All off-street parking facilities including entrances, exits, circulation areas, and parking spaces shall be in accordance with the following standards and specifications:
   (A)   Parking location.
      (1)   Off-street parking lots shall be located on the same lot as the use they are intended to serve, except where shared or off-site parking is authorized per this section.
      (2)   No motor vehicle shall be parked or stored on any area not improved in accordance with this section. Both the owner of any such improperly parked or stored motor vehicle and the owner or occupant of the property on which the vehicle is parked shall be considered in violation of this section.
      (3)   No parking shall be allowed in the landscaped areas.
   (B)   Parking aisle and space dimensions. Each off-street parking space and parking aisle shall have the minimum width as set out in Table 7: Parking Aisle and Space Dimensions.
Table 7: Parking Aisle and Space Dimensions
Parking Aisle
Aisle Width
Space Width
Length of Space
Curb to Curb (Single Bay)
Bay Width (Center to Center)
One- Way
Two- Way
0 degree/parallel
12 feet
20 feet
9 feet
21 feet
38 feet
38 feet
45 degrees
13 feet
20 feet
9 feet
18 feet
55 feet
51 feet 10 inches
60 degrees
18 feet
22 feet
9 feet
18 feet
59 feet 11 inches
57 feet 8 inches
90 degrees
22 feet
24 feet
9 feet
18 feet
60 feet
60 feet
   (C)   Vehicle overhangs. When parking spaces abut a landscaped area, grassy strip, or yard, a reduction of a maximum of two feet of the overall length of any such space or spaces may be allowed as vehicles may extend into the landscaped area, grassy strip, or yard. When parking spaces abut a pedestrian path, a reduction of a maximum of two feet of the overall length of any such space or spaces may be allowed provided that the vehicle overhang will not encroach on the pedestrian circulation.
   (D)   Access and maneuverability. In order to promote adequate access and maneuverability, the following provisions shall be followed.
      (1)   The location, width, and number of access driveways serving off-street parking areas shall not interfere with the use of adjacent properties or the flow of traffic on public or private rights-of-way.
      (2)   All access drives shall have travel lanes of a minimum width of ten feet and a maximum width of 12 feet.
      (3)   With the exception of driveways serving single household dwellings and two household dwellings, wherever more than three parking spaces are served by a single driveway, a turnaround area shall be provided, or other provision shall be made to permit vehicles to exit the parking lot or garage without backing onto any street or sidewalk.
      (4)   Cross-access is encouraged between adjacent commercial properties.
   (E)   Striping and identification. Parking spaces shall be clearly outlined with painted lines on the parking surface. The striping shall be continuously maintained in a clear and visible manner in compliance with the approved plans. The color of the striping shall be white, yellow, or other color as approved by the Safety and Service Director unless required by state law (i.e., parking for the disabled).
   (F)   Setbacks. The location of off-street parking facilities and access drives for more than five vehicles, excluding single-family and two-family dwellings, may be located in the required yards unless otherwise specified in this code. In no case, however, shall the parking area or access drives be located closer than ten feet from any right-of-way, ten feet from any nonresidential property line, and 20 feet from any residential property line, unless specifically approved by the Planning Commission.
   (G)   Pavement.
      (1)   Parking areas and access driveways shall be improved with asphalt or concrete, unless otherwise authorized as provided in divisions (G)(2) and (G)(3) of this section.
      (2)   Pavers, pervious pavement, chip-and-seal, or gravel may be used for off-street parking areas if approved by Planning Commission.
      (3)   Residential driveways may be constructed of pavers, pervious pavement, chip-and-seal, or gravel if approved by the Safety and Service Director.
   (H)   Curbing. When appropriate, off-street parking lots shall be improved with a poured concrete curb, precast concrete barrier, or other barrier to define the limits of paved areas except at the points of entrance and exit, unless otherwise authorized by the Safety and Service Director. Wherever a parking lot extends to a property line, fencing, wheel stops, concrete curbs, or other suitable barriers should be provided in order to prevent any part of a parked vehicle from extending beyond the property line and from destroying screening materials.
   (I)   Drainage. Off-street parking areas for more than five vehicles shall be graded and drained so that the natural flow of surface water shall not be changed or concentrated onto adjacent property by means other than a designated drainage course.
   (J)   Visibility. Access of driveways for off-street parking areas shall be located in such a way that any vehicle entering or leaving such parking area shall be clearly visible by any pedestrian or motorist approaching the access or driveway from a public street, private street, or alley. No object, including parking lot lighting, signage, or landscaping shall be located in an area that obstructs vision in the sight triangle, illustrated below:
   (K)   Alleys. Alleys may be used for pick-ups, drop-offs, loading, and unloading.
(Ord. 2018-06, passed 7-9-2018, § 155.173)