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Whenever in this title the following words and phrases are used, they shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this chapter:
ABANDONED VEHICLE: A motor vehicle standing or parked on the public way which vehicle is either: a) in such state of disrepair as to be incapable of being driven in its present condition or b) has not been used or moved for more than seven (7) consecutive days and is probably deserted.
ALLEY: A public way within a block generally giving access to the rear of lots or buildings and not used for general traffic circulation.
AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE: Any vehicle of the police or fire departments, the fire or police department of any governmental agency, or any ambulance, or any repair or service vehicle of a governmental agency or public service corporation.
BICYCLE: Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels either of which is over twenty inches (20") in diameter and including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two (2) front or two (2) rear wheels.
BUS: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten (10) passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
BUS STOP: A fixed area in the roadway parallel and adjacent to the curb or edge of the established roadway set aside for the expeditious loading and unloading of passengers only.
BUSINESS STREET: The length of any street between intersections, when more than fifty percent (50%) of the entire frontage at ground level of said street is in use for retail or wholesale business by hotels, banks or office buildings excepting schools.
CROSSWALK: That portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of sidewalk lines at intersections, or any other portion of a roadway clearly indicated for pedestrian crossing by markings.
DRIVER: Every person who operates or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
FREIGHT CURB LOADING ZONE: A space adjacent to a curb for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight.
HOLIDAYS: When used in this title or on official signs erected by authority of this chapter, shall mean New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.
INTERSECTION: The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the property lines of two (2) or more streets which join at an angle, whether or not one such street crosses the other.
LANED ROADWAY: A roadway which is divided into two (2) or more marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
LIMITED ACCESS HIGHWAY: Every public way in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting property or lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same, except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such public way.
MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled.
MOTORCYCLE: Every motor vehicle having a saddle for use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground but excluding a tractor.
MOTORDRIVEN CYCLE: Every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five (5) horsepower, and every bicycle with motor attached.
OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD: Whenever certain hours are named herein they shall mean standard time or daylight saving time as may be in current use in the village.
ONE-WAY STREET OR ALLEY: A public way upon the roadway of which traffic is permitted to travel in one direction only.
OPERATOR: Every person who operates or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
PARKING (TO PARK): The standing of a vehicle whether occupied or not, upon a roadway for a period of time greater than is necessary either for loading or unloading or in obedience to traffic regulations or official traffic signs or signals.
PASSENGER CURB LOADING ZONE: A space adjacent to a curb or edge of the established roadway reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
PEDESTRIAN: Any person afoot.
POLICE OFFICER: The police chief or any deputy of the village or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
PRIVATE ROAD OR DRIVEWAY: Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular traffic by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by others.
PROPERTY LINE: The line marking the boundary between any public way and the private property abutting thereon.
PUBLIC BUILDING: A building used by any governmental agency.
PUBLIC WAY: Any sidewalk, roadway, alley or other public thoroughfare open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for purposes of travel.
RAILROAD: A carrier of persons or property on cars, operated on stationary rails.
RAILROAD TRAIN: A steam engine, electric or other motor with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.
RESIDENTIAL STREET: The length of any street between intersections when more than fifty percent (50%) of the occupied frontage of said street is in use for residential purposes.
RIGHT OF WAY: The privilege of the immediate use of the public way.
ROADWAY: That portion of a public way between the regularly established curb lines or that part improved and intended to be used for vehicular travel.
SAFETY ZONE: The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by appropriate signs as to be plainly visible at all times.
SIDEWALK: That portion of a public way between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians.
STOP, STOPPING, OR STANDING: When prohibited, means any stopping or standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic control sign or signal.
STREET OR HIGHWAY: Every way or place, other than an alley, open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for purpose of travel.
TAXICAB STAND: A fixed area in the roadway alongside and parallel to the curb set aside for taxicabs to stand or wait for passengers.
THROUGH STREET: Every public way or portion thereof at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting public ways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same and when stop signs are erected as provided in this title.
TRAFFIC: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using any public way for purposes of travel.
TRAFFIC SIGNS, MARKINGS AND DEVICES: All signs, markings and devices officially placed for the guiding, directing, warning or regulating of traffic.
VEHICLE: Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. (1956 Code, Sec. 14-1)