14-1-12: FLOOD HAZARD REDUCTION:
   A.   General Standards: In all areas of special flood hazard, the following provisions are required for all new construction and substantial improvements.
      1.   All new construction or substantial improvements shall be designed (or modified) and adequately anchored to prevent flotation, collapse or lateral movement of the structure resulting from hydrodynamic and hydrostatic loads, including the effects of buoyancy;
      2.   All new construction or substantial improvements shall be constructed by methods and practices that minimize flood damage;
      3.   All new construction or substantial improvements shall be constructed with materials resistant to flood damage;
      4.   All new construction or substantial improvements shall be constructed with electrical, heating, ventilation, plumbing, and air conditioning equipment and other service facilities that are designed and/or located so as to prevent water from entering or accumulating within the components during conditions of flooding;
      5.   All new and replacement water supply systems shall be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of flood waters into the system;
      6.   New and replacement sanitary sewage systems shall be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of flood waters into the system and discharge from the systems into flood waters; and
      7.   On-site waste disposal systems shall be located to avoid impairment to them or contamination from them during flooding.
   B.   Specific Standards: In all areas of special flood hazard where base flood elevation data has been provided as set forth in subsection 14-1-5B8, section 14-1-9 or subsection 14-1-13C of this chapter, the following provisions are required:
      1.   Residential Construction: New construction and substantial improvement of any residential structure shall have the lowest floor (including basement) elevated to or above the base flood elevation. A registered professional engineer, architect, or land surveyor shall submit a certification to the floodplain administrator that the standard of this subsection, as proposed in subsection 14-1-10B1a of this chapter, is satisfied.
      2.   Nonresidential Construction: New construction and substantial improvements of any commercial, industrial or other nonresidential structure shall either have the lowest floor (including basement) elevated to or above the base flood level or, together with attendant utility and sanitary facilities, be designed so that below the base flood level the structure is watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water and with structural components having the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and effects of buoyancy. A registered professional engineer or architect shall develop and/or review structural design, specifications, and plans for the construction, and shall certify that the design and methods of construction are in accordance with accepted standards of practice as outlined in this subsection. A record of such certification which includes the specific elevation (in relation to mean sea level) to which such structures are floodproofed shall be maintained by the floodplain administrator.
      3.   Enclosures: New construction and substantial improvements, with fully enclosed areas below the lowest floor that are usable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage in an area other than a basement and which are subject to flooding shall be designed to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on exterior walls by allowing for the entry and of floodwaters. Designs for meeting this requirement must either be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect or meet or exceed the following minimum criteria:
         a.   A minimum of two (2) openings having a total net area of not less than one square inch for every square foot of enclosed area subject to flooding shall be provided.
         b.   The bottom of all openings shall be no higher than one foot (1') above grade.
         c.   Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers, valves, or other coverings or devices, provided that they permit the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters.
      4.   Manufactured Homes:
         a.   Require that all manufactured homes to be placed within zone A on a community's FHBM or FIRM shall be installed using methods and practices which minimize flood damage. For the purposes of this requirement, manufactured homes must be elevated and anchored to resist flotation, collapse, or lateral movement. Methods of anchoring may include, but are not limited to, use of over-the-top or frame ties to ground anchors. This requirement is in addition to applicable state and local anchoring requirements for resisting wind forces.
         b.   Require that manufactured homes that are placed or substantially improved within zones Al-30, AH, and AE on the community's FIRM on sites: 1) outside of a manufactured home park or subdivision; 2) in a new manufactured home park or subdivision; 3) in an expansion to an existing manufactured home park or subdivision; or 4) in an existing manufactured home park or subdivision, on which a manufactured home has incurred "substantial damage" as a result of a flood, be elevated on a permanent foundation such that the lowest floor of the manufactured home is elevated to or above the base flood elevation and be securely anchored to an adequately anchored foundation system to resist flotation, collapse, and lateral movement.
         c.   Require that manufactured homes be placed or substantially improved on sites in an existing manufactured home park or subdivision within zones Al-30, AH and AE on the community's FIRM that are not subject to the provisions of this subsection B4 be elevated so that either:
            (1)   The lowest floor of the manufactured home is at or above the base flood elevation; or
            (2)   The manufactured home chassis is supported by reinforced piers or other foundation elements of at least equivalent strength that are no less than thirty six inches (36") in height above grade and be securely anchored to an adequately anchored foundation system to resist flotation, collapse, and lateral movement.
      5.   Recreational Vehicles: Require that recreational vehicles placed on sites within zones Al-30, AH, and AE on the community's FIRM either: a) be on the site for fewer than one hundred eighty (180) consecutive days; b) be fully licensed and ready for highway use; or c) meet the permit requirements of subsection 14-1-10B1 of this chapter, and the elevation and anchoring requirements for manufactured homes in subsection B4 of this section. A recreational vehicle is ready for highway use if it is on its wheels or jacking system, is attached to the site only by quick disconnect type utilities and security devices, and has no permanently attached additions. (Ord. 5-7-02, 5-21-2002)