§ 151.195  WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION FACILITIES.
   (A)   General.
      (1)   Design of water system.  All water supply and distribution systems shall be designed and constructed in accordance with all applicable rules, regulations, and standards contained in local ordinances of the Lake County Health Department and the Lake County Public Works Department, the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, the American Water Works Association, and the Standard Specifications for Water and Sewer Main Construction in Illinois. All water supply and distribution systems shall be designed at a minimum to provide adequate water pressure and flow for the intended use, including fire protection.
      (2)   Availability.  Unless otherwise provided in this section, all residential subdivisions shall connect to a governmentally owned and operated water system, if one is available. For the purpose of this chapter, a governmentally owned and operated water system shall be considered available when the following conditions exist:
         (a)   The closest pipe of the distribution system is located within 1,000 feet of the property to be subdivided;
         (b)   The distribution system has sufficient volume and quality to serve the proposed subdivision; and
         (c)   The developer has received consent of the operator to connect to the distribution system.
      (3)   Dedication and extension of governmentally owned and operated water system.  When connection to a governmentally owned and operated water system is required, the developer shall dedicate the improvements to the owner of the water system as part of final plat approval. In extending an existing governmentally owned and operated water system, consideration shall be given to future demands on the system which may require increasing system capacity and extension of the system to adjoining parcels.
   (B)   Connection requirements.
      (1)   If the Lake County Public Works Department or the Lake County Health Department determines that a governmentally owned and operated water system is available, the developer shall be required to connect to the system when the subdivision consists of a detached (single family) residential subdivision containing at least 15 lots with an average area of less than 40,000 square feet or a gross density of greater than 1.1 dwelling units per acre.
      (2)   In instances when a governmentally owned and operated water system is not available, a privately owned and operated community water system (ex., owned by property owners’ association) shall be required to serve single family residential subdivisions containing at least 15 lots with an average area of less than 40,000 square feet or a gross density of greater than 1.1 dwelling unit per acre and multifamily subdivisions.
   (C)   Ownership and maintenance responsibilities.
      (1)   Privately owned and operated water systems shall be owned and maintained by a property owners’ association formed through covenants and restrictions established during the platting process. The covenants and restrictions shall be recorded with the final plat.
      (2)   Consideration shall be given to the future connection of the privately owned and operated water system to a governmentally owned and operated water system.
   (D)   Private water systems.  Private water systems (private wells) may be used in the following circumstances:
      (1)   Single family residential subdivisions having an average lot size of at least 40,000 square feet, or a gross density of less than 1.1 dwelling unit per acre;
      (2)   Single family residential subdivisions having fewer than 15 lots and a gross density greater than 1.1 dwelling units per acre;
      (3)   Lots created by a plat amendment or lot split; or
      (4)   Multiple-family and nonresidential uses with Health Department approval.
(Ord., § 10.11, passed 10-13-2009)