§ 16.36.010  ZONING DISTRICTS PURPOSE STATEMENTS.
   A.   Agricultural Zoning Districts. Properties in agricultural zoning districts are located in areas where land is used for commercial agricultural production. Owners, residents, and other users of property in or adjoining these districts may be subjected to inconvenience, discomfort, and the possibility of injury to property and health arising from normal and accepted agricultural practices and operations, including but not limited to noise, odors, dust, the operation of machinery of any kind, including aircraft, the storage and disposal of manure, the application of fertilizers, soil amendments, herbicides, and pesticides. Therefore, owners, occupants, and users of property within and adjacent to these areas should be prepared to accept such inconveniences, discomfort, and possibility of injury from normal agricultural operations, and are hereby put on official notice that the Illinois “Right to Farm Law” (Farm Nuisance Suit Act 740 ILCS 70/) may bar them from obtaining a legal judgement against such normal agricultural operations.
      1.   Purpose of A-1 Agriculture District. The intent of the A-1 Agriculture District is to permit agricultural purposes and activities. Residences are allowed on large agricultural parcels within the County. The standards of the A-1 District promote the continuation of farming and protect agricultural land uses from the encroachment of incompatible uses.
      2.   Purpose of A-2 Agriculture District. The intent of the A-2 Agriculture District is to permit individual single-family residences within agricultural portions of the County. All residences within this district must be compatible with surrounding agricultural operations, and must maintain, preserve, and enhance agricultural activities. Any zoning map amendments to the A-2 District must meet the standards of § 16.36.020 (A-2 District Rezoning Standards).
   B.   Residential Zoning Districts.
      1.   Purpose of the E-5 Estate District. The intent of the E-5 Estate District is to accommodate single-family residences on a minimum of five (5) acres that, due to topography and location, are well suited for single-family use. The E-5 District is intended to be located in close proximity to municipalities or historic town centers where infrastructure and services are readily accessible, to encourage the compact and contiguous development policy of the 2030 Plan, and shall take into consideration the densities of the adjacent municipality.
      2.   Purpose of the E-3 Estate District. The intent of the E-3 Estate District is to accommodate single-family residences on a minimum of three (3) acres that, due to topography and location, are well suited for single-family use. The E-3 District is intended to be located in close proximity to municipalities or historic town centers where infrastructure and services are readily accessible, to encourage the compact and contiguous development policy of the 2030 Plan, and shall take into consideration the densities of the adjacent municipality.
      3.   Purpose of the E-2 Estate District. The intent of the E-2 Estate District is to accommodate single-family residences on a minimum of two (2) acres that, due to topography and location, are well suited for single-family use. The E-2 District is intended to be located in close proximity to municipalities or historic town centers where infrastructure and services are readily accessible, to encourage the compact and contiguous development policy of the 2030 Plan, and shall take into consideration the densities of the adjacent municipality.
      4.   Purpose of the E-1 Estate District. The intent of the E-1 Estate District is to accommodate single-family residences on a minimum of one (1) acre that, due to topography and location, are well suited for single-family use. The E-1 District is intended to be located in close proximity to municipalities or historic town centers where infrastructure and services are readily accessible, to encourage the compact and contiguous development policy of the 2030 Plan, and shall take into consideration the densities of the adjacent municipality.
      5.   Purpose of the R-1 Single-Family Residential District. The intent of the R-1 Single-Family Residential District is to accommodate a single-family residential use on lots a minimum of one-half (½) acre in size. The R-1 District is for areas of higher residential density, located in close proximity to municipalities or historic town centers where services are available and more accessible.
      6.   Purpose of the R-2 Two-Family Residential District. The intent of the R-2 Two-Family Residential District is to accommodate both single-family and two-family residential uses on lots a minimum of one (1) acre in size. The R-2 District is for areas of higher residential density, located in close proximity to municipalities or historic town centers where services are available and more accessible.
      7.   Purpose of the R-3 Multifamily Residential District. The intent of the R-3 Multifamily Residential District is to provide for multifamily residential use in areas where central utilities, facilities, and services exist. The R-3 District is for areas of higher residential density, located in close proximity to municipalities or historic town centers where services are available and more accessible.
   C.   Commercial Districts.
      1.   Purpose of the B-1 Neighborhood Business District. The intent of the B-1 Neighborhood Business District is to provide access to commercial uses for adjacent residential areas, satisfying the basic shopping or service needs of residents. Dwellings are permitted above or behind ground-floor commercial uses to allow for a mixed-use environment.
      2.   Purpose of the B-2 Neighborhood Business District. The intent of the B-2 Neighborhood Business District is to provide access to commercial uses for adjacent residential areas, satisfying the basic shopping or service needs of residents, and to accommodate businesses that serve alcoholic beverages for consumption on-site, as well as package liquor sale. Dwellings are permitted above or behind ground-floor commercial uses to allow for a mixed-use environment.
      3.   Purpose of the B-3 General Business District. The intent of the B-3 General Business District is to accommodate commercial uses that cater to the needs of the population from the larger region. The B-3 District allows more intense non-residential uses, which are often larger in scale and typically generate truck traffic. Dwellings are permitted above or behind ground-floor commercial uses to allow for a mixed-use environment.
   D.   Office and Industrial Districts.
      1.   Purpose of the O Office/Research District. The intent of the O Office/Research District is to accommodate office and research facilities and other related non-manufacturing activities in a campus-like environment. The O District is generally located near or adjacent to municipalities. Dwellings are permitted above or behind ground-floor office uses to allow for a mixed-use environment.
      2.   Purpose of the I-1 Light Industrial District. The purpose of the I-1 Light Industrial District is to provide for a wide variety of light manufacturing, fabricating, processing, research, wholesale distributing, and warehousing uses. Light industrial uses are enclosed low-intensity, non-nuisance light fabrication, and assembly-type manufacturing, as well as research facilities with little to no outside impacts. The industrial zoning districts are generally located away from residential development and near transportation facilities and municipalities. Dwellings are permitted above or behind ground-floor light industrial uses to allow for a mixed-use environment, typically for caretaker residences.
      3.   Purpose of the I-2 Heavy Industrial District. The purpose of the I-2 Heavy Industrial District is to provide for a wide variety of general manufacturing, fabricating, processing, wholesale distributing, and warehousing uses. General industrial uses include fabrication, warehousing, and assembly-type manufacturing, as well as office and research facilities, which may result in some moderate external effects such as smoke, noise, glare, or vibration, and typically include outdoor storage and related outdoor activities. The industrial zoning districts are generally located away from residential development and near transportation facilities and municipalities.
(Ord. O-201410-10-035, passed 10-14-2014; Ord. O-201601-ZBA-006, passed 1-19-2016; Ord. O-201603-ZBA-010, passed 3-17-2016, § 9.1; Ord. O-201803-ZBA-10-08, passed 3-19-2018; Ord. O-201808-10-033, passed 8-21-2018)