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The construction of any parking lot or driveway shall be in accordance with the requirements of the provisions of this article and a certificate of zoning compliance granted before use of the property and before a Certificate of Occupancy is issued. Unless incorporated into a site plan that is prepared and approved in accordance withSection 3.04, plans for the development of any parking lot must be submitted to the Zoning Administrator. The plans shall be prepared at a scale to be determined by the Zoning Administrator and indicating existing and proposed grades, drainage, pipe sizes, parking of all dimensions, type of curbing, drive and aisle dimensions, lighting, adjacent, sidewalks, landscaping, surfacing and base materials to be used and the layout of the proposed parking lot.
(a) No parking lot shall be constructed unless and until a permit therefore is issued by the ZoningAdministrator. An application for such permit shall be submitted in such form as may be determined by the Administrator and shall be accompanied by two (2) sets of plans for the development and construction of the parking lot showing that this article will be fully complied with.
(b) All such parking lots, driveways, maneuvering lanes, or loading areas shall be constructed with a paved surface area as required under this article, shall be graded and drained so as to dispose of surface water which might accumulate within or upon such area, and shall be completely constructed prior to final occupancy. Drainage for parking lots and driveways shall meet the City's Engineering Design Standards and be designed to preclude drainage of water onto adjoining properties or toward buildings.
(c) All lighting used to illuminate an off-street parking area shall be so installed as to be confined within, and directed onto, the parking area only, and shall meet with the standards set forth in Section 8.05.
(d) Parking lots shall be landscaped and screened in accordance with the standards set forth in Section 5.10. The standards are intended to minimize noise, glare and other nuisance characteristics as well as to improve the environment of the site and surrounding area. Large parking lots shall be broken down into sections as appropriate for the type and size of the development. Sections shall also be separated by landscaped dividing strips, berms and similar elements.
(e) Adequate ingress and egress to and from the parking lot by means of clearly limited and defined drive or maneuvering lane, shall be provided for all vehicles. Such ingress and egress to and from a parking lot lying in an area zoned for other than one-family residential use shall not be across land zoned for one-family residential use. The minimum width of the drive or maneuveringlane shall be governed by subsection (g); however, the Planning Commission may approve a narrower drive based upon unique and non-owner created circumstances. Backing directly onto a public or private street is prohibited.
(f) Where necessary to prevent encroaching upon pedestrian walkways or damaging required landscaping, wheel stops shall be provided. No portion of a parking space and/or maneuvering aisle shall obstruct or encroach upon a public sidewalk.
(g) Plans for the layout of off-street parking facilities shall be in accordance with the following minimum regulations:
Maneuvering Lane Width
Entrance Drive Width
Parking Space Width
Parking Space Length
30° - 53°
54° - 74°
75° - 90°
(h) Each entrance and exit to and from an off-street parking lot located in an area zoned for other than one-family residential use shall be at least twenty-five (25) feet from any adjacent property located in a one-family residential district.
(i) Wherever a wall extends to an alley which is a means of ingress and egress to and from an off-street parking area, it is permissible to end the wall not more than ten (10) feet from such alley line in order to permit a wider means of access to the parking area.
(j) Driveways serving one and two-family dwellings.
(1) Driveways constructed after the effective date of this Ordinance shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet in width and constructed with a paved surface area approved by the Zoning Administrator and installed within one (1) year of occupancy of the dwelling.
(2) Driveways shall be no wider than the width of the door(s) and/or man doors serving the garage or 24 feet, whichever is larger.
(3) Driveways may continue around the side of a garage to provide an additional parking space in the side yard adjacent to the garage, no wider than 10 feet and meeting the setbacks of Section 10.02(g)(1).
(4) Existing gravel driveways that are improved or expanded shall consist of processed road gravel (22A or the equivalent), spread to a depth of six (6) to eight (8) inches and compacted. Said gravel driveways shall be contained through the use of landscape timbers or similar materials to prevent the spread of gravel or expansion of the driveway.
(5) In all cases when an existing driveway is improved or expanded, the driveway approach shall be paved to the sidewalk. In areas where there is the concrete curb and gutter, the approach shall be concrete. Where there is no sidewalk, the driveway approach shall be paved to the property line. However, these provisions may be waived by the Zoning Administrator where unusual drainage conditions exist.
(k) Driveway Approaches and Aprons.
(1) Concrete and/or asphalt driveway approaches and driveway aprons serving any use within the City that exists prior to any local or major street reconstruction shall be replaced during local and major street reconstruction at no cost to the property owner. The City Engineering Department shall determine the area of the driveway approach and/or driveway apron area and whether concrete or asphalt is to be used, based upon the project design of the local or major street reconstruction.
(2) Gravel driveway approaches and driveway aprons serving any use within the City which exists prior to any local or major street reconstruction shall be replaced during local and major street reconstruction at no cost to the property owners. The City Engineering Department shall determine the area of the driveway approach/driveway apron area and whether concrete or asphalt is to be used, based upon the project design of the local or major street reconstruction.
(3) The approach or apron shall be installed, where there is an existing sidewalk, to the sidewalk, and where there is no sidewalk, the approach shall be installed to the property line, or to a proposed sidewalk, as determined by the City Engineering Department.
(4) The future cost to replace and/or repair the driveway approach or apron after installation by the City shall be the sole responsibility of the owner after expiration of the construction warranty.