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Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this chapter shall be as follows:
(a) “Authority.” A government or public agency created to perform a single function or a restricted group of related activities. Usually such units are financed from service charges, fees and tolls, but in some instances they also have taxing powers. An authority may be completely independent of other governments for its creation, its financing, or the exercise of certain powers.
(b) “Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5)” shall mean the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five (5) days at 20ºC, expressed in milligrams per liter.
(c) “Board of Trustees” shall mean the board established by the Village responsible for managing the water works and sewerage works of the Village.
(d) “Building Drain” shall mean that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system carrying wastewater which receives discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building, and conveys it to the building sewer which begins five (5) feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
(e) “Building Sewer” shall mean the extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal, also called “House Connection.”
(f) “Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)” shall mean the quantity of oxygen utilized in the chemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedures expressed in milligrams per liter.
(g) “Clean Wastewater or Unpolluted Water” shall mean water to which no constituent has been added, either intentionally or accidentally, which would render such water unacceptable for disposal to storm sewers or natural drainages or directly to surface waters.
(h) “Combined Sewer” shall mean a sewer which is designed to carry sanitary wastewater, industrial wastewater, and storm water.
(i) “Compatible Pollutants” shall mean BOD5, suspended solids, pH, and fecal coliform bacteria, plus additional pollutants identified in the NPDES Permit if the publicly owned treatment works was designed to treat such pollutants, and in fact does remove such pollutants to a substantial degree.
(j) “Control Manhole” shall mean a structure that is accessible for the purpose of observing, measuring, and sampling the wastewater flow in a building sewer. A control manhole may be used for inspecting and/or maintaining the building sewer.
(k) “Cooling Water” shall mean the water discharged from any system of condensation, air conditioning, cooling, refrigeration, or other sources. It shall be free from odor and oil and shall contain no polluting substances. Cooling water shall be considered “Industrial Wastewater” if it is discharged to the sanitary sewer system.
(l) “County” shall mean Columbiana County, Ohio.
(m) “Effluent” shall mean wastewater, water or other liquid, after some degree of treatment, flowing out of any treatment device or facilities.
(n) “EPA Methods” shall mean the latest edition of "Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes", published by Environmental Protection Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio.
(o) “Federal Act” shall mean the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, Public Law 92-500, and any amendments thereto, including the Clean Water Act of 1977 (P.L. 95217); as well as any guidelines, limitations, and standards promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to the Act.
(p) “Floatable Oil” is oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility.
(q) “Garbage” shall mean solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage, and sale of produce.
(r) “Grease and Oil.” A group of substances including hydrocarbons, fatty acids, soaps, fats, waxes, oils or any other material that is extracted by a solvent from an acidified sample and that is not volatilized during the laboratory test procedures. Greases and oils are defined by the method of their determination in accordance with “Standard Methods.”
(s) “Incompatible Pollutant” shall mean any pollutant which is not a “compatible pollutant” as defined in division (i) above of this section.
(t) “Industrial User.” Any nongovernmental, nonresidential user of publicly owned treatment works which is identified in the Standard Industrial Classification manual, 1972, Office of Management and Budget, as amended and supplemented, under the following divisions: Division A - Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing; Division B - Mining; Division D - Manufacturing; Division E - Transportation, Communications, Electric, Gas, and Sanitary; and Division I - Services.
(u) “Industrial Wastewater (sometimes called Process Wastewater)” shall mean the liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade or business establishments, or from the development, recovery, or processing of natural resources, as distinct from “Sanitary or Domestic Wastewater.”
(v) “Infiltration.” Water other than wastewater that enters a sewer system (including sewer service connections and foundation drains) from the ground through such means as defective pipes, pipe joints, connections, or manholes. “Infiltration” does not include, and is distinguished from, “inflow.”
(w) “Inflow.” Water other than wastewater that enters a sewer system (including sewer service connections) from sources such as, but not limited to, roof leaders, cellar drains, yard drains, area drains, drains from springs and swampy areas, manhole covers, cross connections between storm sewers and sanitary sewers, catch basins, cooling towers, storm waters, surface runoff, street wash waters, or drainage. “Inflow” does not include, and is distinguished from “infiltration.”
(x) “Influent” shall mean wastewater, raw or partially treated, flowing into any wastewater treatment device or facilities.
(y) “Interceptor Sewer” shall mean a sewer which receives wastewater from one or more lateral or local sanitary sewers.
(z) “Major Contributing Industry” shall mean an industrial user of the publicly owned treatment works that:
(1) Has a flow of 50,000 gallons or more per average work day;
(2) Has a flow greater than five percent (5%) of the flow carried by the municipal system receiving the waste;
(3) Has in its waste a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts as defined in standards issued under Section 370(a) of the Federal Act; or
(4) Is found by the permit issuance authority, in connection with the issuances of an NPDES permit to the publicly owned treatment works receiving the waste, to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on that treatment works or upon the quality of effluent from that treatment works.
(aa) “May” is permissive; “shall” is mandatory.
(bb) “mg/1" shall mean milligrams per liter.
(cc) “National Categorical Pretreatment Standard” or “Pretreatment Standard.” Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with Section 307 (b) and (c) of the Act (33 U.S.C. 1347) which applies to a specific category of Industrial Users.
(dd) “Natural Outlet” shall mean any outlet, including storm sewers and combined sewer overflows, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
(ee) “Normal Strength Wastewater,” as defined for the purpose of determining surcharges, shall mean wastewater having an average daily suspended solids concentration of not more than 240 mg/1, an average daily BOD5 of not more than 200 mg/1, and containing not more than 100 mg/1 of Freon soluble matter (grease and oil).
(ff) “NPDES Permit” shall mean the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permit.
(gg) “OEPA” shall mean the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency.
(hh) “Organic” shall mean containing carbon compounds.
(ii) “Owner” shall mean any person in title or having any interest in real property, lot, tract, acreage, etc. which is served by or adjacent to any part of the wastewater system of this Village.
(jj) “Pathogenic Bacteria” shall mean bacteria which may cause disease.
(kk) “Person” shall mean any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group. In case of a corporation, a person shall be a company officer directly in charge of discharges to sewers.
(ll) “pH” shall mean the logarithm (base 10) of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution (Low values indicate the presence of acids or acid forming salts. High values indicate the presence of alkaline material. A pH of 7.0 is considered neutral.)
(mm) “Pollutant” shall mean dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, wastewater, garbage, wastewater sludge, munitions, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, and industrial, municipal, and agricultural wastes discharged into water.
(nn) “ppm” shall mean parts per million by weight or milligrams per liter.
(oo) “Pretreatment” shall mean the treatment of industrial wastewaters prior to introduction into publicly owned wastewater treatment facilities.
(pp) “Pretreatment Ordinance,” if mandated by the Ohio EPA, shall mean the enacted ordinance by the Village that sets forth uniform requirements for non-domestic discharges into the Village's wastewater collection and treatment systems, and enables the “Authority” to protect public health in conformity with all applicable local, state, and federal laws.
(qq) “Properly Shredded Garbage” shall mean the wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than ½ inch in any dimension.
(rr) “Public Sewer” shall mean a common sewer which is owned and controlled by a public authority.
(ss) “Sanitary or Domestic Wastewater (Sewage)” shall mean a combination of water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, commercial, industrial and manufacturing establishments contributed by reason of human occupancy.
(tt) “Sanitary Sewer” shall mean a sewer which carries sanitary and/or industrial wastewater and to which storm, surface, and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
(uu) “Sewerage Works” or “Wastewater System” shall mean all facilities for collecting, pumping, treatment, and disposing of wastewater, including industrial wastewater.
(vv) “Sewers” shall mean any pipe or conduit for conveying wastewater.
(ww) “Significant Contributing Industry” shall mean an industrial user which contributes greater than ten percent (10%) of the design flow or design pollutant loading of the treatment works.
(xx) “Slug” shall mean any discharge of water or wastewater which, in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow, exceeds, for any period of duration longer than fifteen minutes, more than five times the average twenty-four hour concentrations or flows during normal operation and shall adversely affect the collection system and/or performance of the wastewater treatment plant.
(yy) “Standard Methods” shall mean the laboratory procedures set forth in the latest edition, at the time of analysis, of “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater” prepared and published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation.
(zz) “Storm Sewer” or “Storm Drain” shall mean a sewer which carries storm, surface waters, and drainage, but which excludes sanitary wastewater and industrial wastewater, other than unpolluted wastewater and cooling water.
(aaa) “Superintendent” shall mean the person or agent of the Public Utilities duly appointed to operate, maintain, repair and inspect the system.
(bbb) “Suspended Solids” shall mean total suspended matter that either floats on the surface of, or is in suspension in, water, wastewater, or other liquids, and that is removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in “Standard Methods” and referred to as “Nonfilterable Residue.”
(ccc) “Total Solids” or “Total Residue” shall mean the sum of suspended and dissolved solids.
(ddd) “Toxic Pollutants” shall include but not necessarily be limited to aldrindieldrin, benzidine, cadmium, cyanide, DDT-endrin, mercury, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) and toxaphene. Pollutants included as “toxic” shall be those promulgated as such by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(eee) “U.S. EPA” shall mean the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(fff) “User” shall mean any person or premises that discharges, causes, or permits the discharge of wastewater into the public sewer and receives wastewater treatment services.
(ggg) “User Charge” means a charge levied on users to a treatment works for the cost of operation and maintenance, including replacement.
(hhh) “Village” shall mean the Village of Lisbon, Ohio.
(iii) “Volatile Organic Matter” shall mean the material in the wastewater solids transformed to gases or vapors when heated at 550ºC for 15 to 20 minutes.
(jjj) “Wastewater” shall mean the spent water of a community. From the standpoint of source, it may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water, and stormwater that may be present.
(kkk) “Public Utilities” shall mean the Department responsible for the operation and maintenance of the sewerage works or wastewater system.
(lll) “Wastewater System” is a collective term used to denote all the property involved in the operation of a wastewater treatment utility. It includes land, sewer lines and appurtenances, pumping stations, treatment plants, and general property. Synonym: Sanitary Sewerage System, Wastewater Treatment Works.
(mmm) “Wastewater Treatment Plant” shall mean any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating wastewater - domestic and non-domestic.
(nnn) “Watercourse or Waterway” shall mean a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
(Ord. 1487. Passed 9-12-94; Ord. 1739. Passed 3-8-2004.)