§ 53.001 DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ACT. The Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. §§ 1251 et seq.), as amended by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of Amendments of 1972, Pub. L. No. 92-500 and Pub. L. No. 93-243.
   ADMINISTRATOR. The Regional Administrator of Region V of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
   BILLABLE FLOW. Either of the following:
      (1)   A user’s water usage from all sources; or
      (2)   The amount of wastewater discharged to the city facilities, as determined by the city after appropriate adjustments are made.
   BILLING CHARGE. A charge on users of the wastewater facilities levied per bill to recover the costs of meter reading, processing bills, mailing costs, and costs of collection.
   B.O.D. or BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND. The calculated pounds of oxygen required to satisfy the 5-day oxygen demand of 1,000,000 pounds of waste when treated under standard laboratory procedure, and shall be equivalent to B.O.D.I. (denoting BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND INDEX).
   BUILDING INSPECTOR. The City of Monticello Building Inspector, authorized agent of the Superintendent of City Services of the City of Monticello.
   BUILDING SEWER. That part of the horizontal piping of a building drainage system extending from the outside of the building or end of the inside plumbing system, to and including the connection with the public sewer; and, same as SERVICE SEWER.
   CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT CHARGE. A charge levied on users of the wastewater facilities for the costs of improvement, extension, construction or reconstruction of the wastewater treatment works and collection system.
   CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT RATE. The rate of charge levied on users of the wastewater facilities for the costs of improvement, extension, construction, or reconstruction of the wastewater treatment works and collection system, expressed in units of cost per 100 cubic feet of billable flow so that when multiplied by a user’s monthly billable flow yields a user’s monthly capital improvement charge.
   CITY. The City of Monticello, Illinois or any designated representative thereof.
   COMMERCIAL USER. For the purposes of the user charge system, a user whose principal activity is the purchase, sale, barter, or exchange of goods, wares, merchandise, or providing a social, charitable, recreational, utilitarian, or professional service, whether for profit or not for profit, transit lodging, retail and wholesale establishments, and including governmental agencies not defined elsewhere in this section or § 153.002.
   COUNCIL. The duly appointed and acting City Council of the City of Monticello.
   DEBT SERVICE CHARGE. A charge on users of the wastewater facilities levied for the payment of principal, interest, and other finance costs related to all outstanding bonds, loans, and other means of financing construction.
   DEBT SERVICE RATE. The rate of charge levied on users of the wastewater facilities for the payment of all costs of bonds, loans, and other means of financing construction expressed in units of cost per 100 cubic feet of billable flow, so that when multiplied by a user’s monthly billable flow yields a user’s monthly debt service charge.
   DIRECTOR. The Director of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
   DOMESTIC USER. A user who discharges normal domestic sewage only as defined below.
   EASEMENT. Includes an implied EASEMENT, an EASEMENT acquired by express grant, an EASEMENT acquired by prescriptive right, and an EASEMENT acquired as a result of strict necessity.
   FACILITY. All present and future wastewater transport and treatment sites, structures, and appurtenances of the city.
   FEDERAL. The United States of America, and each and every present and future department, agency, regulatory body, or subdivision thereof.
   FEDERAL GRANT. The U.S. Government participation in the financing of the construction of treatment works as provided for by Title II Grants for Construction of Treatment Works of the Act and implementing regulations.
   FLOW. The amount of hydraulic fluid entering the city’s facilities measured in gallons, cubic feet, or cubic meters.
   GARBAGE. Solid wastes from the preparation of food, the cooking and disposing thereof, and from handling, storage, and sale of produce.
   GOVERNMENTAL USER. For the purpose of the user charge system, penal institutions and users involved in legislative judicial, administrative, or regulating activities of federal, state, and local governments.
   IEPA (ILLINOIS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY). That agency or agencies of the state, any divisions thereof or successors thereto, authorized by present and subsequent acts of the legislature thereof to regulate and control matters in respect to the environment and particularly in respect to the management, maintenance, and operations of the city’s facilities.
   INDUSTRIAL USER. For the purpose of the user charge system, a user involved in manufacturing activities involving the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into products where these activities usually occur in establishments commonly described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and material handling equipment.
   INDUSTRIAL WASTES. All wastes from industrial processes as distinct from sanitary sewer.
   INSTITUTIONAL USER. For the purposes of the user charge system, a user involved in social, religious, or educational activities such as tax-supported schools, libraries or park districts, private or parochial schools and churches.
   MAY. The action referred to is permissive.
   MILLIGRAMS PER LITER (mg/l). A unit of concentration of water or wastewater constituent. It is 0.001 gram of the constituent in 1,000 milliliters of water.
   NATURAL OUTLET. Any outlet into a watercourse, ditch, lake, or other body of surface or ground water.
   NONDOMESTIC USER. A user whose wastewater contains B.O.D. and/or suspended solids at greater than the strengths established herein for domestic sewage.
   NORMAL DOMESTIC SEWAGE. Wastewater having a normal strength of 200 mg/l of B.O.D., and 250 mg/l of suspended solids or less. DOMESTIC SEWAGE shall be synonymous with SANITARY SEWAGE. 
   NPDES PERMIT. Any permit or equivalent document or requirements issued by the Administrator or where appropriate by the Director, after enactment of the Federal Clean Water Act to regulate the discharge of pollutants pursuant to § 402 of the Federal Act, being 33 U.S.C. § 1342.
   O.D.I. or OXYGEN DEMAND INDEX. The calculated pounds of oxygen required to satisfy the 5-day oxygen demand of 1,000,000 pounds of waste when treated under standard laboratory procedure, and shall be equivalent to B.O.D. 
   OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE COST. All costs, direct and indirect, not including debt service, necessary to ensure adequate wastewater collection and treatment on a continuing basis, conforming to applicable regulations, and providing optimal long-term facility management as determined by the city.
   ORDINANCE. This chapter establishing a user charge system.
   PARCEL. Any acreage, tract, or subdivided portion of real estate, whether improved or unimproved, and whether within or without the corporate limits of the city.
   PERSON. Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation, or group.
   PERSONAL PROPERTY. Any equipment and appurtenances, whether fixed or portable, utilized by the city’s treatment or collection system, that has a service life of 20 years or less, and is owned by the city.
   REAL PROPERTY. All real estate and sewers, interceptors, buildings, structures, housings and pump stations resting on or contained in or under any easements or rights-of-way owned by the city.
   PE or POPULATION EQUIVALENT. Equal to 0.17 pounds O.D.I or B.O.D.
   pH. The measure of acidity or alkalinity and has a range of zero to 14.
   PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE. Garbage which has been ground to the degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in sewers, with no particle greater than 1/16 of an inch in any dimension.
   PROPERTY. All real and personal property of any or every kind owned by the city and included in the definitions of person or personal property.
   PUBLIC SEWER. A sewer in which all owners of abutting property have equal rights, and is controlled by public authority.
   RENEWAL. The capital expenditure of city funds for the physical and/or functional consumption of consumable assets relating to the capacity of the city’s facilities.
   REPLACEMENT. Obtaining and installing equipment, accessories, or appurtenances to maintain the capacity and performance of the city’s facilities and payment therefor from city funds.
   RESIDENTIAL USER. For the purpose of the user charge system, a user whose principal activity is providing dwelling units available for human habitation, such as detached, semi-detached and row houses, mobile homes, apartments, and permanent multi-family dwellings.
   SANITARY SEWER. A pipe or conduit intended to receive domestic sewage and industrial wastes and to which storm surface, ground, and unpolluted process water are not admitted.
   SERVICE SEWER. That part of the horizontal piping of a building drainage system extending from the outside of the building or end of the inside plumbing system, to and including the connection with the public sewer; and, same as BUILDING SEWER.
   SEWAGE. The water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and industrial establishments, and is used interchangeably with WASTEWATER.
   SEWAGE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE ACCOUNT. The principal accounting designation for all revenues received in the operation of the wastewater system.
   SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT. Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
   SHALL. The action referred to is mandatory.
   SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRY. Any industry that contributes greater than 10% of the design flow and/or design pollutant loading of the city’s treatment works.
   SLUG. Any discharge or water, sewage, or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than 5 times the average 24-hour concentration of flows during normal operation.
   STATE. The State of Illinois, and each and every present and future department, agency, regulatory body, or subdivision thereof.
   STATE ACT. The Illinois Anti-Pollution Bond Act of 1970, being ILCS Ch. 30, Act 405, §§ 1 et seq.
   STATE GRANT. The State of Illinois participation in the financing of the construction of treatment works as provided for by the Illinois Anti-Pollution Bond Act and for making such grants as filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Illinois.
   SUPERINTENDENT. The Superintendent of City Services of the City of Monticello or his or her authorized deputy, agent, or representative.
   SURCHARGE. The assessment in addition to the basic user charge, debt service charge, capital improvement charge, special charge and billing charge which is levied on those users whose wastes are greater in strength than normal domestic sewage as defined above.
   SUSPENDED SOLIDS (SS). Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage, or industrial waste, and which are removable by a laboratory filtration device. Quantitative determination of suspended solids shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in the IEPA Division of Laboratories Manual of Laboratory Methods.
   USEPA (UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY). That agency or agencies of the federal government, and divisions thereof or successors thereto, authorized by present and subsequent acts of Congress thereof to regulate and control matters in respect to the management, maintenance, and operations of the city’s facilities.
   USEFUL LIFE. The anticipated term in years of physical and/or functional productivity as reasonably determined by the city for the wastewater treatment facility, equipment, and appurtenances thereto.
   USER. For the purpose of the user charge system, any parcel which is connected to the city’s facilities.
   USER CHARGE. A charge levied on users of the wastewater facilities for the costs of operation, maintenance, repair, and replacement.
   USER CHARGE SYSTEM. The system of charges levied on users to recover the costs of operation, maintenance, and replacement on new and existing wastewater collection/treatment facilities, pursuant to § 204(b) of Pub. L. No. 95-217; and 40 C.F.R. § 35.935-13 (September 27, 1978 Federal Register), being 33 U.S.C. § 1284.
   USER CLASS. The type of user, residential, institutional/governmental, commercial, or industrial, as defined herein.
   USER RATE. The rate of charge levied on users of the wastewater facilities for the costs of operation, maintenance, repair, and replacement, expressed in units of cost per 100 cubic feet of billable flow, so that when multiplied by a user’s monthly billable flow yields a user’s monthly user charge.
   WASTEWATER. The spent water of a community. It may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions together with any groundwater, surface water, and stormwater that may be present.
   WASTEWATER CHARGE. The charge per month levied on all users of the wastewater facilities. The WASTEWATER CHARGE shall be computed as outlined in this chapter and shall consist of the combination of a billing charge, a special charge, a capital improvement charge, a debt service charge, and a user charge.
   WATERCOURSE. A channel in which the flow of water occurs either continuously or intermittently.