§ 70.01  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this title, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ALLEY. Any passage or way for public use which serves rear entrances to property.
   AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLES.
      (1)   Vehicles of the Fire Department, Police vehicles and ambulances and other emergency vehicles operated by or for hospitals or health and hospital corporations under I.C. 16-22-8.
      (2)   Vehicles other than ambulances which are owned by persons, firms or corporations other than hospitals and are used in emergency service if such are authorized to operate as such by the State Department of Highways.
      (3)   Ambulances which are owned by persons, firms or corporations other than hospitals and which are approved by the Indiana Emergency Medical Services Commission.
   BICYCLE. Any foot propelled vehicle, irrespective of the wheels in contact with the ground.
   BUS CURB LOADING ZONE. A place adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of those vehicles defined in I.C. 9-13-2-17 and licensed by the city for the purpose of loading and unloading passengers.
   BUSINESS DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a highway when 50 or more of the frontage thereon for a distance of 500 feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.
   CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT.  All streets and portions of streets within the following area:  all that area bounded on the east by the right-of-way of the Nickel Plate Railroad; on the south by the right-of- way of the Pennsylvania Railroad; on the west by Nebraska Street; and on the north by the Mississinewa River.
   CRAFTSMAN.  Any member of a craft such as a plumber, contractor or electrician.
   CROSSWALK.
      (1)   That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or in the absence of curbs from the edges of the traversable roadway;
      (2)   Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
   CURB LOADING ZONE.  A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
   DRIVER.  Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
   INTERSECTION.
      (1)   The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
      (2)   Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. If that intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart then every crossing of two roadways of such highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
   LANED HIGHWAY.  A highway, the roadway of which is divided into three or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
   LIMITED-ACCESS HIGHWAY. Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting property or lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same, except at such points only and in such a manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street or roadway.
   MOTOR VEHICLE.  Every vehicle except a motorized bicycle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.
   MOTORCYCLE. Every motor vehicle, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, except a farm tractor or a motorized bicycle with motive power.
   OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES.  All signs, signals, markings and devices, including railroad advance warning signs, not inconsistent with I.C. 9-21-1 et seq. placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
   OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL.  Any device, not inconsistent with I.C. 9-4-1, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
   PARK.  When prohibited means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading.
   PEDESTRIAN. Any person afoot.
   POLICE OFFICER. Every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
   PRIVATE ROAD OR DRIVEWAY.  Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner but not by other persons.
   RAILROAD. A carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than street cars, operated upon stationary rails.
   RAILROAD TRAIN. A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, except street cars.
   RESIDENCE DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district, when the property on such highway for a distance of 500 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
   RIGHT-OF-WAY. The privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
   ROADWAY. That portion of a highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
   SAFETY ZONE.  The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
   SIDEWALK. That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
   STOP. When required, means complete cessation of movement.
   STOP, STOPPING or STANDING. When prohibited means any stopping or standing of a vehicle whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.
   STREET or HIGHWAY. The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
   THROUGH HIGHWAY. Every highway or portion thereof at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield right-of-way to vehicles on such through highway in obedience to either a stop or yield sign erected as provided under I.C. 9-4-1.
   TRAFFIC. Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, street cars, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel.
   TRAFFIC SAFETY AND CRASH DIVISION.  The Traffic Safety and Crash Division of the City Police Department, or if that Traffic Safety and Crash Division does not exist, then the City Police Department.
   VEHICLE.  Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
(1985 Code, § 9-4-1-28(a))  (Ord. 4-1951, passed 4-17-1951)