202.03  DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATION.
   Terms used in these Codified Ordinances, unless specifically defined herein, shall have the meanings prescribed by State law.  In the construction of these Codified Ordinances, or any provision thereof, the following rules and definitions shall control, except those which are inconsistent with the manifest intent of Council as disclosed in a particular provision, section or chapter:
   (1)   Adopting Ordinance.  "Adopting Ordinance" means the ordinance of the Municipality adopting the Codified Ordinances of Ionia, pursuant to law.
   (2)   Authority.  Whenever in these Codified Ordinances authority is given to an officer or an act is required to be performed, such authority may be exercised and such act may be performed, at the instance of such officer, by a deputy or subordinate, unless contrary to law or to the clear intent of any such particular provision.
   (3)   Calendar-Computation of Time.  The terms "month" and "year" mean the calendar month or year. The time expressed in days within which an act is to be done or a period is to expire shall be computed by excluding the first and including the last day, unless the last day is a Sunday or a legal holiday, in which case it shall be excluded.  If time is expressed in hours, the whole of Sunday or a legal holiday shall be excluded.
   (4)   Conjunctions.  "And" includes "or" and "or" includes "and," if the sense so requires.
   (5)   Corporate Limits.  Wherever in these Codified Ordinances an act is prohibited, declared unlawful or required to be performed, directly or by implication, such references shall imply "within the corporate limits of the City."
   (6)   Council.  "Council" means the legislative authority of the City.
   (7)   County.  "County" means Ionia County, Michigan.
   (8)   Gender.  Words importing the masculine shall extend and be applied to the feminine and neuter genders.
   (9)   General Rule.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, words and phrases shall be construed according to the common usage of the language, provided, however, that technical words and phrases and such others as may have acquired a special meaning in the law shall be construed according to such technical or special meaning.
   (10)   Joint Authority.  Words giving authority to a board, commission, authority or three or more officers or employees or other persons shall be construed as giving authority to a majority thereof, unless otherwise specifically provided.
   (11)   Keeper and Proprietor.  "Keeper" and "proprietor" mean persons, firms, associations, corporations, clubs and copartnerships, whether acting by themselves or as a servant, agent or employee.
   (12)   Land and Real Estate.  "Land" and "real estate" include rights and easements of an incorporeal nature.
   (13)   Law.  "Law" means all applicable laws of the United States of America, the State of Michigan and the City of Ionia.
   (14)   Michigan Compiled Laws (M.C.L.).  Where a section of these Codified Ordinances is followed by a reference to a section of the Michigan Compiled Laws (M.C.L.), such reference indicates that the section is analogous or similar to such M.C.L. section.
   (15)   Minor.  "Minor" means any person who is under the age of eighteen years.
   (16)   Municipality or City.  "Municipality" or "City" means the City of Ionia, Michigan.  Further, the words "the City" or "this City" shall be construed as if the words "of Ionia" followed them and shall extend to and include its several officers, agents and employees.
   (17)   Notice.  "Notice" means notice as described in Section 202.04.
   (18)   Number.  Words in the  plural include the singular and words in the singular include the plural number.
   (19)   Oath.  "Oath" shall be construed to include an affirmation in all cases in which, by law, an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in such cases the words "swear" and "sworn" shall be equivalent to the words "affirm" and "affirmed."
   (20)   Ordinance.  "Ordinance" means and includes any ordinance of the Municipality, including any provision of these Codified Ordinances.
   (21)   Owner.  "Owner," when applied to property, includes a part owner, joint owner or tenant in common of the whole or any part of such property.
   (22)   Person.  "Person" includes any individual, copartnership, corporation, association, club, joint venture, estate, trust and any other group or combination acting as a unit, and the individuals constituting such group or unit.
   (23)   Premises.  "Premises," when used as applicable to property, extends to and includes land and buildings.
   (24)   Property.  "Property" includes real and personal property and any mixed and lesser estates or interests therein. "Personal property" includes every kind of property except real property; "real property" includes lands, tenements and hereditaments.
   (25)   Public Acts.  "Public Acts" means Acts of the State legislature of the State of Michigan.
   (26)   Public Place.  "Public place" means any place to or upon which the public resorts or travels, whether such place is owned or controlled by the City or any agency of the State or is a place to or upon which the public resorts or travels by custom or by invitation, express or implied.
   (27)   Publish.  "Publish" means to print in a newspaper of general circulation in the Municipality the entire document or a brief summary thereof with a listing of places where copies have been filed and times when they are available for public inspection and purchase at a reasonable price.
   (28)   Reasonable Time.  In all cases where provision is made for an act to be done or notice to be given within a reasonable time, it shall be deemed to mean such time only as may be necessary for the prompt performance of such act or the giving of such notice.
   (29)   Reference to Offices or Officers.  Reference in any of the provisions of these Codified Ordinances to any office or officer of the City, State or County shall include any person authorized by law to perform the duties of such office or officer.
   (30)   Residence.  "Residence" means an abode in which a person permanently resides.
   (31)   Responsibility.  Whenever any act is prohibited by a provision of these Codified Ordinances or by any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, such prohibition shall extend to and include the causing, securing, aiding or abetting of another person to do such act.
   (32)   Shall and May.  "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
   (33)   Sidewalk.  "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb lines or lateral lines and the right-of-way lines, which is intended for the use of pedestrians.
   (34)   State.  "State" means the State of Michigan.
   (35)   Street, Highway and Alley.  "Street," "highway" and "alley" mean the entire width subject to an easement for public right of way, or owned in fee by the City, County or State, of every way or place, of whatever nature, whenever any part thereof is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for purposes of public travel. The word "alley" means any such way or place providing a secondary means of ingress and egress from a property.
   (36)   Tenant and Occupant.  "Tenant" and "occupant," as applied to buildings or land, shall extend and be applied to any person holding a written or oral lease of, or who occupies the whole or any part of, a building or land, alone or with others.
   (37)   Tenses.  The use of any verb in the present tense includes the future.
   (38)   Time.  Whenever any time established in the Codified Ordinances for the taking of any action expires on a Sunday or a legal holiday, such time shall not expire on such day but shall expire on the next week day.