§ 159.601  TERMS DEFINED.
   For the purpose of this chapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   BUILT-UPON AREA (BUA).  That portion of a development project that is covered by impervious or partially impervious surface including, but not limited to, buildings; pavement and gravel areas such as roads, parking lots, and paths; and recreation facilities such as tennis courts. BUILT-UPON AREA does not include a wooden slatted deck, the water area of a swimming pool, or pervious or partially pervious paving material to the extent that the paving material absorbs water or allows water to infiltrate through the paving material.
   DEPARTMENT.  The North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources.
   DESIGN MANUAL.  The stormwater design manual approved for use in Phase II jurisdictions by the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources for the proper implementation of the requirements of the Federal Phase II if stormwater program. All references herein to the DESIGN MANUAL are to the latest published edition or revision. The DESIGN MANUAL is not part of the City of Monroe Standard Specifications and Detail Manual.
   DEVELOPMENT. Any land-disturbing activity that increases the amount of built-upon area or that otherwise decreases the infiltration of precipitation into the soil.
   DIVISION.  The Division of Water Quality in the Department.
   FLOODPLAIN.  The one percent Annual Chance Floodplain as delineated by the North Carolina Floodplain Mapping Program in the Division of Emergency Management.
   LARGER COMMON PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT OR SALE.  Any area where multiple separate and distinct construction or land-disturbing activities will occur under one plan. A plan is any announcement or piece of documentation (including but not limited to a sign, public notice or hearing, sales pitch, advertisement, loan application, drawing, permit application, zoning request, or computer design) or physical demarcation (including but not limited to boundary signs, lot stakes, or surveyor markings) indicating that construction activities may occur on a specific plot.
   ONE-YEAR, TWENTY-FOUR-HOUR STORM.  The surface runoff resulting from a 24-hour rainfall of an intensity expected to be equaled or exceeded, on average, once in 12 months and with a duration of 24 hours.
   OWNER. The legal or beneficial owner of land, including but not limited to a mortgagee or vendee in possession, receiver, executor, trustee, or long-term or commercial lessee, or any other person or entity holding proprietary rights in the property or having legal power of management and control of the property.  OWNER shall include long-term commercial tenants; management entities, such as those charged with or engaged in the management of properties for profit; and every person or entity having joint ownership of the property. A secured lender not in possession of the property does not constitute an OWNER, unless the secured lender is included within the meaning of OWNER under another description in this definition, such as a management entity.
   REDEVELOPMENT.  Any development on previously-developed land, other than a rebuilding activity that results in no net increase in built-upon area and provides equal or greater stormwater control than the previous development.
   STRUCTURAL BMP.  A physical device designed to trap, settle out, or filter pollutants from stormwater runoff; to alter or reduce stormwater runoff velocity, amount, timing, or other characteristics; to approximate the pre-development hydrology on a developed site; or to achieve any combination of these goals. STRUCTURAL BMP includes physical practices such as constructed wetlands, vegetative practices, filter strips, gassed swales, and other methods installed or created on real property. STRUCTURAL BMP is pynonymous with "structural practice," "stormwater control facility," "stormwater control practice," "stormwater treatment practice," "stormwater management practice," “stormwater control measures," "structural stormwater treatment systems," and similar terms used in this Ordinance.
   SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESS.  For the purposes of determining whether sufficient progress has been made on an approved plan, one or more of the following construction activities toward the completion of a site or subdivision plan shall occur: obtaining a grading permit and conducting grading activity on a continuous basis and not discontinued for more than thirty (30) days; or installation and approval of on-site infrastructure; or obtaining a building permit for the construction and approval of a building foundation. SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESS for purposes of determining whether an approval plan is null and void is not necessarily the same as "substantial expenditures" used for determining vested rights pursuant to applicable law.
(Ord. O-2007-24, passed 9-18-07)