1113.02  MEANINGS OF WORDS.
   (a)   As used in these Regulations, the following words shall have the following meanings:
      (1)   "Alley" means a quantity of land dedicated to the public to  provide a private or secondary means of access to the back or side of properties otherwise abutting on a street and having a minimum width of twenty feet.
      (2)   "Block" means subdivided property surrounded by, but not separated by, one or more of the following man-made or physical land features: private and public dedicated streets, unsubdivided acreage, rivers or streams, or by any other physical feature which prevents continuity of development.
      (3)   "Building setback line" means a line establishing the limits of a yard which abuts a street and in which no building may be located.
      (4)   "County" means Richland County, Ohio.
      (5)   "Cul-de-sac" means a street having one outlet open to vehicular traffic and the other end permanently terminated by a vehicular turn-around.
      (6)   "Dead-end street" means a street temporarily having one outlet open to vehicular traffic and not provided with a permanent vehicular turn-around.
      (7)   "Developer" means any person, partnership, or corporation or duly authorized agent who constructs or contracts to construct improvements on subdivided land.  A developer may also be a subdivider as elsewhere defined herein.
      (8)   "Easement" means a quantity of land over which a liberty, privilege or advantage is granted by the owner of the public, a corporation or particular person for a specific use or purpose.
      (9)   "Engineer, professional" means a person registered to practice professional engineering by the State of Ohio Board of Registration as specified in Ohio R.C. 4733.14.
      (10)   "Final plan." See subdivision plat.
      (11)   "Flood plain" means that land which has been or may hereafter be covered by flood waters including but not limited to the regulatory flood.  For the purpose of these Regulations, the regulatory flood shall be deemed to be a flood of 100 year frequency.
      (12)   "Improvements" means grading, street surfacing, curbs and gutters, sidewalks, crosswalks, water mains, sanitary and storm sewers, storm sewer outfall, culverts, street lights, street trees and the appropriate appurtenances required to render land suitable for the use proposed.
      (13)   "Licensed land surveyor" means a person licensed to practice surveying by the State of Ohio Board of Registration.
      (14)   "Lot" means a division of land separated or intended to be separated from other divisions of land by description on a recorded subdivision plat, recorded survey map or by metes and bounds for the purpose of sale, lease or separate use.
      (15)   "Lot, corner" means a lot at the point of intersection of and abutting onto more than one street.
      (16)   "Lot, double frontage" means a lot other than a corner lot, that abuts onto more than one street.
      (17)   "Lot lines" means the lines defining the boundaries of a lot.
      (18)   "Marginal access streets" means minor streets which are parallel to and adjacent to arterial streets and highways and which serve to reduce the number of access points to the arterial streets and thereby increase traffic safety.
      (19)   "Official maps" means the maps of the City and the surrounding area showing the streets, highways, parks and other public areas and sites, adopted and established by law, including additions thereto resulting from the legal filing of approved plats.
      (20)   "Open space development" means any subdivision of land which has both individual building sites and common open space areas, such as park and recreation areas; and is planned, designed and organized as a unified development capable of providing a variety of residential dwellings.
      (21)   "Owner" means any individual, firm, association, syndicate, co-partnership, corporation, trust or any other legal entity having sufficient proprietary interest in the land sought to be subdivided to commence and maintain proceedings to subdivide the same under these Regulations.
      (22)   "Pavement" means that portion of the street right-of-way surfaced for vehicular use.
      (23)   "Pedestrian walkway" means a dedicated public right-of-way limited to pedestrian use.
      (24)   "Performance bond" means an agreement by and between the subdivider and a bonding company in favor of the City, or an instrument approved by the City between the subdivider and the City, for the amount of the estimated construction cost guaranteeing the completion of the requirement improvements according to the specifications set forth in these Regulations, within the time prescribed by the above agreement.
      (25)   "Planned Unit Development" means any subdivision of land where both individual building sites and common property devoted to parks, playgrounds or school sites is designed and organized to be capable of satisfactory use and operation as a self-contained residential area.  A Planned Unit Development may include shopping centers and planned industrial park developments.
      (26)   "Planning Commission" means the Planning Commission of the City of Ontario, Richland County, Ohio.
      (27)   "Preliminary Plan" means a drawing for the purpose of study of a major subdivision and which, if approved, permits proceeding with the preparation of a subdivision plat.
      (28)   "Public reservation" means a portion of a subdivision which is set aside for public use and made available for public use and acquisition.
      (29)   "Public utility" means any person, firm, association, corporation, trust, board, commission or other legal entity, duly authorized to furnish under State, County or municipal regulations to the public: gas, steam, electricity, sewerage disposal and treatment, communication, television, telegraph, transportation, water or waste treatment.
      (30)   "Regional Planning Commission" means the Richland County Regional Planning Commission.
      (31)   "Registered architect" means an architect duly authorized to practice architecture in accordance with State law.
      (32)   "Registered engineer" means an engineer duly authorized to practice civil engineering in accordance with State law.
      (33)   "Reserve strip" means a strip of land parallel and abutting a thoroughfare controlling the means of access onto the property.
      (34)   "Reserved area; reservation" means a parcel of land within a subdivision which is set aside for a specific use, other than residential, commercial or industrial.
      (35)   "Right-of-way" means the land between property lines of a street alley, pedestrian walkways or utility line, dedicated to public ownership or use, not including an easement.
      (36)   "Service drives" means a street providing access to property which abuts or is adjacent to minor or major thoroughfares.
      (37)   A.   "Street" means a right-of-way, dedicated or deeded for public use, which provides for vehicular and pedestrian traffic whether designated as a street, highway, thoroughfare, parkway, throughway, freeway, road, boulevard, avenue, lane, place or however otherwise designated.
         B.   "Expressway" means a street designed to serve a large volume of high speed traffic, usually for long distances.  The characteristics of an expressway are no  vehicular or pedestrian access to adjoining properties and interchange of traffic with arterial streets accomplished by grade separated interchanges.  For the purpose of these Regulations the term "expressway" includes "freeway" and "limited access highway."
         C.   "Primary street" means a street of great continuity, that is not an expressway, which serves or is intended to serve as a major traffic way within the City, County or both.  Primary streets and expressways comprise the basic structure of the thoroughfare plan.
         D.   "Secondary street" means a street of considerable continuity which serves or is intended to serve as the principal traffic way between large and separated areas or districts and which is the main means of access to the main thoroughfare system of primary streets.
         E.   "Collector street" means a street servicing industrial and commercial areas or the principal street which carries the burden of local traffic to primary streets or secondary streets, including the principal entrance streets of residential developments and primary circulation routes within such developments.
         F.   "Minor street" means a street used primarily to provide access to abutting properties.  Minor streets may be further classified as cul-de-sacs, marginal, access, loop or dead-end.
            (Ord. 77-19.  Passed 6-2-77.)
         G.   "Boulevard" means a street or road on which traffic flow is divided into each direction by a median strip which is usually landscaped with grass and plantings.  A boulevard may serve the function of a secondary street, collector street or minor street, depending upon its relationship within the overall transportation system. 
(Ord. 86-64.  Passed 11-6-86.)
         H.   “Private street” is an improved right of way owned and maintained by the abutting property owners, or by an association of property owners, excluding off-street parking areas, driveways, and driveways to off-street parking areas, which provides for vehicular, pedestrian and utility access to abutting properties or buildings. 
(Ord. 07-27.  Passed 8-16-07.)
      (38)   "Subdivider" means an individual, firm, association, corporation, trust or any legal entity, commencing proceedings under these Regulations to subdivide land within the City.
      (39)   "Subdivision" means the division of any parcel of land shown as a unit or as contiguous units on the last preceeding tax role into two or more parcels, sites or lots, any one of which is less than five acres for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of transfer of ownership, provided, however, that the division or partition of land into parcels of more than five acres not involving any new streets or easements of access, and the sale or exchange of parcels between adjoining lot owners, where such sale or exchange does not create additional building sites, shall be exempted; or the improvement of one or more parcels of land for residential and commercial, or industrial structures or groups of structures involving the division or allocation of land for the opening, of extension of any street or streets except private streets serving industrial structures; the division or allocation of land as open spaces for common use by owners, occupants or lease holders, or as easements for the extension and maintenance of public sewer, water, storm drainage or other public facilities.
      (40)   "Subdivision, minor" means a subdivision of a parcel along an existing public dedicated street not involving the opening, widening or extension of any street or road, and involving no more than five lots after the original tract has been completely subdivided and provided that the same is not contrary to applicable platting, subdividing or zoning regulations.