(a)   No building or structure shall be erected, altered, or changed in use unless permanently maintained off-street parking and loading facilities have been provided in accordance with the provisions of this Zoning Code.
   (b)   Whenever a building or structure constructed after the effective date of this Zoning Code is changed or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units or otherwise creates a need for an increase in the number of existing parking spaces, additional parking spaces shall be provided on the basis of the enlargement or change.
   (c)   Plans and designs for parking areas in conjunction with other buildings and structures shall be submitted as part of the application for zoning certificate, conditional use permit, and the like, and approval of the application shall be contingent upon approval of the parking area. The creation or expansion of a parking area, as a separate action, shall require a separate certificate, permit, and the like.
   (d)   Maintenance. The owner of property used for parking or loading areas shall maintain the area in good condition without holes and free of all dust, trash, and other debris.
   (e)   Lighting. Any parking area which is intended to be used during non-daylight hours shall be properly illuminated to avoid accidents. Any lights used to illuminate a parking area shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from the adjoining properties.
   (f)   Location of Parking Spaces. Parking spaces for all detached residential uses shall be located on the same lot as the use which it is intended to serve. Parking spaces for commercial, industrial, or institutional uses shall be located not more than 700 feet from the principal use. Parking spaces for apartments, dormitories, or similar residential uses shall be located not more than 300 feet from the principal use.
   (g)   Screening or Landscaping. Whenever a parking area is located in or adjacent to a residential district, it shall be effectively screened on all sides which adjoin or face any property used for residential purposes by an acceptably designed fence, wall, or planting screen. The fence, wall, or planting screen shall not be less than four feet nor more than six feet in height and shall be maintained in good condition. The space between such fence, wall, or planting screen and the lot line of the adjoining property in any residential district shall be landscaped with grass, hardy shrubs, or evergreen ground cover, and maintained in good condition. In the event that terrain or other natural features are such that the erection of a fence, wall, or planting screen will not serve the intended purpose, then no fence, wall, or planting screen shall be required.
   (h)   Minimum Distance and Setbacks.
      (1)   No part of any parking area for more than five vehicles shall be closer than ten feet to any dwelling unit, school, hospital, or other institution for human care located on an adjoining lot, unless separated by an acceptable designed screen.
      (2)   No off-street parking area in any residential district shall be located within the required front yard, except within a driveway located in the district. The driveway shall be no closer than two feet to any property line. No off- street parking area in any commercial or industrial district shall be located closer than five feet to any established street or alley right-of-way line.
      (3)   Whenever a parking area extends to a property line, wheel blocks or other suitable devices shall be installed to prevent any part of a parked vehicle from extending beyond the property line.
   (i)    Access. Access driveways for parking areas and loading spaces shall be located in such a way that any vehicle entering or leaving the area shall be clearly visible for a distance as specified in Section 1125.12 to any pedestrian or motorist approaching the access or driveway from a public or private street. The entrances and exits to the parking area shall be clearly marked. Interior vehicular circulation by way of access drives shall maintain the following minimum requirements.
(1)   For one-way traffic, a minimum width of ten feet.
      (2)   For two-way traffic, a minimum width of twenty-two feet.
      (3)   Parking areas having more than one access driveway shall have directional signs for one-way traffic.