As used in this title, the following words and terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section:
ABSORPTION AREA: The trench area required to adequately dissipate the liquid wastewater being discharged to a seepage field.
ABUT: To physically touch, border upon or share a common property line.
ACCESS: A way or means of approach that provides physical entrance to a property.
ALLEY: A public right of way primarily designed to serve as a secondary means of vehicular access to the side or rear of those properties whose principal frontage is on a street.
ARTERIAL: Highways generally characterized by their ability to quickly move relatively large volumes of traffic, but often with restricted accessibility to abutting properties.
BASE FLOOD ELEVATION (BFE): The elevation delineating the level of flooding resulting from the 100-year flood frequency storm event.
BEARING STRENGTH: The amount of weight an area is capable of supporting.
BLOCK: A tract of land bounded by streets or by a combination of streets, public parks, cemeteries, railroad rights of way, waterways or the corporate limits of the village.
BOG: Wet, spongy land, usually poorly drained, acidic and rich in plant residue.
BUILDING: Any structure having a roof supported by columns or walls and intended for the shelter, housing or enclosure of any individual, animal, process, equipment, goods or materials of any kind.
CLAY: A highly plastic fine soil that contains soil particles of less than two one-thousandths millimeter (0.002 mm) in diameter.
CLAYEY SOILS: Those soils consisting predominantly of clay or soils having properties similar to clay.
COLLECTOR STREET: Streets which are generally characterized by a relatively even distribution of access and mobility functions, and often provide linkages between local streets and arterials. Traffic volumes and speeds are typically lower than those of arterials.
COMMISSION: The plan commission of the village of Lake Barrington, Illinois.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN: The official comprehensive plan of Lake Barrington, Illinois, and environs, being the official plan of the municipality, as adopted and amended.
COMPRESSIBILITY: The susceptibility of a supporting structure to decrease in volume when subjected to loads.
COUNTY ENGINEER: The officially appointed engineer of Lake County.
CROSSWALK (PEDESTRIANWAY): A public right of way within a block, intended for pedestrians, but which may include utilities.
CUL-DE-SAC: A local residential street with only one outlet and having an appropriate terminal for the safe and convenient reversal of traffic movement.
CURTAIN DRAIN: Pipes, ditches, mounds or other means which redirect surface or ground water away from areas which function better in a dry state.
DRAINAGE: A. Surface water runoff;
   B.   The removal of surface water or ground water from land by drains, grading or other means which include runoff controls to minimize erosion and sedimentation during and after construction or development, the means for preserving the water supply and the prevention or alleviation of flooding.
DRAINAGE AREA: The land area above a given point that contributes storm water to that point.
DRAINAGE SYSTEM: Pipes, swales, natural features and manmade improvements designed to carry drainage.
DRAINAGEWAY: Any natural or artificial watercourse, trench, ditch, swale or similar depression into which surface water flows.
EASEMENT: A grant of one or more of the property rights by the property owner to and/or for the use by the public, a corporation or another person or entity.
EASEMENT, SLOPE: An easement which allows the village or its agents to enter a property to construct a slide slope from a roadway, shoulder or other project, and restore the slope upon completion of the project with sod, grass or other material and to maintain the slope.
ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: The person appointed by the village board of trustees to enforce the subdivision regulations of the village.
ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE AREA: An area with one or more of the following characteristics:
   A.   Slopes in excess of fifteen percent (15%);
   B.   Floodplain;
   C.   Soils with a high water table;
   D.   Land incapable of meeting percolation requirements;
   E.   Land formerly used for landfill operations or hazardous industrial use;
   F.   Fault areas;
   G.   Stream corridors;
   H.   Estuaries;
   I.   Mature stands of native vegetation; and
   J.   Aquifer recharge and discharge areas.
FEN: A low lying area partly or wholly covered by alkaline water.
FINAL APPROVAL: The approval statement required from the village engineer prior to consideration by the village board of trustees of acceptance of private street improvements or of acceptance of a public street for maintenance.
FINAL PLAT: The map or plan of record of a subdivision and any accompanying material.
FLAG LOT: A lot not fronting on or abutting a public road and where access to the public road is by a narrow, private right of way.
FOUNDATION: The substructure, including masonry walls, piers, footings, piles, grillage and similar construction which is designed to transmit the load of any superimposed structure to natural solid or bedrock.
FRONTAGE: The length of the front property line of the lot, lots or tract of land abutting a public street, road, highway or rural right of way.
FROST HEAVE: The raising of a surface due to the freezing of water in the underlying soil structure.
GRADE: The degree of rise or descent of a sloping surface.
GRADE, EXISTING: The existing grade shall be the elevation of the ground surface as measured at a particular location on a lot or parcel prior to any work on or disturbance of the land comprising such lot or parcel, including the disturbance or removal of any existing trees thereon, and without regard to any regrading or other changes in the topography of said lot or parcel done within thirty six (36) months prior to any application being filed for any work to be performed on such lot or parcel.
GROUND WATER LEVEL: The free subsurface water lying along the water table which is the upper limit of saturation within the soil structure.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE: Any hard surfaced, manmade area that does not readily absorb or retain water, including, but not limited to, building roofs, parking and driveway areas, graveled areas, sidewalks and paved recreation areas.
LOAM: The textural class name for soil having a moderate amount of sand, silt and clay.
LOCAL STREET: All public roads or streets not classified as arterials or collectors, and serve primarily to provide access to abutting property and connections to collector streets.
LOT: A designated parcel, tract or area of land established by plat, subdivision or as otherwise permitted by law, to be used, developed or built upon as a unit and having its principal frontage on a street.
LOT AREA: The horizontal area bounded by the front, side and rear lot lines, measured within the lot boundaries, excluding public rights of way.
LOT, CORNER: A lot situated at the intersection of two (2) streets.
LOT COVERAGE: That portion of the land that is covered by buildings, structures and all other humanmade improvements on the ground surface which are more impervious than the natural surface, such as paving, driveways, etc.
LOT DEPTH: The mean horizontal distance measured from the front lot line to the rear lot line within the lot boundaries.
LOT, INTERIOR: A lot other than a corner lot.
LOT LINE: A line of record bounding a lot which divides one lot from another lot or from a public or private street or any other public space.
LOT, THROUGH: A lot having a pair of opposite lot lines along two (2) substantially parallel streets and which is not a corner lot.
LOT WIDTH: The horizontal distance between the side lot lines of a lot, measured parallel to the front lot line at the required front setback line, unless specified in these regulations or this code.
LOT WIDTH, AVERAGE: The average horizontal distance between the side lot lines of a lot.
LOW OPENING ELEVATION: The elevation at which water could enter a structure through any nonwatertight opening such as a doorway threshold, a windowsill, or a basement window well.
MINERAL SOIL: A soil consisting predominantly of, and having its properties determined predominantly by, mineral matter; usually contains less than twenty percent (20%) organic material.
OFFICIAL STREET CLASSIFICATION MAP: The designation of local, collector, minor and major arterial streets of the village and their proposed future alignments.
ORGANIC SOILS: Soils that contain a high percentage (greater than 20 or 30 percent) of organic matter.
OWNER: Any person, group of persons, firm or firms, corporation or corporations, or any other legal entity holding title to the land sought to be subdivided under the subdivision regulations.
PC: A point of curvature.
PT: A point of tangent.
PARKWAY: An unpaved strip of land situated within the public right of way of a street.
PEAT: Unconsolidated soil material consisting largely of undecomposed or only slightly decomposed organic matter accumulated under conditions of excessive moisture.
PEDESTRIANWAY: See definition of Crosswalk (Pedestrianway).
PERMEABILITY: The capacity for transmitting a fluid. It is measured by the rate at which a fluid of standard viscosity can move through material in a given interval of time under a given hydraulic gradient.
PLAN COMMISSION: The plan commission of the village of Lake Barrington, Illinois.
PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT: The development of a parcel of land having a previously approved overall plan according to the rules and regulations stipulated in the planned unit development regulations of the village of Lake Barrington, as adopted or amended.
PLAT: A map of a subdivision.
Final Plat: A map of all or part of the subdivision prepared and certified by a registered Illinois land surveyor in accordance with the requirements of the applicable provisions of the Illinois Compiled Statutes as amended and these regulations and suitable for recording by the county recorder of deeds.
Preliminary Plat: A preliminary map showing the proposed layout of subdivision in sufficient detail to allow review by the platting authority and other interested agencies and meeting the requirements of these regulations.
PLATTING AUTHORITY: The platting authority for the village of Lake Barrington shall be the plan commission.
PRELIMINARY APPROVAL: The approval statement required from the village engineer prior to release of the damage and nuisance guarantee.
PRELIMINARY PLAT: The drawings and documents described in these subdivision regulations.
PRIVATE ACCESS: A means of ingress and egress for only one lot on, over and across an easement or a portion of a lot of record that begins at the right of way line of a public or private street and terminates at a location selected by the user of the private access and is not governed by the standards set forth in chapter 5 of this title.
PRIVATE STREET: A means of ingress and egress, not dedicated by recorded instrument for public use, that is maintained by the party or parties using said private street.
PUBLIC IMPROVEMENT: Streets and highways, alleys, public grounds, ways for public service facilities, curbs, gutters, sidewalks, streetlights, parks, playgrounds, school grounds, storm water drainage, water supply and distribution, sanitary sewers and sewage collection and treatment facilities.
RIGHT OF WAY: A strip of land acquired by reservation, dedication, prescription or condemnation and is intended to be occupied or occupied by a road, crosswalk, railroad, transmission lines, oil or gas pipeline, water line, sanitary or storm sewer, trail, bicycle path and other similar uses.
RIGHT OF WAY LINES: The lines that form the boundary of a right of way.
SEPTIC SYSTEM: An underground system with a septic tank used for the decomposition of domestic wastes.
SEPTIC TANK: A watertight receptacle that receives the discharge of sewage from a building, sewer or part thereof, and is designed and constructed to permit settling of solids from this liquid, digestion of the organic matter and discharge of the liquid portion into a disposal area.
STORM WATER MANAGEMENT: A set of actions taken to control storm water runoff with the objectives of providing controlled surface drainage, flood control, and pollutant reduction in runoff.
STREET: Any vehicular way which:
   A.   Is an existing state, county or municipal roadway; or
   B.   Is shown upon a plat approved pursuant to law; or
   C.   Is approved by other official action;
and includes the land between the street lines, whether improved or unimproved.
STREET, MINOR: A public or private street of limited continuity used primarily for access to abutting properties and local needs of a neighborhood.
SUBDIVIDER (DEVELOPER): Any person, persons, partnership, corporation or duly authorized agent of the landowner who undertakes the subdivision of land.
SUBDIVISION: Includes resubdivision, and where it is appropriate to the context, relates to the process of subdividing or to the land subdivided.
   A.   For the purposes of these regulations, a subdivision of land is or includes:
      1.   Any resubdivision of land heretofore subdivided or platted.
      2.   Any condominium development, any planned unit development, and any other residential, commercial or industrial building and/or development on one or more lots, tracts or parcels of land which affects, involves or relates to facilities (present or proposed) protecting the public health, safety and welfare, or which affects, involves or relates to the need for such in the future. For the purpose of this definition, the term facilities includes, but is not limited to, public streets, alleys and ways for public utilities, curbs, gutters, sidewalks, streetlights, parks, playgrounds, school grounds or other public grounds, storm water drainage, water supply and distribution, sanitary sewers or sewage collection and treatment.
   B.   For the purposes of these regulations, the term subdivision shall not include:
      1.   The division or subdivision of land into parcels or tracts of five (5) acres or more in size which does not involve any new streets or easements of access and which does not affect, involve or relate to the need for facilities (present or future) protecting the public health, safety and welfare;
      2.   The sale or exchange of parcels of land between owners of adjoining and contiguous land but excluding any resubdivision of land heretofore subdivided or platted and which does not affect, involve or relate to the need for facilities (present or future) protecting the public health, safety and welfare;
      3.   The conveyance of parcels of land or interests therein for use as a right of way for railroads or other public utility facilities and other pipelines which does not involve any new streets or easements of access and which does not affect, involve or relate to the need for facilities (present or future) protecting the public health, safety and welfare;
      4.   The conveyance of land owned by a railroad or other public utility which does not involve any new streets or easements of access and which does not affect, involve or relate to the need for facilities (present or future) protecting the public health, safety or welfare;
      5.   The conveyance of land for a road, street or highway or other public purposes or grants or conveyances relating to the dedication of land for public use or instruments relating to the dedication of land for public use or instruments relating to the vacation of land impressed with a public use;
      6.   Conveyances made to correct descriptions in prior conveyances;
      7.   The sale or exchange of parcels or tracts of land following the division into no more than two (2) parts of a particular parcel or tract of land existing on July 17, 1959, and which does not involve any new streets or easements of access and which does not affect, involve or relate to the need for facilities (present or future) protecting the public health, safety and welfare.
SUBDIVISION DESIGN STANDARDS: The standards detailed in chapter 5 of this title.
SUBDIVISION, MAJOR: Any subdivision containing six (6) or more lots.
SUBDIVISION, MINOR: Any subdivision containing not more than five (5) lots.
SWALE: A vegetated channel, ditch, or low lying or depressional tract of land that is periodically inundated by storm water conveyed from one point to another.
USGS: The United States geological survey.
UTILITIES: Underground or overhead gas, electrical, steam or water transmission or distribution systems, collection, communications, supply or disposal systems, erected, operated and maintained by public utilities or municipal or other governmental agencies.
WET SOILS: Soils frequently or continuously waterlogged with subsurface water conditions which produce excessive or abnormal hydrostatic pressure on building foundations or other structures.
WETLAND: Land that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, under normal conditions, a prevalence of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions (known as hydrophytic vegetation). A wetland is identified based upon three (3) attributes: a) hydrology, b) soils, and c) vegetation as mandated by the current federal wetland determination methodology.
ZONING ORDINANCE: Title 8 of this code, as amended. (Ord. 2007-O-20, 10-2-2007)