APPENDIX C:  RECOMMENDED TREES FOR THE VILLAGE OF MINERVA PARK
   This Appendix C is designed to encourage an imaginative selection of landscape trees. Careful selection will prevent an over-dependence on a few species. This Appendix C will be useful to residents, nurserymen, horticulturists, landscapers, developers and landscape architects.
   Along an individual street, uniform street tree plantings are desirable. However, overuse of a few species is inevitable without a conscious effort to vary plant species and families. Deviations from the recommended list are permitted with the approval of the Planning and Zoning Commission.
   The list is divided into three size categories: large trees which mature at a height of 50 feet or more (Group A); medium trees which reach a mature height of between 30 and 50 feet (Group B); and small trees which range from ten to 30 feet at maturity (Group C). Tree lawn sizes must accommodate the tree size planted: Group A (greater than seven feet); Group B (four to seven feet); Group C (three to four feet). Use under utility lines is limited to small trees, although medium trees may be planted as close as ten lateral feet to utility lines.
   The approximate mature height and diameter of the crown of each tree are given.
   Trees are alphabetized by their scientific name with the common name given. Cultivars best suited to central Ohio are also provided. An asterisked entry indicates a tree which is unsuitable for planting within 15 lateral feet of a sidewalk or bike way.
   Habit refers to the three dimensional form of the tree. Six general terms describe the characteristic shape of the trees:
   The tolerance category presents information from various sources listed in the bibliography. The tree’s relative tolerance to insects, diseases, pollution and soil conditions is signified by either a “Y” meaning yes, it is tolerant; “N” meaning no, it is not tolerant; or “-” meaning no information is available from these sources.
   Comments pertain to any other notable characteristic of the tree.
Common Name (scientific name) ‘Cultivar”
Height (ft.)
Speed (ft.)
Habit
Insect/ Diseases
Pollution
Dry Soil
Damp Soil
Comments
Common Name (scientific name) ‘Cultivar”
Height (ft.)
Speed (ft.)
Habit
Insect/ Diseases
Pollution
Dry Soil
Damp Soil
Comments
Large Deciduous Trees (50 ft. or greater) - Group A
American Yellowwood (Cladrastis lutea)
30-50
40-55
obovoid
N
N
Y
-
white flowers; select those with wide branch angles
Autumn Gold Ginkgo (Ginko biloba)
‘Autumn Gold’
50-80
30-60
conical to globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
a male variety which does not fruit
Bald Cypress
(Taxodium distichum)
50-70
20-30
conical
Y
Y
Y
Y
characteristic knees develop in wet soils
Black Alder
(Alnus Glutinosa)
40-60
20-40
obovoid to globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
naturally a multi- stemmed tree; may prune to a single trunk
Black Gum
(Nyssa sylvatica)
30-50
20-30
conical to ovoid
Y
-
Y
Y
brilliant fall color
Green Ash
(Fraxinus pennsylvanica) ‘Marshall’s Seedless’ ‘Summit’
50-60
30-40
irregular to globular
N
-
Y
Y
overplanted in Dublin
Hardy Rubber Tree (Eucommia ulmoides)
40-60
40-70
conical to globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
dark green canopy
Katsura Tree
(Cercidiphyllum japonicum)
40-60
30-50
obovoid
Y
Y
N
Y
single or multi- stemmed; fall color an interesting apricot
Kentucky Coffee Tree (Gymnocladus dioicus)
60-75
40-50
irregular to ovoid
Y
Y
Y
N
fruit may be objectionable; course texture
Lacebark Elm
(Ulmus parvifolia)
40-50
30-40
obovoid
Y
Y
Y
Y
exquisite mottled bark; resistant to Dutch elm disease
Larch
(Larix decidua)
70-75
20-30
conical
N
N
N
Y
deciduous conifer
Norway Maple
(Acer plantanoldes)
‘Cleveland’
‘Emerald Queen’
‘Summer Shade’
40-50
40-50
globular
N
Y
Y
Y
dense shade and shallow roots inhibit turf
Red Maple
(Acer rubrum)
‘Autura Flame’
‘October Glory’
‘Red Sunset’
40-60
40-50
ovoid to globular
Y
N
N
Y
suffers in urban environment; outstanding fall color
Red Oak
(Quercos rubra)
60-75
40-50
ovoid to globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
russet-red fall color
Redmond Linden
(Tilia americana)
‘Redmond’
40-50
25-30
ovoid
N
Y
Y
Y
Japanese beatles may attack foliage
Sassafrass
(Sassafras albidum)
30-60
25-40
conical to irregular
Y
Y
Y
Y
outstanding fall color
Scarlet Oak
(Quercus coccinea)
70-75
40-50
globular
N
N
Y
N
red fall color
Shingle Oak
(Quercus imbricaria)
50-60
50-70
conical
Y
Y
Y
Y
leaves retained into winter
Shumard Oak
(Quercus shumardii)
70-75
40-50
ovoid to globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
a replacement for pin oak
Silver Linden
(Tilia tomentosa)
50-70
30-40
ovoid
N
Y
Y
Y
Japanese beatles may attack foliage
Sugar Hackberry
(Celtis laevigata)
60-80
50-60
globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
smooth bark
Sugar Maple
(Acer sacchanim)
‘Green Mountain’
‘Legacy’
60-75
50-60
ovoid to globular
Y
N
N
N
attractive fall color
Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor)
50-60
50-70
ovoid
Y
Y
Y
Y
attractive scaly bark
Sweetgum
(liquidambar styraciflua)
‘Moraine’
60-75
40-50
conical to globular
Y
N
N
Y
messy star-shaped fruit
Turkish Filbert
(Corylus colurna)
40-50
30-40
ovoid to conical
Y
Y
Y
Y
produces nuts in a stickyhusk that are a delicacy to squirrels
Urban Elm
(Ulmus)
‘Urban Elm’
50-70
25-40
obovoid
Y
Y
Y
Y
resistant to Dutch elm disease
White Ash
(Fraxinus americana) ‘Autumn Applause’ ‘Autumn Purple’
 
50-80
40-70
irregular to globular
N
-
N
Y
beautiful fall color
Medium Deciduous Trees (30 - 50 ft.) Group B
American Hophornbeam
(Ostrya virginiana)
25-40
20-35
conical
Y
-
Y
Y
transplant in spring
Amur Cork Tree
(Phellodendron amurense)
30-45
30-50
obovoid
Y
Y
Y
Y
broad-spreading
Callary Pear
(Pyrus calleryana)
‘Aristocrat’ ‘Chanticleer’
‘Red Spire’
30-50
20-35
conical to ovoid
Y
Y
Y
Y
commonly planted ‘Bradford’ exhibits poor branch structure leading to splitting
Goldenraintree
(Koelreuteria paniculata)
30-40
30-50
globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
course texture
Hedge Maple
(Acer campestre)
25-35
20-35
globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
dense canopy
Sargent Cherry
(Prunus sargentii)
‘Columnaris’
40-50
30-45
globular
Y
-
-
-
stately bark; lovely early pink blossoms
Sawtooth Oak
(Quercus acutissima)
35-45
35-45
ovoid to globular
N
-
Y
N
chestnut-like leaf shape
Thornless Honeylocust
(Gleditsia triacanthos)
var. inermis
‘Imperial’ ‘Moraine’ ‘Shade Master’ ‘Skyline’
35-50
20-35
irregulat to globular
N
Y
Y
Y
overplanted; use moderately; delicate form
Small Deciduous Trees (10 - 30 ft.) - Group C
‘Baskatong’
30
-
-
Y
Y
-
-
purple-red flowers; dark purple- red fruit
‘Centurion’
20-25
-
columnar
Y
Y
-
-
rose-red flowers; cherry-red fruit
‘Donald Wyman’
20-25
-
columnar
Y
Y
-
-
white flowers; red fruit
‘Harvest Gold’
20
15
obovoid
Y
Y
-
-
white flowers; gold fruit
‘Henningi’
25
-
obovoid
Y
Y
-
-
white flowers; orange-red fruit
‘Prairiefire’
-
-
-
Y
Y
-
-
redflowers; maroon fruit
‘Ralph Shay’
-
-
-
Y
Y
-
-
retains red fruit
‘Sentinel’
-
-
columnar
Y
Y
-
-
pale pink flowers; red fruit
‘Snow Drift’
15-25
-
globular
Y
Y
-
-
profuse white flowers; orange-red fruit; fire-blight in nearby states
‘Spring Snow’
20-25
-
obovoid
Y
-
-
-
white flowers; fruitless
‘Sugar Tyme’
18
15
obovoid
Y
-
-
-
white flowers; red fruit
‘White Angel’
20-25
-
obovoid
Y
-
-
-
white flowers; red fruit
‘Winter Gold’
30
-
-
Y
-
-
-
white flowers; yellow fruit
Amur Maple
(Acer ginnala)
15-20
43027
obovoid to globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
grown multi- stemmed or as a single truck
Blackhaw Viburnum
(Viburnum prunifolium)
43083
42958
globular
Y
Y
Y
Y
blue-black fruit; prune to a tree form
Crabapple
(Malus)
‘Adams’
20-25
-
globular
Y
Y
-
-
reddish pink flowers; red fruit
Crabapple
(malus)
‘Robinson’
25
-
obovoid
Y
Y
-
-
deep pink flowers; dark red fruit
Dotted Hawthorn
(Crataequs punctata)
‘Ohio Pioneer’
25-30
25-35
globular
N
Y
Y
Y
few thorns; attractive bark; large 1-inch fruit
Fringe Tree (Chionanthus virginicus)
43027
43027
obovoid
Y
Y
Y
Y
fragrant, white flowers; lovely tree when single-stemmed
Japanese Tree Lilac
(Syringa reticulata)
‘Ivory Silk’
20-30
15-25
obovoid
Y
Y
Y
Y
flowers in June
Lavalle Hawthorn
(Crataeque x lavallei)
15-30
43032
globular
N
Y
Y
Y
nearly thornless, showy red fruit
Paperbark Maple
(Acer griseum)
20-30
43037
globular to ovoid
Y
-
N
Y
unequaled bronze, exfoliating bark
Serviceberry
(Amelachier arborea)
15-25
42925
obovoid
Y
N
Y
Y
early white flowers; delicate form; single or multi-stemmed
Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn
(Crataequs crusgalli)
var. inermis ‘Crusader’
20-30
20-35
globular
N
Y
Y
Y
most cockspurs are dangerous; however, this one lacks thorns
Trident Maple
(Acer buergerianum)
20-30
20-25
globular
Y
Y
Y
N
dark green leaf
Washington Hawthorn
(Crataeque phaenopyrum)
25-30
20-25
globular
N
Y
Y
Y
thorns; red fruit persists into winter
Winter King Hawthorn
(Crataequs viridis)
‘Winter King’
20-35
15-30
globular
N
Y
Y
Y
few thorns; fruit persists into winter; attractive bark
 
Unacceptable Trees for Street Tree Use
Common Name
Scientific Name
Common Name
Scientific Name
Apple
Malus pumila
Black Locust
Robinia pseudoacacia
Box Elder
Acer negundo
Bradford Pear
Pvrus callervana ‘Bradford’
Buckeye, Horsechestnut
Aesculus species
European Mountain Ash
Sorbus aucuparia
European White Birch
Betula pendula
Ginko (female)
Ginko biloba
Moline American Elm
Ulmus americana ‘Moline’
Mulberry
Morus species
Northern Catalpa
Catalpa speciosa
Osage-Orange
Maclura pomifera
Paper Birch
Betula papvrifera
Poplar
Populus species
Siberian Elm
Ulmus pumila
Silver Maple
Acer saccharinum
Tree of Heaven
Ailanthus altissima
Upright English Oak
Quercus robur ‘fastigiata’
Willow
Salix species
 
(Ord. 5-89, passed 5-8-1989)