11-1-21: CURB CUTS AND ACCESS SPECIFICATIONS:
   A.   Entrance Improvement Specifications.  Roadway entrances and improvements, including necessary acceleration and/or deceleration lane(s) and right/left turn lanes, shall be designed, installed, and maintained as approved by the State Department of Transportation, as applicable, or the City Administrator, in accordance with applicable State or City specifications.  All entrances or exits of any street or driveway, public or private, from or to any state highway shall be approved by the State Department of Transportation and the City Administrator prior to the construction of such entrances or exits and prior to the issuance of any land use permit or building permit for any improvement to be served by such entrances or exits. All entrances or exits of any street or driveway, public or private, from or to any City street shall be approved by the City Administrator prior to the construction of such entrances or exits and prior to the issuance of any land use permit or building permit for any improvement to be served by such entrances or exits. 
   B.   Curb Cut Specifications.
      1.   No curb cut or access driveway shall be permitted to be located closer than 100 feet to the nearest existing or proposed right of way of an intersecting roadway.  Curb cuts or access driveways shall be no narrower than 25 feet from back of curb to back of curb.  Strict adherence to these requirements may not be practical in all instances as determined by the City Administrator.  The City Administrator may limit the maximum width of a curb cut and/or the number of curb cuts to a parcel as necessary when it is deemed to be of benefit to the safety and welfare of the public.
      2.   The following factors may be considered during the review and approval of a specific location of an entrance: the location of existing or planned median breaks; separation requirements between the entrance and major intersections; separation requirements between other entrances; the need to provide shared access with other sites; the need to align with previously approved or constructed access points on the opposite side of the street; and the minimum number of entrances needed to move traffic onto and off the site safely and efficiently.
   C.   Access Along and Near Divided Highways.  Where a divided highway exists or is planned, the following access standards shall be met:
 
Minimum Access Separation Requirements
Distance (Feet)
Curb cut of driveway from street intersection with divided highway
600
Parallel frontage road from right-of-way of divided highway
450
Curb cut or driveway on a local road from right-of-way of divided highway
200
Curb cut or driveway on a local road from state highway
200
Curb cut or driveway on parallel frontage road from local road
150
 
   D.   Interparcel Connections.  New development that contains or is intended to contain more than one building or use on site shall provide connections so that automobile trips between and among such buildings or uses can be accomplished without using the highway or major street.  Where possible and practical, new developments and substantial improvements to existing developments shall provide for pedestrian and automobile access connections between adjacent properties under different ownership when the uses of the properties are of such compatibility that patrons may frequent both buildings or uses in the same vehicle trip. (Ord. 437,  - -2020)