For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ACT or THE ACT. The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also known as the Clean Water Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. §§ 1251 et seq.
   APPROVAL AUTHORITY. The Secretary of the state’s Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet or an authorized representative thereof.
      (1)   An AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE of a user may be:
         (a)   A principal executive officer of at least the level of vice-president, if the industrial user is a corporation;
         (b)   A general partner or proprietor if the user is a partnership or proprietorship, respectively; and
         (c)   A duly authorized representative of the individual designated above is such representative is responsible for the overall operation of the facilities from which the indirect discharge originates.
      (2)   An AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE of the city may be any person designated by the city to act on its behalf.
   BASELINE MONITORING REPORT (BMR). A report submitted by categorical industrial users within 180 days after the effective date of a categorical standard which indicates the compliance status of the user with the applicable categorical standard (40 C.F.R. § 403.12(b)).
   BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD). The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure, five days at 20°C expressed in terms of weight and concentration in milligrams per liter (mg/l).
   BUILDING DRAIN. The part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, water and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
   BUILDING SEWER. The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal. Also called HOUSE CONNECTION.
   BUILDING SEWER PERMIT. As set forth in §§ 52.045 through 52.048 of this chapter.
   CARBONACEOUS BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (CBOD). With chemical inhibition of nitrification, the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure, five days at 20°C expressed in terms of concentration in milligrams per liter (mg/l).
   CATEGORICAL INDUSTRIAL USER. An industrial user subject to categorical pretreatment standards which have been promulgated by EPA.
   CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARDS, NATIONAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARDS or PRETREATMENT STANDARDS. Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with § 307(b) and (c) of the Act (33 U.S.C. § 1347), which applies to a specific category of industrial users.
   CITY. The City of Hodgenville, Kentucky.
   CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA). (Also known as the FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT.) Enacted by Pub. Law No. 92-500, 10-18-1972, 33 U.S.C. §§ 1251 et seq: as amended by Pub. Law No. 95-217, 12-28-1977; Pub. Law No. 97-117, 12-29-1981; Pub. Law No. 97-440, 1-8-1983; and Pub. Law No. 100-04, 2-4-1987.
   COMBINED SEWER. Any conduit designed to carry both sanitary sewage and storm water or surface water.
   COMBINED WASTESTREAM FORMULA (CWF). Procedure for calculating alternative discharge limits at industrial facilities where a regulated wastestream is combined with other non-regulated wastestreams prior to treatment (40 C.F.R. § 403.7).
   COMPATIBLE POLLUTANT. Biochemical oxygen demand, suspended solids and fecal coliform bacteria; plus any additional pollutants identified in the POTW’s NPDES/KPDES permit, where the POTW is designed to treat such pollutants and, in fact, does treat such pollutants so as to ensure compliance with the POTW’s NPDES/KPDES permit.
   CONCENTRATION-BASED LIMIT. A limit based on the relative strength of a pollutant in a wastestream, usually expressed in mg/l.
   CONTROL AUTHORITY. The city when there exists an approved pretreatment program under the provisions of 40 C.F.R. § 403.11.
   COOLING WATER. The water discharged from any use such as air conditioning, cooling or refrigeration, or to which the only pollutant added is heat.
   DAILY MAXIMUM. The maximum allowable value for any single observation in a given day.
   DILUTE WASTESTREAM. Boiler blowdown, sanitary waste water, non-contact cooling water and certain process wastestreams that have been excluded from regulation in categorical pretreatment standards because they contain none or only trace amounts of the regulated pollutant.
   DIRECT DISCHARGE. The discharge of treated or untreated waste water directly to the waters of the commonwealth.
   DISCHARGER. Any person that discharges or causes a discharge to a public sewer.
   DOMESTIC WASTE WATER. The water-carried wastes produced from non-commercial or non- industrial activities and which result from normal human living processes.
   EASEMENT. An acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.
   EFFLUENT. The liquid overflow of any facility designed to treat, convey or retain waste water.
   ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY or EPA. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, or where appropriate the term may also be used as a designation for the Administrator or other duly authorized official of said agency.
   EQUIPMENT. All movable, non-fixed items necessary to the waste water treatment process.
   FLOW PROPORTIONAL COMPOSITE SAMPLE. Combination of individual samples proportional to the flow of the wastestream at the time of sampling.
   FLOW WEIGHTED AVERAGING FORMULA (FWA). A procedure used to calculate alternative limits for a categorical pretreatment standard where regulated and non-regulated wastestreams combine after treatment, but prior to the monitoring point as defined in 40 C.F.R. part 403.
   GARBAGE. The animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and serving of foods.
   GRAB SAMPLE. A sample which is taken from a wastestream on a one-time basis with no regard to the flow in the waste stream and without consideration of time.
   HOLDING TANK WASTE. Any waste from holding tanks such as vessels, chemical toilets, campers, trailers, septic tanks and vacuum-pump tank trucks.
   INCOMPATIBLE POLLUTANT. All pollutants other than compatible pollutants, as defined herein.
   INDIRECT DISCHARGE. The discharge or the introduction of non-domestic pollutants from any source regulated under § 307(b) or (c) of the Act (33 U.S.C. § 1317) into the POTW (including holding tank waste discharged into the system).
   INDUSTRIAL USER (IU). A source of indirect discharge.
   INDUSTRIAL WASTES. The waste water from industrial or commercial processes as distinct from domestic or sanitary wastes.
   INTERCEPTOR. A device designed and installed so as to separate and retain deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from normal wastes which permits normal sewage or liquid wastes to discharge into the sewer or drainage system by gravity. INTERCEPTOR, as defined herein, is commonly referred to as a GREASE, OIL OR SAND TRAP.
   INTERFERENCE. A discharge which alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources:
      (1)   Inhibits or disrupts the POTW, its treatment processes or operations or its sludge processes, use or disposal; and/or
      (2)   Is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW’s NPDES/KPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation) or of the prevention of sewage sludge use or disposal in compliance with the following statutory provisions and regulations or permits issued thereunder (or more stringent state or local regulations): § 405 of the Clean Water Act, being 33 U.S.C. §§ 1251 et seq.; the Solid Waste Disposal Act (SWDA) (including Title II, more commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), being 42 U.S.C. §§ 6901 et seq.; and including state regulations contained in any state sludge management plan prepared pursuant to Subtitle D of the SWDA (42 U.S.C. §§ 6901 et seq.), the Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act (40 C.F.R. § 403.3).
   MAY. The act referred to is permissive. (See SHALL.)
   MEDICAL WASTE. Isolation wastes, infectious agents, human blood products, pathological wastes, sharps, body parts, contaminated bedding, surgical wastes, potentially contaminated laboratory wastes and dialysis wastes.
   MONTHLY AVERAGE. The maximum allowable value for the average of all observations obtained during one month.
   MULTI-UNIT SEWER CUSTOMER. A location served where there are two or more residential units or apartments, two or more businesses in the same building or complex or where there is any combination of business and residence in the same building or complex.
   NATIONAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARD or PRETREATMENT STANDARD. Any regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the EPA in accordance with § 307(b) and (c) of the Clean Water Act which applies to a specific category of industrial users. This term includes prohibitive discharge limits established pursuant to 40 C.F.R. § 403.5.
   NATIONAL (OR KENTUCKY) POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM OR NPDES/KPDES PERMIT. A permit issued pursuant to § 402 of the Act (33 U.S.C. § 1332), or a permit issued by the commonwealth under this authority and referred to as KPDES.
   NATURAL OUTLET. Any outlet, including storm sewers, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
      (1)   Any building, structure, facility or installation from which there is, or may be a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced after the publication of proposed pretreatment standards under § 307(c) of the Act which will be applicable to such source if such standards are thereafter promulgated in accordance with that section; provided that:
         (a)   The building, structure, facility or installation is constructed at a site at which no other source is located;
         (b)   The building, structure, facility or installation totally replaces the process or production equipment that causes the discharge of pollutants at an existing source;
         (c)   The production or waste water generating processes of the building, structure, facility or installation are substantially independent of an existing source at the same site; and
         (d)   In determining whether these are substantially independent, factors such the extent to which the new facility is integrated with the existing plant, and the extent to which the new facility is engaged in the same general type of activity as the existing source should be considered.
      (2)   Construction on a site at which an existing source is located results in a modification rather than a new source if the construction does not create a new building, structure, facility or installation meeting the criteria of divisions (1)(b) or (1)(c) above, but otherwise alters, replaces or adds to existing process or production equipment.
   NINETY- (90-) DAY COMPLIANCE REPORT. A report submitted by a categorical industrial user, within 90 days following the date for final compliance with applicable categorical standards that documents and certifies the compliance status of the user (40 C.F.R. § 403.12(d)).
   ORDINANCE. This chapter, unless otherwise specified.
   PASS THROUGH. A discharge of pollutant which cannot be treated adequately by the POTW and, therefore, exits into waters of the United States in quantities or concentrations which, alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW’s NPDES/KPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation) (40 C.F.R. § 403.3).
   PERIODIC COMPLIANCE REPORT. A report on compliance status submitted by significant industrial users to the control authority at least semiannually (40 C.F.R. § 403.12(e)).
   PERSON. Any individual, partnership, co-partnership, firm, company, corporation, association, joint stock company, trust, estates, government entity of any other legal entity or their legal representatives, agent or assigns. The masculine gender shall include the feminine, the singular shall include the plural where indicated by the context.
   pH. The logarithm of the reciprocal of the hydrogen ion concentration. The concentration is the weight of hydrogen ions, in grams, per liter of solution.
   POLLUTANT. Any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical, wrecked or discharged equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal and agricultural waste discharged into water, including medical wastes, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat and certain characteristics of waste water (e.g., pH, temperature, TSS, turbidity, color, CBOD, COD, toxicity or odor).
   POLLUTION. The human-made or human-induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological and radiological integrity of water.
   POTW TREATMENT PLANT. That portion of the POTW designed to provide treatment to waste water.
   PRETREATMENT or TREATMENT. The reduction of the amount of pollutants, the elimination of pollutants or the alteration of the nature of pollutant properties in waste water to a less harmful state prior to or in lieu of discharging or otherwise introducing such pollutants into a POTW. The reduction or alteration can be obtained by physical, chemical or biological processes, or process change(s), or other means, except as prohibited by 40 C.F.R. § 403.6(d).
   PROCESS WASTE WATER. Any water which, during manufacturing or processing, comes into direct contact with or results from the production of or use of any raw material, intermediate product, finished product, by-product or waste product.
   PRODUCTION-BASED STANDARD. A discharge limitation expressed in terms of allowable pollutant mass discharge rate per unit of production and is applied directly to an industrial user’s manufacturing process.
   PROHIBITIVE DISCHARGE STANDARD. Any regulation developed under the authority of § 307(b) of the Act and 40 C.F.R. § 403.5.
   PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE. The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.
   PUBLIC SEWER. A common sewer controlled by a governmental agency or public utility. In general, the PUBLIC SEWER shall include the main sewer in the street and the service branch to the curb or property line, or a main sewer on private property and the service branch to the extent of ownership by public authority.
   PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS (POTW). A treatment works as defined by § 212 of the Act (33 U.S.C. § 1292), which is owned in this instance by the city. This definition includes any sewers that convey waste water to the POTW treatment plant, but does not include pipes, sewers or other conveyances not connected to a facility providing treatment. For the purpose of this chapter, POTW shall also include any sewers that convey waste waters to the POTW from persons outside the city who are, by contract or agreement with the city, users of the city’s POTW.
   REGULATED WASTESTREAM. An industrial process wastestream regulated by a national categorical pretreatment standard.
   SANITARY SEWER. A sewer that carries liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions.
   SEWAGE. Any and all facilities used for collecting, conveying, pumping, treating and disposing of waste water.
   SEWER. A pipe or conduit that carries waste water or drainage water.
   SEWER USER CHARGES. A system of charges levied on users of a POTW for the cost of operation and maintenance, including replacement of such works.
   SEWER SYSTEM OR WORKS. All facilities for collecting, transporting, pumping, treatment and disposing of sewage and sludge, namely the sewerage system and the POTW.
   SEWERAGE. Any and all facilities used for collecting, conveying, pumping, treating and disposing of waste water.
   SHALL. The act referred to is mandatory. (See MAY.)
   SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRIAL USER (SIU). Defined by EPA guidance as:
      (1)   All industrial users subject to categorical pretreatment standards under 40 C.F.R. § 403.6 and 40 C.F.R. Ch. I, Subch. N; and
      (2)   Any non-categorical industrial user that:
         (a)   Discharges 25,000 gallons per day or more of process waste water (“process waste waters);
         (b)   Contributes a process wastestream which makes up to 5% or more of the average dry weather hydraulic or organic (BOD, TSS and the like) capacity of the treatment plant; or
         (c)   Has a reasonable potential, in the opinion of the control or approval authority, to adversely affect the pollutants, sludge contamination or endangerment of POTW workers).
   SLUG DISCHARGE. Any discharge of a non-routine episodic nature including, but not limited to, an accidental spill or non-customary batch discharge or any discharge of water or waste water in which the concentration of any given constituent or quantity of flow exceeds, for any duration longer than 15 minutes, more than five times the average 24-hour concentration or flow rate during normal operation which adversely affects the POTW.
   SLUG LOAD. Any pollutant (including biochemical oxygen demand) released in a discharge at a flow rate or concentration which will cause interference with the operation of the treatment works or which exceeds limits set forth in the industry’s discharge permit and which include accidental spills.
   SPILL PREVENTION AND CONTROL PLAN. A plan prepared by an industrial user to minimize the likelihood of a spill and to expedite control and cleanup activities should a spill occur.
   SPLIT SAMPLE. Portion of a collected sample given to the industry or to another agency to verify or compare laboratory results.
   STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC). A classification scheme based on the type of industry or process at a facility.
   STANDARD METHODS. The examination and analytical procedures set forth in the recent editions of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation as specified at 40 C.F.R. part 136.
   STATE. Commonwealth of Kentucky.
   STORM DRAIN. (Sometimes termed STORM SEWER.) A drain or sewer for conveying water, ground water, surface water or unpolluted water from any source.
   STORM WATER. Any flow occurring during or following any form of natural precipitation and resulting therefrom.
   SUPERINTENDENT. The person designated by the city to supervise the publicly owned treatment works and who is charged with certain duties and responsibilities by this chapter or his or her duly authorized representative.
   SURCHARGE. A charge for services in addition to the basic sewer user and debt service charges, for those users whose contributions contain biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), oil and grease or ammonia-nitrogen (NH3-N) in concentrations which exceed limits specified herein for such pollutants. Where authorized by the control authority, payment of a SURCHARGE will authorize the discharge of the referenced pollutants so long as the discharge does not cause pass through or interference.
   SUSPENDED SOLIDS. Total suspended matter that either floats on the surface of, or is in suspension in, water, waste water or other liquids and that is removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water.
   TIME PROPORTIONAL COMPOSITE SAMPLE. Combination of individual samples with fixed volumes taken at special time intervals.
   TOXIC ORGANIC MANAGEMENT PLAN. Written plan submitted by industrial users as an alternative to TTO monitoring, which specifies toxic organic compounds used, the method of disposal used and procedures for assuring that toxic organics do not routinely spill or leak into waste water discharge to the POTW.
   TOXIC POLLUTANT. Any pollutant or combination of pollutants listed as toxic in regulations promulgated by the Administrator of EPA under the provisions of the Clean Water Act § 307(a) or any amendments thereto.
   UNPOLLUTED WATER. Water of quality equal to or better than the treatment works effluent criteria in effect, or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefitted by discharge to the sanitary sewers and waste water treatment facilities.
   UNREGULATED WASTESTREAM. A wastestream that is not regulated by a national categorical pretreatment standards.
   USER. Any person who contributes, causes or permits the contribution of waste water into the POTW.
   WASTE WATER. The spent water of a community, sanitary or domestic wastes shall mean the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial building and institutions as distinct from industrial waste.
   WASTE WATER DISCHARGE PERMIT (WDP). A permit issued to industrial users which authorizes discharges to the public sewer as set forth herein.
   WASTE WATER FACILITIES. The structures, equipment and processes required to collect, carry away, treat domestic and industrial wastes and dispose of the effluent.
   WASTE WATER TREATMENT WORKS. An arrangement of devices and structures for treating waste water, industrial wastes and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with WASTE TREATMENT PLANT or WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT or WATER POLLUTION CONTROL PLANT or SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT.
   WATERCOURSE. A natural or artificial channel for the passage of water either continuously or intermittently.
   WATERS OF THE STATE. All streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, watercourses, waterways, wells, springs, reservoirs, aquifers, irrigation systems, drainage systems and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface or underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow through or border upon the state or any portion thereof.
(Ord. 2014-01, passed 6-9-2014)