      NATURAL GRADE. The undisturbed natural surface of the land, including washes.
      NATURE PRESERVES, TRAILS and TRAILHEADS. An area that preserves or protects desert lands, associated endangered species, washes, critical environmental features, viewsheds, or other natural elements. Such areas may include pedestrian or equestrian trails and trailheads.
      NEWSPAPER, GENERAL CIRCULATION.  A newspaper published for the dissemination of local or telegraphic news and intelligence of a general character, which has a bona fide subscription list of paying subscribers, and has been established, printed, and published at regular intervals in the state, county or city.
      NIGHTCLUB. A commercial establishment dispensing alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises and in which dancing and musical entertainments are permitted.
      NON-CHARTERED FINANCIAL INSTITUTION (CHECK-CASHING FACILITIES). Any person(s) or establishment engaged in the business of cashing checks or accepting deferred deposits for a fee, service charge, or other consideration. Such uses are not licensed banks, trust companies, savings and loan associations, credit unions, development corporations, mortgage brokers, thrift companies, pawn brokers, or insurance companies.
      NURSERY, COMMERCIAL. A full service retail sales establishment which sells plants that are purchased wholesale from off site. Accessory items can include packaged fertilizer, seed, mulch, and topsoil, as well as other packaged items commonly associated with a retail plant nursery, as long as such items are stored inside of a solid or screened structure. However, the sale or outdoor storage of bulk items, and/or the on-site storage of commercial vehicles or heavy equipment, shall be prohibited.
      NURSING HOME. Establishment with individual rooms supported by communal facilities (such as kitchen, dining, living, and recreation) that provides 24-hour medical, convalescent or chronic care to individuals who, by reason of advanced age, chronic illness or infirmity, are unable to care for themselves, and is licensed as a skilled nursing facility by the State of Arizona, including but not limited to, rest homes and convalescent hospitals, but not ASSISTED LIVING CENTER or HOME, HOSPITALS, or CLINICS.
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      OCCUPANCY, CERTIFICATE OF. A document issued by the Chief Building Official and/or Zoning Administrator allowing the occupancy or use of a building and certifying that the structure or use has been constructed or will be used in compliance with all the applicable codes of the city.
      OCCUPANCY, CHANGE IN. The discontinuance of an existing use and the substitution therefore of a use of a different kind or class.
      OCCUPANT. The person occupying or having custody of a structure or premises as a lessee or other.
      OFF-SITE. Not located within the area of the property to be developed.
      OFF-STREET. Land which is not within the right-of-way of any street or alley.
      OFFICE, BUSINESS or PROFESSIONAL. An establishment that provides executive, management, administrative, or professional services, but not involving the sale of merchandise except as incidental to a permitted use, and not including a medical office or clinic. Typical examples include real estate, insurance, property management, investment, employment, travel, advertising, law, architecture, design, engineering, accounting, broadcasting, call centers, and similar offices.
      ON-SITE. Located on the lot that is the subject of discussion.
      OPAQUE. Means that the material shall not transmit visible light.
      OPEN SPACE. An area that is intended to provide light and air, and is designed for either environmental, scenic, or recreational purposes. OPEN SPACE may include, but is not limited to, lawns, decorative planting, walkways, active and passive recreation areas, playgrounds, fountains, swimming pools, wooden areas, and water courses. OPEN SPACE shall not be deemed to include driveways, parking lots, or other surfaces designed or intended for vehicular travel.
      OUTDOOR DISPLAY. The placement of goods, equipment, merchandise or exhibits at a location visible to the public view, other than within a building.
      OUTDOOR MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT. Any outdoor music or vocal singing projected by natural or amplified means from an individual or individuals for the purpose of entertainment.
      OUTDOOR SALES. The display of products or services that are intended for retail or wholesale purchase not within a completely enclosed building.
      OUTDOOR STORAGE. The keeping in an unroofed area, of any goods, junk, material, merchandise or vehicles in the same place for more than 24 hours.
      OUTDOOR VENDING. Any privately-owned vending stand, vending trailer, mobile food vehicle, or any other non-stationary device that is utilized for the purpose of temporarily displaying, exhibiting, carrying, transporting, storing, selling or offering for sale any food, beverages, goods, wares or merchandise. This definition shall not include; very short duration, primarily non-profit uses such as lemonade and Girl Scout cookie stands and accessory outdoor display and sales areas as specified in § 152.046(f)(8).
      OUTDOOR STORAGE (BOAT, RV STORAGE). A facility where boats and/or recreational vehicles are stored outside for 72 hours or more.
      OVER-THE-COUNTER. The sale of goods, or products from a stock or inventory of goods or products stored on the premises for delivery to the customer at the point of sale.
      OWNER. A person recorded as such on the records of the County Assessor, or a person who has been granted written authorization by the owner to act on his or her behalf.
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      PARAPET. The extension of a false front or wall above a roofline.
      PARKING AISLES. That portion of the parking area consisting of the driving lanes providing access to the individual parking spaces. 
      PARKING AREA. That portion of a lot that is used by vehicles for access, circulation, parking and loading and unloading.  It comprises the total of circulation areas, loading and unloading areas, and parking areas (spaces and aisles).
      PARKING LOT. An area not within a building where motor vehicles may be stored for the purposes of temporary, daily, or overnight off-street parking.
      PARKING LOTS and PARKING STRUCTURE. A paved area used for the sole purpose of parking motor vehicles or a structure designed with one or more levels partially or fully enclosed, used for the parking of motor vehicles. The facility may be above, below, or partially below ground. This use does not include private carports or garages.
      PARKING, OFF-STREET. Marked or unmarked parking located within a parcel and outside a private or public right-of-way.
      PARKING, ON-STREET. Marked or unmarked parking located within a private or public right-of-way.
      PARKING, SHARED. The development and use of parking areas on two or more separate properties for joint use by the businesses on those properties.
      PARKING SPACE, COMPACT. Any permanently maintained space, having a width of not less than eight feet and a length of not less than 15 feet, so located and arranged as to permit the storage of a passenger automobile of compact size.
      PARKING SPACE, STANDARD. A portion of the parking area identified for the parking of one vehicle. 
      PARKING SPACE, TANDEM. A parking configuration where one vehicle parks directly behind another and the vehicle in back must be moved in order for the front vehicle to leave.
      PAVED. An artificial covering on a street, road, parking lot, driveway, walkway, patio, or other natural surface of the ground composed of a material as specified by the engineering standards or as approved by the City Engineer unless otherwise stated herein.
      PERMITTED USE. Any use allowed in a zoning district and subject to any restrictions applicable to that zoning district.
      PERSON. Any person, firm, partnership, association, social or fraternal organization, corporation, estates, trust, receiver, syndicated, branch or government or any other group or combination of groups acting as a unit.
      PETS, HOUSEHOLD. Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, rabbits, and amphibians which are commonly kept as pets and whose primary value is personal enjoyment which shall not be raised for breeding or commercial purposes and which shall be limited to species whose presence in the neighborhood does not arouse unusual community interest or curiosity sufficient to attract the community residents to a specific neighborhood.
      PORCH, FRONT. See COVERED PORCH, FRONT.
      PREMISES. Any property or properties developed as a unit, including all building(s), off-street parking, points of access, common area and any other appurtenances, all of which allows the parcel to function as a whole.
      PRINCIPAL (PRIMARY) USE. A use that fulfills a primary or predominant function of an establishment, institution, household, or other entity and occupies at least 70% of the gross floor area.
      PRIVATE STREET. Real property recorded as improved roadway for pedestrian and motor vehicle traffic, constructed and maintained by private parties.
      PROHIBITED USE. A use which is not specifically permitted or analogous to those specifically permitted.
      PUBLIC SAFETY FACILITY. The conduct of publicly owned safety and emergency services, such as, but not limited to, fire stations, police stations, and emergency medical and ambulance service.
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      RANCHING, COMMERCIAL. A commercial use for the keeping of agricultural animals (e.g., cattle, goats, sheep, swine, etc.), along with necessary accessory uses such as heavy equipment storage and limited crop production. Allowed ranch uses shall include; grazing livestock; animal husbandry; equine stables for riding, boarding, breeding, training, and lessons; the sale of ranch animals; rodeos, 4-H and other public or youth-related activities.  This use does not include INTENSIVE ANIMAL OPERATION (i.e. DAIRY, POULTRY FARMING, EGG FARMING, FEED LOT, etc.)
      RECORDED PLAT. A final plat bearing all certificates of approval required by this chapter and the Arizona Revised Statues and duly recorded in the Pinal County Recorder's office.
      RECREATIONAL VEHICLE. A vehicular unit, other than a mobile home, which is designed as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational and vacation use, and which is either self-propelled, mounted on, or pulled by another vehicle. Examples include, but are not limited to, a travel trailer, camping trailer, truck camper, motor home, fifth-wheel trailer or van.
      RECREATIONAL VEHICLE, PERSONAL. A vehicle designed for recreational usage that includes, but is not limited to, boats, personal watercraft and other marine vehicles, quads and other off-road vehicles, and trailers
      RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARK. A site with required improvements and utilities for both short-term and long-term parking of recreational vehicles, which include services and facilities for the residents.
      RECYCLING CENTER. A facility in which recoverable resources such as newspapers, glassware, plastics, and metal cans are recycled, reprocessed, and treated to return such products to a condition in which they can again be used for production, and in which some of the operations or storage take place outside of an enclosed building. This facility is not a junkyard or salvage yard.
      RELIGIOUS ASSEMBLY. A facility used primarily to provide assembly and meeting areas for religious activities. Accessory uses include cultural events, parking, caretaker's housing, buildings ancillary to a religious function, pastor's housing, and group living facilities such as convents.
      RESEARCH LABORATORY. A facility for conducting medical or scientific research, investigation, testing, or experimentation; however, this does not include facilities for the manufacture or sale of products, except as incidental to the main purpose of the laboratory. This definition includes electronic and telecommunications laboratories, including assembly.
      RESIDENT CARE HOME. Housing for a group of no more than six unrelated persons who live in a dwelling because of disability (see "group home" for persons without disabilities) and may include staff persons, who may or may not be domiciled in the dwelling, who provide support services, including but not limited to domestic, medical, habilitation, rehabilitation, or other similar services. This definition shall include homes for the developmentally disabled or foster care homes as specifically defined and provided for by the Arizona Revised Statutes, and sober living/substance abuse treatment centers but shall not include halfway/correctional transitional facilities or shelter homes for people at risk.
      RESORT, CABINS, LODGES. A group or groups of buildings containing more than five dwelling units and/or guest rooms and providing outdoor recreational activities that may include golf, horseback riding, swimming, shuffleboard, tennis, and similar activities. A resort may furnish services customarily furnished by a hotel, including a restaurant, cocktail lounge, and convention facilities.
      RESOURCE EXTRACTION. The on-site extraction of surface or subsurface mineral products or other natural resources, including but not limited to quarries, borrow pits, sand and gravel operations, oil and gas extraction, and mining operations.
      RESTAURANT, WITH DRIVE-THROUGH FACILITIES. Establishments providing food and beverage services to patrons remaining in automobiles.
      RESTAURANTS. Restaurants providing space for on-premises preparation, consumption, retail sales, and service of food and beverages.
      RETAIL, GENERAL. The retail sale or rental of merchandise not specifically listed under another use classification. This classification typical provides goods directly to the consumer, where such goods are available for immediate purchase and removal from the premises by the consumer. Examples include, but are not limited to: pharmacies, jewelry stores, bait shop, bakeries, bookstores, and florists.
      RETAIL, GENERAL WITH DRIVE-THRU. Same as the above use, but with a drive-thru facility.
      RETAIL, LARGE. A single retail establishment that provides goods directly to the consumer, where such goods are available for immediate purchase and removal from the premises by the consumer, and which occupies more than 25,000 square feet of floor area. Examples include, but are not limited to: grocery stores, apparel shops, appliance stores, electronic stores, department stores, furniture stores, membership based retail stores, and factory outlet stores.
      RETAIL, SMOKE/VAPE SHOP. A cigar shop, hookah lounge, head shop, electronic cigarette or other retail establishment where the primary activity is the sale of tobacco and smoking related goods/paraphernalia. Smoke shops do not include any individual business establishments that contain tobacco departments/sections that are ancillary to their primary use.
      RETAIL, PAWN SHOP. A business in which a principal business activity involves advancing money on the security of pledged goods or purchasing tangible personal property on the condition that it may be redeemed or repurchased by the seller for a fixed or variable price within a fixed or variable period of time.
      RIGHT-OF-WAY. A public way established or dedicated for public purposes by duly recorded plat, deed, grant, governmental authority, or by operation of the law.
      ROOF MOUNTED. Anything affixed to or located on the roof structure of a building.
      RUNWAY. An artificially surfaced strip of ground that is designed and used at an airport for the landing and takeoff of aircraft.
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      SATELLITE DISH ANTENNA. A round, parabolic antenna intended to receive signals from orbiting satellites and other sources. Noncommercial dish antennas are defined as being less than 13.12 feet (four meters) in diameter, while commercial dish antennas are usually those larger than 13.12 feet and typically used by broadcasting stations.
      SCHOOL, BOARDING. Private education institutions having curricula of general academic education consistent with the requirements of the State of Arizona that include group living quarters for a student body or religious order as a normal accessory use. This does not include degree-granting college or universities.
      SCHOOL, PUBLIC or PRIVATE K-8. Facilities for primary education, including public schools, charter schools, and private institutions having curricula of general academic education consistent with the academic requirements of the State of Arizona, including kindergarten, elementary, and junior high school, including accessory facilities traditionally associated with schools, such as athletic fields, cafeterias and libraries.
      SCHOOL, PUBLIC or PRIVATE 9-12. Facilities for secondary high school education, including public schools, charter schools, and private institutions having curricula of general academic education consistent with the academic requirements of the State of Arizona. This includes accessory facilities traditionally associated with schools, such as athletic stadia, cafeterias and libraries.
      SCREENING. A wall, fence, hedge, informal planting, or berm, provided for the purpose of buffering a building or activity from neighboring areas or from the street.
      SCREENING DEVICE.Any structure intended to conceal, fully or partially, an activity or mechanical element from the public view, adjacent uses, properties and/or streets.
      SECTION. A section of this code, unless some other code or statute is mentioned.
      SELF-STORAGE, INDOOR. A building or group of buildings with controlled access that contains varying sizes of individual, compartmentalized, and controlled access garages, stalls or lockers for the storage of customers' goods or wares. This use does not include outdoor storage or indoor or outside storage (Boat, RV).
      SERVICE STATION. Establishments engaged in retailing automotive/boat fuels and may be in combination with providing convenience services.
      SERVICE STATION WITH CAR WASH. Same as the above use, but with a drive-thru car wash facility.
      SETBACK. The required minimum horizontal distance between the building line and the related front side, or rear property line.
      SETBACK LINE. A line that is the required minimum distance from the street right-of-way line or any other lot line that establishes the area within which the principal structure must be placed.
      SIGHT VISIBILITY TRIANGLE. The area of visibility on a street corner to allow for safe operations of vehicles, pedestrians, and cyclists in the proximity of intersecting streets, rail lines, sidewalks, and bicycle paths.
      SIGN. Any visual element, or combination of elements, including words or symbols, designed or placed to attract attention or convey information, including any device providing identification, advertising or directional information for a specific business, service, product, person, organization, place, or building, including graphic devices such as logos, obtrusive colored fascia or architectural elements, banners, balloons, streamers, inflatable structures, exterior merchandise displays, projected picture signs, holographic projection signs and other attention attracting media and devices.
      SIGN, A-FRAME. A temporary sign, normally supported by its own frame and not affixed to a structure or permanently ground mounted. It is positioned upright in a manner that forms an "A" when in use; also referred to as a SANDWICH or TENT sign.
      SIGN, ABANDONED. A sign that is no longer associated with the location, product or activity conducted on the same premises upon which the sign is located.
      SIGN, ADVERTISING. A temporary or permanent sign which includes any copy and/or graphics relating to any business, service, product, person, organization, place, or building in addition to simple identification.
      SIGN, ANIMATED. A permanent sign with actual motion, including light changes or color changes, or the illusion of motion.
      SIGN AREA. See § 152.058(F)(7).
      SIGN, ATTACHED or WALL MOUNTED. A permanent sign that is directly attached to the façade or face of a building.
      SIGN, AWNING/CANOPY. A permanent sign displayed on, or attached flat against, the surface or surfaces of an awning, canopy or any other surface attached to a building that provides shelter.
      SIGN, BANNER. A temporary sign made of fabric, plastic, or other pliable material without a rigid structural support or internal illumination on which advertising copy or graphics may be displayed.
      SIGN, BUILDING MOUNTED. Any sign mounted onto the vertical surface of a building; see SIGN, WALL.
      SIGN, BUSINESS. A permanent sign that directs attention to a business or profession or to a commodity or service sold, offered or manufactured or to an entertainment offered on the premises where the sign is located.
      SIGN, BUSINESS ANNIVERSARY. A temporary sign indicating that the business displaying the sign is celebrating its annual or multi-annual anniversary of its opening.
      SIGN, CABINET. An enclosed frame constructed to hold internal components and covered by a face to hold the advertising sign.
      SIGN, CANOPY. See SIGN, AWNING/CANOPY.
      SIGN, CHANGEABLE COPY. A permanent sign constructed to hold individual letters or individual text sections that are mounted in or on a track system. Changeable copy signs are usually used as directory signs.
      SIGN, CONSTRUCTION. A temporary sign erected on the premises where construction is taking place during the period of such construction indicating the names of the architects, engineers, landscape architects, contractors or similar artisans and the owner, financial supporter, sponsors and similar individuals or firms having a role or interest with respect to the structure or project.
      SIGN COPY. Any graphic image, symbol, text or numerals that advertise or identify an establishment, product, goods or service.
      SIGN, DEVELOPMENT. A permanent sign situated on the subject property indicating the name of a park, complex or center usually located at or near the entry and which may be internally or externally illuminated.
      SIGN, DIRECTIONAL. A sign, supplying pertinent maneuvering guidance for the purpose of promoting safety and the flow of vehicular or pedestrian traffic (i.e. "one way", entrance", "exit", etc.).
      SIGN, DIRECTORY. A sign listing the names and/or uses, and/or locations of the various tenants or activities within a building, or in a multi-tenant development, or group of buildings. DIRECTORY SIGNS may also be constructed as CHANGEABLE COPY SIGNS.
      SIGN, ELECTRONIC MESSAGE CENTER. A permanent sign that uses computer-generated or electronic components to change advertising copy, messages or color, including signs that flip or rotate.
      SIGN, EXTERNALLY ILLUMINATED. A permanent or temporary sign exposed to external artificial lighting (and shielded to prevent light spillage).
      SIGN FACE. The area or display surface used for the message.
      SIGN, FASCIA. A sign that is permanently affixed to the horizontal member or surface at the edge of a projecting roof.
      SIGN, FLASHING. A permanent sign with an intermittent, repetitive or flashing light source.
      SIGN, FREESTANDING/MONUMENT. A permanent sign that has its own supporting structure independent of the building or business it identifies.
      SIGN, FUEL PRICE. A permanently mounted, two component sign displaying business identification and the retail cost of a gallon of gas/diesel on the premises of the retail establishment.
      SIGN, FUTURE DEVELOPMENT. A temporary sign which announces the proposed development of property prior to the issuance of a building permit.
      SIGN, GARAGE SALE. A temporary sign indicating that a private residence is holding a sale on its property of any items previously used on the property.
      SIGN, GAS-FILLED. Any sign that uses neon, argon, krypton or any similar gas to illuminate transparent or translucent tubing or other materials, or any use of neon, argon, krypton or any similar gas lighting on or near the exterior of a building or window.
      SIGN, GOING OUT OF BUSINESS. A temporary sign indicating that the business displaying the sign will cease and be discontinued at a specific location and date.
      SIGN, GROUND MOUNTED. A freestanding sign with no visible base.
      SIGN, HOLIDAY DECORATION. A temporary sign in the form of decorations and/or window painting that are clearly incidental to and customarily and commonly associated with any national, state, local or religious holiday.
      SIGN, IDENTIFICATION. A sign that contains only the name of the business, person, organization, place, or building at that location.
      SIGN, ILLUMINATED. A permanent sign, that is lighted, either externally or internally.
      SIGN, INTERNALLY ILLUMINATED. A sign constructed with a light source within the sign structure and positioned behind the face of the sign.
      SIGN, LEGAL NON-CONFORMING. Any permanent sign in existence or under construction, as of the effective date of this chapter, which does not conform to the provisions of this chapter but which was or is being constructed, erected or maintained in compliance with all previous regulations.
      SIGN, MANSARD. A sign permanently affixed to a wall or surface not more than 20 degrees from vertical at the upper edge of a building and extending parallel with the mansard roof line or parapet upon which the sign is attached. Any sign proposed for a building with a mansard roof shall have the top of the sign mounted no higher than the lowest point of any portion of the roofline.
      SIGN, MENU BOARD. A permanent sign with a changeable face oriented to the drive-through lane of a business that advertises the menu items or services available from the drive-through window.
      SIGN, MULTI-TENANT BUILDING IDENTIFICATION. A permanent sign for a building complex or center that contains any number of businesses, greater than one, that share the same site and use common points of vehicular ingress and egress to and from the site.
      SIGN, NAMEPLATE. A permanent sign that may include street number and name, business hours, and business logo.
      SIGN, OFF-SITE/OFF-PREMISE. Any permanent or temporary sign that may display a message, whether commercial or noncommercial, that may not necessarily relate to the premises upon which the sign is located.
      SIGN, ON-SITE/ON-PREMISE. Any permanent or temporary sign which pertains to the business operated, activity conducted or products sold or manufactured on the premises upon which the sign is located; or which displays a noncommercial message installed or caused to be installed only by the property owner and/or lessee of the property upon which the sign is located.
      SIGN PANEL. The area enclosing the copy and graphic components of a sign.
      SIGN, PARAPET. A sign mounted to the face of a building parapet.
      SIGN, PERMANENT. Any sign set in the ground with its own foundation or which is painted on or otherwise anchored to a building, wall or other permanent structure and any of which are installed to achieve a lasting and enduring condition and location.
      SIGN, POLITICAL. A temporary sign that identifies a person, expresses a position, conveys a message concerning, or advocates a position on, the candidacy of a person, party or issue on an upcoming ballot.
      SIGN, PORTABLE. Any sign not permanently attached to the ground or other permanent structure, or a sign designed to be transported, including, but not limited to, signs designed to be transported by persons or wheels; signs converted to A-frames; menu and sandwich board signs; balloons used as signs; umbrellas for advertising; and signs attached to or painted on vehicles.
      SIGN, PROJECTING. A permanent sign that extends more than 12 inches from a building wall over a property line or right-of-way line.
      SIGN, PYLON. A freestanding sign constructed with a support structure that is more than 10% of the height of the total sign and less than 90% of the width of the sign. The sign support structure shall not be included in the aggregate sign area computation.
      SIGN, READER/SIGN BOARD. A permanent, non-electronic sign only for public facility land uses that conveys schedules of events, rules, regulations, announcements, or similar messages.
      SIGN, ROOF. Any sign affixed on, above or over the roof of a building so that it projects above the roofline is prohibited. The top of a parapet wall shall be considered the roofline. The vertical portion of a mansard roof shall be considered the roofline. The top of the fascia of a hipped roof shall be considered the roofline. Where a parapet wall is combined with a mansard roof, the roofline shall be the top of the parapet.
      SIGN, SANDWICH. See SIGN, A-FRAME.
      SIGN, SPHERICAL. A permanent sign that is three dimensional and embodies imagery of a symbol (i.e. book, shoe, glasses, etc.) that assists in advertising a downtown business.
      SIGN, STREET ADDRESS. A permanent sign located on-site, consisting of numerals and letters identifying a property address.
      SIGN, SUBDIVISION IDENTIFICATION. A set of two permanent and identical signs that identify the residential subdivision, are attached to a screen wall or landscape planter adjacent to the adjacent public street, and are designed and sited in a manner consistent with the architectural style and landscape theming of the site.
      SIGN, TEMPORARY. A sign intended to display either commercial or non-commercial messages of a transitory or temporary nature. Portable signs, any sign not permanently embedded in the ground, or signs affixed to a building, wall, fence, or sign structure for a non-permanent time period, are considered temporary signs. A banner, pennant, flag, poster, balloon, construction sign, political sign or an A-frame sign shall be considered a temporary sign.
      SIGN, TWO-PART. A permanent sign composed of two sign panels, at an angle equal to or more than 45 degrees, whose aggregate sign area shall be computed from the total of both panels.
      SIGN, WALKER. A person who wears, holds or balances a portable sign.
      SIGN, WALL. A permanent sign which is fastened to any vertical portion of a building; see also SIGN, BUILDING MOUNTED.
      SIGN, WINDOW. Any permanent sign, pictures, symbols or combination thereof, designed to communicate information about an activity, business, commodity, event, sale or service that is affixed to, or located within any area six feet behind a window pane, positioned to be read from the exterior of a building.
      SIGN, WEEKEND DIRECTIONAL. A temporary sign typically placed on weekends within the right-of-way that is designed for providing direction and/or orientation for pedestrian or vehicular traffic.
      SIGN, YARD. Small placard-type signs that are typically associated with, but not limited to, the advertisement of real estate, political campaigns, and meeting or event announcements.
      SINGLE HOUSEKEEPING UNIT. Any number of related, or up to six unrelated, persons living as the functional equivalent of a traditional family, whose members are an interactive group of persons jointly occupying a single dwelling unit, including the joint use of and responsibility for common areas, and sharing household activities and responsibilities (e.g. meals, chores, household maintenance, expenses, etc.) and where, if the dwelling unit is rented, all adult residents have chosen to jointly occupy the entire premises of the dwelling unit, under a single written lease with joint use and responsibility for the premises, and the makeup of the household and length of stay is determined collectively by the residents of the dwelling unit rather than the landlord or property manager.
      SITE. The building area leased or owned by or on behalf of any business together with its adjacent privately-owned walkway or parking area.
      SITE BUILT. A structure or dwelling constructed on the site by craftsmen utilizing materials delivered to the site. Said structure shall consist of footings and foundations poured in place, permanently attached to the walls. Roofing materials, interior and exterior finishes shall be applied on the site. All construction shall be in conformance with all uniform codes in force at the time of construction. This definition does not include relocated site built homes.
      SITE PLAN. A plan, prepared to scale, showing accurately and with complete dimension, the boundaries of a site and the location of all buildings, structures uses, principal site development features, or any other information required by this chapter, which is proposed for a specific parcel of land.
      SLOPE. An included ground surface, the inclination of which is expressed as a ratio of horizontal distance to vertical distance.
      SMALL WIRELESS FACILITY. A wireless facility that meets both of the following qualifications:
         (a)   Each antenna is located inside an enclosure of not more than six cubic feet in volume or, in the case of an antenna that has exposed elements, the antenna and all of the antenna's exposed elements could fit within an imaginary enclosure of not more than six cubic feet in volume.
         (b)   All other wireless equipment associated with the facility is cumulatively not more than 28 cubic feet in volume. The following types of associated ancillary equipment are not included in the calculation of equipment volume pursuant to this definition:
            1.   An electric meter;
            2.   Concealment elements;
            3.   A telecommunications demarcation box;
            4.   Ground-based enclosures;
            5.   Grounding equipment;
            6.   A power transfer switch;
            7.   A cut-off switch; and
            8.   Vertical cable runs for the connection of power and other services.
      SOCIAL SERVICE FACILITY.Facilities providing a variety of supportive services for disabled and homeless individuals and other targeted groups on a less-than-24-hour basis. Examples of services provided are counseling, meal programs, personal storage lockers, showers, instructional programs, television rooms, and meeting spaces. This classification is distinguished from a hospital, nursing home, day care center, group care home, treatment facility, health clinic, or emergency shelter providing 24-hour or overnight care.
      SOLAR GENERATION FACILITY. An electrical energy generation plant comprised of one or more freestanding, ground-mounted devices that capture solar energy and convert it to electrical energy for use by an off-site electric utility provider. Solar generation stations typically utilize photovoltaic solar cells, but they can also be combinations of light reflectors, concentrators, and heat exchangers. A solar generation station is also known as a solar plant, solar generation plant, solar farm, concentrated solar power plant, solar power plant, or solar thermal power plat (if non-photovoltaic).
      SPECIAL EVENT PERMIT. A permit issued by the Zoning Administrator for the purpose of any fair, parade, march, procession, festival, street dance, circus, carnival, concert, performance, rodeo, race, Christmas tree sales lot or another temporary activity using outdoor spaces and inviting public participation and patronage (with or without charge) whether held on public or private property. There are two types of special events: civic events and commercial activities.
      SPECIFIED ANATOMICAL AREAS. Less than completely and opaquely covered human genitals, pubic region, buttock and female breast below a point immediately above the top of the areola; and human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered.
      SPECIFIED SEXUAL ACTIVITIES. Human genitals in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal; acts of human masturbation, sexual intercourse or sodomy; fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttock or female breast.
      STORE/STAY QUARTERS. An attached unit to a principal indoor storage (boat, RV) building or unit that may be used as a temporary residence by the owner, subject to the provisions of § 152.046(F)(3).
      STORY. That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the next floor above it, or if there is no floor above it, then the space between the floor and the ceiling next above it. STORY includes a basement, but not a cellar.
      STREET. A right-of-way, dedicated to public use, which provides the principal vehicular and pedestrian access to adjacent properties.
      STREET, ARTERIAL. A street designed to carry large volumes of traffic and provides for efficient vehicular movement between large areas of the city as designated on the Functional Street Classification Map in the city's general plan.
      STREET, COLLECTOR. Streets that conduct and distribute traffic between other residential streets of lower order in the streets hierarchy and higher order streets or major activity centers. This is the highest order of street appropriate to a residential neighborhood and residential street frontage along it should be prohibited or severely restricted.
      STREET, PRIVATE. An area intended for local vehicular traffic, owned and maintained by a private corporation, individual, or group of individuals.
      STREET WIDTH. The shortest distance between street lines, measured at a right angle to the street right-of-way.
      STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS. Any change in the supporting components of a building, such as bearing walls or partitions, columns, beams or girders, or any complete rebuilding of the roof or exterior walls.
      STRUCTURE. Anything constructed or erected which requires a fixed location on the ground, or is attached to something having a fixed location on the ground.
      SUBDIVISION. In accordance with ARS § 9-463.02, a SUBDIVISION means improved or unimproved land or lands divided for the purpose of financing, sale or lease, whether immediate or future, into four or more lots, tracts or parcels of land, or, if a new street is involved, any such property which is divided into two or more lots, tracts or parcels of land, or, any such property, the boundaries of which have been fixed by a recorded plat, which is divided into more than two parts. SUBDIVISION also includes any condominium, cooperative, community apartment, townhouse or similar project containing four or more parcels, in which an undivided interest in the land is coupled with the right of exclusive occupancy of any unit located thereon, but plats of such projects need not show the buildings or the manner in which the buildings or airspace above the property shown on the plat are to be divided. SUBDIVISION does not include the following:
         (a)   The sale or exchange of parcels of land to or between adjoining property owners if such sale or exchange does not create additional lots;
         (b)   The partitioning of land in accordance with other statutes regulating the partitioning of land held in common ownership; or
         (c)   The leasing of apartments, offices, stores or similar space within a building or trailer park, nor to mineral, oil or gas leases.
      SUBDIVISION PLAT. Means a map of a subdivision (see RECORDED PLAT).
      SUBSTANCE ABUSE DETOXIFICATION CENTER. An inpatient health facility staffed by medical professionals providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.
      SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT CENTER. A health facility providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals on an outpatient basis. Methadone distribution centers are included.
   T
      TASTING ROOM. A facility for alcoholic beverage tasting and retail sales of related merchandise to customers who are physically present at the tasting room, subject to state licensing requirements.
      TEMPORARY USE or BUILDING. A use or structure permitted under this code to exist for a limited period of time.
      TOTAL AGGREGATE SIGN AREA. The entire area of the sign surface upon which sign copy and/or imagery may be placed, excluding any supporting structure.
      TOUR SERVICES. Businesses primarily engaged in providing recreation and other leisure based activities for tourists, as well as local residents, including, but not limited to: jeep tours, helicopter tours, hiking tours and rafting tours.
      TRAILER, BOAT. A vehicle designed for transportation on its own wheels and drawn by another vehicle and designed for the purpose of transportation of a pleasure boat and its accessories.
      TRAILER, COMMERCIAL. A vehicle designed for transportation upon its own wheels and drawn by another vehicle and used to conduct a business or occupation, or as a selling or advertising device, even though mounted on jacks, blocks, foundations or supports.
      TRANSLUCENT. Admitting and diffusing light so that objects and the light source beyond cannot be clearly perceived.
      TRUCK STOP. A commercial facility whose primary purpose is to provide service and maintenance to diesel powered trucks and tractor trailers, including bays for truck washing and fuel dispensing, but excluding the overhaul of large diesel trucks or engines. Other facilities may also be present, such as convenience markets, motels and restaurants.
   U
      UNDERLYING DISTRICT. The base zoning district classification applying to a group of properties upon which additional overlay district regulations are superimposed.
      USE. The principal purpose for which a lot or the main building is designed, arranged, or intended, and for which it may be used, occupied, or maintained.
      USE, ACCESSORY.  A use of a building or lot which is customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the main building or lot.
      USE, CONDITIONAL. Any use which may be established in the particular zoning district in which it is allowed only upon meeting the conditions and limitations as prescribed by this chapter.
      USE, PERMITTED. A use which is lawfully established in a particular district and which conforms with specified development standards.
      UTILITY FACILITY and SERVICE YARD, MAJOR. A service of a regional nature that normally entails the periodic construction/expansion of buildings or structures, and that typically has employees on the site on an ongoing basis. Examples include, but are not limited to: wastewater treatment plants, water treatment plants, reservoirs, power plants, and accessory maintenance yards.
      UTILITY FACILITY, MINOR. A service that is necessary to support development within the immediate vicinity and that involves only minor structures. Employees typically are not located at the site on an ongoing basis. Examples include, but are not limited to: electric transformer stations; gas regulator stations; telephone exchange buildings; well, water, and sewer pumping stations; water storage tanks; and water pressure regulating stations.
   V
      VACATION HOME RENTALS. Vacation home rentals are limited to individually or collectively owned single-family or one-to-four-family house or dwelling units or any unit or group of units in a condominium, cooperative or timeshare, that is also a transient public lodging establishment or owner-occupied residential home offered for transient use if the accommodations are not classified for property taxation under A.R.S. § 42-12001. Use of any other unit, dwelling or group of units or dwellings as a vacation rental or short-term rental is prohibited. Vacation rentals do not include a unit that is used for any nonresidential use, including retail, restaurant, banquet space, event center or other similar use.
      VEHICLE. Any vehicle designed to carry one or more persons, which is propelled or drawn by mechanical power, such as automobiles, trucks, and motorcycles.
      VEHICLE, ELECTRIC. A vehicle which uses one or more electric motors for propulsion.
      VEHICLE, INOPERATIVE. Any motor vehicle that cannot be operated lawfully on a public street or highway for any reason other than the lack of current vehicle registration, or that cannot be moved under its own power
      VEHICLE STACKING. Generally refers to a circumstance where a parking area, driveway or garage is intentionally designed to provide for one car to be parked directly behind another vehicle, or "stacked" whereas the first vehicle is unable to move without the second vehicle also moving.
      VISIBILITY TRIANGLE. A triangular area formed by two intersecting curb lines or property lines and a line connecting them at a point 30 feet from the intersection of the two lines.  Also see SIGHT TRIANGLE.
      VISIBLE. Capable of being seen (whether or not legible) by a person of normal height and visual acuity walking or driving on a public road.
   W
      WALL. An artificially constructed barrier of solid stucco, masonry, rock or concrete material erected to enclose or screen areas of land.
      WALL, BUILDING. Any exterior surface of a building or any part thereof, including windows.
      WASTE FACILITY, LANDFILL. A planned and approved method or system of waste disposal in which the waste is disposed or buried in layers, compacted by earth or other approved methods, also known as sanitary landfill.
      WASTE FACILITY, TRANSFER STATION. A facility or site where solid waste from households, businesses, and industries is transferred from one type of collection vehicle or container to another. Transfer activities are entirely within covered structures. A transfer station is an intermediary point between the locations of waste generation and the sites of ultimate processing or disposal. Does not include liquid waste transfer, hazardous or toxic waste disposal, solid waste disposal, or liquid waste recycling or refining activities.
      WATCHMAN’S QUARTERS. An attached unit to a principal building that may be used as a permanent residence for employees of businesses or property owners when their presence is required for security purposes by the employer 24 hours a day, subject to the provisions of § 152.046(F)(2).
      WHEEL STOP. A physical barrier sufficient in size to prevent the movement of automobiles or other vehicles over or past such barrier.
      WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENT. An establishment primarily engaged in the sale or distribution of goods and materials in large quantity to retailers or other businesses for resale to the general public or business customers, and limited retail uses when directly associated with the wholesale use. This term shall not include heavy manufacturing, resource extraction, bulk storage of hazardous materials, or scrap or salvage operations.
      WIRELESS FACILITY. Wireless facilities transmit analog or digital voice or communications information between or among points using electromagnetic signals via antennas, microwave dishes, and similar structures. Supporting equipment includes buildings, shelters, cabinets, towers, electrical equipment, parking areas, and other accessory development. Specific use types include, but are not limited to:
         (a)   TOWER. (Including any facility with a tower). A structure in a fixed location used as an antenna or to support antennas for the primary purpose of transmitting and/or receiving electronic signals. This use includes wireless communication facilities with towers. This definition also includes non-residential broadcast, communication, transmission, and similar towers, either freestanding or attached to an adjacent broadcasting or transmitting facility.
         (b)   BROADCASTING or RECORDING STUDIO. (No tower). A building or portion of a building used as a place for radio or television broadcasting or recording but without a transmission tower.
         (c)   SATELLITE EARTH STATION.  A telecommunication facility that transmits to and/or receives signals from an orbiting satellite.
         (d)   SMALL WIRELESS FACILITIES.  See SMALL WIRELESS FACILITY.
         (e)   TRANSMITTING STATION. (No tower). Any facility utilized for the transmission of broadcast information but without a transmission tower. This use includes wireless communication facilities without towers.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, AMATEUR SERVICE. A radio communication service for the purpose of self-training, intercommunication and technical investigation carried out by amateurs, that is, by duly authorized persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, AMATEUR STATION. The term amateur station means a radio station operated by a duly authorized person interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, ANTENNA. Any devise used to collect or radiate electromagnetic waves, excluding any antenna support structure other than mounting brackets.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, ANTENNA ARRAY. An assembly of antenna elements with dimensions, spacing, and illumination sequence such that the fields for the individual elements combine to produce a maximum intensity in a particular direction and minimum field intensities in other directions.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE/TOWER. A commercially manufactured structure designed and constructed specifically to support an antenna or antenna array and equipment associated with a single or collocated WCF, and may include a monopole, self-supporting (lattice) tower, guy wire support tower and other similar structures.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, ATTACHED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION FACILITY. An attached WCF is an antenna array that is attached to an existing building or structure, which structures shall include but not be limited to utility poles and water towers, with any accompanying pole or attachment device which attaches the antenna array to the existing building or structure, transmission cables, and an equipment facility which may be located either inside or outside of the attachment structure.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, BROADCAST. To transmit information over the airwaves to two or more receiving devices simultaneously. Information can be transmitted over local television or radio stations, satellites systems or wireless communications systems.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, CAMOUFLAGED. A wireless communication facility that is disguised, hidden, part of an existing or proposed structure or placed within an existing proposed structure is considered camouflaged.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, CO-LOCATION. Use of a common WCF or common site by two or more wireless license holders or by one wireless license holder for more that one type of communications technology and/or placement of a WCF on a structure owned or operated by a utility or other public entity.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, COMMERCIAL MOBILE SERVICES. Commercial mobile services are defined in § 332 of the Communications Act and the FCC's rules, and include cellular telephone services regulated under Part 22 of the FCC's rules, SMR services regulated under Part 90 of the FCC's rules, and PCS regulated under Part 24 of the FCC's rules. 47 C.F.R.o 20.9.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, COMMON CARRIER/CARRIER. The term COMMON CARRIER or CARRIER means any person engaged as a common carrier for hire, in interstate or foreign communication by wire or radio or in the interstate or foreign radio transmission of energy, but a person engaged in radio broadcasting shall not be deemed a common carrier.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, DIRECT-TO-HOME SATELLITE SERVICES. The term direct-to-home satellite services means the distribution or broadcasting of programming or services by satellite directly to the subscriber's premises without the use of ground receiving or distribution equipment, except at the subscribers premises or in the uplink process to the satellite.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, FAA. The Federal Aviation Administration and any legally appointed, designated or elected agent or successor.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, FCC. The Federal Communications Commission and any legally appointed, designated or elected agent or successor.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, HEIGHT. When referring to a WCF, height shall mean the distance measured from ground level to the highest point on the WCF antenna support structure including the antenna.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, SETBACKS. When referring to an antenna support structure, setback shall mean the required distance from the antenna support structure to the property line of the parcel on which the WCF is located.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, TEMPORARY WIRELESS COMMUNICATION FACILITY (TEMPORARY WCF). A WCF which is to be placed in use for a limited period of time, is not deployed in a permanent manner, and does not have a permanent foundation.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, TOWER/ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE. A structure designed and constructed specifically to support an antenna or antenna array, and may include a monopole, self-supporting (lattice) tower, guy-wire support tower and other similar structures.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, UN-LICENSED WIRELESS SERVICE. Un-licensed wireless services are defined as the offering of telecommunications services using duly authorized devices which do not require individual licenses; direct-to home satellite services are excluded from this definition. 47 U.S.C.o 332 (c)(7)(C)(iii).
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION FACILITY. A WCF is any facility used for the transmission and/or reception of wireless communication services, usually consisting of an antenna array, transmission cables, equipment facility, and antenna support structure(s).
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SERVICES. Wireless communication services shall mean any personal wireless services as defined in the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996 which includes commercial mobile services, un-licensed wireless service, common carrier wireless exchange access services, and similar services that currently exist or that may in the future be developed.
      WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION, CABINETS, SHELTERS. A building or an existing structure, pedestals and other similar structures.
   Y
      YARD. Open space on the same lot with a building or group of buildings, lying between the building (or outer building of a group) and the nearest lot or property line and unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward.
      YARD, REQUIRED FRONT.  An open space extending the full width of the lot between the front lot line and the front line of the building projected to the side lines of the lot.  A front yard setback is established parallel to the front lot line.
      YARD, REQUIRED REAR. An open unoccupied space extending the full width of the lot between the rear lot line and the rear line of the building.  A rear yard setback is established parallel to the rear lot line.
      YARD, REQUIRED SIDE. An open space extending from the required front yard to the required rear yard between a side setback and a side lot line.
      YARD, SIDE. Open space between the side-lot line, the side-property line, or the proposed side-property line, and the building line and extending from the front yard to the rear yard.
      YARD, STREET SIDE. Open space between the side-lot line adjacent to a public or private street and the building line and extending from the front yard to the rear yard.
   Z
      ZONING ADMINISTRATOR. The city employee responsible for the enforcement and interpretation of the zoning ordinance. Also known as the Community Development Director.
      ZERO LOT LINE. The location of a building on a lot in such a manner that one or more of the building's sides rests directly on a lot line.
      ZONE. An area within which certain uses of land and buildings are permitted and certain others are prohibited; yards and other open spaces are required; lot areas, building height limits, and other requirements are established; all of the foregoing being identical for the zone in which they apply.
      ZONING CLEARANCE. The approval by the Zoning Administrator of a plan that is in conformance with the zoning ordinance of the city.
      ZONING DISTRICT. A designated area in which the same zoning regulations apply through the geographic area.
      ZONING ORDINANCE. The chapter that identifies the specific district areas and what is allowed or not allowed to occur in those geographic areas of the city.
(Ord. 648-18, passed 11-28-2018)