§ 55.002  DEFINITIONS.
   Words using the present tense shall include the future; the singular shall include the plural; the plural shall include the singular; the masculine gender shall include the feminine; the term “shall” is always mandatory, and the term “may” is permissive. For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   APPLICANT. Any individual, firm, corporation, association or partnership, or proprietor of land to undergo land-disturbing activities.
   BUILDING OFFICIAL. The Director of Community Development, or Building Trades Manager, or their designee.
   CERTIFIED PROFESSIONAL EROSION AND SEDIMENT CONTROL SPECIALIST. A specialist in the area of soil erosion and sediment control as certified by the Soil and Water Conservation Society and the International Erosion Control Association.
   CITY. The City of Marshalltown, Iowa.
   CITY COUNCIL. The City Council of the City of Marshalltown, Iowa.
   CITY ENGINEER. The official holding the position established by § 31.030 of this code of ordinances or designee.
   CIVIL ENGINEER. A professional engineer licensed in the state to practice civil engineering.
   CLEARING AND GRUBBING. Removal of unwanted growth, in the form of trees, wood, shrubs, brush or stumps on a site.
   DESIGN PROFESSIONAL. A licensed civil engineer or certified professional erosion and sediment control specialist.
   DESIGN STANDARDS MANUAL. The 2008 edition of the Iowa Statewide Urban Design Standards for Public Improvements (SUDAS).
   DEVELOPMENT. The alteration of land from its existing state.
   DISTURBED AREA. The part of a site on which land-disturbing activities take place. All land area that is to be disturbed at any time during the project is to be counted in determining the disturbed area, even if part of the land will be stabilized before another part is disturbed.
   EROSION. The wearing away of the land surface by running water, wind, ice, gravity or other geological, natural or human-made agents.
   EROSION CONTROL OFFICER. The City Engineer, Building Official or designee.
   EROSION CONTROL PERMIT. A major erosion control permit or a minor erosion control permit.
   FILLING. Placing materials to effectively change the site contours. This shall include placing materials from the site itself or from off site.
   FILL MATERIAL. Soil, stone, rock, brick, portland cement or asphaltic concrete or sand.
   FILL SITE. Land upon which fill materials are placed and which placement does not require a sanitary disposal permit issued by the state.
   FINAL STABILIZATION. All land-disturbing activities at the site have been completed, and that a uniform perennial vegetative cover with a density of 70% for the area has been established or equivalent stabilization measures have been employed.
   GENERAL PERMIT NO 2. General Permit No. 2, Storm Water Discharge Associated with Industrial Activity for Construction Activities, as authored and administered by the state’s DNR.
   IOWA DNR. The Iowa Department of Natural Resources.
   LAND-DISTURBING ACTIVITIES. Clearing, grading, excavating, filling or removal of vegetation, paving or buildings, exposing earthen material on a site.
   MAJOR EROSION CONTROL PERMIT. A permit issued by the city to engage in land-disturbing activities on a site with one acre or greater disturbed area.
   MINOR EROSION CONTROL PERMIT. A permit issued by the city to engage in land-disturbing activities on a site of greater than one-quarter acre and less than one acre of disturbed area.
   ORDINANCE. This chapter.
   RESPONSIBLE PARTY. One or more persons who have applied for or hold a city erosion control permit, or who own, control or perform work on a site.
   SEDIMENT. Solid material, both natural and human-made, that is in suspension, has been transported or has been moved from its origin by air, water, gravity or ice and has been deposited by the action of water or wind.
   SITE. Property where land-disturbing activities take place.
   STABILIZATION or STABILIZED. Vegetative cover with a density of 70% has been established, or equivalent stabilization measures have been employed.
   STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS. The 2008 edition of the Iowa Statewide Urban Standard Specifications For Public Improvements (SUDAS).
   STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM. All human-made facilities and structures and all natural watercourses that are owned by the city, or that are within a drainage easement owned by the city, and that are used for collection, storage, treatment and conveyance of storm water from any area, through any area. This includes without limitation all storm water facilities, canals, creeks, curb and gutter, dams, ditches, flood walls, flumes, gulches, gullies, levees, ravines, siphons, streams, streets and swales. For the purpose of illicit discharge regulation, any discharge to an area tributary to the STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM shall be treated as a discharge to the STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM. The STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM does not include the Iowa River.
   STORM WATER FACILITIES. Anything built or used for the control of storm water, including without limitation catch basins, channels, culverts, detention basins, energy dissipation structures, inlets, manholes, outlets, pipes and other conduits, retention basins and roadways and gutters.
   STORM WATER POLLUTION PREVENTION PLAN. A document conforming to the requirements therefor contained in General Permit No. 2 and this chapter, prepared and certified by a design professional, as defined herein.
   SWPPP. Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan.
(2013 Code, § 28-161)  (Ord. 14824, passed 2-11-2008)