§ 155.012  DEFINITIONS.
   When used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings herein ascribed to them:
   ABUTTING. Having a common border with, or being separated from such common border by an alley or easement.
   ADULT ENTERTAINMENT ESTABLISHMENT. Shall be as defined in this code as now existing or as hereafter amended.
   ALLEY. A public way which affords a secondary means of access to property abutting thereon, and not intended for general traffic circulation.
   APARTMENT HOUSE. Any building or portion thereof used as a multiple dwelling for the purpose of providing three or more separate dwelling units which may share means of egress and other essential facilities.
   AMUSEMENT, COMMERCIAL (OUTDOORS).  Any amusement enterprise offering entertainment or games of skill to the general public for a fee or charge wherein any portion of the activity takes place in the open including, but not limited to, a golf driving range, archery range and miniature golf course.
   AMUSEMENT, COMMERCIAL (INDOORS). An amusement enterprise wholly enclosed in a building which is treated acoustically so that noise generated by the enterprise is not perceptible at the bounding property line and including, but not limited to, a bowling alley or billiard parlor.
   ART GALLERY or MUSEUM. An institution for the collection, display and sales of arts and with facilities open to the general public.
   BAR. An establishment licensed by the State of Texas for the sale of alcoholic beverages that derives more than 75% of the establishment's gross revenue from the on-premise sale of alcoholic beverages for on-premise consumption. For the purposes of this definition, gross revenue shall be calculated using the total amount of gross revenue received from the sale of alcoholic beverages and from the sale of food by the establishment for the preceding 12-month period. Such establishment shall make available to the city or its agents, during reasonable hours, its books and records for inspection if required by the city.
   BASEMENT. That portion of a building which is partly or wholly below grade but so located that the vertical distance from grade to the floor below is greater than the vertical distance from grade to ceiling. A basement shall not be counted in computing the number of stories.
   BEDROOM. A room marketed, designed, or otherwise likely to function primarily for sleeping.
   BED AND BREAKFAST INN.  An accessory use to a single-family dwelling unit in which no more than seven rooms in the principal residential structure or in an accessory building(s) on the property are set aside for guest clients, and breakfast is available onsite to only such guest clients; length of stay of guest clients ranges from one to 30 days; and the owner/operator resides on-site.
   BODY ART AND PIERCING STUDIO.  A place where body modification is performed, including: tattooing, where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes and pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment; or piercing, the practice of puncturing or cutting a part of the human body, creating an opening in which the jewelry may be worn, or where an implant may be inserted. This definition does not include permanent makeup or micro- blading as applied in a beauty shop.
   BUILDING. Any structure either temporary or permanent, having a roof or other covering, and designed, built or intended for the shelter or enclosure or partial enclosure of persons, animals, chattels or movable property of any kind or for an accessory use. Where independent units with separate entrances are divided by absolute fire separations, each unit so separated shall be deemed a building. This definition shall include structures wholly or partly enclosed with an exterior wall.
   BUILDING, ACCESSORY. A building which:
      (1)   Is subordinate to and serves a principal structure or a principal use;
      (2)   Is subordinate in area, extent, and purpose to the principal structure or use served;
      (3)   Is located on the same lot as the principal structure or use served except as otherwise expressly authorized by provisions of this chapter; and
      (4)   Is customarily incidental to the principle structure or use. Any portion of a principal structure devoted or intended to be devoted to an accessory use is not an accessory structure.
   BUILDING LINE. A line on a lot, generally parallel to a lot line or street right-of-way line, located at a sufficient distance therefrom to provide the minimum yards required by this chapter. The building line delimits the area in which buildings are permitted subject to all applicable provisions of this chapter.
   BUILDING, MAIN/PRINCIPLE. The building or buildings on a lot which are occupied by the primary use.
   BUILDING, MIXED USE. Any building used partly for residential use and partly for community facility and/or commercial use.
   CAMPGROUND or RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARK. Any plot or tract of land used for the temporary placement of camping trailers, travel trailers, motor homes, recreational vehicles and designed for overnight camping. Said property shall provide utilities and sanitary facilities as deemed necessary by the city for the patrons.
   CAMPING or TRAVEL TRAILER. Vehicles that are currently registered as recreational vehicles with the Vehicle Title and Registration Division of the Texas Department of Transportation, having no foundation other than wheels, jacks, blocks or skirting and is designed to be towed from place to place and which by design is to be occupied as a dwelling on a temporary basis. This definition shall include TRAILER COACH, MOTOR HOME, RECREATIONAL VEHICLE which by definition are similar to CAMPING OR TRAVEL TRAILER but are designed to be driven and contain their own power plant, drive train and steering device.
   CHURCH or RECTORY. A place of worship and religious training of recognized religions including the on-site housing of ministers, rabbis, priests, nuns and similar staff personnel.
   CLINIC, MEDICAL or DENTAL.  Facilities for examining, consulting with and treating patients including offices, laboratories and out-patient facilities but not including hospital beds and rooms for acute or chronic care. This term applies only to facilities used by more than two health care practitioners or establishments.
   CLOTHING MANUFACTURING and LIGHT FABRICATION AND ASSEMBLY. Operations involving cutting, sewing, forming and packing of garments and similar items and including, but not limited to, the making of millinery and clothing accessories, jewelry, trimming decorations, signs, electronic controls, and any similar item not involving the generation of noise, odor, vibration, dust or obnoxious or hazardous materials or machinery.
   CLUB, PRIVATE. Quarters for a private organization, the principle purpose of which is the preparation and service of food and drink for members and their guests only.
   COLLEGE or UNIVERSITY. An academic institution of higher learning, accredited or recognized by the State and offering programs of academic study.
   COMMUNITY CENTER, PRIVATE. A building or group of rooms designed and used as an integral part of a residential project by the tenants of such a project for a place of meeting, recreation or social activity and under the management and unified control of the operators of the project. A private community center shall not be operated as a place of public meetings, or as a business, nor shall the operation of such facility create noise, odor, or similar conditions perceptible beyond the bounding property line of the project site.
   COMMUNITY CENTER, PUBLIC. A building and grounds owned and operated by a governmental body for the social, recreational, health or welfare of the community served.
   COURT. An open space bounded on more than two sides by the walls of a building.
   COVERAGE, LOT. The percent of lot area which is covered by a roof, floor, or other structure and is not open to the sky. Roof eaves to the extent of two feet and ordinary projections from the building not exceeding 12 inches shall not be counted in computing coverage.
   DANCE HALL or NIGHT CLUB.  An establishment offering to the general public facilities for dancing, dining and entertainment for a fee and subject to regulations by the City of Mansfield.
   DAY CARE CENTER or NURSERY. Any place, home or institution which cares for five or more children under the age of 16 years old apart from their parents, guardians, or custodians for regular periods of time for compensation; provided, however, that the term CHILDCARE CENTER shall not apply to bonafide schools, custody fixed by a court, children related by blood or marriage within the third degree of the custodial person.
   DENSITY or GROSS DENSITY.  A measure of residential land use intensity which is expressed as the number of dwelling units per acre (du/ac) of gross site area.
   DEVELOPMENT SCHEDULE. A chronological estimate of the rate and order of development.
   DOCTOR’S or PHYSICIAN’S OFFICE.  A small office for examining and consulting with patients including necessary accessory facilities and occupied by not more than two doctors.
   DWELLING, ACCESSORY. A dwelling unit accessory to and located on the same lot with the main residential building and used as living quarters by domestic servants or caretakers employed on the premises, temporary guests, or family members of the owner of the premises.
   DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY.  A detached dwelling designed for and occupied by not more than one family and having no roof, wall, or floor in common with any other dwelling unit.
   DWELLING, TWO FAMILIES. A detached building having accommodation for and occupied by not more than two families, each of which is attached side to side each one sharing only one common wall with the other. In calculating minimum lot area, a two-family dwelling shall be considered to be two dwelling units.
   DWELLING or DWELLING UNIT.  A room or group of rooms which is arranged, occupied, or intended to be occupied as living quarters and includes facilities for food preparation and sleeping.
   DWELLING, ZERO LOT LINE. A single-family, fully detached dwelling located on an individual lot which is set on one of the interior side lot lines. This makes the side yard usable and requires less land than a house centered on its lot.
   EATING PLACES WITH DRIVE-IN SERVICES. An establishment whose principle business is the sale of food and/or beverages in a ready-to-consume state:
      (1)   For consumption within the establishment;
      (2)   For consumption within a motor vehicle parked on the premises where the customer does not exit the vehicle; or
      (3)   Through direct window service allowing customers in motor vehicles to purchase food and/or beverages for off-premises consumption.
   EATING PLACES WITHOUT DRIVE-IN SERVICES.  An establishment whose principle business is the sale of food and/or beverages to customers in a ready-to-consume state, and whose principle method of operation includes one or both of the following characteristics:
      (1)   Customers, normally provided with an individual menu, are served their foods and beverages by a restaurant employee at the same table or counter at which food and beverages are consumed; and/or
      (2)   A service line operation where food and beverages are consumed within the establishment.
   FAMILY.  Any number of individuals living together as a single housekeeping unit, in which not more than four individuals are unrelated by blood, marriage or adoption.
   FEED STORE/MIXING PLANT.  An establishment for the sale of grain, prepared feed and forage for pets, livestock and fowl, part of other activities may involve the grinding, mixing or commercial compounding of such items.
   FIELD or CONSTRUCTION OFFICE. A structure or shelter, subject to removal by owner or Building Official, used in connection with a development or building project for housing on-site administrative and supervisory functions and for sheltering employees and equipment.
   FIX-IT SHOP and APPLIANCE REPAIR. A shop for the repair of household and home equipment, such as electrical appliances, bicycles, lawn mowers, tools and similar items.
   FLOOR AREA. The sum of the gross floor area for each of a building's stories measured from the interior limits of the walls of the structure. The floor area of a building includes basement floor area and includes attic floor area only if the attic area meets the Mansfield Building Code standards for habitable floor area. It does not include cellars and unenclosed porches or any floor space in an accessory building or in the principle building which is designed for the parking of motor vehicles in order to meet the parking requirements of this chapter.
   FLOOR AREA RATION (FAR). An intensity measure expressed as the ratio between the number of square feet of total floor area in the main building(s) on a lot and the total square footage of land in the lot; it is the number resulting from dividing the main building floor area by the lot area.
   GARAGE APARTMENT. A dwelling unit designed or constructed as part of a private garage.
   GARMENT PRESSING AND AGENTS FOR LAUNDRIES AND DRY CLEANING. An establishment for custom cleaning and/or pressing of individual garments only and not a bulk or commercial type cleaning plant.
   GAS SERVICE STATION. An establishment providing sales of vehicle fuel and/or such services as lubrication, oil and tire changes, and minor repairs. This use does not include paint spraying or auto body repair or major engine or motor repairs.
   GRADE. The average elevation of the highest and lowest elevation measured at the finished surface of the ground at any of the exterior corners of the building or structure.
   GROSS SITE AREA. The total square footage or acreage of land in a lot or tract excluding the area within a floodway and area dedicated as public street right-of-way.
   GROUP FOSTER HOME. A facility licensed by the State as a foster home that provides room, board, ordinary care and supervision to no more than 12 individuals under 18 years of age who are related or not related to the owner. This term shall include REGISTERED FAMILY HOME as defined in Ordinance No. 595.
   HEIGHT. The vertical distance of a building or structure measured from the average established grade at the street line or from the average natural front yard ground level, whichever is higher to: (1) the highest point of the roof surface if a flat surface; (2) the top deck line of a mansard roof; (3) the mean height level between eaves and ridge of a hip and gable roof; (4) the top of a parapet wall. If the street grade has not been officially established, the average front yard grade shall be used for a base level.
   HOME OCCUPATION.  A business, profession, occupation, or trade conducted for gain or support and located entirely within a residential building, or a structural accessory thereto, which use is accessory, incidental, and secondary to the use of the building for dwelling purposes and does not change the essential residential character or appearance of such building or neighborhood in which the building is located.
   HOSPITAL. A facility in which there are complete facilities for diagnosis, treatment, surgery, laboratory, X-ray, nursing, and the prolonged care of bed patients.
   HOTEL or MOTEL.  A building or group of buildings designed to be temporarily occupied by individuals.
   INDUSTRIALIZED BUILDING. A commercial structure that is constructed in one or more modules or constructed using one or more modular components built at a location other than the permanent commercial site, and that is designed to be used as a commercial building when the modules or modular components are transported to the permanent commercial site and are erected or installed on a permanent foundation system. The term includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems. The term does not include any commercial structure that is in excess of three stories or 49 feet in height as measured from the finished grade elevation at the building entrance to the peak of the roof.
   INDUSTRIALIZED HOUSING. A residential structure that is designed for the use and occupancy of one or more families that is constructed in one or more modules or constructed using one or more modular components built at a location other than the permanent residential site, and that is designed to be used as a permanent residential structure when the modules or modular components are transported to the permanent residential site and are erected or installed on a permanent foundation system. The term includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems. The term does not include any residential structure that is in excess of three stories or 49 feet in height as measured from the finished grade elevation at the building entrance to the peak of the roof. The term shall not mean nor apply to: (1) housing constructed of sectional or panelized systems not utilizing modular components; or (2) any ready-built home which is constructed so that the entire living area is contained in a single unit or section at a temporary location for the purpose of selling it and moving it to another location.
   KENNEL. Any place in or at which three or more dogs more than eight weeks old are kept, or any place in or at which one or more dogs are housed or boarded for pay.
   KINDERGARTEN. A school for children of preschool age, the teaching of which is purely preliminary to the teaching of the public school, and which implements a planned curriculum of constructive endeavors, helpful games, object lessons, songs and social exercises.
   LABORATORY, SCIENTIFIC or RESEARCH. Operations involving the compounding of products such as perfumes, pharmaceutical and the experiment, testing, development and assembly of instruments, construction materials and similar items.
   LOADING SPACE. An off-street space or berth on the same lot with a building, or contiguous to a group of buildings, for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials.
   LOCAL UTILITY SERVICE LINE. The facilities provided by a municipality or a franchised utility company for the distribution of gas, water, drainage, sewage, electric power, telephone or telecommunication.
   LOT. Land occupied or to be occupied by a building and its accessory buildings and including such open spaces as are required under this chapter and having its principle frontage upon a public street or officially approved place.LOT AREA. That area of a horizontal plane bounded by the front, side and rear lot lines of a building lot, including any portion of an easement which may exist within such property lines, exclusive of rights-of-way for street or alley purposes.
   LOT, CORNER. A lot situated at the intersection of two or more streets, the interior angle of such intersection not exceeding 135 degrees. A corner lot shall be deemed to front on the street on which it has its smallest dimensions, or as otherwise designated by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
   LOT DEPTH. The length of a line connecting the mid-point of the front and rear lot lines.
   LOT, DOUBLE FRONTAGE. A building lot, not a corner lot, which adjoins two streets which are opposite each other and which are parallel or within 45 degrees of being parallel to each other. On a double frontage lot, both street lines shall be deemed front lot lines, except as otherwise provided herein.
   LOT, INTERIOR. A lot other than a corner lot.
   LOT LINES.  The lines bounding a lot.
   LOT LINE, FRONT. In the case of an interior lot, a line separating the lot from the street or place; and in the case of a corner lot, a line separating the narrowest street frontage of the lot from the street, except in those cases where the latest tract deed restrictions specifies another line as the front lot line.
   LOT LINE, REAR. That lot line which is opposite to and most distant from the front lot line of the lot; in the case of a triangular, pentagon or polygon shaped lot, a line 20 feet in length, entirely within the lot, most parallel to and at the maximum possible distance from the front lot line shall be considered to be the rear lot line.
   LOT LINE, SIDE. Any lot line not a front lot line or rear lot line. Where a lot has only three lot lines, those lot lines which do not front upon a street shall be deemed side lot lines.
   LOT OF RECORD. A lot which is part of a subdivision plat which has been recorded in the office of the County Clerk of Tarrant County or Johnson County or Ellis County.
   LOT WIDTH. The length of a line, drawn perpendicular to the lot depth line at its point of intersection with the front setback line, connecting the side lot lines; however, in zoning districts requiring less than a 25 foot front setback, lot width shall be measured as if said front setback were 25 feet.
   MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR SERVICES FOR BUILDINGS. An establishment and related open storage yard for supplies and operational equipment for building maintenance, but not constituting a junk, wrecking or salvage yard.
   MANUFACTURED HOME, HUD-CODE. A structure, constructed on or after June 15, 1976, according to the rules of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, transportable in one or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is eight body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or, when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems.
   MANUFACTURED HOME RENTAL COMMUNITIES. A plot or tract of land which is separated into two or more spaces or lots which are rented or leased or offered for rent or lease to persons for the installation of manufactured homes for use and occupancy as residences; provided that the lease or rental agreement is for a term of less than 60 months and contains no purchase option.
   MANUFACTURED HOME SUBDIVISION. A unified development of mobile home sites on lots platted for such purposes, which lots may be sold to the owners of a mobile home situated thereon, meeting all of requirements of applicable zoning and subdivision ordinances and designed to accommodate mobile homes on a permanent basis.
   MASONRY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS. Masonry construction materials include brick; natural or manufactured stone; structural clay tile; indented, hammered or split-face concrete masonry unit or combination of these materials that are laid up unit by unit and set in mortar and that are at least two  inches thick.
   MASONRY-LIKE CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS. Masonry-like construction materials include fiber reinforced cement exterior siding, stucco, Exterior Insulated Finish Systems (E.I.F.S.), or similar exterior cladding; and concrete tilt wall, pour-in-place concrete wall and pre-cast wall that are at least two inches thick and that are profiled, sculptured, fluted, exposed-aggregated or have other non-smooth architectural concrete finish.
   MEDICAL WASTE PRODUCT FACILITY. An establishment that receives, processes, treats, transfers, collects or stores medical waste products.
   MEMBERSHIP SPORT OR RECREATIONAL CLUB. A private recreational club with restricted membership, usually of less area than a country club, which may include a club house, a swimming pool, tennis courts, or similar recreational facilities none of which are available to the general public.
   MINI-WAREHOUSE. A building or group of buildings in a controlled-access and fenced compound that contains varying sizes of individual, compartmentalized, and controlled-access stalls or lockers for the dead storage of a customer's goods or wares. No outside storage, sales, service, or repair activities other than the rental of dead storage units are permitted on the premises.
   MOBILE HOME. A structure that was constructed before June 15, 1976, transportable in one or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is eight body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or, when erected on-site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems.
   MANUFACTURED HOME LOT OR PAD. A plot of ground within a manufactured home rental community or subdivision designed for the accommodation of one manufactured home, with an area of not less than 4,500 square feet and meeting all setbacks contained herein.
   MODEL HOME. A single-family dwelling in a developing subdivision located on a legal lot of record that is limited to temporary use as a sales office for the subdivision and to provide an example of the dwellings which have been built or which are proposed to be built in the same subdivision.
   MOTOR/RAILROAD FREIGHT TERMINAL. A building or area in which freight brought by motor truck or railroad car is assembled and is stored for interstate and/or intrastate shipment by motor truck or railroad car. A motor freight terminal is a truck terminal.
   MULTI-TENANT OFFICE OR RETAIL STRIP BUILDING. A building with two or more office or retail tenants in a single structure on the same lot with each tenant having its own separate entrance on the building's exterior.
   NONCONFORMING BUILDING, LAWFUL. A building, structure, or portion thereof which does not conform to the regulations of this chapter and which lawfully existed at the time the regulations with which it does not conform became effective.
   NONCONFORMING USE, LAWFUL. A use of a building or land which does not conform to the use district regulations of this chapter and which lawfully existed at the time the regulations with which it does not conform became effective. A lawful conforming use existing at the time of the adoption of this chapter shall not become nonconforming as a result of a specific use permit requirement.
   NON-TRADITIONAL SMOKING RELATED BUSINESS. A retail establishment or other business whose principal business is the offering of a service related to, or the selling of, renting or exhibiting of products or devices known as water pipes, hookahs, electronic cigarettes or electronic vaping devices, steam stones, hookah pens or any comparable devices. For the purpose of this definition, the term PRINCIPAL shall mean over 25% of the volume of sales or rentals, stock in trade or display areas generated from or devoted to the products or devices described herein.
   NURSERY. An enterprise which conducts the retail sale of plants grown on or off the site, as well as accessory items directly related to their care and maintenance but not power equipment such as gas or electric lawnmowers and farm implements. The accessory items normally sold are clay pots, potting soil, fertilizers, insecticides, baskets, rakes and shovels.
   NURSING or ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY. A private home for the care of children or the aged or infirm, or a place of rest for those suffering bodily disorders, not containing equipment for surgical care or the medical treatment of disease or injury.
   OCCUPANCY. As used herein pertains to and is the purpose for which a building is used or intended to be used. A change of occupancy is not intended to include a change of tenants or proprietors.
   OPEN SPACE. An area included in any side, rear or front yard or any unoccupied space on a lot that is open and unobstructed to the sky except for the ordinary projections of cornices, eaves and plant material.
   OPEN SPACE, COMMON.  Parks, playgrounds, community centers, golf courses, parkways, water areas or similar areas which are created as private open space under a permanent agreement for maintenance and responsibility and is accepted by the City Council and approved by the City Attorney.
   OPENINGS FOR LIGHT AND AIR. Any windows, window walls or glass panels located in the building, but not including doors which are used only for ingress or egress.
   PARKWAY. That public property situated between the curb or edge of a street and the property line of the land adjacent.
   PHILANTHROPIC INSTITUTION. Any organization operating under a non-profit charter, the activities of which are devoted exclusively to benevolent purposes.
   PORCH. An exterior structure that extends along the outside of a building, usually roofed and generally open-sided but may also be partially enclosed, screened, or glass-enclosed; it is often an addition to the main structure.
   PUBLIC BUILDING, UTILITY SHOP or STORAGE YARD OF LOCAL, STATE OR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. Facilities such as office buildings, maintenance yards or shops required by branches of local, state or federal government for service to an area, such as Highway Department Yard or City Service Center.
   PUBLICALLY OWNED NON-SCHOOL FACILITY. A structure, facility or land area owned by a governmental entity including a public school district that is not used for classroom instruction purposes but for administration, maintenance, vehicle storage, entertainment or athletic competition not focused on continuing instruction. Facilities of this type will be treated as public uses of structures or land for zoning, alcoholic beverage regulation and other regulatory purposes.
   RADIO, TELEVISION OR MICRO-WAVE TOWER. Structure supporting an antenna for transmitting or receiving any portion of the radio spectrum, but excluding non-commercial antenna installations for home use of radio or television.
   RAILROAD TRACK AND RIGHT-OF-WAY. Not including railroad stations, sidings, team tracks, loading facilities, docks, yards or maintenance areas.
   RECREATIONAL AREA. An area devoted to facilities and equipment for recreational purposes, swimming pools, tennis courts, playgrounds, community clubhouses, and other similar uses.
   RECYCLING COLLECTION CENTER. An open yard for the receiving, sorting, storage or packing of paper, rags, glass, boxes, aluminum and similar commodities.
   REPAIR GARAGE. A shop for the disassembly, rebuilding and repair of motor vehicle engines, electric motors, vehicle transmissions or other major components. Minor vehicle maintenance shall be classified as a service station.
   RETAIL STORES AND SHOPS OTHER THAN LISTED. Any establishment not listed in the permitted use listing, offering consumer goods for sale except those uses specifically excluded and listed in other districts.
   ROOMING/BOARDING HOUSE. A building other than a hotel or multi-family dwelling where lodging is provided for compensation for three but not more than 12 persons, where meals may or may not be served, and where facilities for food preparation are not provided in the individual rooms. Where meals are served, they shall be served only to the residents of the boarding house.
   SCHOOL, BUSINESS or PROFESSIONAL. A business operating for profit and offering instruction and training in a service or art, such as a secretarial school, barber college, beauty school, commercial art school, but not including a manual trade school.
   SCHOOL, PUBLIC or PRIVATE. For purposes of zoning, alcoholic beverage regulation and other regulatory ordinances, a structure intended, designed and constructed for the use of providing classroom instruction to students. It is intended to include actual classroom facilities and attached administrative, cafeteria and auditorium facilities. Gymnasiums are included within this definition if they are attached to a facility designed and used for classroom instruction of students.
   SCHOOL, VOCATIONAL or TRADE. A business operating for profit and offering instruction and training in a trade such as welding, brick laying, machinery operation or other similar manual trades.
   SHOPPING CENTER. A group of commercial establishments which is planned, developed, and managed as a unit related in its location, size and type of shops to the trade area that the unit serves.
   SOLAR PANEL SYSTEMS. A combination of equipment and/or controls, accessories, interconnecting means and terminal elements for the collection, storage and distribution of solar energy. Solar panel systems do not include individually powered outdoor solar lights, such as garden lights, accent lights, security lights or flood lights.
   STABLE, COMMERCIAL. A building or land where horses are kept for breeding, remuneration, hire, sale, boarding, riding or show.
   STABLE, PRIVATE. Any building, incidental to an existing residential, principle use, that shelters horses for the exclusive use of the occupants of the premises.
   STABLE, RIDING CLUB.  A paddock, stable and related riding and quartering facilities for horses owned by a specific number of recorded members and maintained for the exclusive use of such members and guest.
   STORAGE, OUTSIDE. The storage of any equipment, machinery, building materials or commodities, including raw, semi-finished and finished materials, the storage of which is not accessory to a residential use, and which is visible from ground level; provided, however, that vehicular parking except junked or damaged vehicles shall not be deemed to be outside storage.
   STREET FRONTAGE.  The length of all property on one side of a street measured along the line of the street, or in the case of a dead-end street, then the length of all property abutting on one side between an intersecting street and the end of the dead-end street.
   STRUCTURE. Anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires permanent location on the ground or attached to something having permanent location on the ground. This term shall include any man made screening structure, sign or device.
   STUCCO. Exterior plaster as defined in the Uniform Building Code currently adopted by the city and amendment thereof.
   TELEPHONE EXCHANGE, SWITCHING RELAY AND TRANSMITTING STATION. Not including public business facilities, storage or repair facilities.
   TOWNHOUSE. A single-family dwelling, on a separate lot which fronts on a street, a place, a court or a private access easement, which is attached to two or more similar dwellings by a vertical lot line, or party walls, which has its own private entrance, and which in combination with said attached dwellings constitutes an architectural whole.
   USE. The purpose or activity for which land or any building thereon is designed, arranged, or intended, or for which it is occupied or maintained.
   USE, ACCESSORY. An accessory use is one which: (1) is subordinate to and serves a principle structure or a principle use; (2) is subordinate in area, extent, and purpose to the principle structure or use served; (3) is located on the same lot as the principle structure or use served except as otherwise expressly authorized by provisions of this chapter; and (4) is customarily incidental to the principle structure or use.
   USE, MAIN/PRINCIPLE. The specific primary purpose for which land is used.
   USE, TEMPORARY. A temporary use is one established for a fixed period of time with the intent to discontinue such use upon the expiration of such time. Such uses do not involve the construction or alteration of any permanent structure.
   USED MERCHANDISE STORE. A retail store for used materials, goods, and merchandise of less than 20 years of age, and those over 20 years of age which do not derive a value from their age.
   VARIANCE. Permission to depart from the literal requirement of this chapter granted pursuant to § 155.113.
   VEHICLE. Any passenger vehicle or other vehicle.
   VEHICLE, OTHER. Any bus, all-terrain vehicle, motor home, recreational vehicle, camper, trailer, boat, or any vehicle of any kind that is not a passenger vehicle.
   VEHICLE, PASSENGER. Any automobile, truck or motorcycle intended primarily for transportation to and from work, school, shopping or similar domestic uses.
   VETERINARY CLINIC. An establishment for the care and medical veterinary practice on or for domestic household animals, conducted completely within an enclosed, soundproofed structure and not using any setback or open space for the activities defined.
   VETERINARY HOSPITAL. An establishment for the care and medical treatment of large animals and domestic household pets having treatment and boarding facilities both in an enclosed building and outside pens or runs enclosed by a permanent type of fencing.
   WRECKING or SALVAGE YARD. Premises upon which waste or scrap materials are bought, sold, exchanged, stored, packed, disassembled or handled, including but not limited to scrap iron and other metals, paper, rags, rubber tires, bottles and used building materials. This term shall also include an automobile wrecking and salvage yard.
   YARD. An open space, other than a court, between a building and the adjoining lot lines, unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward except as otherwise provided herein.
   YARD, FRONT. A yard extending across the front of the lot between side lot lines and having a minimum horizontal depth measured from the front lot line as specified for the district in which the lot is located.
   YARD, REAR. A yard, except for accessory buildings as herein permitted, extending across the rear of the lot between side lot lines and having a minimum horizontal depth measured from the rear lot line as specified for the district in which the lot is located. On corner lots, the rear yard shall be considered as parallel to the street upon which the lot has its least dimensions. On both corner and interior lots, the rear yard shall in all cases be at the opposite end of the lot from the front yard.
   YARD, SIDE. A yard between a building and side lot line, extending from the front yard or front lot line where no front yard is required to the rear yard and having a minimum horizontal distance measured from the side lot lines as specified for the district in which the lot is located.
(Ord. 671, passed 4-15-86; Am. Ord. OR-2193-20, passed 10-26-20)