(a)   In General.  For the purpose of this Zoning Code, certain words and terms are herein defined. Illustrations of specific definitions are provided as Figures 1 -5 .
   (b)   Definitions.
      (1)   Accessory Buildings and Structures. A supplementary building or structure on the same lot or parcel of land as the principal building, occupied by or devoted exclusively to an accessory use.
      (2)   Accessory Use. A use reasonably and customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the premises.
      (3)   Architectural Features. Architectural features of a building or structure, including cornices, eaves, gutters, belt courses, sills, lintels, bay windows, chimneys and decorative ornaments.
      (4)   Basement. That portion of a building having more than one-half of its height below finished grade (see Figure 1).
      (5)   Building. A structure having a roof supported by columns or walls.
      (6)   Building Code. The currently adopted code or codes regulating building construction in the City of Lake Angelus.
      (7)   Building Height. The vertical distance measured from the finished grade level to the highest point of the structure, including chimneys. Where the building may be situated on sloping terrain, this height shall be measured from the average level of the finished grade at the building wall at the lakefront elevation (see Figures 2 and 3).
      (8)   Building Official. The administrative official designated by the City Council to enforce the Building Code.
      (9)   Building Setback Line. The line established by the minimum required setbacks forming the area within a lot in which a building may be located.
      (10)   District. A portion of the City within which certain uses of land and/or buildings are permitted and within which certain regulations and requirements apply under the  provisions of this Zoning Code.
      (11)   Dwelling. A building used exclusively as a residence by not more than one family, but in no case shall a travel trailer, motor home, trailer coach, automobile chassis, tent or other portable building be considered a dwelling.
      (12)   Dwelling, Single-Family. A building designed for, or occupied exclusively by, one family. Any separate servant, family or guest quarters shall not have a private direct outside entrance and shall not be rented or utilized independent of the family occupying the dwelling.
      (13)   Essential Services. Services that are erected, constructed, altered or maintained by public utilities or Municipal agencies of underground, surface or overhead gas, electrical, steam or water transmission or distribution systems, collection, communication, supply or disposal systems, including mains, drains, sewers, pipes, conduits, wires, cables, fire alarm boxes, traffic signals, hydrants, poles and other similar equipment or accessories reasonably in connection therewith for the furnishing of adequate service by such public utilities or Municipal agencies.
      (14)   Family. An individual or a group of two or more persons related by blood, marriage or adoption, together with foster children and servants of the principal occupants, with not more than one additional unrelated person, who are domiciled together as a single, domestic, housekeeping unit in a dwelling unit; or
         A collective number of individuals domiciled together in one dwelling unit whose relationship is of a continuing nontransient domestic character and who are cooking and living as a single noncommercial housekeeping unit. This definition shall not include any society, club, fraternity, sorority, association, lodge, coterie, organization or group of students or other individuals whose domestic relationship is of a transitory or seasonal nature or for an anticipated limited duration of a school term or terms or other similar determinable period.
      (15)   Garage. A structure which is accessory to a principal residential dwelling and which is used for the parking and storage of vehicles owned and operated by the residents thereof. An attached garage is any garage which has a common wall with the principal residential dwelling of which is connected to the principal residential dwelling with a breezeway not exceeding twenty feet in length. Any garage not meeting the definition of attached shall be considered to be detached.
      (16)   Grade. The degree of rise or descent of a sloping surface (see Figure 3).
      (17)   Grade, Finished. The final elevation of the ground surface after development (see Figure 3).
      (18)   Grade, Natural. The elevation of the ground surface in its natural state, before man-made alterations (see Figure 3).
      (19)   Lake Frontage. The required horizontal distance along the shoreline of Lake Angelus measured as a straight line where side lot lines intersect the ordinary high–water mark (see Figure 4).
      (20)   Lot. A parcel of land occupied or intended to be occupied by a principal building or use, and the accessory buildings and uses customarily incident thereto, including the yards and open spaces required under this Zoning Code.
      (21)   Lot Area. The total horizontal area within the lot lines of a lot.
      (22)   Lot Lines. Any line dividing one lot from another or from a public right-of-way, and thus constituting the property lines bounding a lot.
      (23)   Lot of Record. A lot, the dimensions of which are shown on a subdivision plat recorded in the office of the Register of Deeds for Oakland County, or a lot or parcel described by metes and bounds, the accuracy of which is attested to by a professional engineer or registered surveyor, so designated by the State of Michigan, where said description is recorded or on file with the County.
      (24)   Lot, Width. The required horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured at the two points where the required front yard setback line intersects the side lot lines.
      (25)   Natural Feature. A watercourse, including Lake Angelus or any tributary to Lake Angelus, whether continually or intermittently flowing, and any wetland characterized by the presence of water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support wetland vegetation or aquatic life and commonly referred to as a bog, swamp, marsh or wetland and which is any of the following: contiguous to Lake Angelus or any tributary to Lake Angelus; or two acres or more in size; or determined by the City Council to be essential to the protection of the natural resources of the City from pollution, impairment or damage.
      (26)   Non-Conforming Building. A building or portion thereof lawfully existing on the effective date of this Zoning Code, or amendments thereto, which does not conform to the provisions of this Zoning Code in the zoning district in which it is located.
      (27)   Non-Conforming Use. A use is a use which lawfully occupied a building or land on the effective date of this Zoning Code, or amendments thereto, and which does not conform to the use regulations of the zoning district in which it is located.
      (28)   Ordinary High–Water Mark. The shoreline of Lake Angelus at the legally established level of 950.00 feet.
      (29)   Principal Building or Structure. The main building or structure in which the primary use is conducted.
      (30)   Public Utility. Any person, firm, corporation or Municipal agency authorized under Federal, State, County or Municipal regulations to furnish electricity, gas, communications, transportation, water or sewer services.
      (31)   Retaining Wall. A structure above the finished grade on one side designed and intended to retain earth at a higher finished grade on the other side. A retaining wall may be constructed of any material, including, but not limited to, concrete, wood, bricks, masonry and stone, and includes both vertical and inclined structures.
      (32)   Setback. The minimum required horizontal distance between the building or structure and the front, side and rear lot lines and natural features.
      (33)   Sign. A structure or device designed or intended to convey information to the public in written or graphic form.
      (34)   Special Land Uses. Permitted uses subject to the special approval of the Planning Commission.
      (35)   Story. That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor above it, or if there is no floor above it, then the space between the floor and the ceiling above it (see Figure 1).
      (36)   Structure. Anything constructed, erected or installed above ground level, including, but not limited to, buildings, decks, retaining walls, antennas, sheds and ancillary equipment regardless of whether they are temporary or permanent in nature and regardless of whether they are constructed on permanent foundations, and also including window wells and outdoor swimming pools and hot tubs regardless of whether they are above or below ground level, but not including driveways, walkways and patios which are flush with the ground level, and not including temporary shelters or tents erected for periods of one week or less.
      (37)   Yard, Front.
         A.   (Waterfront Lots). A yard extending across the full width of the lot, the depth of which is the minimum horizontal distance between the principal building and the ordinary high water mark (see Figure 5).
         B.   (Other Lots). A yard extending across the full width of the lot, the depth of which is the minimum horizontal distance between the principal building and the front lot line. In all cases, the front lot line shall be considered to be that portion of the lot which abuts a public road right-of-way or private road easement.
      (38)   Yard, Rear. A yard extending across the full width of the lot, the depth of which is the minimum horizontal distance between the rear lot line and the nearest point of the principal building (see Figure 5).
      (39)   Yard, Side. A yard between any building and the side lot line, extending from the front yard to the rear yard. The width of the required side yard shall be measured horizontally from the nearest point of the side lot line to the nearest point of the principal building (see Figure 5).
(Ord. 85.  Passed 1-11-99; Ord. 94.  Passed 2-11-02.; Ord. 151.  Passed 6-11- 19.)
Figure 1  Zoning Terms
Figure 2  Zoning Terms
Figure 3  Zoning Terms
Figure 4  Zoning Terms
Figure 5  Zoning Terms
Figure 6  Zoning Terms
Figure 7  Zoning Terms
Figure 8  Zoning Terms