Accessory uses in Residential Districts shall be permitted to the extent they are reasonably and customarily incidental and subordinate in all respects to the principal use to which they are accessory, including the following:
(Ord. 141. Passed 4-11-17.)
   (a)   One attached garage designed for the indoor parking of no more than four vehicles.
   (b)   One detached garage designed for the indoor parking of no more than four vehicles and which shall not include quarters for human habitation.
   (c)   Outdoor swimming pools and hot tubs.
   (d)   One accessory storage building not to exceed 80 square feet in gross floor area and eight feet in height.
   (e)   (Reserved for future use)
      (Ord. 141.  Passed 4-11-17.)
   (f)   (1)   Intent. To preserve the natural beauty of Lake Angelus and to reduce the impact of reflective wave energy, the City prefers riprap and boulder seawalls to vertical seawalls made of steel, vinyl or concrete.
      (2)   Review procedures.
         A.   All seawalls are subject to Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE) standards and permitting procedures. Copies of EGLE applications shall be provided to the City when applying for seawall approval from the City.
         B.   Application for review of repairs, replacements, and new construction of seawalls shall be made to the Building Official. Applications must include details adequate to describe the project, including dimensional limits of the seawall and of the property, materials, and a written description of the work to be performed.
         C.   Repair, replacement, and new construction of seawalls made of riprap, boulders, or a combination of riprap and boulders may be reviewed administratively. Repair and replacement of seawalls made of materials other than riprap or boulders may be reviewed administratively.
         D.   New construction of seawalls made of materials other than riprap or boulders shall be reviewed as a seawall plan by the Planning Commission. Such an application must also include a written description of why boulders or riprap are not suitable.
         E.   Seawalls in an enclosed boat well, along a canal of Lake Angelus, or incorporated into a dam regulating the Lake Angelus ordinary high-water mark may be reviewed administratively.
      (3)   Seawall design standards.
         A.   Existing vertical and horizontal contours of the shoreline shall be maintained.
         B.   The vertical height of the wall above the ordinary high-water mark of Lake Angelus shall not exceed 18 inches except in circumstances in which a higher wall is necessary based on the existing grade of the land or to match the height of adjacent seawalls.
         C.   The width of the top of a seawall shall not exceed 48 inches of natural stone boulders and riprap, or 18 inches for other materials.
         D.   Sidewalks, patios, decks and other structures are not permitted as an upland extension of a seawall.
      (4)   Seawall definitions.
         A.   Boulder. Natural stone or rock fragments of spherical or irregular shapes that are larger than 24 inches in diameter. Manmade stone, natural stone cut to regular shapes, and concrete are not boulders for the purpose of this chapter.
         B.   New construction. Assembly of a seawall, where one of the following is true: no seawall existed previously; or more than 50% of the total length of an existing seawall is being reconstructed with the same vertical and horizontal dimensions as the original.
         C.   Repair. Normal maintenance of an existing seawall intended to prolong its useful purpose, including by way of example weeding/vegetation removal, restacking existing stones, re-facing spalled concrete, patching holes in steel, and backfilling behind an existing seawall.
         D.   Replacement. Removal and reconstruction of less than 50% of an existing structure, resulting in a new wall with the same vertical and horizontal dimensions as the original.
         E.   Riprap. Natural stone or rock fragments that are generally spherical or irregular in shape with a maximum diameter of 24 inches.
(Ord. 141.  Passed 4-11-17.; Ord. 153.  Passed 4-14-20.)
   (g)   Temporary and permanent docks and boat hoists, subject to the following standards:
      (1)   Docks extending perpendicularly beyond the ordinary high-water mark of 950 feet may be installed/constructed for the primary purpose of deck areas for recreational activities, and for mooring and providing access to boats, and may be used in conjunction with boat hoists and temporary canopy covers for the exclusive purpose of sheltering boats.
      (2)   Permanent docks shall require site plan approval. Temporary docks shall not require site plan approval. Building permits may be required by the Building Official in accordance with the Michigan Building Code.
      (3)   Configuration. The typical configuration of a dock in Lake Angelus is a single linear dock installed perpendicularly from the shoreline. Alternative layouts are permitted when the combined total dock length, dock width, and dock area standards are not exceeded. Alternative layouts may include, by way of example, without limitation, a dock with additional section(s) intended to function as a boat slip, or two separate boat docks.
      (4)   Dock length. The maximum length of a dock is 90 feet (including a platform and boat hoist), measured from the water’s edge to a point on the dock, boat hoist, or platform farthest from the water’s edge. Where shallow water depth is characteristic and the safety of boaters is ensured, and the need for a longer dock is demonstrated based on site-specific water depth conditions, the Building Official or Planning Commission may approve additional dock length.
      (5)   Dock width. The maximum width of a dock is five feet, not including platforms.
      (6)   Platform size. The maximum area of a dock platform is 100 square feet.
      (7)   Maximum dock area per parcel. For each parcel with frontage on Lake Angelus, the combined area of all dock sections, offshoots, platforms, and other surface area shall not exceed 650 square feet, regardless of the number or configuration of docks, unless specifically permitted in subsection A., below.
         A.   Where additional dock length is granted by the Building Official or Planning Commission due to water depth, the total dock area may exceed 650 square feet by an amount equal to the additional dock length in feet multiplied by a maximum dock width of five feet.
      (8)   Side yard setback. All docks and moored boats shall adhere to the required 15-foot side yard setback. For temporary docks only, the required side yard setback may be waived on an annual basis with written consent of both the dock owner and the owner of the property adjacent to the side yard in which the temporary dock is placed.
      (9)   Canopies. The maximum dimensions of a temporary canopy are 30 feet in length, 12 feet in width, and 12 feet in height measured from the high-water mark of 950 feet to the peak of the canopy.
      (10)   Prohibited structures. Structures on docks, such as gazebos, are prohibited. Floating boathouses are prohibited.
(Ord. 141.  Passed 4-11-17.; Ord. 150.  Passed 6-11-19)
   (h)   Antennas and related structures and equipment, subject to the following:
      (1)   No person shall construct or install an antenna or related structure or equipment separate from the principal residence without first obtaining a building permit from the Building Official. Such antennas, structures and equipment shall be constructed or installed on the ground within the rear yard and shall be subject to side and rear setback requirements. Applications for building permits shall include site plans and screening plans and shall include sufficient detail regarding adjacent property to permit the Building Official to determine whether visibility of the installation has been minimized.
      (2)   Dish antennas exceeding two feet in diameter may not be mounted on the roof of the principal residence or any accessory building and shall be mounted on the ground subject to regulation under this Zoning Code. Conventional television antennas and dish antennas which do not exceed nine feet in diameter may be mounted on the roof of the principal residence or any accessory building. Roof-mounted radio antennas are not regulated by this Zoning Code.
      (3)   Ground-mounted dish antennas shall not exceed 12 feet in diameter and shall not be higher than 14 feet, shall be of mesh or expanded metal construction, and shall be colored and screened by structures or vegetation to minimize their visibility from adjoining property and the Lake. All antennas shall be bonded to a grounding rod.
      (4)   The Zoning Board of Appeals may grant variances as necessary to permit noncomplying installations which are necessary to provide reasonable access to satellite transmissions.
   (i)   One play gym or play structure provided:
      (1)   The play gym or play structure is not located in the Lake view lines set forth in Section 1246.07 , Table of Regulations, 2, unless the ground elevation is such that the play gym or play structure will not be visible from the adjacent lots at a height of six feet from the Lake front corner of the adjacent residences.
      (2)   The play gym or play structure is not located in the side yard setback.
   (j)   One lawn swing provided:
      (1)   The lawn swing is not located in the side yard setback.
      (2)   The lawn swing is not larger in area than length eight feet, depth eight feet, height eight feet.
      (3)   Notwithstanding Section 1246.07 , Table of Regulations, the lawn swing may be in the front yard minimum yard setback from the shoreline.
   (k)   Accessory Rooftop Solar Energy Panels: Rooftop-mounted solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, including the required mounting and accessory hardware, capable of collecting, transmitting, storing, or otherwise utilizing solar energy, shall be an accessory use in residential districts, subject to the following standards:
      (1)   On a pitched roof, solar PV systems are not permitted to extend above the peak of the roof on which it is located. On a flat roof, solar PV systems may not project more than two feet above the roof line. In no case is a solar PV system permitted to be installed in a manner which would exceed the maximum height restrictions applicable for the property.
      (2)   Ground- or building-mounted supporting infrastructure, such as, but not limited to, battery packs or electrical panels, are subject to the place and manner regulations applicable to all structures in the district.
      (3)   Solar panels must utilize a method for minimizing glare visible from adjacent properties or the Lake, including, but not limited to, stippled glass, anti-reflective coatings, or light-trapping. Where light reflection may negatively affect the adjacent properties or the community as a whole, such as placement on a roof pitch facing the waters of Lake Angelus, a geometric reflection study may be required to ensure the installation of an array will not create excessive glare.
      (4)   Vegetative or architectural screening may be required if, in the determination of the Building Official or Planning Commission, the solar PV system is proposed in a location or manner that is reasonably expected to negatively impact adjacent property owners and the effects can be mitigated by such means.
      (5)   Review from the Public Safety official may be required to ensure the location of the array does not affect the ability of first responders to access the roof, if necessary.
(Ord. 85.  Passed 1-11-99; Ord. 94.  Passed 2-11-02; Ord. 107.  Passed 9-13- 05; Ord. 128.  Passed 6-11-13; Ord. 129.  Passed 6-11-13; Ord. 144.  Passed 10-10-17.)