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(A) No dog shall be declared a vicious, dangerous or problematic dog if the dog threatened, injured, or damaged a person or domestic animal because it was provoked by that person or animal. For purposes of this section, any attack by an animal or physical injury caused by an animal shall be considered provoked if at the time the attack occurs or the injury is inflicted: (1) the person or animal who was attacked or injured was teasing, tormenting, abusing, or assaulting the animal; (2) the animal was protecting a person, itself, its young, or another domestic animal from an attack by a human being or another animal; or (3) the person who was attacked or injured was committing a crime on the property or was attempting to commit a crime or violating or attempting to violate a statute or ordinance which protects person or property of the animals responsible party or (4) the animal was being utilized by a law enforcement agency for law enforcement purposes while under the control and direction of a law enforcement officer.
(2) In most cases, the Police Chief or his or her designee shall cause a dog to be quarantined for observation for a minimum period of no less than ten days when any such dog has bitten a domesticated animal or caused a skin abrasion upon any person. If said dog has a current rabies certificate and is a familial household member to the victim, then such quarantine may be at the discretion of the person or persons in charge of animal enforcement and the quarantine may occur on the owner’s premises in a manner ordered and as directed. If the owner fails to confine the dog as directed, then it shall be apprehended and held for the remainder of the ten-day quarantine at a veterinarian’s office. If said dog has not been vaccinated against the rabies virus or the rabies vaccination has since expired then said dog will be quarantined at a veterinarian’s office for no less the ten days. If a dog is placed in quarantine outside of the home, the owner shall be required to pay the impounding fees. If the owner fails to pay the fees at the end of the period of isolation as directed by the animal enforcement authority, the animal will be turned over to the local animal shelter for assessment of adoptability. If said animal is deemed unadoptable it will be humanely euthanized. If a dog has bitten a domesticated animal or a person or caused a skin abrasion upon a person and is unclaimed or the owner is unknown, then it shall be held for a quarantine time of no less than ten days and then may be humanely euthanized.
(4) The Police Chief or his or her designee may require immediate impoundment of the dog if the owner is unable or unwilling to comply with the requirements of § 90.55 of this chapter until the owner of the dog has satisfied all the requirements of the certificate of registration. The requirements must be met within 30 days. If, after 30 days, the owner has not satisfied all the requirements of the certificate of registration, the dog may be humanely euthanized on the thirty-first day. The owner of the problematic, vicious or dangerous dog shall be liable to the animal control facility designated to hold said dog for all costs incurred while housing whether or not the dog is reclaimed by the owner.
(5) If the Police Chief or his or her designee determines that a dog is a vicious dog under § 90.53 of this chapter, the dog shall be euthanized at the owner's expense. Vicious and dangerous dogs, or dogs that have previously been designated as "vicious dog" or "dangerous dog" by another jurisdiction or its substantial equivalent are prohibited from residing within the city limits of Newton.
(Ord. 2239, passed 11-4-2014; Ord. 2280, passed 1-4-2017; Ord. 2426, passed 3-20-2023)