§ 155.108  OFF-STREET PARKING AND SPACE REQUIREMENTS.
   (A)   Units of measure. The following rules shall apply when computing parking spaces.
      (1)   On-street parking. On-street parking spaces shall not be counted toward off-street parking space requirements.
      (2)   Driveway space. Entrances, exits, or driveways shall not be computed as any part of a required parking lot or area, except in the case of single-family and two-family dwellings where driveways may be used in calculating the amount of off-street parking.
      (3)   Multiple uses. Unless otherwise noted or approved, off-street parking areas serving more than one use shall provide parking in an amount equal to the combined total of the requirements for each use.
      (4)   Area measurements.
         (a)   Unless otherwise specifically noted, all square footage-based parking standards shall be computed on the basis of gross floor area of all floors of a nonresidential or mixed use building.
         (b)   The areas of a nonresidential or mixed use building that are used for storage, restrooms, loading/unloading, mechanical equipment, stairwells, and elevator shafts may be excluded from the gross floor area calculation.
         (c)   When a measurement of the number of required spaces results in a fractional number, the fraction shall be rounded up to the next highest whole number.
         (d)   Parking space requirements for a use not specifically mentioned in this code shall be determined by using the most similar and restrictive parking space requirements as specified by the Safety and Service Director.
   (B)   Number of off-street parking space requirements. Table 8: Off-Street Parking Space Requirements defines the number of parking spaces required for each use within the city.
 
Table 8: Off-Street Parking Space Requirements
Use
Parking Space Requirement
Residential Uses
Accessory dwelling unit
1 space per accessory dwelling unit + 2 spaces for single household dwelling
Assisted living, residential care facilities, and skilled nursing facilities
1 space per 6 beds + 1 space per employee on largest shift
Community social service facilities
1.5 spaces per caregiver/employee on largest shift + required spaces for the dwelling units
Group homes and adult group homes
1 space per 2 beds
Mixed use residential
2 space per residential dwelling unit + additional parking required for nonresidential uses
Multiple-family dwellings
2 spaces per dwelling unit
Single-family dwellings and two-family dwellings
2 spaces per dwelling unit
Community Facilities and Commercial Uses
Agricultural uses including the growing and sale of produce, plants, and agricultural goods
1 space per employee on largest shift
Animal hospitals and veterinarian offices
1 space per 450 square feet
Animal training/boarding/pet day care
1 space per 450 square feet
Automotive fueling stations
1 space per pump + 1 space per employee on largest shift (inclusive of the space located at the pump)
Automotive repair facilities
1 space per 400 square feet + 1 space per service bay
Automotive sales or leasing
1 space per 400 square feet
Automotive washing facilities
1 space per employee on largest shift
Bars
1 space per 100 square feet
Batting cages
1 space per cage + 1 space per employee on largest shift
Bowling alley
2 spaces per lane
Cemeteries, crematories, and public mausoleums
1 space per employee on largest shift
Club, private
1 space per 50 square feet used for assembly, game room, dancing, or dining + 1 space for each sleeping room
Commercial greenhouses
1 space per 350 square feet
Commercial studio for dance, music, or similar uses
5 spaces + 1 space for each 1 50 square feet in excess of 500 square feet
Community centers and cultural institutions
1 space per 500 square feet or 1 space per 8 seats, whichever is greater
Construction and large equipment rental, sales, and service
1 space per 1,000 square feet + 1 space per 2,500 square feet of outdoor display area + 1 space per employee
Convenience store
1 space per 200 square feet + 1 space per employee
Dancing and live entertainment, including teen clubs
1 space per 200 square feet
Day care facility and preschools
2 spaces per facility + 1 space for every 8 clients
Distribution centers
1 space per 400 square feet
Farmers markets
1 space per 250 square feet of indoor floor area + 1 space per 500 square feet of outdoor sales or display area
Financial institutions
1 space per 300 square feet
Food markets and grocery stores
1 space per 150 square feet
Funeral homes, funeral parlors, and associated activities
1 space per 75 square feet of parlor or chapel space or 1 space per 5 seats, whichever is greater, but not less than 20 spaces
Golf course
1 space for 100 square feet of indoor area
Golf driving range
1 space per each driving tee + 1 space per employee on largest shift
Government buildings
1 space per 400 square feet
Government storage yard
1 space per employee on largest shift + 1 space per facility vehicle + 1 space per 25 square feet
Health and fitness clubs, indoor recreation
1 space per 200 square feet
Heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and plumbing establishments
1 space + 1 space per employee on largest shift
Hospitals
1 space per 5 beds + 1 space per every 3 employees on largest shift
Hotels and motels
1 space per guest room + 1 space per employee on largest shift
Industrial uses including manufacturing, warehousing, production, laboratories, research and development, and similar
1 space per 1,000 square feet
Laundry, laundromats, and dry cleaners
1 space per 400 square feet
Library
1 space per 400 square feet
Lodging houses and bed and breakfasts
1 space per guest room + 1 space per employee on largest shift
Meeting facility
1 space per 150 square feet
Miniature golf course
2 spaces per hole + 1 space per 100 square feet for other indoor game activities
Mixed use building
The sum of the parking required for the uses within the building
Museums
1 space per 450 square feet
Office (excluding medical)
1 space per 300 square feet
Office, medical/clinic
1 space per 200 square feet, but not less than 6 spaces
Parks/playgrounds/play fields/open space
1 space per 10,000 square feet
Personal services
1 space per 300 square feet
Places of worship
1 space per 30 square feet of principal assembly area
Public safety facilities
1 space per 250 square feet
Repair establishments for electrical appliances, household appliances, and small consumer convenience appliances
1 space + 1 space per employee on largest shift
Restaurant, fast casual
1 space per 100 square feet
Restaurant, fast food
1 space per 100 square feet
Restaurant, sit-down
1 space per 200 square feet
Retail sales
1 space per 300 square feet
Schools, educational institutions (K-8)
2 spaces per classroom
Schools, educational institutions (9-12)
7 spaces per classroom
Schools, educational institutions (university/college)
1 space per 3 auditorium seats + 1 space per 5 classroom seats
Schools, educational institutions (vocational/professional)
1 space per 10 classroom seats
Self-storage facility
3 spaces + 1 space per 100 individual storage units
Shopping centers
1 space per 350 square feet
Showrooms
1 space per 1,000 square feet
Skating facility
1 space per 250 square feet
Swimming pools and tennis clubs
1 space per 50 square feet of pool area + 4 spaces for each tennis, racquet ball, and/or hand ball court
Theaters
1 space per 5 seats
Vehicle or RV storage yard
1 space per employee on largest shift + 1 space per facility vehicle + 1 space per 250 square feet
 
   (C)   Appeal for reduction. The Board of Zoning Appeals may authorize, on appeal, a reduction in the number of required parking spaces if an exceptional situation or condition exists, if alternative parking methods such as shared parking, off-street parking, and/or bicycle parking are proposed to be used, or if a parking plan is presented that demonstrates the number of required parking spaces based on the size and nature of the use, hours of operation, estimated number of patrons/customers, number of employees, availability of off-street parking, and other similar situations.
   (D)   Approval. The Safety and Service Director may approve a reduction in the number of parking spaces required up to 10% of the number required per Table 8: Off-Street Parking Space Requirements.
   (E)   Shared parking.
      (1)   Shared parking is encouraged and permitted if the multiple uses that the shared parking will benefit can cooperatively establish and operate the facilities.
      (2)   The owner or owner’s authorized agent shall provide any applicable documentation or information to substantiate the request for a reduction of the total number of parking spaces. Shared parking may be approved if:
         (a)   A sufficient number of spaces are provided to meet the highest demand of the participating uses;
         (b)   Evidence has been submitted by the parties operating the shared parking facility, to the satisfaction of Planning Commission, documenting the nature of the land uses and the times when the individual uses will be in operation to demonstrate a lack of potential conflict between them.
         (c)   The shared parking spaces will not be located in excess of 500 feet from the uses that they are intended to serve;
         (d)   Pedestrian connectivity shall be provided between the use that it is intended to serve and the shared parking location; and
         (e)   A shared parking agreement shall be submitted and approved by the Safety and Service Director that documents how the shared parking agreement shall accommodate the needs of each user. This agreement shall include provisions, evidence of deed restrictions or other recorded covenants that ensure that the spaces will be properly maintained during the life of the development.
   (F)   Parking spaces for the disabled. Parking spaces required for the disabled shall be provided in compliance with the applicable state and federal requirements. All spaces should be located so that they provide easy access from the closest parking spaces to the major entrances of the use for which they are provided.
   (G)   Continuation of facilities. Off-street parking areas, that are accessory to existing or proposed uses, shall continue to be maintained and operational for the life of the use. Such parking areas shall not be used for automobile sales, service, or repair of motor vehicles unless specifically approved on a zoning permit.
(Ord. 2018-06, passed 7-9-2018, § 155.174)