§ 156.122   SUPPLEMENTARY STANDARDS FOR SCHOOLS.
   (A)   Exterior of buildings.
      (1)   Exterior building materials shall be limited to masonry brick (brick or pre-finished block), natural or synthetic stucco, pre-finished insulated or non-insulated metal panel systems, pre-finished metal fascia and wall coping, standing seam metal roof (for sloped roof only), painted hollow metal and/or pre-finished aluminum door and window frames, glass, painted or pre-finished steel.
      (2)   Exterior of buildings will be articulated to enhance the area of the site.
   (B)   Mobile classrooms (MCR).
      (1)   All MCRs shall be located in rear yards. In cases where placement of the structures in rear yard cannot be reasonably accommodated, the MCRs may be placed in the side yard with approval by the Land Use Administrator. Placement of MCRs within in front setbacks may be granted in rare cases when they cannot be accommodated in the rear or side yards.
      (2)   MCR underpinning and crawl spaces shall be screened.
      (3)   Landscaping/planting shall be provided between the MCR and any adjacent roads from which the MCR’s are visible.
   (C)   Sidewalks. Sidewalks shall be required consistent with the city’s adopted Design Standards Manual.
   (D)   Exterior illumination.
      (1)   Driveway and parking area lighting shall be no more than ten foot candles. Spill over to adjacent properties will not be permitted. Lighting fixtures shall be shielding type (to protect, hide to prevent disturbing adjacent property owners and reduce light pollution).
      (2)   Lighting fixtures located on the building exterior shall not emit more than five foot candles and shall be shielding type, which is any attachment which interrupts and blocks the path of light emitted from a luminaries or fixture.
      (3)   Lighting for athletic fields shall follow the current standards as set forth by the North Carolina High School Athletic Association Lighting Standard. A lighting control package shall be included and lights shall be shut-off no later than one hour after the end of the event.
   (E)   Signs.
      (1)   Materials for sign base and structure shall match the primary building materials.
      (2)   Sign face shall not exceed 40 square feet and does not include the sign support structure. The bottom of the sign face shall be no less than 24 inches above nor more than 72 inches above the ground surface. The sign support structure can include columns and walls on either side of and below the sign face and shall not be more than 16 inches taller than the sign face.
      (3)   One sign shall be permitted per school. Alternatively, if multiple schools use the same driveway access, then the allowable square footage may be increased by ten square feet for each additional school.
      (4)   One wall sign per school shall be permitted and only for the name of the school and shall be reviewed by the Administrator.
      (5)   External illumination is allowed.
   (F)   Parking for schools shall be provided as follows:
      (1)   Elementary and middle schools provide one space per staff member plus 1.6 spaces per classroom or one space for each three seats used for assembly purposes whichever is greater;
      (2)   High schools provide five spaces per instructional classroom or one space for each three seats used for assembly purposes whichever is greater;
      (3)   No more than 20% of the required spaces can be compact spaces; and
      (4)   Minimum size of spaces shall be nine feet wide by 19 feet long for regular, 7.5 feet wide by 15 feet long for compact, and accessible spaces shall meet current accessibility codes.
   (G)   Student drop off stacking. On-site vehicle stacking for student drop-off shall be based on NCDOT requirements using the NCDOT required calculator.
   (H)   Landscaping and screening/buffering.
      (1)   Trees and shrubs shall be as indicated within the municipality species list.
      (2)   Parking area: one large or two small trees shall be provided for each 12 parking spaces. Each parking space shall be located within 65 feet of a tree. Rows of parking spaces shall be terminated with a landscaped island and shall be the same size as a parking space.
      (3)   Parking areas shall be screened from adjacent public roads with shrubs based on the municipality’s species list.
      (4)   Storm detention basins shall be screened with fencing and/or shrubs as determined by the Administrator and shall be dependent upon the size, location, and use of the basin.
      (5)   Land berms will not be permitted between school facilities and roads.
      (6)   Land berms can be used in conjunction with required screening/buffering to adjacent uses as determined by the local regulations.
      (7)   Screening/buffering from adjacent uses will be opaque and shall consist of:
         (a)   Small trees planted at a rate of three per 100 feet and six feet high evergreen shrubs planted at a rate of 25 per 100 feet; or
         (b)   Large trees planted at a rate of 2.5 per 100 feet and a six feet high solid wood fence; or
         (c)   Tall evergreen trees with branches touching the ground planted in a stagger.
      (8)   If the adjoining property is of similar or compatible use the Administrator may reduce or eliminate the screening/buffer.
      (9)   Screening/buffering requirements may be waived when screening/buffering is already provided. There may be cases where the unusual topography or elevation of a site or the size of the parcel involved, or the presence of screening on adjacent property would make the strict adherence to the regulation serve no useful purpose. In those cases, the Administrator is empowered to waive the requirements for screening so long as the spirit and intent of this section and the general provisions of this section pertaining to screening are adhered to. This section does not negate the necessity for establishing screening for uses adjacent to vacant property.
      (10)   UCPS will adhere to all tree preservation ordinances of the municipalities and shall preserve natural buffers between the school facility and adjacent properties as much as practical.
      (11)   UCPS will retain as much existing trees and vegetation on school sites as practical and will re-introduce common local species into the project as possible. UCPS will abide by the tree preservation standards of Chapter 156.
   (I)   In the event any provisions of the supplemental regulations conflict with any other provisions of this section, then the provisions of these supplemental regulations shall control. Other ordinance provisions not in conflict with these supplemental regulations remain in effect.
   (J)   In instances where the Land Use Administrator deems the potential effects of a proposed school construction may constitute review and/or standards beyond what it listed above, the city may require the school site to be rezoned to a Conditional District in which additional requirements may be requested by staff or City Council.
(Ord. O-2003-63, passed 12-16-03; Am. Ord. O-2012-17, passed 6-19-12)