§ 153.01  UNSAFE BUILDING LAW.
   (A)   Under the provisions of I.C. 36-7-9, there is hereby established the “Hillsboro Unsafe Building Law.”
   (B)   I.C. 36-7-9-1 through 36-7-9-28 (the “State Unsafe Building Law”) are hereby incorporated by reference in the Town Unsafe Building Law. All proceedings within the town for the inspection, repair and removal of unsafe buildings shall be governed by the State Unsafe Building Law and the provisions of this section. In the event of a conflict between the provisions of this section and the provisions of the State Unsafe Building Law, the provisions of the state statute shall control.
   (C)   All buildings or portions thereof within the town which are determined after inspection to be unsafe as defined in this section are hereby declared to be public nuisances and shall be abated by repair, rehabilitation, demolition or removal.
   (D)   The position of Town Building Commissioner is hereby allowed to be created. The Town Building Commissioner shall be entitled to such compensation as shall from time to time be established by the Town Council. The Building Commissioner shall be and is authorized to administer and to proceed under the provisions of the State Unsafe Building Law in ordering the repair or removal of any buildings found to be unsafe as specified therein or as specified hereafter, as reviewed and authorized or ordered by the Town Council.
   (E)   Whenever in the town’s Unsafe Building Law it is provided that anything must be done to the approval of or subject to the direction of the Building Commissioner or any other officer of the town, this shall be construed to give such officer only the discretion to determine whether the rules and standards established by law or ordinance have been complied with; and no such provisions shall be construed as giving any officer discretionary powers as to what such regulations or standards shall be, power to require conditions not prescribed by law or ordinance, or to enforce ordinance provisions in an arbitrary or capricious manner.
   (F)   The description of an unsafe building contained in I.C. 36-7-9-4 is hereby supplemented to provide minimum standards for building conditions or maintenance in the town by adding the following definition: UNSAFE BUILDING means any building or structure which has any or all of the conditions or defects hereinafter described, provided that such conditions or defects exist to the extent that life, health, property or safety of the public or the building’s occupants are endangered:
      (1)   Whenever any door, aisle, passageway or other means of exit is not of sufficient width or size or is not so arranged as to provide safe and adequate means of exit in case of fire or panic;
      (2)   Whenever the walking surface of any aisle, passageway, airway or other means of exit is so warped, worn, loose or otherwise unsafe so as to not provide safe and adequate means of exit in case of fire or panic;
      (3)   Whenever the stress in any materials, member or portion thereof, due to all dead and live loads, is more than one and one-half times the working stress or stresses allowed for new buildings of similar structure, purpose or location;
      (4)   Whenever any portion of the building or structure has been damaged by fire, earthquake, wind, flood, or by any other cause, to such an extent that the structural strength or stability thereof is materially less than it was before the catastrophe and is less than the minimum requirements for new buildings of similar structure, purpose or location;
      (5)   Whenever any portion, member or appurtenance thereof is likely to fall, to become detached or dislodged, or to collapse and thereby injure persons or damage property;
      (6)   Whenever any portion of a building, or any member, appurtenance or ornamentation on the exterior thereof is not of sufficient strength or stability or is not so anchored, attached or fastened in place so as to be capable of resisting wind pressure of one and one-half times that specified for new buildings of similar structure, purpose or location without exceeding the working stresses permitted for such buildings;
      (7)   Whenever any electrical wiring, fixtures or entrance box or outside entrance wires have become damaged or deteriorated to a point of becoming a hazard. The overcurrent device must correspond with the capacity of current wiring;
      (8)   Whenever any portion thereof has wracked, warped, buckled or settled to such an extent that walls or other structural portions have materially less resistance to winds or earthquakes than is required in the case of similar new construction;
      (9)   Whenever the building or structure, or any portion thereof because of:
         (a)   Dilapidation, deterioration or decay;
         (b)   Faulty construction;
         (c)   The removal, movement or instability of any portion of the ground necessary for the purpose of supporting such building;
         (d)   The deterioration, decay or inadequacy of its foundation; or
         (e)   Any other cause, is likely to partially or completely collapse.
      (10)   Whenever, for any reason, the building or structure, or any portion thereof, is manifestly unsafe for the purpose for which it is being used;
      (11)   Whenever the exterior walls or other vertical structural members list, lean or buckle to such an extent that a plumb line passing through the center of gravity does not fall inside the middle one-third of the base;
      (12)   Whenever the building or structure, exclusive of the foundation, shows 33% or more damage or deterioration of its supporting member or members, or 50% damage or deterioration of its non-supporting members, enclosing or outside walls and coverings;
      (13)   Whenever the building or structure has been so damaged by fire, wind, earthquake or flood or has become so dilapidated or deteriorated so as to become:
         (a)   An attractive nuisance to children; or
         (b)   Freely accessible to persons for the purpose of committing unlawful acts.
      (14)   Whenever any building or structure has been constructed, exists or is maintained in violation of any specific requirement or prohibition applicable to such building or structure provided by the building regulations or laws of the state or the ordinances of the town relating to the condition, location or structure of buildings;
      (15)   Whenever any building or structure which, whether or not erected in accordance with all applicable laws, regulations and ordinances, has in any non-supporting part, member or portion less than 50%, or in any supporting part, member or portion less than 66% of the strength; fire-resisting qualities or characteristics; or weather-resisting qualities or characteristics required by law in the case of newly constructed buildings of like area, height and occupancy in the same location;
      (16)   Whenever a building or structure, used or intended to be used for dwelling purposes, because of inadequate maintenance, dilapidation, decay, damage, faulty construction or arrangement, inadequate light, air or sanitation facilities or otherwise, is determined by the county health officer to be unsanitary, unfit for human habitation, or in such a condition that it is likely to cause sickness or disease;
      (17)   Whenever any building or structure, because of obsolescence, dilapidated condition, deterioration, damage, inadequate exits or lack of sufficient fire-resistive construction is determined by the Town Fire Chief or the State Fire Marshal to be a fire hazard; or
      (18)   Whenever a portion of a building or structure remains on a site after the demolition or destruction of the building or structure or whenever any building or structure is abandoned for a period in excess of six months so as to constitute such building or portion thereof an attractive nuisance or a hazard to the public.
   (G)   The definition of “substantial property interest” set forth in I.C. 36-7-9-2 is hereby incorporated by reference herein as if copied in full.
   (H)   All work for the reconstruction, repair or demolition of buildings and other structures shall be performed in a good workmanlike manner according to the accepted standards and practices in the trade. The provisions of building laws, as defined in I.C. 22-12-1-3, adopted as rules of the Fire Prevention and Building Safety Commission, shall be considered standard and acceptable practices for all matters covered by this chapter or orders issued pursuant to this chapter by the Building Commissioner of the town.
   (I)   An Unsafe Building Fund is hereby authorized to be established in the operating budget of the town, in accordance with the provisions of I.C. 36-7-9-14.
   (J)   The Town Attorney is hereby designated as the hearing authority to conduct administrative hearings as provided in the State Unsafe Building Law.
   (K)   No person, firm or corporation, whether as owner, lessee, sublessee, licensee or occupant, shall erect, construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, improve, remove, demolish, equip, use, occupy or maintain any building or premises, or cause or permit the same to be done, contrary to or in violation of any of the provisions of this section or any order issued by the Building Commissioner.
(Ord. 00-3, passed 11-13-2000)  Penalty, see § 10.99